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Be objective about your resume career objective. by K B , updated on April 20, 2016. How to create a great resume career objective. As a recruiter some of the paper sciencedirect resume career objectives I read left me scratching my head. The reason I#8217;ve scratched my head, is that from reading the resume and the career objective, I have had no idea what that candidate has wanted to cover letter for a paraeducator, do. I also had no idea about the value could bring to the role or the research paper organization. That means I need to Џ†±__€, start to think and translate this person#8217;s experience to see whether it matches the role at hand.

While my role as a recruiter is to do that, the person who#8217;s most likely to paper, get a look in, is the person who can quickly explain the value they can add, starting with a clearly expressed career objective on letter study their resume. Why should you read this blog post. In this blog post I#8221;ll cover 5 things. 1. Why you should create a resume career objective. 2. Bad examples of a resume career objective and why the paper sciencedirect example is bad. 3. Good examples of a resume career objective, and what works about the buy papers online example.

These are career objectives that have helped my clients win interviews. 4. Rules to help you create a powerful resume career objective. 5. How you can use our myPitch app to research paper, create a forward looking career objective for your resume and for interviews. 1. Why you should create a resume career objective. Skip this bit if you just want to find out how to write one.

A resume without a career objective is letter, like a movie without a title, or a trailer. Im not really going to understand why I should watch the movie, if I cant at least get an idea about what I am about to see, and in fact I probably wont watch it. Paper Sciencedirect. A resume career objective invites the reader in. Ib English. It makes a big difference to the way the paper recruiter reads your resume. Cover. An career objective does not need to be an essay, you do need to let the rest of the resume do it#8217;s work, but a succinct and research paper well written objective means when the recruiter reads the resume, they read it with what you want in web design cover for odesk, mind. Even more important, the recruiter can quickly understand the value you can potentially add. When I was a recruiter, I would see so many resumes. I really needed candidates to be bold and spell out what they wanted. So a clearly written career objective on a resume shows not only that you have given this application some detailed thought (always good), but that you have the sciencedirect confidence to announce your ambitions and what you can deliver to an employer.

2. Examples of cover letter for a paraeducator, bad resume career objectives. Here#8217;s an example of paper sciencedirect, a badly written career objective. #8220;To obtain a role in business, which will enable me to utilise my strong skills and expansive knowledge to make a contribution.#8221; This just sounds like wishy washy theory. The career objective does not state specifically which strong skills and expansive knowledge the applicant would like to use. These are wasted words on a resume, where you do need to be careful about influential person outline every word you choose. Research Paper Sciencedirect. Here#8217;s another example of a bad resume career objective. #8220;An outstanding Manager with extensive global experience expertise. Johns communication and _ж_О_Џ influencing skills have united stakeholders on business critical projects, leading to research sciencedirect, successful project completion. His strong management capability and project management skills have also been pivotal in successfully managing a company and transforming teams with over 50 staff to web design cover letter, deliver engagement rates of 80% plus. Paper Sciencedirect. John has managed diverse team members in different locations. At present, he wants to utilise his leadership, influencing, thought leadership and marketing expertise in either business, government, academic or charity sectors.#8221; At first glance this may sound reasonable, but apart from the _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ repeated words and waffle, the issue with this career objective is that it#8217;s waaaaay too general. You are more likely to research sciencedirect, get an interview if you understand the role you are applying for, and explain the value you can add to that particular role.

So saying #8220;business, government, academic or charity sectors#8221; is not convincing. Person Essay Outline. Also in this career objective, there#8217;s information that would be better placed in other areas of the resume, such as achievements (#8220;80% + engagement rates#8221;) and expertise (stakeholder engagement). 3. Examples of good resume career objectives. This is an example of an effective resume career objective explaining a career change. #8220;Having recently achieved Distinctions in HR studies, along with winning award nominations through demonstrating dedication to consistently providing exemplary levels of customer service interpreting complex and detailed travel policies in research sciencedirect, fast-paced corporate support and sales environments; ideally positioned to add value as a Coordinator effectively managing internal policy inquiries in an internal corporate HR service centre.#8221; This career objective helped this person secure an interview for a number of reasons. This person had thought specifically about what they could bring from their past into their new career choice in HR.

They had articulated what that next role might be including the ideal environment they could work in. This person had a career objective and resume that was built around the advertised role. Ib English Essays. Here#8217;s another example that worked for a global CFO. #8220; Global CFO with 15 + years success delivering growth in diverse operations across international markets for new projects and Greenfield sites; a record of challenging the status-quo, recognizing and executing innovative solutions; strategic and research paper sciencedirect hands-on financial management skills; ideally positioned to build markets and deliver growth for person essay outline, organisations at the start of a global expansion or transformation.#8221; This resume career objective succeeded because this person demonstrated a high degree of research sciencedirect, self awareness, specifically around which part of the web design cover letter business cycle they could add the research sciencedirect most value in. Each and every word in letter for a, the career objective were important skills to highlight for someone who was able to research paper sciencedirect, drive global expansion. Another reason that it is better to be more specific than general is that when you have a track record at a senior level and are looking for study, a role, a recruiter sees it as a given that you can deliver. The choice to hire you is more about your fit with the organisation and therefore how quickly you can deliver. A tailored career objective is paper sciencedirect, one way to study, show your cultural fit with an organisation and the stage where you are at your most effective. Here#8217;s an example of a graduate#8217;s career objective. #8220;With an honours degree in Accounting, skills gained in previous career investigating immigration applications requiring attention to detail and an ability to understand complex law and individuals circumstances; plus a work ethic demonstrated by extensive extra-curricular activities; career ambitions are to investigate problems and highlight issues with risk, commencing as an paper Audit Graduate with a professional services firm.#8221; 4. Rules around resume career objectives. Rule 1. Keep it short, you want people to read it.

Rule 2. Read rule 1 again, and if your career objective is longer than 4-5 lines, get your red pen out. Rule 3. Think about for a what how you#8217;ve done in the past will allow you to add value in paper sciencedirect, the future. Rule 5. Your objective is much more about other people than you. Cover. Rule 6. Research. Make sure your career objective matches the role you are applying for. This means you need to essays, be serious about each and every application you send.

Rule 7. Don#8217;t copy other people#8217;s objectives off the research paper internet, you won#8217;t sound like you and that#8217;s a charisma killer. 5. Still stuck? Try our new app myPitch for some career objective examples. When we talk about a career objective, essentially the recruiter is asking you the question #8220;tell me about yourself.#8221; We#8217;ve created a tool that will help you sell yourself within 30 seconds. Buy Papers Online. One aim of research paper sciencedirect, this app is to keep you concise, and so you can come up with a pitch as compelling as the one in this video below. So if you have an iPhone click this link to download myPitch if you have an Android click this link to essay, download myPitch and take a look at sciencedirect the videos we#8217;ve filmed for each stage in cover letter for odesk, your career. This will show you a forward focused way to introduce yourself in life and on your resume. Try it out and feel free to come back and tell me what you think. Get prepared for your next interview! Download our free e-book . Deborah Barit wrote this book.

She is one of Australia#8217;s leading interview coaches. Research Sciencedirect. It is cover letter, packed full of easily actionable interview tips. To get your free e-book and some of paper sciencedirect, our best interview tips direct to cover, your inbox, simply click on sciencedirect this link and answer a couple of quick survey questions. Easy as, hey! Heres what happy readers said about the e-book and interview tips: Deborah Barit is a very smart lady#8230;She is ib english, good at figuring out what an employer is looking for.

Its like she has ESP with her help in preparing, I found no surprises in a recent interview and I was prepared for every question#8230;.#8221; Cathy, Leichhardt. Because I read so many of your posts, I feel as if you were my personal employment coach. I start my new position in two weeks. I had so many obstacles to overcome and each day you posted a solution to sciencedirect, my dilemma and how to improve my search. Thank you so much for your input and PLEASE continue to do what you do! Click here to get access to the e-book. Do you make one of these top 5 insanely dumb mistakes on LinkedIn?

Click on this link , and well send you our FREE report, PLUS some awesome tips to ib english essays, help you lure recruiters and employers to research, your LinkedIn profile.

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roe vs wade essay Because neither interest is compelling before the second trimester, the State may not regulate abortion in sciencedirect the first trimester either to preserve the womans health or to protect the life of the _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ unborn child. Id . at 163. Research Paper Sciencedirect! After the first trimester, however, the State may regulate the performance of an abortion, but only for the purpose of preserving the womans health, not for the purpose of protecting the life of the unborn child. After viability, the web design for odesk State may regulate, and research, even prohibit, abortion to protect the life of the unborn child, except when the performance of the abortion is necessary to preserve the life or health of the woman. Id . at 164-65 (summarizing holdings). Web Design! The abortion statutes challenged in Roe , which prohibited abortion throughout pregnancy except to save the research paper sciencedirect life of the letter for a paraeducator mother, did not conform to the Courts trimester framework. Accordingly, they were declared unconstitutional. Id . at 164. In Roe , the Court also held that an unborn child is not a person as that word is used in 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment and, therefore, is paper, not protected by either the Due Process Clause or the Equal Protection Clause, id . at 156-59, a holding from which no Justice on the Court then or since has dissented. In Roes companion case of Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S.

179 (1973), decided the cover for a paraeducator same day as Roe , the Court struck down various procedural requirements imposed by a Georgia abortion statute based on 230.3 of the Model Penal Code (that the abortion be performed in a licensed and sciencedirect, accredited hospital, that the procedure be approved by the majority of a medical staff committee of the cover letter for a hospital, and that two other physicians in addition to research sciencedirect, the attending physician certify that the abortion was necessary for one of the reasons specified in the statute). Influential Outline! 3 410 U.S. at research paper, 192-200. The Court also rejected a vagueness challenge to web design cover letter for odesk, what remained of the paper substance of the statute after major provisions of the statute had been declared unconstitutional by a federal district court. Id . at 191-92. 4 Both Justice Byron White and Justice William Rehnquist dissented from the opinions in Roe and Doe striking down the _ж_О_Џ Texas and Georgia abortion statutes. Paper! Roe , 410 U.S. at person, 171 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting); Doe , 410 U.S. at 221 (White, J., dissenting from both opinions); id . at 223 (Rehnquist, J., dissenting). I. The Origins of a Constitutional Right ^ top. Roe , as noted in the Introduction, was based on the right of privacy. As Roe itself acknowledged, however, [t]he Constitution does not explicitly mention any right of privacy. 410 U.S. at 152.

Nevertheless, in a line of research decisions going back to the late nineteenth century, the Court has recognized that a right of personal privacy, or a guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy, does exist under the Constitution. Id . This right of cover letter paraeducator privacy, founded in the Fourteenth Amendments concept of personal liberty, the Court in Roe held, is broad enough to encompass a womans decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. Id . at 153. The roots of a right of personal privacy have been found in the U.S. Constitution in the following places: in the research paper free speech guarantee of the First Amendment, which has been held to protect the possession of pornography in ones home, Stanley v. Georgia , 394 U.S.

557, 564 (1969); in ib english the Fourth Amendment, which secures the right of the people against research sciencedirect unreasonable searches and seizures of cover their persons, homes, papers and effects, and the Fifth Amendment, which prohibits compulsory self-incrimination, see Boyd v. Paper! United States , 116 U.S. 616, 630 (1886) (Fourth and Fifth Amendments protect against all governmental invasions of the sanctity of a mans home and the privacies of life); in the Ninth Amendment, which preserves other rights not enumerated in the Constitution, Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S. 479, 486 (1965) (striking down statute prohibiting use of contraceptives by married couples) (Goldberg, J., concurring) ; in the penumbras (shades) of the Bill of buy papers online Rights as a whole, Griswold , 381 U.S. at 484-85 ; and in the liberty language of the Due Process Clause of research 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, Meyer v. Nebraska , 262 U.S. 390, 399 (1923) (striking down a state statute forbidding the teaching of any subject in Џ†±__€ any language other than English, or the teaching of research paper modern foreign languages below the eighth grade). The right of privacy, the _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ Court in Roe noted, also has some extension to activities relating to marriage, . . . Research Paper! procreation, . . . family relationships, . Essay Outline! . Paper! . and child rearing and education. 410 U.S. at 152-53 , citing the following cases: Loving v. Virginia , 388 U.S. 1, 12 (1967), recognizing liberty interest in marrying the person of ones choice; Skinner v. Oklahoma , 316 U.S.

535, 541-42 (1942), striking down statute mandating sterilization of certain recidivists; Eisenstadt v. Baird , 405 U.S. 438 (1972), striking down statute prohibiting distribution of cover for odesk contraceptives to research paper, unmarried persons; Prince v. Massachusetts , 321 U.S. 158, 166 (1944), recognizing authority of parents over their children, but upholding child labor laws as applied to _ж_О_Џ, the children of Jehovahs Witnesses who were distributing religious literature in exchange for voluntary contributions; Pierce v. Society of Sisters ,268 U.S. 510, 535 (1925), striking down statute mandating public education of children between the ages of eight and sixteen; and Meyer v. Nebraska (holding described above). II. Critique of research Roes Privacy Theory ^ top. The Supreme Courts reliance on privacy theory to support a right to cover for odesk, abortion is problematical at several levels. First, as the Court itself recognized, Roe , 410 U.S. at 152, the Constitution itself does not expressly mention any right of paper sciencedirect privacy. To be sure, as Justice Hugo Black noted in his dissent in Griswold v. Essay Outline! Connecticut , 381 U.S.

479, 508-10 (1965) (Black, J., dissenting), various provisions of the Bill of Rights protect specific privacy interests, for example, the First Amendments right of associational privacy, the Fourth Amendments protection against research paper unreasonable searches and seizures and the Fifth Amendments prohibition of compelled self-incrimination. But the Constitution does not create a general right of privacy. See , e.g ., Katz v. United States , 389 U.S. 347, 350 (1967) (Fourth Amendment, which protects individual privacy against certain kinds of governmental intrusions, cannot be translated into essays, a general constitutional right to privacy). Recognition of a general constitutional right to privacy cannot be reconciled with the care with which the research Framers of the Bill of Rights described the specific rights that were being secured.

Second, the _ж_О_Џ concept of privacy is amorphous and chameleon (or, in Justice Blacks words, broad, abstract and ambiguous, Griswold , 381 U.S. at 509 ). Roe s attempt to collect cases under the sciencedirect rubric of privacy a term that does not even appear in letter paraeducator most of the cases cited simply creates an artificial common denominator among a very disparate and largely unrelated group of cases that have nothing to do with the subject of abortion, as the Court in Roe freely admitted: The situation [involving a pregnant woman and her unborn child] . . . is inherently different from marital intimacy, or bedroom possession of obscene material, or marriage, or procreation, or education, with which Eisenstadt and Griswold , Stanley , Loving , Skinner , and Pierce and research paper sciencedirect, Meyer were respectively concerned. 410 U.S. at online, 159 (emphasis added). 6 If a pregnant womans decision whether or not to carry her pregnancy to term is research paper sciencedirect, inherently different from all of the privacy cases on which the Court relied, then it is difficult to understand how those cases could possibly support recognition of a right to obtain an abortion. Third, most of the essay outline cases Roe cited in support of its privacy theory were decided under one or another of the provisions in the Bill of Rights. Roe itself, however, derived the right of paper sciencedirect privacy (and a subsidiary right to abortion) from the liberty language in the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, 410 U.S. at 153, not from web design for odesk any of the specific guarantees set forth in the Bill of Rights. That directly contradicted the Courts express refusal, only a few years earlier in Griswold , 381 U.S. at research paper, 481-82, to rely upon the Due Process Clause in postulating a right of privacy. Fourth, even with respect to ib english essays, the Due Process Clause, the Court no longer examines substantive due process claims (of which, more below) through the sciencedirect lens of privacy, and that includes the subject of abortion. In reaffirming the _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ core holding of Roe that the State may not prohibit abortion before viability for any reason or after viability if the pregnant womans life or health would be endangered by continuing the pregnancy the Court, in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 846-53 (1992), relied upon the liberty language of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, not upon sciencedirect privacy theory. 7 See also Cruzan v. _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€! Director , Missouri Dept of Health , 497 U.S. 261, 279 n. 7 (1990) (analyzing right to refuse unwanted medical treatment in terms of a Fourteenth Amendment liberty interest, rather than under a generalized constitutional right of privacy).

Focusing more particularly on the Fourteenth Amendment, 1 thereof provides, in relevant part, that no State shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of research paper sciencedirect law . . . . As its language suggests, the Due Process Clause is concerned with the process by which a person may be deprived of life, liberty or property, not the substance of the law authorizing such deprivation. See Lawrence v. Cover Letter Study! Texas , 539 U.S. Paper! 558, 592 (2003) (Scalia, J., dissenting) . It was never the intent of the Framers of the Fourteenth Amendment that the essays Due Process Clause would serve as a battering ram to paper sciencedirect, knock down statutes the web design cover substance of which offended the sensibilities of paper sciencedirect a majority of Justices who happen to sit on the Supreme Court from time to time. See Raoul Berger, Government by Judiciary The Transformation of the Fourteenth Amendment (Liberty Fund 2d ed. 1997) 221-39, 273-306. 8 Despite its focus on essays process, the paper sciencedirect Due Process Clause, at various times in our history, has been given substantive content, resulting in the invalidation of _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ state laws thought to be inconsistent with prevailing understandings of liberty. The paradigmatic case in this area, before Roe v, Wade was decided in 1973, is research sciencedirect, Lochner v. New York , 198 U.S.

45 (1905). In Lochner , the Supreme Court, over the vigorous dissent of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., held that state legislation setting limits on web design letter for odesk the number of hours a person could work in a bakery daily (ten hours) and weekly (sixty hours) violated the liberty of an employer to contract with his employees on terms that were mutually agreeable to them. The notion that the Due Process Clause has substantive (as opposed to only procedural ) content bedeviled constitutional adjudication for a generation, until it was laid to rest, at research paper, least with respect to the review of influential essay social and economic legislation, in West Coast Hotel v. Parrish , 300 U.S. 379 (1937), which upheld a minimum wage law. Twenty-five years later, the Supreme Court could state that it had returned to the original constitutional proposition that courts do not substitute their social and economic beliefs for the judgment of legislative bodies. Ferguson v. Skrupa , 372 U.S. Research Sciencedirect! 726, 730 (1963). Despite the interment of what may be called economic substantive due process, libertarian substantive due process is alive and well. Under this strand of Џ†±__€ substantive due process analysis, the Due Process Clause provides heightened protection against government interference with certain fundamental rights and liberty interests. Washington v. Research Sciencedirect! Glucksberg , 521 U.S.

702, 720 (1997). Roe v. Wade , while sounding in privacy theory, was ultimately based on cover the liberty language of 1 of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, see Roe , 410 U.S. at 153, and, therefore, may justly be regarded as the modern paradigm of (libertarian) substantive due process analysis. See Richard Epstein, Substantive Due Process by Any Other Name , 1973 Sup. Ct. Rev. 159, 184. But Roe flunks the test the research sciencedirect Court uses for buy papers online evaluating substantive due process claims. In determining whether an asserted liberty interest (or right) should be regarded as fundamental for purposes of paper sciencedirect substantive due process analysis (infringement of which would call for strict scrutiny review), the Supreme Court applies a two-prong test.

First, there must be a careful description of the _ж_О_Џ asserted fundamental liberty interest. Glucksberg , 521 U.S. at 721 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Second, the interest, so described, must be firmly rooted in the Nations history, legal traditions, and practices. Id. at research, 710. An asserted interest in (or right to) abortion does not meet the second prong of the Glucksberg test. Quite the contrary. As much research has established, especially that of Professor Dellapenna ( see n. 4, supra ) , abortion was a crime in English and American common law, at least after quickening (that stage of pregnancy when the woman first detects fetal movement, usually sixteen to eighteen weeks gestation), and very possibly without such a limitation. Џ†±__€! With the gradual replacement of common law crimes by statutory crimes in the nineteenth century, the overwhelming majority of States had made the performance of an abortion at any stage of pregnancy a crime well before the Fourteenth Amendment was adopted in 1868. And the research paper case law interpreting these statutes revealed that the principal, if not exclusive, purpose in enacting these statutes was to protect unborn human life, not (or not solely) to person essay outline, safeguard women from dangerous medical and/or surgical procedures. See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from paper Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Louis U. Pub.

L. Rev. 15, 109-15 (1993). Essays! In light of the foregoing, an research interest in (or right to) abortion cannot be said to be firmly rooted in our history, legal traditions, and practices. III. Applications of Roe ^ top. The Supreme Court has decided almost three dozen abortion cases since and influential person outline, including Roe v. Wade and research paper sciencedirect, Doe v. Bolton . A detailed analysis of the holdings in these cases would unduly prolong the length of this essay. The principal holdings, however, may be briefly summarized:

In addition to essays, the Texas abortion statutes struck down in Roe , the Court has struck down state statutes prohibiting particular abortion methods, Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth , 428 U.S. Research Sciencedirect! 52, 75-79 (1976) (saline amniocentesis), Stenberg v. Carhart , 530 U.S. 914 (2000) (partial-birth abortion), but more recently has upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act, Gonzales v. Carhart , 550 U.S. 124 (2007). The Court has upheld statutes prohibiting non-physicians from performing abortions, Mazurek v. Armstrong , 520 U.S. 968 (1997) ( per curiam ) and has held that non-physicians may be prosecuted for performing abortions, Connecticut v. Menillo , 423 U.S. 9, 11 (1975) ( per curiam ) . The Court has struck down statutes and ordinances requiring all abortions (or all abortions after the first trimester) to buy papers online, be performed in hospitals, Doe v. Bolton , 410 U.S. 179, 193-95 (1973) (all abortions), City of Akron v. Research! Akron Center for Reproductive Rights ( Akron Center I ) , 462 U.S. _ж_О_Џ! 416, 431-39 (1983) (all abortions after the first trimester), Planned Parenthood Assn of Kansas City , Missouri , Inc. v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S.

476, 481-82 (1983) (all abortions after the first twelve weeks of paper pregnancy), but has upheld a statute requiring all second trimester abortions to be performed in either a hospital or a licensed outpatient clinic, Simopoulos v. Virginia , 462 U.S. 506, 510-19 (1983). The Court has struck down parental consent and essays, notice statutes and ordinances if they did not contain a judicial bypass mechanism that would afford the pregnant minor the opportunity to avoid obtaining the consent of (or giving notice to) her parents or legal guardian, 9 Danforth , 428 U.S. at paper, 72-75 (one-parent consent), Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 439-42 (one-parent consent without judicial bypass), Bellotti v. Baird , 443 U.S. 622 (1979) (two-parent consent) (inadequate judicial bypass), Hodgson v. Minnesota , 497 U.S. 417, 450-55 (1990) (two-parent notice without judicial bypass), 10 but has upheld statutes that contained an adequate judicial bypass, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 490-93 (one-parent consent).

Hodgson , 497 U.S. at 497-501 (Kennedy, J., concurring in letter paraeducator the judgment in part and dissenting in part), id. at 461 (OConnor, J., concurring in part and concurring in the judgment in part) (two-parent notice with judicial bypass), Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health ( Akron Center II ) , 497 U.S. 502 (1990) (one-parent notice with judicial bypass), Planned Parenthood v. Research Sciencedirect! Casey , 505 U.S. Ib English Essays! 833, 899-900 (1992) (one-parent consent), Lambert v. Wicklund ,520 U.S. 292 (1997) (one-parent notice) ( per curiam ) . The Court has struck down statutes requiring a married woman to research sciencedirect, obtain the consent of, or give notice to, her husband before undergoing an abortion, Danforth , 428 U.S. at person essay, 67-72 (consent), and Casey , 505 U.S. at 887-98 (notice) . The Court has upheld state and federal statutes restricting public funding of abortions, Beal v. Doe , 432 U.S. 438 (1977), Maher v. Roe , 432 U.S. Research! 464 (1977), Harris v. McRae , 448 U.S. 297 (1980), and Williams v. Zbaraz , 448 U.S.

358 (1980), as well as state statutes and municipal government policies prohibiting the performance of abortions by public employees within the scope of their employment or in publicly owned and operated facilities (other than those necessary to save the life of the mother), Poelker v. Doe , 432 U.S. 519 (1977), and Webster v. Reproductive Health Services , 492 U.S. 490, 507-11 (1989). The Court has also upheld federal administrative regulations (since rescinded) requiring physical and financial separation of Title X family planning projects from other projects operated by Title X grantees that perform, counsel or refer for abortion, Rust v. Sullivan , 500 U.S. Cover Letter! 173 (1991). The Court has upheld a requirement that a pathology report be prepared for all fetal tissue obtained in the course of an abortion, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 486-90 , but has struck down a requirement that fetal remains be disposed of in a humane and sanitary manner, Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at 451-52 . The Court has upheld some record keeping and reporting requirements, Danforth , 428 U.S. at 79-81 , Casey , 505 U.S. at 900-01 , while striking down others, Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians Gynecologists , 476 U.S. 747, 765-68 (1986), because of what the Court perceived as inadequate guarantees of patient confidentiality. Sciencedirect! The Court has upheld a requirement that a second physician be present during the influential person essay outline performance of a post-viability abortion to provide immediate medical care for a viable child who survives an abortion procedure, Ashcroft , 462 U.S. at 482-86 , but has struck down a second-physician requirement that did not contain an express or implied exception for medical emergencies, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 769-71 . The Court has also struck down standards of care for the performance of post-viability abortions that were either vague, Colautti v. Franklin , 439 U.S. 379, 397-401 (1979), or posed an unacceptable risk to the mothers health, Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at research paper sciencedirect, 768-69 , but has upheld a statute mandating fetal viability testing at Џ†±__€, twenty weeks gestation, Webster , 492 U.S. at 513-21 . In a pair of decisions, later overruled in part by Planned Parenthood v. Research Paper Sciencedirect! Casey , 505 U.S.

833 (1992), which is discussed in the next part of this essay, infra , the Court held that States and municipalities could not require a short waiting period before the performance of a non-emergency abortion; that they could not required detailed informed consent information to be given to the pregnant woman seeking an abortion; and that they could not require portions of the informed consent information to cover, be conveyed in person to the patient by the attending physician, see Akron Center I , 462 U.S. at paper, 442-51 and Thornburgh , 476 U.S. at 759-65 . 11. IV. Roe Revisited: Planned Parenthood v. Casey ^ top. In 1992, the Supreme Court revisited Roe and, in a Joint Opinion authored by ib english essays Justices Sandra Day OConnor, Anthony Kennedy and David Souter, substantially modified its holdings. Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833 (1992). In Casey , the Court reaffirmed what it characterized as the essential (or central) holding of Roe , consisting of three parts: First, a woman has the right . . . . to choose to have an abortion before viability and to obtain it without undue interference from the State. Before viability, the States interests are not strong enough to support a prohibition of abortion or the imposition of a substantial obstacle to the womans effective right to research paper sciencedirect, elect the procedure. 505 U.S. at 846. Ib English! Second, the State has the power to restrict abortions after fetal viability, if the law contains exceptions for pregnancies which endanger the womans life or health. Id . And, third, the State has legitimate interests from the outset of the paper sciencedirect pregnancy in protecting the health of the woman and ib english essays, the life of the fetus that may become a child. Id . While reaffirming the essential (or central) holding of Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion rejected Roes trimester framework as an unnecessarily rigid construct which in its formulation . . Research! . Cover Letter For A! misconceives the nature of the sciencedirect pregnant womans interest, and Џ†±__€, in practice . . . Research Paper! undervalues the States interest in potential life . . . . Id . at web design letter for odesk, 872-73. The trimester framework misconceives the nature of the pregnant womans interest because [w]hat is at stake is [her] right to make the ultimate decision [to obtain an abortion prior to viability], not a right to be insulated from all others in doing so. Id . at 877. Though the woman has a right to paper sciencedirect, choose to cover letter for a, terminate or continue her pregnancy before viability, the Joint Opinion explained, it does not at all follow that the State is prohibited from taking steps to ensure that [her] choice is thoughtful and research paper, informed. Id . at 872.

The trimester framework undervalues the States interest in potential life, the Joint Opinion continued, because the State has a substantial state interest in cover study potential life throughout pregnancy, id . at 876, not just after viability. In light of research paper sciencedirect their dissatisfaction with the trimester framework of buy papers Roe and how it had been applied in paper sciencedirect subsequent cases, the authors of the Joint Opinion developed a new standard for reviewing pre-viability abortion regulations, the so-called undue burden test. Casey , 505 U.S. at 874-79. Under that test, a state regulation [that] has the purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in the path of ib english essays a woman seeking an abortion of a nonviable fetus is unconstitutional. Id . at 877. Applying that test to research paper, the statutes challenged in study Casey (multiple provisions of the research Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982, as amended), a majority of the Court upheld the detailed informed consent requirement (including the essays mandated twenty-four hour waiting period), the parental consent requirement and the record keeping and reporting requirements, id . at 881-87, 899-901, but a differently constituted majority struck down the spousal notice requirement , id . at 887-98 . 12 In upholding the informed consent requirement (and the accompanying waiting period), the Court overruled, in part, its earlier conflicting precedents in Akron Center I and Thornburgh . Id . at 881-82. 13. Both Justice Harry Blackmun and research paper, Justice Paul Stevens dissented from the Joint Opinions abandonment of Roes trimester framework and person, the strict scrutiny standard of review, while Chief Justice William Rehnquist, joined by research paper Justices Byron White, Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas, dissented from the reaffirmation of the essential holding of Roe , arguing that the ib english rational basis standard should be applied to all regulation of abortion.

14. The Joint Opinion in Casey is notable in five respects: First, in reaffirming what it characterized as the paper essential (or central) holding of Roe , the authors of the Joint Opinion raised the issue but refused to state whether they believed that Roe had been correctly decided as an original matter of constitutional interpretation, Casey , 505 U.S. at 871 ([w]e do not need to say whether each of us, had we been Members of the Court when the valuation of the state interest [in the protection of for a paraeducator potential life] came before it as an original matter, would have concluded, as the paper Roe Court did, that its weight is _ж_О_Џ, insufficient to sciencedirect, justify a ban on abortions prior to viability even when it is subject to ib english, certain exceptions), 15 relying instead on principles of institutional integrity and the rule of stare decisis [deferring to precedent]. Id . at 845-46; see also id. at 854-69. Second, the Joint Opinion provided no principled basis for distinguishing between the essential (or central) and the inessential (or peripheral) holdings of Roe , reaffirming the former and overruling the latter. As Justice Scalia commented, I must . . Research Paper Sciencedirect! . confess that I have always thought, and Џ†±__€, I think a lot of other people have always thought, that the arbitrary trimester framework, which the Court today discards, was quite as central to Roe as the arbitrary viability test, which the Court today retains. Id . at 993. (Scalia, J., concurring in the judgment in part and dissenting in part). Third, in reaffirming the essential holding of Roe , the Joint Opinion abandoned Roes reliance on privacy theory, resting its analysis, instead, on paper the liberty language of 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment. Cover Letter! Fourth, the Joint Opinion tacitly abandoned Roes characterization of the right to abortion as fundamental. 16 And, fifth, the Joint Opinion substituted a new standard of review undue burden in place of the strict scrutiny standard employed in Roe for research paper evaluating fundamental rights, which clearly allows for a broader scope of regulation (but not prohibition) of _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ pre-viability abortions. Research Paper! 17.

The strict scrutiny standard of judicial review applies to laws that either interfere with the exercise of a fundamental constitutional right ( e.g ., voting) or discriminate on the basis of a suspect classification ( e.g ., race). A law reviewed under this standard is presumed to be un constitutional and will not be upheld unless its proponents are able to cover, demonstrate that it is necessary to promote a compelling state (or governmental) interest. Few, if any, laws reviewed under this standard survive. At the opposite research paper end of the spectrum is the rational basis standard of review, which applies to almost all other legislation. 18 Under this standard, a law is presumed to be constitutional and will be upheld so long as it has a rational relationship to any legitimate state (or governmental) purpose. _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€! Most laws reviewed under this standard survive constitutional scrutiny. V. The Roberts Court and the Future of Abortion Jurisprudence ^ top. Under the leadership of Chief Justice John Roberts, the research paper Supreme Court has taken a more cautious approach to the review of abortion regulation. Most obviously, the Court, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy, upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in Gonzales v. Carhart , 550 U.S. 124 (2007) ( Carhart II ), after a differently constituted Court struck down a similar (but more vaguely worded) state statute only buy papers, seven years earlier in Stenberg v. Sciencedirect! Carhart , 530 U.S.

914 (2000) ( Carhart I ). Less obviously, the Court has suggested that, at buy papers online, least with respect to the regulation of abortion, facial challenges, i.e ., a claim that a given statute is unconstitutional in research paper its entirety, are disfavored, Carhart II , 550 U.S. 124 at 130 (these facial attacks should not have been entertained in the first place), and as-applied challenges, i.e ., a claim that a statute is unconstitutional in particular circumstances, are preferred, id . at 168 ([a]s-applied challenges are the basic building blocks of constitutional adjudication) (citation and web design for odesk, internal quotation marks omitted). Relatedly, in another decision of the Roberts Court, the Court unanimously held, in an opinion by Justice OConnor, that when only research, a limited number of applications of an abortion statute would be unconstitutional, the proper remedy (if otherwise consistent with legislative intent) is to enjoin enforcement of those applications only, not to influential essay outline, declare the sciencedirect entire statute unconstitutional. Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320, 328-31 (2006) (reviewing parental notice law). Letter For A! Significantly, in Ayotte , Justice OConnor acknowledged that the Court did not take this more circumspect approach in Carhart I, id . at 330-31 (explaining that the parties . . Sciencedirect! . did not ask for, and we did not contemplate, relief more finely drawn than complete invalidation). 19. In light of the Roberts Courts more cautious approach to influential person outline, the review of abortion legislation, fewer challenges to abortion statutes may be expected. Moreover, even with respect to research paper, those challenges that are brought and for a paraeducator, are determined to have merit, both the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts are likely to strike down the research paper sciencedirect statute and enjoin its enforcement only with respect to its invalid applications, not in its entirety. VI.

A Comment on the Scope of the Health Exception ^ top. Finally, a brief comment on an unresolved area of abortion law the scope of the health exception required by cover Roe (as reaffirmed in Casey ). In Roe , the sciencedirect Supreme Court held that the States may prohibit abortion after viability except when it is necessary to preserve the letter life or health of the paper mother. 410 U.S. at 164. The Court, however, did not define the term health. In the companion case of Doe v. Bolton , the Court considered a challenge to what remained of the Georgia abortion statute after major provisions of the statute had been declared unconstitutional by a federal district court. As a result of the district courts decision, a physician could perform an abortion whenever he determined, in his best clinical judgment, that the abortion was necessary. At issue in Doe was whether this standard was impermissibly vague. The Court concluded that it was not: [T]he medical judgment [as to whether an cover abortion is research sciencedirect, necessary] may be exercised in the light of all factors physical, emotional, psychological, familial, and the womans age relevant to the well-being of the study patient.

All these factors may relate to health. Whether Doe , properly understood, mandates an open-ended health exception for post-viability abortions is research, debatable. Although there is the merest hint in one older case that the web design for odesk Court (as then constituted) may have regarded the broad language in Doe as a limitation on the States authority to prohibit post-viability abortions, see Colautti v. Research Paper! Franklin , 439 U.S. Cover Letter For A! 379, 400 (1979), the Court has never directly considered the validity of a post-viability ban. Lower federal courts have read Doe as a gloss on the scope of the health exception that must be included in any post-viability ban, 20 but that reading misinterprets Doe , as Justice Thomas noted in paper sciencedirect his dissent from the denial of online certiorari in Voinovich v. Research Paper Sciencedirect! Womens Medical Professional Corp . , 523 U.S. For A! 1036 (1998): Our conclusion that the statutory phrase at issue in Doe [whether the abortions was necessary] was not vague because it included emotional and psychological considerations in no way supports the proposition that, after viability, a mental health exception is required as a matter of federal constitutional law . Research Paper! Doe simply did not address that question. 523 U.S. at 1039 (emphasis in original). As things now stand, whether the _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ open-ended health language of paper Doe is essays, a limitation on the authority of the States to prohibit post-viability abortions remains an open question, but one that should be answered by a challenge to sciencedirect, an appropriately drafted statute. Cover For Odesk! Given the present composition of the Court, there is reason to believe that such a statute would be upheld. In recognizing a constitutional right to abortion, the Court in Roe believed that it was meeting the profound problems of the present day. 410 U.S. at paper sciencedirect, 165.

The problems which the Court thought would be ameliorated by study its decision included the research paper medical risks associated with pregnancy, a distressful life and future for the pregnant woman confronted with an unwanted pregnancy, [p]sychological harm, the difficulty in providing child care, the distress, for all concerned, associated with the unwanted child, the problem of influential person outline bringing a child into a family already unable, psychologically or otherwise, to care for it, and, for some, the additional difficulties and continuing stigma associated with unwed motherhood . . . . Id . at paper, 153. More than thirty years of cover for a experience with legalized abortion has failed to solve these problems, as well as others for research which abortion was touted as a panacea (crime and poverty). Online! Indeed, the paper sciencedirect regime of influential essay legal abortion has aggravated them. See Clarke D. Forsythe and Stephen B. Presser, The Tragic Failure of Roe v. Wade: Why Abortion Should be Returned to the States . 10 Tex. Rev. of Law Politics 85, 108-36 (Fall 2005). In reaffirming, as modified, Roe in sciencedirect Casey , the Supreme Court call[ed] the contending sides of a national controversy to end their national division by accepting a common mandate rooted in the Constitution. 505 U.S. at 867.

Given the issues at stake in abortion, that call, not surprisingly, has not been heeded. Web Design Cover Letter! The abortion liberty has no roots in the Nations history, traditions and legal practices. And the research national division over the abortion controversy, which Roe created and Casey continued, will not end until, initially, the Supreme Court returns the issue of abortion to the States and, eventually, the Constitution is amended to protect the lives of all unborn children. A discussion of the various standards of judicial review may be found in Part IV of this essay, infra . back. When Roe was decided, an buy papers unborn child was viable, i.e ., capable of living outside of his or her mother, at twenty-eight weeks of gestation.In light of medical advances made since Roe , viability may occur at twenty-three to research sciencedirect, twenty-four weeks, or, in some instances, even earlier, as the Supreme Court recognized almost twenty years ago in Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 860 (1992) (noting that viability may occur at twenty-three to twenty-four weeks). back.

Section 230.3 of the letter Model Penal Code, one version or another of sciencedirect which was adopted by thirteen States before Roe v. Wade , allowed abortion whenever the physician believed that there was a substantial risk that continuance of the pregnancy would gravely impair the physical or mental health of the mother, that the child would be born with grave physical or mental defect, or that the pregnancy resulted from rape, incest, or other felonious intercourse.In Doe , the Court also struck down a requirement that an abortion could be performed only upon web design for odesk a bona fide resident of the research sciencedirect State of person essay outline Georgia. Doe , 410 U.S. at 200. back. As a result of the district court's judgment, a physician could perform an abortion whenever, in his best clinical judgment, the procedure was necessary. back. Interested readers, however, may wish to consult some of the following sources. An early critique of the Court's handiwork in Roe , which includes a brief review of the initial academic responses to Roe (both favorable and unfavorable) is research paper, John T. Noonan, Jr.'s, A Private Choice: Abortion in America in the Seventies (The Free Press 1979). Dennis J. Horan, Edward R. Ib English Essays! Grant and Paige C. Cunningham (eds.), Abortion and the Constitution: Reversing Roe v. Wade Through the Courts (Georgetown University Press 1987), is a compendium of articles written by a variety of research sciencedirect authors criticizing various aspects of the holdings and buy papers online, analysis in Roe . The most comprehensive and thorough analysis of Roe's treatment of the historical treatment of abortion in English and American law, as well as the restatement of that history in James C. Mohr's Abortion in America (Oxford University Press 1978), is Joseph W. Dellapenna's Dispelling the research Myths of Abortion History (Carolina Academic Press 2006) (an extremely abbreviated version of Professor Dellapenna's analysis appears in Abortion and the Constitution , supra , at 137-58). A concise critique of the Court's historical excursus in Roe , particularly its explanation for the reasons nineteenth century abortion statutes were enacted, may be found in Appendix A to Paul Benjamin Linton's article, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in web design for odesk the Supreme Court , XIII St.

Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 15, 103-19 (1993). Research! The poor quality of the analysis and person essay, reasoning in Roe has led some academics to rewrite the opinion. A collection of such opinions and research, opposing dissents, along with a useful selected bibliography, appears in Jack M. Balkin (ed.), What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said (New York University Press 2005). Web Design! back. All of the holdings in these cases, and the full citations thereto, appear in Part I of this essay, supra . back.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey is discussed in more detail in Part IV of this essay, infra . Paper! back. Justices Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Louis D. Brandeis and Hugo Black, as well as Judge Learned Hand, who served on the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for decades, all agreed that the use of the liberty language of the Due Process Clause to invalidate the substance of _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ state enactments is fundamentally illegitimate. See Berger, Government by Judiciary , at 227-28 n. 27 (Black), 282 n. 46 (Holmes, Brandeis and Hand). Paper Sciencedirect! back. Consent of (or notice to) a parent or legal guardian may be waived by a court in a judicial bypass hearing if the minor can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the cover for odesk court that she is mature enough to make the decision to obtain an abortion without the consent of (or notice to) her parent(s) or legal guardian, or, alternatively, that obtaining consent (or giving notice) would not be in her best interests. The Court has upheld both consent statutes, see , e.g ., Planned Parenthood v. Casey , 505 U.S. 833, 899-900 (1992), and Planned Parenthood Ass'n of Kansas City , Missouri v. Ashcroft , 462 U.S. 476, 490-93 (1983), and notice statutes, see , e.g ., Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health , 497 U.S.502 (1990), and Hodgson v. Minnesota , 497 U.S.

417 (1990). back. See also Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England , 546 U.S. 320 (2006) (one-parent notice statute could not be enforced constitutionally in medical emergencies requiring the research paper immediate performance of an abortion). Cover! back. A general and non-specific requirement that a physician obtain the informed consent of the patient before performing an abortion was upheld in Danforth , 428 U.S. at 65-67. Paper! back. The Court also upheld the medical emergency definition. Casey , 505 U.S. at 879-80. back.

The holdings in Akron Center I and Thornburgh are discussed in buy papers Part III, supra . Paper Sciencedirect! back. These alternative standards of review are discussed below. Study! back. See also id. at 853, 858, 864, 869. back. Nowhere in the Joint Opinion is the right to abortion described as fundamental. back. The Joint Opinion in Casey has been subjected to withering criticism. Research Sciencedirect! See Paul Benjamin Linton, Planned Parenthood v. Casey : The Flight from Reason in the Supreme Court , XIII St. Letter Study! Louis U. Pub. L. Rev.

15, 103-19 (1993); Michael Stokes Paulsen, The Worst Constitutional Decision of All Time , 78 Notre Dame L. Rev. Research! 995 (2003). Casey is also extensively discussed and critiqued in Professor Dellapenna's magnum opus , Dispelling the buy papers online Myths of Abortion History , supra , n. 4. back. Under federal constitutional equal protection doctrine, an intermediate standard applies to classifications based on sex or illegitimacy. Under that standard, often referred to as heightened scrutiny, the classification must be substantially related to an important state (or governmental) interest. back.

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American history 1999 DBQ Essay Sample. Research? Throughout history, there is not an event that can relate to the one of the American Revolution. This revolution that took place in the Americas had many events that led to ib english this revolution for the colonies. The events that slowly crept up to research paper the much-needed revolution was in the period from 1750 to 1776. During this time, the struggling American colonies that were under control by the English and its parliament were dealing with different situations politically, socially and economically that led them to seek for ib english their independence. This independence could not have been achieved if it was not for the colonies seek for identity and to be known as Americans by unity by the eve of the revolution. Governments are supposed to guide a nation or settlers to hold a moral and research paper sciencedirect virtuous community. Before any citizen can be called an web design letter for odesk American or any type of identification, there must be a government that made them what they are. Before the research paper republic, the British Parliament controlled the colonies.

England had settled in America to what was known as New England and spread their ideas to the colonies. The native colonies were under control of the parliament because they had never received a true form of government. They most likely did not perceive any sort of knowledge about a government so they wanted to web design for odesk adapt their ideas. With their gratification of a government, they did not know what they were getting into. It was said that the monarchy of England, who at that time was James II in the late 17th century, was seen as a corrupt ruler and a parliament was needed to oppress the monarch.

With the paper sciencedirect English Bill of letter, Rights, it was certain that the parliament would bring new hopes for England because parliament would pass laws and secure the rights of the research paper sciencedirect citizens. In reality, when the colonies did not receive this type of protection, they were not able to online find their identity with all the political problems that are always proliferating. Politics throughout the world have many problems and nothing can change it. The colonies knew that a sense of unity was needed to overcome the parliament and their doings so they can find their identity in society. (Documents B, D) The road to revolution for the American colonies was very intricate because they needed to overcome obstacles that would either bring them away from accomplishing a revolution or hurt them with deplorable outcomes. To overcome many obstacles that lay ahead, the colonies needed to work together so neither colony will suffer by them self, only to suffer as a whole. A man named Benjamin Franklin of Boston portrayed in the Pennsylvania Gazette of various pieces to a snake and it stated, #8220;Join or Die.#8221; This referred to the various colonies that settled independently and why they needed to come together to form a united group so they can subdue the English parliament and England itself. Although this had failed, later on the colonies will unit because of a man named George Grenville, British Secretary of research, Treasury, enforced harsh policies for study England#8217;s debt. When the colonies united, they needed to paper sciencedirect form some sort of government that would guide them to essays success. With all the different acts that were being passed such as the paper sciencedirect Stamp Act, which required a revenue from newspapers and other legal documents or the Quartering Act, which required citizens to house and feed British troops that were staying for war; were fought off due to the assembly of the person essay first continental congress. This was a house of research, representatives from the colonies and they wanted to secure the rights and liberties for the people of the colonies and alleviate the new taxes being brought to the colonies. These acts mainly affected Boston the most because it witnessed the Boston Massacre (1770), which was the attack on a Boston crowd by British troops because of their opposition to the parliament, and the Boston Tea Party (1773), which Bostonians had invaded a ship full of tea from the person outline British East India Company and dispersed all the sciencedirect tea leaves into the water.

Boston could not have survived without the unity of the colonies because they had to _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ pay huge debt for lose of tea and probably for research sciencedirect land reparations due to British invasion. Many colonies contributed to paraeducator Boston with their sympathy and goods that would try to heal the research wound that they received from the redcoats. The united colonies worked together to find themselves as a whole that received their identity before the study declaration of independence. (Documents A, G, C) The united colonies were headed to the eve of the American Revolution and troops were getting ready for war. This was the first time were the united colonists fought along side for the same goal, which was for independence for the colonies. Troops were led to fight against the British to stop the parliament from exposing corruption into the eyes of the paper sciencedirect citizens and to gain back their liberties. The variety of settlers that settled in the land of America had many disagreements before uniting due to _ж_О_Џ land, resources and money. An example of this would be Indian tribes fighting for land with New England.

Eventually, this would not be important to either side because they would unite depicting of Benjamin#8217;s Gazette article. When uniting, this would create social equality due to various ethnics such as the Dutch, French, Spanish and English, and the identity as Americans. Paper? As Americans, they sought for their freedom, their liberties, their prosperities, a government, and the most important idea of the revolution, independence. These Americans officially recognized their selves for the unity that they acquired that helped them stand strong as they reached the climax to the revolution. (Documents H, E) As the colonies arrived to the eve of the American Revolution, there are many ideas that a community can learn to find their place in the world. The English Parliament had kept the original colonies under control, which create a lot of problems for them. Cover Letter For A Paraeducator? The proliferation of revenues and paper sciencedirect taxes brought many problems such as taxes of stamps and cover letter sugar. These problems and research along with others could not have been stopped without the web design letter colonies uniting as a whole and sciencedirect finding their identity as American citizens. Person? The Americans achieved they much needed revolution to start a new life with new independence.

Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order American history 1999 DBQ. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Research Paper? Top grades and influential person outline quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for American history 1999 DBQ. On the eve of the revolution, Americans were not completely united. As always, there were the dissenters, in this case the Tories, and many people just didn#8217;t want to paper get#8230; The American Revolution was an Inevitable Event. America#8217;s War of Independence was a political and cover letter military struggle among the thirteen American colonies and England. Since the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in research, the French#8230; 1.)Why were most Americans content with their role within the British Empire in web design cover, the 1750s? What evidence of discontent did exist?

Most Americans were content with their role in the#8230; Were the research paper sciencedirect colonist justified in declaring independence from England? I feel that the 13 colonies were justified in starting a revolt against _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ England. Tension between England and the 13 colonies#8230; The American Revolution is a war to reckon with and was actually a significant event in the history of American and basically, if there was no revolutionary war the United#8230; Factors of Rebellion in the 13 American Colonies. In the paper late 1700s, tensions ran high between Britain and the 13 American colonies, which led to events such as the Boston #8220;Massacre#8221;, and the Boston Tea Party. Britain#8217;s angry#8230;

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essay topice Youve spent quite a bit of time in research paper sciencedirect, your English classes writing argumentative essays, and youve even gotten pretty good at writing on buy papers online the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. Its not that there arent any good topics to choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is research relax and find a topic youre passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable.

Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the web design letter for odesk, essay says it all argumentative . Paper Sciencedirect! It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but thats not really the point of an argumentative essay. Its important to _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€, choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. Research Sciencedirect! The world isnt black and essays whitethere are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to paper sciencedirect, help get you started. Cover Letter Paraeducator! Ive separated the topics into five categorieslegal, moral, social, media and familyand included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the topics for paper your own essay, or as inspiration to create your own original topic.

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Should the _ж_О_Џ, United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and paper use? At what age should girls have access to birth control without the consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. Cover Letter For A! They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to the death penalty. These topics tend to paper, be very debatable because everyone has different opinionsand justifications for _ж_О_Џ those opinionson what they think is right or wrong. If youre talking about human or animal rights, and its something youre very passionate about, its tempting to let your emotions take over. While its good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to keep your thoughts focused and organized.

Its definitely worth your time to create an outline so you dont stray off topic. Photo by John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to research paper sciencedirect, die via physician-assisted suicide? Should childrens beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to the public?

Should schools and businesses give more incentives for people to for a paraeducator, do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to research sciencedirect, overlap with legal and moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and influential person what kinds of pressures society puts on individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of research paper sciencedirect, topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to you. This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Buy Papers Online! Just be sure to rely on paper sciencedirect facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm.

Is there too much pressure on teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to cover, immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more? In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to curb mens catcalling?

Do prisoners deserve the research, right to vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in letter for odesk, real life? 10 Advertising and research paper sciencedirect Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole. Essays written on person outline these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to paper sciencedirect, be seen or heard through media and cover advertisements. Inspiration to paper, create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isnt hard to find.

Just turn on a television and dont change the channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to cover, all things electronic, and youll be sure to paper sciencedirect, find something debatable about what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons. Should sex be allowed to influential person outline, be portrayed on research paper prime time television? Where should networks draw the cover letter, line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about research celebrities?

Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to letter for a, advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and research sciencedirect side effects be made more clear in influential person essay, advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse? Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and values are abundant. Thats because every family is different.

Rules in families vary on research paper sciencedirect a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, its hard to letter study, generalize in these types of essays. However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to research sciencedirect, make an influential essay outline argument for any of the topics below (or for research paper a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list). For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to letter paraeducator, Help You Get Started. Once youre ready to paper, come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that its much easier to _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€, write about something that you already have interest ineven if you dont know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to research paper sciencedirect, learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the essay will be more enjoyable.

If youve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in letter, your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Research! Theyll help give you the winning edge in letter, whatever youre debating. Psst. 98% of research sciencedirect, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for online English, history and education. You can find her on research Google+. Thank you for these!

I appreciate that you divided the topics into buy papers online, type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for the help. Hi AbdulIm not sure *who youre proving wrong?

However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an emotional hook. Research Paper Sciencedirect! A hook that makes the letter for a, story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for paper the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the hook on the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help? Btw Im 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya so I think the cover paraeducator, important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in.

At 14, and research paper sciencedirect sorry if Im stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to discuss the effects of video games on young people. Here is a great resource to help you: I looked @ the ideas but Im still not sure. What would be a good resource for supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? Im having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. Influential Essay! I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldnt help me on research paper this and it was a hard topic to argue about. _ж_О_Џ! Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to research, get more specific than that topic (which, to cover letter for a paraeducator, be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for sciencedirect a company to person outline, not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and research sciencedirect Colorado for example).

I need to cover letter, write an sciencedirect argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about what you want to write about. My biggest piece of essays, advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down. Think about the topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day lifemaybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, heres a good post on making an essay longer (without adding useless fluff): Im sorry to hear that. Maybe youll find this post to sciencedirect, be helpful in your quest for the perfect topic: Same I have to do that. I need to write 3 essays and I 5 days to do it need HELP and buy papers online Im 15.

Hi Dysoneep thats a lot of essays in research paper sciencedirect, a short amount of time. For Odesk! Youre going to sciencedirect, want to cover study, stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: Thank you for research that it really helps me. Youre welcome. Thanks for reading! Hi, I was hoping to buy papers online, get some advice on an argumentative essay.

My argument is research sciencedirect broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to ib english, follow it I only have 2 days to write a 6 page essay. Research Sciencedirect! Do you have any tips or advice to help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to ib english essays, write 7-10 page argumentive essay and i dont have any idea can you help me what is it good to paper sciencedirect, write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay. I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for the comment. Hi there. Essay Outline! My name is paper sciencedirect Lisa. For Odesk! Do you need any help with your homework?

I am available for help and I will be glad to help. Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and research sciencedirect I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to study, something good. The trick is to choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the research paper sciencedirect, process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side).

This post covers writing an letter for a argumentative thesis statement and also has more topic ideas: This is literally the same thing im going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Dont despair.

You can do it. Research Paper! #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for letter for a help in paper sciencedirect, formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on buy papers online the following Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism . Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to research paper, defend throughout your paper. It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and essays multilingualism are many and include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and paper how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the buy papers online, points you want to research paper, defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is has a more organic structure than the buy papers, list framework I provided.

Thank you so much ! Of course! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of paper sciencedirect, my paper.

Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€ give me tips on how to properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. Its fantastic that you understand the value of having someone proofread your essay. While I cant do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to paper sciencedirect, the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and more. You can learn more about ib english essays that service here: I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. but trust me, it can be worse Good luck on your writing though!Im sure you need it more than me i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick!

If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to paper, be well prepared. So true! If youre armed with plenty of sources and ib english essays make a solid outline to plan your paper, its much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to sciencedirect, take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topicthis post is a good place to start. 2) do your research 3) formulate a thesis statement 4) write an outline

5) draft your paper 6) edit your paper 7) turn it in and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right. Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to Џ†±__€, submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on sciencedirect inspiration vs infringement and so far Ive written only cover letter, 200. Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like tomorrow afternoon has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of research sciencedirect, Walt Disney and essays how all of his characters came from previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and research paper how later on cover letter (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws.

That would be one case study I would use for a topic like this. That is awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and research paper my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. Im studying entrepreneurship and she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an study idea on what will be our topic. please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if youl help us a little bit. Im not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to find a topic for a research paper that is paper related to both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the question Im attempting to answer here. What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to ib english essays, support your project.

For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to a jobless economy? -will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to research paper, take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then Id do some initial research on my favorite two ideas to _ж_О_Џ, find out if any of them have enough material to research paper sciencedirect, support a full research paper. For example, I found this source that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because computer science and entrepreneurship or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of _ж_О_Џ, topics. You might find this post helpful for paper sciencedirect you to narrow down your idea: this article is great and also helped me a lot for my project.but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it..would you be able to help.

The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. Person Essay! The best advice for writing a novel is research paper sciencedirect just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to influential person outline, make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like its coming out as you want it to, but if youre serious about this, youll set those excuses aside and just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. Paper Sciencedirect! In fact it wont be perfect. It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€, be okay with that fact and just get through it. Research Sciencedirect! Set a word count goal for every day, and every week. Study! A final novel is research sciencedirect about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind!

Its a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and cover letter study revise it again and again until its right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and i didnt know what topic I can choose. Research Paper Sciencedirect! But thank you for cover letter this, it gave me an idea. Im so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? iam looking for the disadvantages of a physical store and found only minor things. Paper Sciencedirect! i wanted to find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of owning one? I assume you mean shopping at one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: Unless you live nearby, you have to pay to for a paraeducator, travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). There is research a higher risk that the buy papers online, store will be out of the item you need (or wont have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to research, limited inventory. Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments.

thank you Erin. this is ib english such a big help. Happy to research sciencedirect, help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the topics listed here could be pretty amazing just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it?

i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is buy papers a good long while. Id definitely break it down into research paper sciencedirect, lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising. The outlining step will save you a ton of work; Id definitely read for some pointers. You might also check out

I have to online, make an long af essay and sciencedirect english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is cover for odesk imagination and research paper sciencedirect nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for Џ†±__€ the comment! Hello, Im need to write a thesis for my unis project this year. But, Im having a problem with my topic, is research it a good topic or not?

Im not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, Students perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics. *NDUM is my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an effect to the students, in the way of education. I think youre off to a good start, but you still need to take a stance on your topic. Here is an online example of what I mean: Students perception of integrity, which is one of NDUMs characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in education. In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to focus only on positive impacts, might be: Students who have a strong perception of integrity, one of NDUMs core characteristics, tend to be more successful in their educational endeavors.

I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone? I am an online tutor. Research Sciencedirect! I do a wider array of cover letter for a, assignments from essays, projects and research papers. Research Paper! I produce quality and cover letter for a original papers that are payable after receiving the assignments. Research! All the letter paraeducator, assignments are done in 12-24 hours. Be free to inquire more. Email: [emailprotected] . Im writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Research! I dont know specifically what to write about web design cover for odesk because the topic itself is research paper so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? Im writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health.

I dont know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? Youre right that mental health is a really broad topic. _ж_О_Џ Џ†±__€! If youre writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance thats a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: Argue that the government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for paper sciencedirect mental health initiatives. Should free mental health therapy be offered in ib english, schools? Argue in favor of/against. Does the research paper sciencedirect, mental health of parents impact their children?

Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Now Im on Џ†±__€ my thesis statement. i just started this.

do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; Thats a long one, but you can totally do it. Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. You might want to check out . This outline template can work just as easily for a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims youre making and how much evidence you use to back them up.

Much respect for your decision to go back to school! What an awesome example youre setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. Im obviously biased, but theyre a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the sciencedirect, top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that its simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something wrong, just different.

2. Argue that autism stems from (or does not stem from) environmental factors. Letter! The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of other causes that doctors, researchers, and research paper parents have considered too. 3. Argue that Aspergers syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.