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Birmingham campaign essay

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Wie man Liebesbriefe im Internet-Zeitalter schreibt. Lesen Sie einige Texte am Ende der Liste. Unbehauste - 23 Autoren uber Fremdsein (Fremd gehen), hrsg. Campaign. Alexander Broicher, Nicolai Verlag, Berlin 2015. Der Tagesspiegel , Gefahrliche Hoffnung, harte Liebe - Israel nach den Wahlen, 25.3.2015. Artikel zur WM 2014 auf der gro?ten israelischen Sportwebsite sport5. Ethik im Gesprach – Autoren uber das Verhaltnis von Literatur und Ethik („Uber den schelmischen Widerstand der Literatur“), hrsg. Conflict. von Stephanie Waldow, Bielefeld, transkript Verlag 2011. StadtAnsichten 4/2010 („Essay uber den Verrat“), Wolfsburg 2010. Playboy 5/2010 („Positionsspiel“), Munchen 2010. Literaturen („Literatur und Sex“), Mai 2009.

RockStories („Das Angus-Lauten des Hard Rock“), hrsg. Campaign Essay. von Thomas Kraft, Munchen, LangenMuller 2009. Titelkampf – Geschichten der deutschen Nationalmannschaft der Autoren, („Abschiedsspiel“), hrsg. Eugenics. Ralf Bont, Albert Ostermeier, Moritz Rinke, Frankfurt, Suhrkamp Verlag 2008. DIE ZEIT , Was mache ich hier? Mit der Autorennationalmannschaft in campaign essay Saudi-Arabien, 20.3.2008. Die Welt, In den Flammen des Digitalen - Was hinterlassen uns Dichter, wenn sie ihre Manuskripte nur noch auf dem Computer schreiben?, 7.1.2006.

Beste deutsche Erzahler 2004 („Arbeitstag eines Journalisten“), hrsg. Is Blessing. von Hubert Winkels, Munchen, DVA 2004. Stadt Land Krieg („Kohn in birmingham campaign essay der Couch“), hrsg. Case. Tanja Duckers und Verena Carl, Berlin, Aufbau Verlag 2004. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , Das Ende der Feigheit - Rainald Goetz, 5.9.2001. Akzente („Rechtsradikalismus und Mediengesellschaft“, Juni 2001, „Pladoyer fur den Liebestod“, August 2002). Sprache im technischen Zeitalter („Michel Houellebecq - ein Interview“, April 2001). manuskripte („BERLIN FILM STILLS“, Nr. Campaign Essay. 150/2000). ndl („Der Mann im Turm“, 1/2000, „Zahne zeigen“, 2/2004). Sinn und Form („Die Beschriftung der Bilder - Zur Poetik von Don DeLillo“, 4/1999).

Was du immer schon mal heimlich wolltest Wie man Liebesbriefe im Internet-Zeitalter schreibt. Von Norbert Kron. Liebesbriefe gibt es ja kaum noch, hei?t es in research paper einem kurzlich erschienenen Roman. Birmingham. Und auch wenn so ein Liebesbrieferlebnis ja eine den Tag beschaftigende Aufwuhlung ist - und der verliebte Erzahler sich deshalb vornimmt: zur Post zu gehen und zu sagen, bitte schicken Sie mir nur noch Liebesbriefe -, wei? er schon im vorhinein, welch enttauschende Erfahrung er machen wird: man wird Jahre warten, taglich wartet man vergebens, taglich wundert man sich, da? keiner kommt, da? kein Liebesbrief kommt.

Liebesbriefe, mit geschwungener Handschrift verfa?t und mit rotem Lippenabdruck signiert, sind in is blessing der Tat selten geworden. Birmingham Essay. Man mu? sich nur mal im Freundeskreis umhoren, um zu erfahren: Kaum jemand kann sich noch entsinnen, wann er die letzte Liebespost im Briefkasten stecken hatte. Eugenics Paper. Fruher, so wird beteuert, war das anders. Birmingham Campaign. Da wurden Herzensbotschaften als zusammengefaltete Zettelchen unter Schulbanken weitergereicht, da fuhr man mit der U-Bahn abends bis zur Angebeten, um Uberraschungspackchen eigenhandig in paper den Briefschlitz zu stecken, da schickte man Bekennerbriefe per birmingham essay Einschreiben, damit die Umworbene sich den telefonischen Nachstellungen nicht entziehen konnte. What. Und heute? Es stimmt: Da kann man Jahre warten, bis der Postmann auch nur einmal klingelt und mit einem Liebesbrief winkt. Woran liegt das? Leben wir in campaign essay gefuhlskalten Zeiten, in dissertation denen weniger aufwuhlend geliebt wird? In denen die Partnersuche pragmatisch uber Kontaktanzeigen abgewickelt wird und Begierde nur noch als hormonelles Konsumbedurfnis verstanden wird? Im Gegenteil.

Wer den ersten Roman Liebeserklarung des Bachmann-Preistragers Michael Lentz liest, kann miterleben, wie die Emotionen einen Liebenden auch heute so in campaign Fahrt bringen, da? er sich sein Gefuhlswelt erst wieder zusammenbuchstabieren mu?, die Liebe im wortlichen Sinn erklaren. Standig auf Reisen, schickt er seiner Geliebten eine SMS nach der anderen und verstrickt sich mit ihr in eugenics research einen leidenschaftlichen Austauch amouroser Kurznachrichten. Birmingham Campaign. Das ist der wahre Grund, warum heute keine Liebesbriefe mehr mit der Hand geschrieben werden: Zu ungebremst drangt das Gefuhl in grant nsf unserer schnellebigen Zeit nach Artikulation, als da? die gute alte Schneckenpost noch mithalten konnte. Campaign. So wie das billet doux, einst ein zugeschmuggelter Kassiber, ins mobile Telekommunikationsnetz abgewandert ist, hat sich die ausschweifende Liebeskommunikation ins Internet verlagert. Global To Write About. Dort wuchert sie, nimmt ungeahnte Formen an, uberquert in birmingham campaign Lichtgeschwindigkeit ganze Kontinente. Writing. Mu?te man fruher tage- oder wochenlang auf den nachsten Brief warten, reicht heute ein Tastendruck, und die oder der Liebste erhalt den neuen elektronischen Herzenserguss mit angehangter Klangfile und Bilddatei - oder kommt gar per birmingham MMS ubers Fotohandy unter die Bettdecke. Der Liebesbrief ist tot - es lebe die Liebesmail.

Das Medium hat sich gewandelt, aber die Gefuhle bleiben dieselben, ja werden durch die Schnelligkeit der Datenubertragung so angeheizt, dass der Ubermittlung von Liebesbotschaften ganz neue Bedeutung zukommt. Case. Schon im Hollywoodstreifen Email fur Dich war zu sehen, wie die Zuneigung zwischen zweien - zumal wenn sie sich unbekannt sind - beim sehnsuchtigen Abfragen der Computerpost immer weiter hochgeschaukelt wird. Birmingham Essay. Ironischer und feinsinniger noch beschreibt jetzt die Fankfurter Journalistin Hilal Sezgin in research abstract der aktuellen Ausgabe des Kursbuches, welch nervenaufreibend-schonen Bluten die Liebeskorrespondenz bei den Mittdrei?igern treibt, die den Wandel vom Brief- zum Email-Zeitalter vermutlich am unmittelbarsten miterlebt haben. Die Schnelligkeit der Datenubertragung hat die Qual des Begehrenden namlich keineswegs gemindert - im Gegenteil: Eben weil ein Liebeszeichen nicht nur einmal am Tag mit der Post kommen kann, geht mit der Internetkorrespondenz ein permanentes Hoffen, Bangen, Sehnen von einer Email zur nachsten einher. Campaign. Da elektronische Post in workplace case buchstablich jeder Sekunde eintreffen kann, beinhaltet auch jede Sekunde, in birmingham campaign essay der sie ausbleibt, ein Moment der Frustration. Abstract Paper. Das Medium, das unser komplexes analoges Fuhlen in birmingham essay strikt binaren Zahlenfolgen weiterleitet, la?t uns auf diese Weise ununterbrochen, so Hilal Sezgin, den eklatanten Unterschied zwischen 0 und 1 erfahren. Thesis Canada. Sie haben 1 Email hei?t: Er liebt mich. Essay. Sie haben 0 Emails: Er liebt mich nicht. Research Abstract Paper. Das daraus resultierende Dauer-Standby, das der Liebende gegenuber seinem Computer einnimmt, kann sich dabei gerade bei Schreibtischarbeitern verheerend auf Konzentrationsfahigkeit und Arbeitskraft auswirken. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Und wehe, hinter dem Soundsignal, mit dem der Emailaccount neue elektronische Post meldet, verbirgt sich statt des erhofften Herzensergusses nur weitere Spammail fur Viagra. Aber das ist noch nicht alles.

Nicht nur die Rahmenbedingungen, auch die Sprechformen haben sich mit der Elektronisierung der Liebeskorrespondenz verandert. Is Blessing. In nur zehn Jahren ist die traditionelle (Hand-)Schriftsprache einer Schriftform gewichen, die in essay ihrer Schnelligkeit oft ans Mundliche grenzt - ein Wandel, der die traditionellen Codes der Gefuhlsdarstellung verandert und bereichert. Doctoral Dissertation Grant Nsf. Es scheint kein Zufall, da? dieser Tage immer wieder Sachbucher erscheinen, die den Liebesbrief aus der guten alten Zeit zum Gegenstand haben - oder gar Nachhilfe geben, wie man heute an essay, den Liebespartner schreibt. Unter so sprechenden Titeln wie Ich bin eigentlich sonst ganz vernunftig oder Du bist mir alles Licht und alles Leben versammeln diverse Bande die Liebesbriefe beruhmter Personlichkeiten. On Ignorance. Wie Goethe Charlotte von Stein umwarb oder George Sand Alfred de Musset: Das erinnert uns daran, da? der Liebesbrief einst ein literarisches Genre war, bei dem das Personlichste oft im formelhaften Pathos unterging. Birmingham Campaign. Da? die Rhetorik von annodazumal aber heute nur noch bedingt anwendbar ist, zeigt ein anderes Buch, das sich als Anleitung fur Liebesbriefe versteht. Global Warming To Write. Lehrreicher als die harmlose Einfuhrung des englischen Bestsellerphilosophen Alain de Botton sind darin die exklusiven Briefe, mit denen uns bekannte jungere Autoren (von Maike Wetzel bis Feridun Zaimoglou) vormachen, wie man heute seine Zuneigung an den Mann oder an birmingham essay, die Frau bringt. What About. Sie zeigen, wie sich hochfliegende Metaphern und MTV-Sprech zu au?erst erfolgsversprechenden Lippenbekenntnissen der Liebe verbunden - wie gerade im Wechsel der Sprachebenen, in essay den Abweichungen vom klassischen Liebesvokabular Echtheit entsteht. Da? beim Liebesbrief der beste Anfang oft eine Luge sei - oder: da? der Verliebte auch auf schone Weise stammeln soll (anstelle perfekt zu formulieren) - das sind Tipps, die an on ignorance, die uralte, ewigneue Zwickmuhle erinnern, in campaign der der Liebesbriefschreiber sitzt. Workplace Case Studies. Einerseits wird kaum ein menschliches Gefuhl drangender und authentischer erlebt als die Liebe. Birmingham. Andererseits versagt uns die Sprache gerade auf diesem Gebiet ihre Originalitat.

Ob I love you, je t'aime oder Ti amo - jedes dieser Herzensbekenntnisse klingt nur noch nach einer abgespielten Schallplatte, die hunderttausendmal uber den Ladentisch gegangen ist. Wie echt sie auch empfunden sein mogen: die Beteuerungen von Herzrasen, brennender Eifersucht und ewiger Liebe sind zu Formeln geworden, denen erst wieder Leben eingehaucht werden mu?. Conflict Case Studies. Genau darin besteht die Kunst des Liebesbriefs: die uberkommene Sprache der Liebe gegen den Strich zu bursten, ihr das Unverhoffte, Unkonventionelle abzugewinnen. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Eingebettet in essay on ignorance is blessing personliche Anekdoten, flankiert von Insider-Anspielungen, gewurzt mit frivolen Wortspielen, horen ihre Formulierungen dann auf, selbstreferentielle Floskeln zu sein, und beginnen wieder auf das Du zu verweisen, das sie eigentlich im Sinn haben. Gerade Emails haben dafur paradoxerweise die besten Voraussetzungen.

Obwohl elektronische Liebespost formal nicht vom Massenbrief zu unterscheiden ist - und dem Leser stets zu denken gibt: Dieses Schreiben wurde maschinell erstellt und ist ohne Unterschrift gultig -, ist gerade ihre Sprache oft individueller, spontaner, witziger als jedes wohlformulierte handschriftliche Liebesbekenntnis fruherer Zeiten. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Oder wie eine Liebesmail-Autorin kostlich verquer in writing research Hilal Sezgins Kursbuch-Artikel an campaign, den Geliebten schreibt: La? uns austauschen uber hei?en Kakao und kuhle Sahnespritzer, uber deine Nusse und meine Intimrasur, uber was du immer schon mal heimlich wolltest und uber was so schon hat geprickelt in help grant nsf mein BauchNaboll. Das Verschwinden des alten Liebesbriefs mu? nicht kulturpessimistisch beheult werden. Birmingham. Obwohl handgeschrieben, war er weder ehrlicher noch orgineller. Thesis Canada. Eines la?t sich aus dem - wiederholt vernommenen - Bedauern uber seinen Untergang aber doch lernen. Campaign. Mogen Lentz' Klageworte uber den Liebesbrief auch an workplace, Reinhard Meys Requiem fur die Maikafer erinnert: Sie weisen daraufhin, da? diese ausgestorbene Textgattung in birmingham campaign essay manchen Situationen zum Mittel der Wahl werden kann. Research. Gerade weil die Leitungen des Internets vor Liebesbotschaften nur so gluhen, gewinnt der Brief, der mit der guten alten Schneckenpost expediert wird, eine gro?e, suggestive Bedeutung. Birmingham Essay. Als handverlesener Ausnahmefall la?t er sich mit einer Botschaft aufladen, die Mails angesichts ihrer Alltaglichkeit nur schwer erreichen konnen. In der laufenden Liebeskorrespondenz, von der flirtenden Annaherung bis zum postkoitalen Gefluster, sind Emails nicht zu schlagen. Global What To Write About. In seismographischer Schnelligkeit zeichnen sich ihnen all die kleinen Entwicklungen einer Liebe auf. Campaign Essay. Wer sie vor der Loschtaste bewahrt und als Datei aufhebt, wird in eugenics research paper ihnen spater das Tage-, ja Stundenbuch seines Liebeslebens wiederfinden.

Aber fur den besonderen Moment, fur manch entscheidendes Bekenntnis, eignet sich der handgeschriebene Liebesbrief vielleicht immer noch am besten. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Auf Buttenpapier geschrieben, mit Parfum eingestaubt oder zu uberraschender Stunde vor einer Tur deponiert, kann er heute die gro?en Stationen einer Liebe markieren - von der ersten Liebeserklarung bishin zum Abschiedsbrief. M.L. Eugenics Research. Bromberg: Liebesbriefe. Campaign Essay. Mit einer Anleitung von Alain de Botton, S. Abstract. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt/M. Campaign Essay. Du bist mir alles Licht und alles Leben sowie Du meine Hoffnung, meine Zuflucht, meine Freude, Sanssouci Verlag, Zurich. Global Warming To Write About. . Essay. ich bin sonst eigentlich ganz vernunftig, Dumont-Verlag, Koln 2004. (Erschienen in Der Tagesspiegel.)

Der Wille ist stark, aber das Fleisch ist noch starker. Wie Manner und Frauen sich gegen ihren Willen glucklich machen. Von Norbert Kron. Es war eine heimliche, friedliche Revolution, die im Lauf der letzten Jahre stattfand - und doch das jungste Kapitel im Krieg der Geschlechter. Thesis Canada. Sie vollzog sich, als hatte niemand daran mitgewirkt, und hat ihre Kinder - Frauen und Manner - doch mit Haut und Haaren gefressen.

Der Beweis la?t sich bei jeder Party oder Tischgesellschaft antreten. Wer nonchalant die Behauptung in campaign den Raum wirft, da? Frauen und Manner nicht zueinander passen, kann sich nicht nur ungeteilter Aufmerksamkeit erfreuen - er wird sogar breite Zustimmung ernten. On Ignorance. Und das Stichwort Hormone, in birmingham campaign Gegenwart intellektueller Frauen ausgesprochen, liefert den Stoff fur todsichere Flirts. Zum Beispiel neulich auf einer Party. Eugenics Research. Vor zehn Jahren ware es noch ein chauvinistischer Fettnapf sondergleichen gewesen, einen Bestseller wie Warum Manner nicht zuhoren und Frauen schlecht einparken allein vom Titel her zu kennen. Campaign. Heute ist das Bekenntnis zur Lekture solch eines Buches der Aufhanger zu abendfullender Verbalerotik, bei der die Allianzen zwischen Mannern und Frauen wechseln wie weiland, in thesis canada den 70ern, die Paarungen beim basisdemokratischen Gruppensex. Birmingham. Da ist Ariane, eine stolze Schonheit, Kulturjournalistin und frischgebackene Mutter, die sofort bestatigt, soeben auf arte eine Dokumentation uber die Evolutionsgeschichte der Sexualitat gesehen zu haben.

Herbert, Doktor der Psychologie, wei? zu bekraftigen, da? die Gehirne von Mannern (ehemaligen Jagern) ganz anders funktionieren als die von Frauen (einstigen Nestbeschutzerinnen). Thesis Canada. Und Caroline, eine burschikose Blonde, die Becks trinkt, springt untermauernd bei, da? der Geruchssinn Frauen wahrend des Eisprungs eine andere Partnerwahl treffen lasse als wahrend der restlichen Zeitraums. Essay. Motto: Brave Madchen heiraten den Versorger-Typ - bose Madchen schieben ihm das Kuckucksei des Erzeuger-Typen unter. Thesis Canada. Eine Bemerkung ubrigens von delikater Ironie. Campaign. Ist die beckstrinkende Frau doch hochschwanger. Lange vorbei die politisch korrekten Zeiten, in warming denen stets die gesellschaftliche Unterdruckung der Geschlechtergleichheit betont werden mu?te. Birmingham Campaign. Heute ist schon Schwarzer-Humor notig, um den Unterschied zwischen Mannern und Frauen noch lachelnden Auges klein reden zu wollen. Research Abstract. Ein gutes Vierteljahrhundert, nachdem Deutschlands bekannteste Emanze mit ihrer soziologischen Kampfschrift Furore machte, scheint die Geschlechterkluft gro?er denn je. Essay. Manner und Frauen mogen ein wenig gleichberechtigter geworden sein - aber auf gar keinen Fall gleich.

Was ist passiert seit den 80er Jahren, in essay is blessing denen die Laufstege noch von Hermaphroditen bevolkert waren, die Unisex-Mode zur Schau stellten? Als Boy George und Grace Jones die Popikonen eines intellektuellen Diskurses waren, in birmingham dem Androgynitat und Bisexualitat als schick galt? Wahrend die franzosische Soziologin Elisabeth Badinter damals die Aufhebung der Geschlechterdifferenz zur Utopie erhob (und mit ihrem Buch L'un est l'autre einen Bestseller landete), betont heute auch die wissenschaftliche Geschlechterforschung, da? ihr alle didaktischen Gleichheitsbeschworungen fremd seien und ein kultursoziologisch beschreibendes Gender-Verstandnis zugrunde lage. Doch vor allem die popularwissenschaftliche Literatur hat sich auf den erneuerten Krieg der Geschlechter kapriziert. Eugenics. Wer einen Blick in birmingham campaign essay die Buchhandlungen wirft, findet auch in abstract diesem Fruhjahr neue Regalmeter mit Beziehungsratgebern, die nach dem immerselben Schema gestrickt sind. Campaign. Die Gegensatzlichkeit der Geschlechter gilt langst nicht mehr als Stein des Anstosses, sondern im Gegenteil: als Grundlage des erfolgreichen Miteinander-Auskommens. What. John Gray, Prophet der Mars-Manner und Frauen vom Venus-Hugel, hat sich von der Privatsphare des Beziehungsdurcheinanders auf die Berufswelt verlegt: Venus und Mars im Buro. Campaign Essay. Zwar sei wahrhaftige Verstandigung zwischen den Geschlechtern ohnehin illusorisch, da Marsianer murren und Venusse mitteilen, aber dank Gray'scher Hilfe lasse sich die heterosexuelle Kommunikation mit den Kollegen immerhin verbessern. Eugenics. Kein Wunder also, da? der Frieden der Geschlechter, wie eine andere Neuerscheinung behauptet, heute ohnehin nur durch weibliche Kriegslist zu erreichen ist. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Die Anleitung hierfur haben die osterreichischen Autorinnen Sabine Riedl und Barbara Schweder geschrieben: Wie Fauen Manner gegen ihren Willen glucklich machen. Alles wie annodazumal?

Sind Manner nunmal gro?e Schweiger, die nur das Eine wollen - wahrend Frauen mit alltagskluger Eloquenz den gemeinsamen Nestbau betreiben? Nein, es gibt einen kleinen, verstorenden Unterschied zu fruher: Die Beziehungsspezialisten urteilen bei der Wiederaufbereitung der Geschlechterklischees nicht mehr aus dem Bauch heraus - sondern gleichsam aus der Hypophyse: der menschlichen Schaltzentrale fur die Hormonproduktion. About. Langst ist es zum allgemein akzeptierten Konsens geworden, da? wir alle, Manner und Frauen, hormonelle Zeitbomben sind, deren biologische Uhren in essay unterschiedlichem Takt ticken. Conflict Case Studies. Allenthalben feiert der Soziobiologismus frohliche Urstand - und das dank der Erkenntnisse von Hirnforschern und Evolutionsbiologen, auf die sich die Autoren der Beziehungsratgeber wie auf die Newtonschen Gesetze berufen. Birmingham. So quellen auch seriose Bucher (wie die von Riedl und Schweder) uber von Noredrenalin, das fur die schwarmerische, romantische Liebe zustandig ist, und Dopamin, das das wohlige, gluckselige Gefuhl der Erfullung bei Verliebten bewirkt. Eugenics Research. Und so darf naturlich auch in campaign essay Jurgen Braters gerade erschienenem Lexikon der Sexirrtumer nicht der obligate Eintrag uber die Geschlechtshormone fehlen - ein Eintrag, der uns daruber aufklart, da? die Lust der Frau nicht durch die weiblichen Sexualhormone, Ostrogene und Gestagene, hervorgerrufen werde, sondern - durch das mannliche Hormon Testosteron. Testosteron ist uberhaupt die Wunderwaffe in doctoral grant der heutigen Geschlechterdebatte.

Wer den Evolutionsbiologen Glauben schenkt, wei?: Die Bedeutung des Mannlichkeitshormons reicht weit uber seinen mechanistischen Einflu? auf die Anhebung der Manneslust hinaus - sie betrifft unsere samtlichen Fahigkeiten. Birmingham Campaign. Die Frage, warum Manner nicht zuhoren und Frauen schlecht einparken, la?t sich (so das australische Autorenpaar Allan und Barbara Pease) im wesentlichen damit antworten, da? Manner mehr Testosteron als Frauen besitzen. Doctoral Dissertation Grant Nsf. Frauen konnen keine Stra?enkarten lesen - weil es ihnen an birmingham campaign, jenem hormonellen Stoff mangelt, aus dem auch das raumlich-visuelle Denken gemacht ist. Alles Testosteron, oder was? In der Tat la?t sich die Karriere, die der Hormonismus in thesis canada den letzten zehn Jahren gemacht hat, nachgerade mit der des Kommunismus in birmingham den 60er Jahren vergleichen. Eugenics. Oder anders gesagt: Im selben Ma?, in birmingham dem alle Utopien der Steuerbarkeit des Gesellschaftlichen (ob sozialdemokratisch oder sozialistisch) abgewirtschaftet haben, ist die Welt auf einen Sozialdarwinismus umgestiegen, der sich zunehmend als biologisch fundiert erweist. Eugenics Research Paper. Ist es ein Zufall, da? seit der friedlichen Revolution von 1989 nicht nur die neoliberale Marktwirtschaft ihren Siegeszug antrat, sondern auch ein neodarwinistisches Verstandnis der Privatverhaltnisse?

Da? in birmingham derselben Zeitspanne, in what to write der das wirtschaftliche Wohl und Wehe ganz in birmingham essay die Abhangigkeit von Aktienemissionen und Borsenschwankungen geriet, das zwischenmenschliche Gluck zum Spielball schwankender Hormonausschuttungen wurde? Tatsachlich gibt es verbluffende Parallelen zwischen dem Turbokapitalismus (der das Marktprinzip zur letzten ethischen Instanz erhebt) und dem neuen Soziobiologismus. Workplace. Die Bereitschaft, mit der wir den allumfassenden struggle for campaign essay life als gesellschaftlichen Motor akzeptieren - und den Glauben an studies, die Steuerbarkeit sozialer Prozesse aufgegeben haben - tragt Zuge eines neuen historischen Materialismus. Birmingham. Fehlt nur noch, da? der Soziobiologismus in eugenics die politische Diskussion Einzug halt. Campaign Essay. Mit Sicherheit lie?en sich fur den neoliberalen Kapitalismus und seine Ethik gewichtige Argumente mit Hilfe der testosteronellen Logik finden. Doctoral Help Grant. Von Guido Westerwelle waren hierbei ebenso einschlagige Vorsto?e zu erwarten wie von Ferdinand Piech oder - Angela Merkel. Der Wille ist stark, aber das Fleisch ist noch starker: Auf diesen banalen Nenner la?t sich die Ideologie unseres privaten wie gesellschaftlichen Lebens heute bringen la?t. Birmingham Campaign. Oder anders gesagt: Klar sind wir fur Gleichberechtigung und soziale Marktwirtschaft, aber wir konnen auch nichts dafur, da? schon die Griechen und Feministinnen von unseren Vorfahren, Jagern und Nestbeschutzerinnen, abstammen. Kommen wir noch einmal zuruck zu Ariane. Workplace Conflict Studies. Eine Party spater (diesmal ist es die Habilitations-Fete eines Bekannten) bekundet die ehemalige Kulturjournalistin tatsachlich, nach ihrem Mutterschaftsurlaub eine Stelle in campaign essay der PR-Abteilung eines amerikanischen Biotech-Unternehmen anzutreten.

So ist sie eben, die neodarwinistische Marktgesellschaft: Sie zwingt eine alleinerziehende Mutter (die mehr auf den Erzeuger- als auf den Versorger-Typ gesetzt hat), ihre knallharten Gesetze des Uberlebenskampfes zu akzeptieren. Writing. Erst kommt das Fressen, dann die Moral. Der Zynismus, der sich in birmingham campaign den letzten zehn Jahren gesellschaftlich breitgemacht hat, ist im selben Zeitraum klammheimlich biologisch unterfuttert worden. Essay. Die Hilflosigkeit, mit der wir der Gnadenlosigkeit der Marktgesetze gegenuber stehen, entspricht derjenigen, mit der wir uns den Hormonen ausgeliefert sehen. Birmingham Essay. Und so wie die schwierigen Wechseljahre, in workplace case die der verrucktspielende Organismus Wirtschaft geraten ist, immer neue Kurpfuscher und Wunderheiler auf den Plan rufen, wird uns alsbald der Biotech-Markt mit ganzen Wellen von Fitmachern uberschwemmen. Birmingham Essay. Wer die neue sexuelle Revolution zuende denkt, wei?, da? es im Krieg der Geschlechter bald zu einem Wettrusten der Hormone kommen wird. Essay. Gerade der Feminismus durfte sich davon gro?e Versprechungen machen: Die Waffen der Frauen konnen eben auch Biowaffen sein. Campaign Essay. Dann hei?t es: Hormontherapie fur alle. Workplace Conflict Case Studies. Damit Frauen endlich mit Tempo 100 ruckwarts einparken konnen - und Manner auch einmal in birmingham essay ihrem Leben an doctoral help, was Anderes denken. (Erschienen in birmingham campaign essay Die Welt) Von Norbert Kron.

Glaubt man den popularen Medien, ist das brennendste Problem, das sich den Liebenden von heute stellt, der Seitensprung. Doctoral Dissertation Help. Kein anderes Sujet beschaftigt die Illustrierten von stern bis Max so sehr wie das Kavaliersdelikt Fremdgehen, die heimliche Liebe. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Schon reagiert der Buchmarkt und legt Titel auf, die sich als Ratgeber zum Thema, ja, als Anleitung fur risikoloses Fremdgehen verstehen. Die Feststellung, da? der Seitensprung nicht mehr unter moralischen Gesichtspunkten in research Auge gefa?t wird, sondern als gesellschaftliches Phanomen, dessen Bedingungen und Folgen pragmatisch beschrieben werden, ist dabei ebenso banal wie wichtig. Campaign Essay. Nach einer AOL-Umfrage wurden uber 50 % der Deutschen einen Seitensprung des Partners verzeihen und erst bei Wiederholung an case, eine Aufkundigung der Beziehung denken; und wahrend nur noch ein Viertel auf Treue besteht, gestatten sich zehn Prozent eine offene Zweierbeziehung. Essay. Der Seitensprung ist kein Tabu, sondern langst Teil der Beziehungskultur. Der Umstand, da? die Medien den Seitensprung nicht aus moralischen Grunden zu ihrem Gegenstand machen, wirft freilich die Frage auf, warum sonst das Thema derart Hochkonjunktur hat. Global What To Write About. Naturlich drangt sich zunachst eine soziologische Erklarung auf: Das Fehlschlagen der sexuellen Revolution fuhrte zu einem Revival der Paarbeziehung, ohne da? eine neue Werteordnung an birmingham campaign essay, die Stelle des sexuellen Liberalismus getreten ware; seither bewegt man sich in eugenics research paper einer Art doppelt codiertem Raum, in birmingham campaign essay dem allein der institutionalisierte Seitensprung das double bind der Geschlechterwunsche beantworten kann; die Betroffenen bedurfen nun Rat im Umgang mit den sozialpsychologischen Folgen der neuartigen Situation. Interessanter scheint mir ein anderer Blickwinkel: Medien sind marktwirtschaftlich gesteuerte Systeme. Thesis Canada. Wenn der Seitensprung so haufig in birmingham ihnen auftaucht, stellt er offensichtlich unter marktwirtschaftlichen Gesichtspunkten ein Gut dar, das sich verkaufen la?t bzw. Warming About. zum Verkauf von Produkten beitragt.

Spatestens seit Michel Houellebecqs Ausweitung der Kampfzone wissen wir, da? die Sexualitat im liberalisierten Kapitalismus dem Marktgesetz unterworfen ist und nach dem Vorbild der Okonomie verteilt wird: Der Sex stellt in essay unserer Gesellschaft eindeutig ein zweites Differenzierungssystem dar, das vom Geld vollig unabhangig ist; und es funktioniert auf mindestens ebenso erbarmungslose Weise. Global To Write. (. Essay. ) Wie der Wirtschaftsliberalismus - und aus analogen Grunden - erzeugt der sexuelle Liberalismus Phanomene absoluter Pauperisierung (1). Conflict Case. Der Seitensprung stellt im Rahmen dieses sexuellen Marktgesetzes eine privilegierte Losung des prekaren Verhaltnisses von Angebot und Nachfrage dar. Fur einen Autor, der uber die Liebe in birmingham essay unserer Gegenwart schreiben mochte, hat diese Beobachtung besonderen Reiz. Doctoral Help Nsf. Die Hochkonjunktur und Akzeptanz des Seitensprungs hat namlich, literarisch gesehen, eine fatale Nebenwirkung: Sie bedingt eine Krise des Liebesromans. Die Literaturgeschichte des Liebesromans ist eine Literaturgeschichte des Ehebruchs - von Ehebruchen freilich, die als Ausnahmefall, als Normversto? inszeniert werden. Campaign. Gottfrieds Tristan wirbt fur seinen Herrn Marke um die Hand von Isolde, um diesen dann zu hintergehen.

Die Tragodie von Racines Phedre beruht auf ihrer verhangnisvollen Leidenschaft fur ihren Stiefsohn Hippolyte. Thesis Canada. Werther konnte nur deshalb zum Inbegriff des schwarmerisch Liebenden werden, weil sein Begehren sich auf eine verheiratete Frau richtet - ein Motiv, das Goethe in birmingham den Wahlverwandtschaften unter klassizistischen Vorzeichen noch einmal neu bewertet: Jetzt bricht Eduard aus dem harmonischen Lebensbund mit Charlotte aus und verliebt sich hoffnungslos in thesis canada Ottilie, die sich von dieser ehebrecherischen Leidenschaft abwendet. Essay. Im 19. Doctoral Help Grant. Jahrhundert gipfelt die Tradition in birmingham essay der Trias der fremdgehenden Romanheldinnen: Emma Bovary, Anna Karenina, Effi Briest, die zu Ikonen des Ehebruchs geworden sind. Global Warming What. Jenseits der psychologischen Figurenkonstellation und der konkreten sozialen Bezuge heben diese drei Werke noch einmal das Grundmerkmal des Liebesromans hervor: Gro?e, leidenschaftliche Liebe lauft den Normen des bestehenden Sittengesetzes zuwider, ja, sie ladt sich an birmingham campaign essay, ihnen erst auf und ist deshalb zum Scheitern verurteilt. On Ignorance. Mag sie auch noch so irrational und wahnhaft erscheinen, ihr Absolutheitsanspruch steht doch im Kontrast zu einem Partnerschaftsmodell, das auf Konvention beruht, nicht auf wirklicher Liebe. Birmingham Campaign. Der Liebesroman zeigt das Aufbegehren des Individuums gegen die gesellschaftlichen Schranken: Jeder Gefuhlsausbruch markiert einen Ausbruch aus ihnen, und gerade das heroische Scheitern an thesis canada, den Normen zeigt das Subjekt in essay seiner kreaturlichen Existenz. Der Liebesroman ist also Gesellschaftsroman, woraus er seine eigentliche Ansto?igkeit bezieht. Global What About. Das Aufzeigen des konflikthaften Verhaltnisses von Individuum und Ordnung verleiht ihm erst eigentlich Gewicht. Birmingham. Es sind die Normen, die ihn uberhaupt ermoglichen, weil sie der Entfaltung des Liebeswunsches Widerstand entgegensetzen.

Neben der Ehe gibt es noch andere Modelle, um diesen Widerstand zu inszenieren: die Mesalliance, bei der gesellschaftliche Hierarchien die Vereinigung der Liebenden verbieten, oder - wie bei Romeo und Julia - familiare Feindschaften. Nsf. Da? die beliebteste Konstellation dennoch die Ehe ist, liegt zweifelsohne daran, da? in birmingham ihr Konvention und Begehren zusammenfallen. Thesis Canada. Hier stellt sich den Liebenden kein der Liebe au?erliches Regelsystem entgegen, sondern eines, das die Liebe selbst reguliert. Birmingham Campaign. Im Ehebruch kollidiert die Liebe mit ihrer eigenen gesellschaftlichen Ordnung. Dieter Wellershoff hat in eugenics research seinem Buch Der verstorte Eros aufgezeigt, da? sich die Geschichte des Liebesromans vom 18. Campaign. bis ins 20. Global Warming. Jahrhundert als ein Proze? der Emanzipation von den Liebesnormen lesen la?t. Birmingham Essay. Nach und nach werden die Normen gesprengt, die das Geschlechterverhaltnis regulieren, wird den tabuisierten und unterdruckten Leidenschaften zum Durchbruch verholfen. Writing. War die Auflehnung gegen die Ehe in birmingham campaign essay Goethes Romanen noch den Mannern vorbehalten, kommt es Mitte des 19. Thesis Canada. Jahrhunderts zur Geschlechteremanzipation: Die sich ihrer Bedurfnisse inne werdende, nach Gefuhlswahrheit und Intensitat strebende weibliche Subjektivitat immer noch einzelner Frauen sto?t sich nun an birmingham campaign essay, den normativen Grenzen, die bisher von Frauen gegen mannliches Begehren verteidigt wurden . Eugenics Paper. Jetzt revoltieren die Frauen, verstrickt in essay ihre Widerspruche, gegen die institutionelle Moral, die von den Mannern, den Inhabern der gesellschaftlichen Macht gehutet wird (2). Research Paper. Wenn dabei auch die gro?en traditionellen Themen von Liebe, Leidenschaft und Ehebruch mit einem neuen, wirklichkeitsnahen Blick dargestellt wurden, wurde dennoch immer ein Thema ausgeklammert, das in campaign essay der modernen Literatur zunehmend zum Hauptgegenstand wurde: die korperliche Vereinigung der Liebenden (3).

Von Joyce's Ulysses uber Lawrence' Lady Chatterley's Lover bis hin zu Nabokovs Lolita und Millers Wendekreis des Krebses zeichnet die Literatur, so Wellershoff, die Geschichte der sexuellen Revolution nach oder treibt sie selbst mit voran. Dissertation Help. Was einst die Rolle der Liebe war, ist Sache der Sexualitat geworden. Birmingham. Es ist der Sexus, der nun das utopische Moment von Wahrheit und Absolutheit fur sich beansprucht und sich gegen die burgerliche Sittlichkeit auflehnt. Sexuelle Befreiung meint gesellschaftliche Befreiung. So funktioniert das traditionelle Modell des Liebesromans bis in is blessing die sechziger Jahre hinein - auch wenn der Begriff selbst dabei immer fragwurdiger wird. Birmingham. Denn die Liebe hat ihre tabubrechende Kraft eingebu?t, ist selbst zur offiziellen Vorgabe bei der Partnerwahl geworden. Essay On Ignorance. Sie ist kein Tabu mehr, sondern angestrebte Normalitat. An die Stelle der Zweck- oder Vernunftehe ist die Liebesehe getreten, die jederzeit aufgekundigt werden kann, sobald die Liebe endet. Doch in campaign essay den wenigen Jahrzehnten, die seither vergangen sind, hat die Sexualitat dasselbe Schicksal ereilt wie vor ihr die Liebe. Research Abstract Paper. Der Enttabuisierungsproze?, den die Literatur mitgetragen hat, erfa?te in birmingham den sechziger Jahren auch die letzte Region des Intimen. Thesis Canada. In Updikes Roman Couples wird, so Wellershoff (4), promiskuitive Sexualitat als ein mehr oder minder anerkannter Normalzustand dargestellt; auch hier spiegelt die Literatur die gesellschaftliche Geschlechterordnung wider.

In den neunziger Jahren schlie?lich ist es Michel Houellebecq, der die neue Geschlechterbefindlichkeit im liberalisierten Kapitalismus als eine Realitat beschreibt, die gepragt ist von der Auflosung des Paares und der Familie, das hei?t, der beiden letzten Gemeinschaften, die das Individuum vom Markt trennten(5). Campaign. Samtliche sozialen Schranken, alle Normen und Werte, die das Terrain der Liebe einst regelten, sind verschwunden. Eugenics Paper. Gefuhl und Sexualitat sind zur Wahrung im sozialen Geschlechterkampf geworden. Birmingham. Die Zuordnung dieses Humankapitals unterliegt dem Sozialdarwinismus des Marktgesetzes: In einem sexuellen System, in eugenics dem Ehebruch verboten ist, findet jeder recht oder schlecht seinen Bettgenossen, schreibt Houellebecq. Birmingham Campaign Essay. In einem vollig liberalen Sexualsystem haben einige ein abwechslungsreiches und erregendes Sexualleben; andere sind auf Masturbation und Einsamkeit beschrankt. Thesis Canada. Der Wirtschaftsliberalismus ist die erweiterte Kampfzone, das hei?t, er gilt fur alle Altersstufen und Gesellschaftsklassen. Essay. Ebenso bedeutet der sexuelle Liberalismus die Ausweitung der Kampfzone, ihre Ausdehnung auf alle Altersstufen und Gesellschaftsklassen.

Ahnlich analysieren Alexander Kluge und Oskar Negt in einem Kapitel von Geschichte und Eigensinn die neuen Privatverhaltnisse: Das kapitalistische Prinzip und sein spezifischer Elan sind in dissertation den Beziehungsverhaltnissen . in birmingham essay enormem Umfang tatig. Global About. In der Sphare des Privaten wird nach Kluge und Negt das okonomische Prinzip, das im offentlichen Leben herrscht, freilich nicht einfach nur verdoppelt; das Private erhalt seine enorme Bedeutungsaufladung im Gegenteil dadurch, da? die Gesellschaft den Menschen keinen sinnstiftenden Rahmen mehr anbietet. Campaign. Geschaftig wird in nsf den Privatverhaltnissen Ersatz gesucht fur das, was das gesellschaftliche System nicht erfullt. Essay. Wahrenddessen ist der gleiche Elan aus dem okonomischen System ausgewandert (6). Case. Der Zerfall traditioneller Offentlichkeit fuhrt zu einer Art Hei?hunger der Beziehungsarbeit, der Gluckssuche im Privaten (7). In der deregulierten Ordnung des liberalisierten Kapitalismus, die auf den Tauschwert des Humankapitals ausgerichtet ist, ist es daher gerade nicht die Maximierung von Partnertausch und Promiskuitat, die dem freigesetzten Individuum Befriedigung verspricht.

Es ist die Liebe, die zur Mangelware wird und Fetischcharakter bekommt. Campaign. Bis vor kurzem ware Liebe in warming what Houellebecqs Romanen unvorstellbar gewesen. Birmingham Campaign. In Elementarteilchen ist sie zwar fur beide Hauptfiguren, Bruno und Michel, als eine Art utopischer Bezugsfolie vorhanden, die sich hinter der totalen sexuellen Ausschweifung oder in doctoral dissertation der Erinnerung an versagt gebliebenes Jugendgluck andeutet. Campaign Essay. An ihre befriedigende Einlosung in thesis canada der Realitat ist aber nicht zu denken. Birmingham Campaign Essay. In einem Interview, das ich mit dem Autor im Sommer 2001 fuhrte, au?erte sich Houellebecq entsprechend: In 'Elementarteilichen' habe ich sogar die These aufgestellt, die Manner seien per global to write about definitionem nicht zur Liebe fahig - was so ziemlich die Wahrheit ist, denke ich. Birmingham Campaign. Einzig dazu in doctoral help der Lage ist ein kleiner - ubrigens abnehmender - Teil der Frauen. Birmingham Campaign. Aber es ist wahr: Die Idee der Liebesheirat ist als Katastrophe anzusehen (8). Umso erstaunlicher, da? Houellebecqs jungster Roman Plattform als der erste Liebesroman (9) des Autors prasentiert wird. Global About. Und tatsachlich schildert er erstmals eine funktionierende Liebesbeziehung im sexuellen Liberalismus. Essay. Der Ich-Erzahler erlebt mit seiner Freundin Valerie Gluck und Liebe. Research Paper. Zwar la?t sich fur Valerie, die in essay der Touristikbranche arbeitet, der Widerspruch zwischen privatem Leben und gesellschaftlichem System zunachst nicht aufheben: Ich bin glucklich mit dir, ich glaube, du bist der Mann meines Lebens, und im Grunde mochte ich mich damit zufriedengeben.

Aber das ist nicht moglich: Ich darf mich nicht damit zufriedengeben. Doctoral Help Grant. Ich bin in birmingham campaign essay ein System verstrickt, das mir nicht mehr allzuviel gibt und von dem ich im ubrigen wei?, da? es unnotig ist; aber ich wei? nicht, wie ich ihm entkommen soll (10). Doctoral Help. Doch dann finden die beiden eine doppelte Antwort auf das Marktgesetz der Sexualitat, eine offentliche und eine private. Birmingham Campaign. Wahrend sie den Aufbau von Sexclubs fur Pauschaltouristen planen, die Prostitution also zur legitimen Losung des Sexualproblems in der globalisierten Marktgesellschaft erheben, grenzen sie sich in thesis canada ihrer Beziehung immer mehr gegen diese ab. Birmingham. Sie wollen sich in on ignorance is blessing Thailand niederlassen und dort einen solchen Club leiten. Birmingham. Als Paar, das den Partnertausch pflegt und sich dennoch zueinander bekennt, waren sie so gegenuber den Gesetzen des Wirtschaft autark. Entscheidend ist jedoch die Schlu?wendung, die Houellebecq dieser uberraschenden Idylle gibt.

Kaum ist der Entschlu? zum zweisamen Liebesexil gefallen, explodiert eine Bombe im Sexferienclub, von islamistischen Attentatern deponiert, und rei?t Valerie in essay on ignorance is blessing den Tod. Birmingham Campaign. Dabei ist weniger die pessimistische Farbung von Interesse, wodurch die Liebe erneut zur unerreichbaren Utopie erklart wird. Dissertation Grant. Bedeutsam ist, da? der Roman mit diesem kolportagehaften Ende wieder an birmingham, die Logik des traditionellen Liebesromans anknupft, nach der der Tod eines oder beider Liebenden unverzichtbarer Hohepunkt der Handlung ist. Thesis Canada. Ehebruch als Auflehnung des gro?en Gefuhls gegen die sittliche Ordnung - das ist die eine Seite des Liebesromans. Birmingham Campaign. Die andere Seite ist der Tod.

Er ist der Preis, der fur diesen Versto? zu zahlen ist. Die absolute Liebe fordert stets ihren Blutzoll. Paper. Der Tod ist das Regulativ, das die Gefuhlskontrolle wiederherstellt, die durch die Leidenschaft (oder Sexualitat) in Frage gestellt wird. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Oder an paper, den Kategorien der Marktgesellschaft gemessen: Er ist der einzig gultige Tauschwert der Liebe. Birmingham Essay. Nur wo mit dem Leben bezahlt wird, ist Liebe gro? und wahr.

Auch zeitgenossische Liebesromane ziehen den Tod nicht selten als Gradmesser der Gefuhlstiefe heran. Thesis Canada. Doch es gibt einen gravierenden Unterschied zur Tradition. Birmingham. Noch deutlicher als bei Houellebecq la?t er sich am Roman eines deutschen Autors ablesen, an eugenics, Ulrich Woelks Liebespaare. Essay. Woelk beschreibt die Beziehungskrisen mehrerer Ehepaare. Thesis Canada. Nach rund funf Jahren Ehe haben die Partner das anfangliche Verliebtheitsgefuhl eingebu?t.

Als Ausweg aus dem Alltagstrott bieten sich Seitensprunge an. Birmingham Essay. Weit entfernt von den dramatischen Gefuhlswallungen, die mit dem Ehebruch in warming to write der Tradition des Liebesromans einhergegangen sind, stellt sich ihnen die Realitat des Fremdgehens als spielerisches, verwirrendes oder banales Unterfangen dar, das das vermi?te sexuelle Gluck beschert, bald aber in birmingham ein Gefuhl der Heimatlosigkeit umschlagt. What To Write. Die Konsequenzen bleiben im Rahmen des geltenden Beziehungspragmatismus. Birmingham. Man trennt sich, geht sich aus dem Weg. Thesis Canada. So vage der Begriff der Liebe in birmingham campaign diesem Kontext bleibt, so unvorstellbar ist der Tod als Sanktion der Ehebruche. Essay On Ignorance Is Blessing. Und doch macht auch Woelk den Tod noch einmal zum finalen Ma?stab der Romanereignisse. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Bei einem Flugzeugabsturz kommt einer der Ehemanner ums Leben, ein Ereignis, das gerade in seiner Akausalitat Fragen aufwirft. Eugenics Research Paper. Niemand war es. Birmingham Campaign. Der blinde Zufall (11).

In einer Welt, in der die Liebe zum quotentrachtigen Hauptthema einer Vorabend-Soap geworden ist, deren Storyliner einer der Protagonisten ist, kann nur ein Unfall, ein arbitrares Zufallsereignis, die klassische Dialektik von Liebe und Tod gewahrleisten: Wo die Liebe hinfallt, wo der Tod hinfallt (12). Global Warming What To Write About. Am Ende beginnen mindestens zwei Paare von vorn. So realistisch und gewitzt Woelk die Beziehungsverhaltnisse um die Jahrtausendwende beschreibt: Die Problematik des literarischen Genres zeigt sich an essay, der Art, wie er den Tod als thanatos ex machina aus dem Schnurboden seines Romankosmos sturzen la?t. Thesis Canada. Und nicht anders tritt der Tod auch bei Houellebecq auf. Birmingham Essay. Zwar ist der Terroranschlag in paper Plattform aus der Logik weltanschaulicher Konflike motiviert: Der religiose Fundamentalismus schlagt gegen den liberalisierten Kapitalismus und seinen globalen Hegemonialanspruch zuruck. Campaign. Wie ein parasitarer Pilz gedeiht die Liebe von Michel und Valerie auf der Grundlage der expansiven Ausbeutung, mit der die westliche Welt ihr exotisches Lumpenproletariat zur Prostitution zwingt. Research Paper. Keine Gefuhlswahrheit steht hier gegen die falschen Verhaltnisse.

Es gibt kein richtiges Leben im falschen, und erst recht keine richtige Liebe. Doch die kolportagehafte Inszeniertheit des Finales springt ins Auge. Birmingham Campaign. Allzu erkennbar ist es der fadenziehende Autor, der die Bombe platzen la?t. Research. Der entscheidende Kerngedanke, der den Tod traditionell an essay, die Liebe koppelt, fehlt in conflict case der zeitgenossischen Literatur: die Idee der Selbstaufopferung. Campaign Essay. Im traditionellen Liebesroman hatte der unbedingt Liebende stets zwischen zwei Moglichkeiten zu wahlen: der Liebe ganz zu entsagen oder den Freitod auf sich zu nehmen. Global Warming. Von Werther bis Anna Karenina bleibt den Zuruckgewiesenen nur der letzte Schritt. Birmingham Campaign. Wo die Liebe Erwiderung findet, aber von den gesellschaftlichen Schranken verhindert wird - wie bei Tristan und Isolde oder Romeo und Julia -, zieht der Tod des einen automatisch den des anderen nach sich. Bei Houellebecq und bei Woelk ware solch ein Finale undenkbar: Die Hinterbliebenen trauern oder delirieren eine Weile. To Write About. Aber so wie der Tod von au?en hereinbricht, erscheint er keinem als Mittel der eigenen Wahl.

Oder wie es am Ende von Plattform hei?t: Die fehlende Lust am Leben reicht leider nicht aus, um sterben zu wollen (13). Der Gedanke des Verzichts ist der schrankenlosen Welt des Individualismus fremd. Birmingham Campaign. Verzicht stort den Konsum, jene unaufhorliche Verschwendung, auf der die Marktgesellschaft basiert. Doctoral Help Grant. Das gilt auch fur das Private und sein Marktgesetz. Niemand entsagt zugunsten hoherer Interessen. Der Seitensprung wird akzeptiert. Birmingham Campaign. Das eigentliche Tabu ist der Tod. Die Individualgesellschaft ist nicht nur auf die Ausblendung, sondern auf die Abschaffung des Todes fixiert. Eugenics Research. Er ist in birmingham essay der Welt der totalen technischen Machbarkeit der Schonheitsfehler, das letzte storende Problem; an thesis canada, seiner Losung wird gearbeitet.

Er besitzt damit grundsatzlich die Qualitat eines Unfalls. Birmingham Campaign Essay. Die hektische Ursachenforschung, die sich an doctoral dissertation grant nsf, jedes Gro?ungluck anschlie?t, gilt stets der Suche nach dem Fehler, der das Auszuschlie?ende zulie?. Birmingham. Manisch ist die Gentechnik auf die industrielle Herstellung von Unsterblichkeit ausgerichtet. Thesis Canada. Aber wenn schon der Tod als letzte zu uberwindende Negation begriffen wird - wieviel verstorender mu?te erst der Akt der Selbstaufopferung sein, diese radikalste Form des Verzichts? Der Tod ist ein Unfall, der noch nicht zu vermeiden ist. Essay. Ein Mord la?t sich aus Affekten oder egoistischen Motiven erklaren. Doctoral Dissertation. Die Selbstaufopferung zugunsten hoherer Interessen dagegen ist fur die auf Selbstverwirklichung ausgerichtete Marktgesellschaft das Unbegreifbare schlechthin.

Wer heute einen Liebesroman schreiben will, der mu? uber den Tod schreiben - uber unser Verhaltnis zum Tod. Birmingham Essay. Daruber la?t sich aus der Tradition neu lernen, in help grant der der Tod noch ein Topos des Liebesdiskurses war. In den Wahlverwandtschaften sagt Eduard zur sterbenden Ottilie: Soll ich deine Stimme nicht wieder horen? Wirst du nicht mit einem Wort fur mich ins Leben zuruckkehren? Gut, gut! Ich folge dir hinuber: da werden wir mit andern Sprachen reden! (14).

Waren wir bereit, fur den Geliebten zu sterben? - Vielleicht ware dies die Frage, die ein Liebesroman heute zu stellen hatte. (Erschienen in campaign essay Akzente) Anmerkungen: 1 Reinbek (Rowohlt) 2000, S. Workplace. 108. Birmingham Essay. 2 Koln (Kiepenheuer Witsch) 2001, S. Thesis Canada. 108. Birmingham Campaign. 3 ebd., S. Is Blessing. 189. Birmingham Essay. 4 ebd., S. Abstract. 278. Birmingham Campaign. 5 Die Welt als Supermarkt, Reinbek (Rowohlt) 1999, S. Writing Research Paper. 86.

6 Frankfurt/M. Campaign. (Suhrkamp) 1998, S. Help. 899. Birmingham. 7 ebd., S. Essay On Ignorance Is Blessing. 878. Birmingham. 8 Sprache im technischen Zeitalter, Nr. Abstract Paper. 157, hg. Birmingham Campaign. von Walter Hollerer, Norbert Miller und Joachim Sartorius, Berlin (LCB) 2001, S. Essay Is Blessing. 28. Campaign Essay. 9 Umschlagtext, Koln (Dumont) 2001. Dissertation Help. 10 ebd., S. Birmingham Campaign. 155. On Ignorance. 11 Hamburg (Hoffmann und Campe) 2001, S. Birmingham Essay. 422. Thesis Canada. 12 ebd., S. Birmingham Campaign. 426.

13 Plattform, S. On Ignorance. 329. Essay. 14 Munchen (dtv) 1963, S. Research Paper. 216.

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So You Want to Get Into Pharmaceutical Sales… by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Pharmaceutical sales is a popular career choice for job-seekers because it offers excellent potential — in career growth, income, and benefits. As a resume writer, I get a lot of clients who are looking to switch careers into essay pharmaceutical sales, as well as new college grads who would like to enter the essay field upon graduation. Do job-seekers with no experience in pharmaceutical sales — or even no experience in campaign sales — stand a chance of breaking into this popular but competitive field? The answer is a resounding “maybe.” This article will give you some guidelines on increasing your odds. The pharmaceutical-sales field, often called “recession-proof,” is popular because it offers excellent salary potential, great benefits, flexibility, opportunity for growth, and frequently the use of a company car. An aging population of baby boomers, the shift away from clinical treatment of illnesses in hospitals, and the fact that people seek a good quality of life as life expectancies continue to increase are among the factors spurring the thesis canada growth of the pharmaceutical sector. “The pharmaceutical industry is birmingham campaign, among the largest, most stable, and fastest growing businesses in the entire world,” writes Anne Clayton in her book, Insight into a Career in abstract paper Pharmaceutical Sales . The industry has grown 300 percent in the last decade, according to the Hay Group, a global organizational and birmingham essay, human-resources consulting firm.

The job is also seen as somewhat prestigious. “A pharmaceutical sales representative sells a technologically advanced product to highly intelligent physicians in a very professional environment,” writes pharmaceutical sales recruiter Pat Riley, summing up the field’s appeal. Riley is author of several e-books on how to break into pharmaceutical sales. What kind of doctoral dissertation help nsf, people are pharmaceutical firms looking for in sales jobs? For starters, the birmingham campaign essay gender split among reps is just about even. While some employers look at a fairly narrow range of applicants, others are open to many types of candidates. Take Pfizer, for essay example, which states on its sales careers page that the company seeks “college graduates, experienced salespeople, junior military officers and anyone else with the birmingham campaign essay intellect, experience and stamina to take on the challenges of workplace conflict studies, a fast-track career.” The company further seeks those with “the technical knowledge and business competencies we’re looking for,” as well as those who are creative self-starters with an interest in birmingham medicine or science, and strong interpersonal skills. While some pharmaceutical firms will hire inexperienced college students (Riley notes that only larger firms such as Pfizer and Merck hire new grads), it’s rare to find a job in pharmaceutical sales if you have no college degree. Those hoping to break into the field without a degree will almost certainly need to have successful sales records to warming about, be considered.

Pharmaceutical employers frequently seek those with at least two years of sales experience, preferably business-to-business sales. Previous jobs that offered strong sales-training programs also are viewed favorably. Essay? A record of promotions can be a big plus. Of those with no sales experience, candidates with a healthcare or clinical background may have an what about edge. A strong record of accomplishments is also important.

Other traits mentioned by experts as helpful in landing a job in campaign essay this field are being organized, goal-driven, creative, polished, persuasive, motivated, energetic, trustworthy, willing to eugenics research paper, learn, aggressive, smart, ethical, confident, ambitious, positive, self-starting, patient, persistent, a problem-solver, a team player who also performs well independently, a good time-manager and prioritizer, and a personable great communicator. Additional desirable traits include good listening skills, integrity, negotiation skills, and presentation skills. Birmingham Campaign Essay? It’s generally OK to be money-motivated. You should have good physical stamina for the long hours and all the driving you will likely do, as well as carrying hefty sample cases. Thesis Canada? You may be required to travel and relocate. Enthusiasm for science is essay, important. “If you don’t have an aptitude for science, or don’t like science, this job will not be fun,” writes 18-year pharmaceutical-sales vet Corey Nahman of CoreyNahman.com. A press release on MedZilla quotes Roz Usheroff, a coach and communications specialist who works with pharmaceutical sales reps.

Usheroff has a pharmaceutical firm client that uses an acronym, “PRSAMGH,” to describe key characteristics it looks for in an interview. The acronym, Usheroff says, stands for case “proactivity, receptivity, stability, ability, motivation, goal orientation, and honesty.” Riley adds that pharmaceutical firms hire the “best and the brightest” because they “invest more in research and development than any other industry” and “spend millions of dollars to develop and market new products.” You’ll likely need a clean driving record, a good credit report, and the ability to pass a background check and campaign essay, a drug screening. For college students — and writing research abstract, others looking to break in — getting an internship with a pharmaceutical firm can provide a boost. Campaign Essay? Sometimes it helps to already be living in the sales territory you would represent. Foreign-language skills may be a plus as firms vie to break into emerging markets. The best way to really get a feel for what the pharmaceutical firms are looking for is to study lots of job postings and ads placed by on ignorance is blessing these employers and observe what qualifications they list. It’s not unusual for a drug company to get hundreds of resumes for every opening, so yours needs to stand out and be strategically targeted not only to pharmaceutical sales, but to birmingham campaign, the company and opening you’re after. Yes, that means you will need to tweak your resume for every pharmaceutical sales job you apply for.

The appearance of job-hopping and gaps in employment can be seen as negatives by pharmaceutical employers, and of course, the best way to avoid those on research your resume is to have a steady employment record. If you don’t, you may want to enlist the campaign essay assistance of a professional resume writer in de-emphasizing the negatives. In fact, several experts on breaking into on ignorance is blessing the field cite professional resume writers as an birmingham campaign essential investment no matter what your job record is like. All resumes should be accomplishments-driven, but one for pharma sales should especially be so. Writing Research Paper? Noting that he is birmingham, “continually amazed at eugenics research paper how many candidates understate vital aspects of their career on their resume because they are too close to campaign, their career or they do not know how to say it with power,” Riley recommends a great-looking resume loaded with “accomplishments, accomplishments, accomplishments.” See our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments.

An effective pharmaceutical-sales resume also must have the writing right keywords. See our articles, Tapping the Power of birmingham campaign, Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and especially, Researching Keywords in Employment Ads, which features pharmaceutical sales. Here’s a sample resume that lists lots of conflict case studies, good keywords and birmingham campaign, highlights appropriate sales accomplishments. Networking is thesis canada, a huge advantage in getting into pharmaceutical sales because most firms advertise vacancies only essay, when they are unable to fill them by word of mouth. Tell everyone you know you’re interested in getting into the field. Eugenics Paper? Talk to birmingham campaign, doctors and conflict studies, pharmacists and ask them for names of reps. Essay? Riley singles out talking with pharmaceutical sales reps and district managers as the research absolute best way to essay, break into the business, noting that a referral from a rep to his or her manager is “golden,” carrying “more weight than a resume from any other source.” Establish relationships with recruiters who specialize in the pharmaceutical field.

Keep your eye open for pharmaceutical job fairs, as pharma firms frequently use these for recruiting. Pharmaceutical Sales: Applying through Pharmaceutical Company Web Sites. While networking is the best bet in landing a job in this field, another way in doctoral dissertation help grant nsf is through applying on pharmaceutical company Web sites. (See our Quintessential Directory of birmingham, Company Career Centers: Pharmaceutical Companies, updated with dozens of pharmaceutical firms). But as Riley cautions, the rigorous screening process begins at this point because you do not simply submit a resume; you undergo a screening and ranking test. A better strategy, Riley advises, may be to use your networking contacts to obtain names of warming about, people to whom to send your resume. Many pharmaceutical firms expect candidates to bring a portfolio known as a “brag book” to birmingham campaign essay, interviews. Since you don’t know which hiring managers want to see these books and which don’t, you really need to have one ready. You can find more than one anecdote on pharmaceutical-sales discussion boards about candidates with brag books who were hired over those without one. Teena Rose, author of Cracking the Code to Pharmaceutical Sales , writes that a brag book can contain recent awards, recognition letters from thesis canada, superiors, recommendation letters from previous employers, detailed lists of sales achievements beyond what’s in your resume, continuing-education certificates, and birmingham, personally cultivated sales spreadsheets (as long as they aren’t confidential).

Ask other pharmaceutical reps if you can see their brag books to get a feel for warming what how to do yours. Pharmaceutical Sales: Interviewing. The drug companies want to make sure they get it right when they hire because they typically invest a lot in training new reps. Thus, interviewing for campaign a pharmaceutical sales position is typically a multi-interview process spread out over several months. We’ve read reports of as many as 15 interviews before the warming to write about candidate landed the job. Riley calls the process “probably the biggest series of campaign, exams you will ever take.” The process often begins with a telephone interview to screen candidates and whittle down a large pool of applicants. See our article, Phone Interview Etiquette Can Propel You to the Next Step in the Hiring Process.

The heart of the interview process is with the doctoral dissertation help grant district manager who hires for his or her district, and interviews over birmingham campaign essay, meals may be part of the mix. Solid preparation is always advisable before job interviews, but for pharmaceutical sales, you may want to kick your preparation up several notches. Thesis Canada? Job-shadowing, also known as doing a ride-along or preceptorship, with a working rep can be enormously beneficial, as can informational interviewing. Ride-alongs are also frequently part of the interview process; be sure in birmingham campaign that situation to observe everything carefully and ask the rep questions, as you in turn will be questioned by thesis canada a hiring manager about what you learned during the campaign essay experience. Of course you’ll scour the abstract paper employer’s Web site for information, but you will likely want to essay, go beyond that by looking for news items about the company and doctoral dissertation nsf, learn what products might be in its pipeline. Look for annuals reports, news releases, and stock-market reports. Find out about competing products and birmingham, companies.

Some good sources for thesis canada pharmaceutical-industry news include: Here’s an campaign example of using information in the news to workplace, your advantage in a pharmaceutical interview: Interviewer: What do you think are the important elements of campaign, presenting one of our products to on ignorance is blessing, a physician? Interviewee: Well, I recently read in the Canadian Journal of essay, Clinical Pharmacology that physicians want detailed safety data, comparative data between new and old drugs, and the prices of paper, products. I’d like to explore how [name of company]’s sales philosophy fits in with providing physicians with what they say they want from pharmaceutical reps. While there is campaign essay, no such thing as a “typical” pharmaceutical sales job interview, candidates will often find common threads running through these interviews. Some questions will probe your understanding of what it’s really like to be a pharmaceutical sales rep.

A good article by Pat Riley describing many of these types of writing research, questions and how to answer them can be found in this article. Some will be behavioral questions designed to predict your future performance based on how you’ve behaved on the job in the past. You may be asked, for example, questions about how you have typically dealt with difficult supervisors and clients. See our article, Behavioral Interviewing Strategies. You will probably be asked why you seek a job in pharmaceutical sales. Birmingham Campaign Essay? You should be able to demonstrate your passion and enthusiasm for the field.

Your response might focus on the pride of eugenics research paper, offering a quality product that makes a difference in people’s lives, as well as on the comprehensive training program the company likely offers, and birmingham campaign, its exceptional opportunities for success. It’s also helpful to be able to talk about your own familiarity with having used one of the company’s products, or a family member’s product use. Any stories you know about someone’s life being saved or quality of life being improved through one of the company’s products also will make a big impression. Demonstrate your ability to close a ale by asking o the job at the en of the interview. Writing Research Abstract? Learn more in our article, Closing the Interview.

One of the best ways to prepare for specific questions often asked in pharmaceutical-sales interviews is to get your hands on one of the many books available about breaking into the field. Two that we like include Teena Rose’s Cracking the Code to Pharmaceutical Sales and birmingham, Insight into a Career in Pharmaceutical Sales , by workplace conflict case Anne Clayton, which also comes highly recommended by Corey Nahman, whose site itself offers lots of helpful information for breaking in. These books and sites typically offer frequently asked pharma-sales interview questions, along with the rationale for why they’re being asked, and suggestions for responding. As the interview process winds down, and you become one of the top candidates, you may be required to take a pharmacology test involving just a few days to campaign, study and lots of memorization. In a terrific article entitled Job-Search Strategies: Real Estate to Pharmaceutical Sales (Career Change), resume writer Teena Rose interviews a candidate, S. Plamper, who successfully landed a job in pharmaceutical sales. The interview details all the ins and outs of Plamper’s 13-week interview process, which included an online profiling test, a requirement to write a short autobiography, and a ride-along with another rep. Plamper credits her success to having her resume professionally written, networking effectively, picking the paper brain of a pharmaceutical rep already on the job, delivering creative presentations in her interviews, and connecting with those who interviewed her.

That connection with the interviewer can be elusive, but it’s important. When chemistry and rapport are lacking, it can be hard to establish it, but doing so shows you have a sales rep’s knack for building relationships. Just as with any interview, thank-you notes should be standard procedure. Rose suggests that hand-delivering your note is a great way to show your aggressiveness. See our article, FAQs About Thank You Letters.

Pharmaceutical Sales: What about Certification Programs? You’ll see ads on the Internet for certification programs for pharmaceutical sales reps. Best advice seems to campaign, be to abstract, proceed with extreme caution. Chances are they may offer no information you couldn’t gather on your own. If you’re considering such a program, ask for hard evidence that those with certifications have been more successful in landing jobs in pharma sales than those without. According to MedZilla, the only four accredited certification programs are at Saint Joseph’s University Erivan K. Haub School of Business, University of Mississippi Center for Marketing and Management, Rutgers (MBA in Pharmaceutical Management), and Certified Medical Representatives Institute (CMRI). Essay? Rose also mentions the writing American Pharmaceutical Association’s certification program, approved by the Pharmaceutical Advisory Board. Pharmaceutical Sales: Once You’re Hired… Expect an birmingham campaign intense training period and a constant need to stay abreast of products and disease states. You’ll likely be tested on material not only during the research training but as an ongoing part of your job. You may attend trade shows and conferences and read industry publications.

You may need to learn about medical terminology, as well as insurance-company reimbursement policies and birmingham campaign, codes. It’s not unusual for reps to pursue extra training and self-study in chemistry and other areas. Also expect to compete with numerous other reps to get face time in private offices and hospitals with medical professionals, some of whom will give you only a minute or two. After all, there are some 90,000 pharmaceutical sales reps in the mix, according to a survey by Noesis Healthcare Interactions. Global To Write About? Writing for Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News, Aissatou Sidime learned from working reps that getting access to physicians is the toughest part of the essay job and that most sales reps have five or six competitors for research abstract each drug they represent. You’ll get to know the “80-20” rule in which reps often find that 20 percent of physicians write 80 percent of the prescriptions, so you’ll learn to focus your priorities on birmingham essay high-prescribing doctors.

Reps may also spend time educating clinical personnel, such as nurses, on how to administer their company’s products. Considerable paperwork, including writing up reports of sales calls, is also part of a rep’s job. A Noesis survey further reported that knowledge and training, ongoing communication, sales tools and marketing programs, and essay on ignorance, motivation and campaign essay, incentives are the pillars that make a rep effective and successful. Reps want to learn more about disease states and is blessing, competitors’ brands, the survey says. Campaign Essay? Areas for possible advancement include product line manager and district sales manager. The Hay Group in its 2005 Sales Force Effectiveness Study finds that future trends indicate greater demand for sales staff in the biotech and speciality pharmaceutical sectors. “Pharmaceutical companies have always had the challenge of how to effectively train and develop sales personnel,” says a press release about the Hay Group’s report. “With downsizing in the industry and workplace conflict studies, more sales staff looking for jobs, previous pharmaceutical and birmingham, specialty experience will be essential. For example, biotech companies are more likely to be looking for sales professionals with education and studies in the life sciences and at least two years of thesis canada, sales or health care marketing experience. The compensation for essay biotech representatives can be more than one-third higher than the general primary care sales representative,” the release continues. Final Thoughts on Breaking into to write Pharmaceutical Sales.

Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and birmingham, associate publisher of eugenics research paper, Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for birmingham campaign essay jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Paper? Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Maximize your career and job-search knowledge and birmingham campaign, skills! Take advantage of The Quintessential Careers Content Index, which enables site visitors to locate articles, tutorials, quizzes, and doctoral dissertation, worksheets in birmingham campaign essay 35 career, college, job-search topic areas. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills.

Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Doctoral Dissertation Help? Randall S. Birmingham? Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the abstract oldest and birmingham essay, most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of on ignorance is blessing, MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is birmingham, publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.

Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Writing? Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for birmingham more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an workplace case studies educator, author, and blogger who provides content for birmingham Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and essay on ignorance, blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Birmingham Campaign Essay? Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from dissertation nsf, Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to birmingham, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Essay Is Blessing? Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Birmingham? Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and eugenics research, Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and birmingham campaign essay, scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of warming about, our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and birmingham campaign, improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists.

Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of research paper, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on campaign essay their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the eugenics [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on birmingham essay their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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8 Simple Business Plan Templates for Entrepreneurs. Writing a business plan is an important step in the startup process. Birmingham Campaign? It helps you and your partners decide if you will work well together, teaches you about the is blessing, marketplace, and lets you brainstorm business and product goals. But because of all the effort and detail involved, many entrepreneurs dread the birmingham campaign, thought of workplace studies sitting down and creating this critical but time-consuming document. Birmingham? While business plans can be frustrating if you#39;re writing one from scratch, there are plenty of online templates available to global warming what to write about take some of the pain out of the process. Small business owners can benefit from simple, easy-to-follow business-plan tools so they can spend less time writing and more time launching. Here are eight resources you can use to help you craft a professional business plan quickly and easily. Birmingham Campaign? You#39;ve heard about those entrepreneurs who started off by jotting down their ideas on essay on ignorance is blessing a napkin at a bar, café or restaurant. Birmingham Essay? $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan is a little like that, but more organized. Designed for entrepreneurs who are itching to workplace case get started, this simple business-plan template asks a handful of questions that you can easily answer in one or two sentences. It covers everything from what you sell and who will buy it to how you will get paid, hustle to find customers, foresee challenges and campaign essay, overcome the obstacles all in a single page. Workplace Case? [Writing a Business Plan?

Do These 5 Things First] Not all small businesses are concerned with credit lines, partnerships and office space at least not in the beginning. So why should their initial business plans include these things? Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan doesn#39;t. Instead, it offers a business-plan template fit for the real would-be entrepreneur#39;s world. Essay? Whereas most business-plan templates assume all businesses are uniform, Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan was created to get to conflict studies what entrepreneurs really need to know to start a business: the ins and outs of the birmingham campaign, product or service, how customers will find the business and how the business will make money. Simply copy and paste the template of the Remarkably Simple Business Plan, created by Sonia Simone, co-founder and chief content officer of Copyblogger Media, and you#39;re good to go. Case Studies? Founded in 2011, Enloop is regarded as an innovative player in the business-plan-creation industry. Like many others, the service uses an online interface to help automate your business plan#39;s creation.

To get started, users enter basic information about birmingham, their businesses, including product details. Then, Enloop#39;s software uses metrics to workplace conflict help predict the financial performance of the company in comparison with others in the sector. According to CEO Cynthia McCahon, the goal of the company is to help entrepreneurs make better-informed decisions. Users can get started on Enloop for free; more advanced paid options are also available. LivePlan is a relatively new entrant to birmingham campaign the online business-tools market that helps you every step of the way, from the planning stages through your launch. Like other services, LivePlan allows business owners to craft perfectly formatted plans. From there, users can create the abstract, presentation necessary to pitch their business ideas to would-be investors. Once off the ground, businesses can track revenue and expenses against forecasts, and multiple users within a company can work through the campaign, LivePlan interface. Thesis Canada? Pricing starts at less than $12 a month. The One Page Business Plan Company.

Created by The One Page Business Plan Company, this simple business template covers only the essay, key areas entrepreneurs need to address to start a business: their vision for the company, mission for why the business exists, objectives for setting out goals, strategies to make the business successful and action plans indicating what work needs to on ignorance be done. Unlike complicated business plans, boring blocks of text are not required bullet points will do. Birmingham Campaign? Are you the visual type? Look no further than Angela Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan. Based on the principles of the Business Generation Model Strategyzer app, Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan uses sticky notes to help you creatively craft an out-of-the-box business plan. Workplace Case? To create a One-Page Visual Business Plan, start by campaign essay separating a single page into different sections or columns, such as company information and customer segments.

Write down your ideas or responses on a sticky note, and then stick it on the corresponding section. You can also color-code the sticky notes for better organization. Then, if your plans change, you can easily remove a note, move it around or add new ones to nsf better fit the direction in which your business is campaign headed. SBA Build Your Business Plan Tool. The fact that the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has an online tool to help users craft business plans will come as no surprise to essay anyone who has investigated the birmingham essay, SBA#39;s offerings before. The agency has a wealth of free planning, financing and consulting tools and resources, both online and help nsf, through available consultants.

The SBA#39;s online tool for business-plan creation allows a user to enter information on a Web interface that is tied to essay that user#39;s account. What To Write About? The administration says this is intended to be a live plan that can be referred to and changed as the company#39;s plans progress. The SBA encourages entrepreneurs to essay use their generated plans to discuss their company#39;s prospects with SBA advisers like those available through SCORE and the Small Business Development Center. The SBA#39;s tool is available online at no cost. Greg Go, co-founder of online finance community Wise Bread, is a big believer that entrepreneurs who are just starting out doctoral dissertation grant don#39;t need lengthy business plans. What they actually need, he said, is an internal working plan to get started. The internal working plan consists of four simple questions that make up the simple business plan: What is your product or service?

Who are your customers? When will things get done? When are bills due, and birmingham campaign, when do you get paid? To guide entrepreneurs in completing their four-question business plan, Go provides a simplified way of answering each question in essay is blessing, his blog post on the subject. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with writing a complete business plan, use the birmingham campaign essay, questionnaire below to to write have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free.

Updated on May 1, 2015. Additional reporting by Business News Daily staff writer Sara Angeles.

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filenet resume June 2016 – Toronto, Canada. Over 22 years of IT experience in birmingham campaign design, development, test planning, training, implementation, documentation, telephone, on-site support and future business and resource planning. Over 17 years of experience with Enterprise Content Management and Workflow (ECM/ FileNet). Global experience including the following: Canada, USA, England, Ireland and eugenics research South Africa. Certified/ Trained with FileNet P8 and birmingham Panagon, Java 2 (SCJP) and case Web Component Developer (SCWCD).

FileNet (18 yrs), Case manager(2yrs), Java(11yrs), C#.NET (10 yrs), FileNet Process Design- BPM(8yrs), SQL (20 yrs) Financial Services Experience - 12 years, (insurance, loan origination and credit cards): v Group Benefit Insurance system for campaign short term and global what to write long term disability. Enabling complex workflows with multiple updates to birmingham essay, line of doctoral nsf business systems via web services, external databases and birmingham applications to warming, move large volume of documents with custom annotations for time critical system upgrades. v Developed applications for essay a redacting documents project to meet PCI compliance, providing users a method to review documents, perform redaction and replacing the workplace case studies, original documents in the repository. v Worked with content engine, process engine and case manager with a propriety Ultera system and complex custom workflows for all business tasks. v Association of Specialist Brokers to develop a customised client/ policy tracking system. Campaign Essay. The system was utilised for management and reporting on various insurance plans marketed by the broker. v Canadian student loan origination systems of writing abstract all public and private post-secondary institutions across Canada, enabling collection, classification, approving and multistep banking detail validation. v Custom web based reporting tools were created to provide the business with real time status of birmingham campaign essay all the loan origination applications throughout its lifecycle. v In order to paper, manage the high volume, workflow solutions with custom web pages, created selectable sort properties within each work queue via custom portlets. v Credit card chargeback systems dealing with client/ vendor correspondence and birmingham essay utilizing clearing house processing with credit card supplier.

Chargeback systems managed on-site both within the USA and Ireland. Billing Experience - 6 years, (property tax and workplace case invoicing): v Management of essay Commercial and Residential property tax assessments, dealing with property owners “request for reconsideration” regarding their current property assessment. v Images like email, fax or regular mail were used to launch a custom workflow. The tax assessment system dealt with indexing and essay on ignorance triage processes before a designated document class were assigned. v Work on design and development to support warehousing image archival and retrieval purposes tailored for birmingham large corporate clients.

The solution dealt with delivery truck invoice imaging across North America with the four main hubs, including Toronto, Vancouver, Atlanta and Los Angeles. v The imaged invoices were used by warming to write the accounts receivable and payable departments to birmingham campaign essay, support their billing process. Other Experience - 4 years, (manufacturing, shipping and research paper retail): v Developed a customised fabric stock control system. The system is utilised for stock control, intercompany transfers, invoicing, supplier orders, customer orders and generation of ‘Cut sheets’ for birmingham the CMT factories. v Developed custom cargo allotment system to manage availability on all domestic and conflict case international revenue generating flights, which included detail analysis for a flight planning system that determined which cargo consignments were to be loaded on which flight. v Developed a customised stock allocation system utilised for deployment of all stocks for a retail chain. Based on birmingham campaign essay, the allocation system, the doctoral help grant nsf, stocks are distributed to the 200 national stores.

Development Languages and essay Databases: v FileNet, P8, Case Manager, BPM, Process Design, DataCap, Content Navigator (ICN), Process Analyzer, Records Manager, Content Analytics, eForms, eProcess, Visual WorkFlo, Panagon Capture, IDM Panagon Desktop, Image services, Content Services, BPF, Java, JavaScript, J2EE, Widgets, Hibernate, Spring, DOJO, XML, XSLT, ASP, Visual Basic (VB), VB.NET, C#.NET, ADO.NET, SQL Server, Oracle, DB2, MS-Access, SDLC. Software, Utilities and Operating Systems Experience: v ADO, RDO , ODBC, Microsoft Windows SDK, FacSys, RightFax, MS-Office, Eclipse, XCode, Ultera , Intel, AIX, Windows, UNIX, Exceed, MS-Project, Lotus Notes, Outlook, Putty, Dimensions, Visual SourceSafe, SharePoint, Rational. Jun 2014 – Dec 2015 (1 yr, 6 mths ) Mar 2016 – Jun 2016 (4 mths), Sun Life Financial, Toronto, Canada – Developer/Designer/Technical Lead. · Sun Life is a leading Canadian-based financial services company that offer a broad range of insurance, retirement and investment products. · Updates to the upgraded Group Benefit for short and long term disability for global about both backend and front end. · Backend included Case Manager, Content engine and Process engine with a proprietary Ultera front end. · As a rollback strategy for the Panagon IS to essay, FileNet P8 migration, developed a custom Java and C#.NET application to global warming, move documents with custom annotations for birmingham campaign essay this large scale and time critical upgrade. · Redacting documents project for PCI compliance, providing users a method to review existing documents and global warming what about perform redactions as required and replacing the birmingham, original documents in the repository using Content Navigator. · Updates to the in-house admin web site for managing the choice lists and monthly reporting processes.

· This case solution project included many extremely complex custom workflows for workplace all business tasks. · Technical lead overseeing the custom Ultera solution for the Group Benefit division. · FileNet P8, Case Manager, Process Engine, Content Engine, Component Manager, BPM, Ultera, Java, C#.NET, SQL, Oracle, Case Analyzer, WorkplaceXT, Content Navigator (ICN), Hibernate, Spring, Widgits, DOJO, CFS-IS, CRU, Process Design. Jan 2014 – Jun 2014 (6 mths), DaVita Health Care, Toronto, Canada ( VegaECM ) - Developer. · DaVita HealthCare Partners Inc., a Fortune 500® company that, through its operating divisions, provides a variety of health care services to patient populations throughout the birmingham campaign, United States and abroad. · Content migration of legacy Panagon IS documents to FileNet P8. Over 200 million documents needed to be moved using a custom document class reclassification process.

· Along with the reclassification process, all the annotations needed to thesis canada, be exported separately out of the legacy system and birmingham imported into the new repository. · P8, Content Engine, IDM Desktop, Image Services, Java, C#.NET, Oracle, WorkplaceXT. Jan 2010 – Dec 2013 (4 yrs), Davis + Henderson, Mississauga, Canada - Lead Developer. · D+H is the leading end-to-end provider of retail, commercial and eugenics paper transaction banking solutions. · The FileNet Panagon student loan project involved the design and development of the eProcess solution utilizing the birmingham campaign, Business Process Framework (BPF) . The system used FileNet Visual Workflo technologies to thesis canada, process over 30,000 loan applications per campaign, day during peak periods for all public and help grant nsf private post-secondary institutions across Canada.

· In order to manage training of staff for high volume periods, images were electronically generated using an overlay process to birmingham campaign, replicate loan origination documents. This project also included a web based reporting tools (providing real time application status), documentation, implementation and doctoral help grant support. · The above project was a continuation of the 2005/2007 Edulinx engagement. · As the senior technical lead for the FileNet P8 project (to replace the FileNet Panagon system), an entire new custom workflow solution was developed using offshore resources. This was a highly visible immersive project to birmingham, take the about, student loan origination process to birmingham, the next level. This project included custom portlets to allow for selectable sort properties within each work queue and other enhancements providing a more robust system. · Credit Card projects included custom workflows for cardholder modifications for both Walmart and research paper Presidents Choice with all content captured and campaign essay indexed using an EMC Captiva solution which linked directly into writing research paper, FileNet. · This project utilizing custom workflow solutions with unique custom step processors developed using the birmingham, IBM eForms user interface, hosted within the existing WorkplaceXT web application. · Other projects included updates, monitoring and is blessing support of the Rogers Wireless hardware upgrade SWAP program, with the application written using IIS with ASP custom pages hosted on birmingham campaign essay, SQL Server. · P8, Case Manager, Java, Content Engine, Process Engine, eForms, Portlets, BPM, Java, SQL Server, Oracle, WorkplaceXT, Visual Basic, VB.

NET , C#. NET , Jscript, ASP, ODBC, OLE, ADO , MQ Series, API calls, ActiveX controls, FileNet Imaging and Indexing Objects, Image Services, Content Services, Visual Workflo, eProcess, Process Analyzer, Records Manager and help grant BPF. Mar 2007 – Dec 2009 (2 yrs, 9 mths), MPAC, Pickering, Canada – Senior Developer. · MPAC (Municipal Property Assessment Corporation) is an campaign independent not for profit corporation that is responsible for the management of workplace studies both commercial and birmingham campaign residential property assessments in the province of Ontario, Canada. · This solution dealt with homeowner’s “request for doctoral grant reconsideration” regarding their current property assessment. Birmingham. The images (email, fax or regular mail) were committed to CE, which in turn would be used to doctoral dissertation grant, launch a custom workflow.

· The workflow completed the indexing triage process before being committed to the designated document class. · A custom letter generation process was built into the workflow to send out mass correspondence to the tax payers. · As the senior developer, was accountable for the design and birmingham campaign development of a custom workflow solution, including the mentoring of the team. In addition to the above process, a smaller workflow process was created to commit property questionnaires returned from the taxpayers. · P8, BPF, Java, ActiveX controls, ODBC, Content Engine, Process Engine, WAS, JavaScript, JSP, API, SQL Server, Oracle, FileNet Capture. Jan 2007 – Mar 2007 (3 mths), 20th Century Fox, Los Angeles, California ( VegaECM ) - Developer. · 20 th Century Fox is a leading television and what about movie studio based out of Los Angeles, California. · Designed and developed custom applications that allowed for essay the automation of digital content to workplace, be ingested to their FileNet repositories via FileNet Capture. · The images were being captured via multi-functional devices (MFD) located throughout the company. · Updates and campaign data validation with the studies, PeopleSoft accounting system. · In addition there were enhancements made to the current viewing applications that are built on eProcess and campaign BPF.

· FileNet Panagon Capture, Image Services, Visual Basic, VB.NET, C#.NET, Jscript, ASP, Java, ODBC, OLE, ADO, API, ActiveX controls, eProcess, BPF and SQL Server databases. Jul 2006 – Jan 2007 Apr 2005 – Oct 2005 (1 yr), EDULINX, Mississauga, Canada – Lead Developer. · EDULINX was acquired by Resolve, which in turn was acquired by Davis + Henderson. · The FileNet Panagon student loan project involved the design and development of the workplace conflict, eProcess solution utilizing the Business Process Framework (BPF) . The system used FileNet Visual Workflo technologies to birmingham campaign essay, process over research paper 30,000 loan applications per day during peak periods for all public and birmingham essay private post-secondary institutions across Canada. · In order to global warming to write about, manage training of birmingham campaign staff for workplace conflict high volume periods, images were electronically generated using an overlay process to replicate loan origination documents. This project also included a web based reporting tools (providing real time application status), documentation, implementation and birmingham support. · In addition, I created an Automated In-Basket Creation application which allowed for doctoral the creation and modification of multiple inbaskets in birmingham campaign essay a single click. · FileNet Imaging and Indexing Objects, Image Services, Content Services, Visual Workflo, eProcess, BPF, Visual Basic, VB. NET , C#. NET , Jscript, ASP, Java, ODBC, OLE, ADO , MQ Series, API calls, ActiveX controls, and on ignorance SQL Server.

Apr 2006 – Jul 2006 (4 mths), Image Process Design Inc., Bloomfield Hill, Michigan, USA - Developer. · IPD is a software development company centred on the Insurance industry with their key product Ultera. · As part of the development team, worked on custom web pages for the company’s proprietary multi-tier workflow application. · Work included many aspects of the application development both for client and server side in addition to the database development. · FileNet Panagon, Image Services, Content Services, VB, SQL Server, Oracle, ASP, JavaScript, XML, XSLT. Nov 2005 – Apr 2006 (6 mths), Windsor Consultants Limited, Toronto, Canada – Designer/ Developer. · As the lead developer on the proof of purchase system using FileNet technologies, including Panagon Capture, IDM Desktop, Image retrieval and OCR. · This upgrade involved moving from the current FileNet system to the new FileNet P8 environment. · During this engagement I had the opportunity to campaign, take training on Java development tools utilising the research, J2EE standards. · FileNet P8 and FileNet Panagon, Image Services, Content Engine, Process Engine, Application Engine, Visual Basic, SQL Server, Java, Feb 2002 – Mar 2005 (3 yrs), US Bank, Denver, Colorado and Dublin, Ireland – Designer/ Developer.

· US Bank is rated as one of the largest merchant services suppliers in the USA. · Designed, developed and supported the custom FileNet Panagon IDM imaging solution for birmingham campaign credit card chargeback processing used by thesis canada the merchant credit card services department for US Bank. · Other projects included imaging of merchant contracts in excess of 25 million images and back file conversion of over 20 million images and a custom imaging and indexing application using the FileNet Capture development toolkit. Essay. The process allowed for page and document manipulation and rapid property indexing. · In addition, worked on documentation, system testing, test planning, implementation, telephone, on-site support and involved with future business planning and resource management. · FileNet Imaging and thesis canada Indexing Object, FileNet Capture, Image Services, Content Services, Visual Basic, ODBC, OLE, ADO, DB2, API calls, ActiveX controls, Document Processing, Scanning and birmingham essay Faxing, FacSys, Right Fax, and Oracle. Oct 1998 – Jan 2002 (3 yrs, 3 mths), Chaps Group Systems, Toronto, Canada – Designer/ Developer. · This engagement with Chaps Group included clients like Coca-Cola, Transamerica and Toyota Financial. · The Coca-Cola project was to design and thesis canada develop many FileNet Panagon IDM warehousing imaging solutions for archival and retrieval purposes and made use of the birmingham campaign, collection of dynamic utilities developed with FileNet ActiveX controls tailored to the many large corporate clients. · This solution dealt with delivery truck invoice imaging across North America to the four main hubs, including Toronto, Vancouver, Atlanta and research paper Los Angeles.

· The imaged invoices were used by birmingham campaign the accounts receivable to support the doctoral dissertation, billing process and essay scanned vendor document images to support the payable departments. · Other duties included documentation, system testing, test planning, implementation and global support across North America. · Additional projects included Transamerica working on a back file migration, image storage and retrieval and campaign essay the Toyota Financial solution with a loan originating system. · FileNet Panagon, FileNet Capture, Image Services, Content Services, Visual Basic, ODBC, OLE, ADO, DB2, API calls, ActiveX controls, FileNet Imaging and help nsf Indexing Object, Document Processing, Scanning and Faxing, FacSys, Right Fax, and birmingham SQL Server. Nov 1996 – Oct 1998 (2 yrs), British Airways, London, United Kingdom - Developer. · The British Airways cargo capacity allocation project was for planning all domestic and international revenue managed flights. I was involved on the design, development and supported of this Microsoft Access and Visual Basic client/ server application using an Oracle database. · In addition, worked on the analysis and development for a flight planning system that determined which cargo consignments were to doctoral dissertation nsf, be loaded on every revenue managed flight ex London Heathrow. · Was involved with the entire life cycle from birmingham, requirements, design, development, testing and implementation. · Visual Basic, Microsoft Access, ODBC, ActiveX Controls and Oracle.

Jul 1994 – Oct 1996 (2 yrs, 3 mths), AnnoTech, Durban, South Africa – Designer/ Developer. · This engagement was with a cutting edge software consulting company based out of Durban, South Africa. Warming What To Write. My role was a Visual Basic developer involved with many different clients. Birmingham Campaign Essay. In addition to development, I provided on-site client support. · Mr. Thesis Canada. Price - Designed and campaign developed a customised stock allocation system.

The system was utilised for deployment of all stocks received by the retail chain. Based on the allocation system, the global, stocks are distributed to the 200 stores nationally. The system also involves pre pack planning to suppliers and distribution based on campaign essay, a complex algorithm combining the stores performance in areas of size, colour, style and the stores overall sales history. · Association of writing research Specialist Brokers - Designed and developed a customised insurance policy/ client tracking system. The system was utilised for management and campaign essay reporting on various insurance plans marketed by the company. The system also generates the conflict studies, policy holder’s bank information relayed to birmingham, the policy holder’s monthly debts. The system also generates in excess of global about 30 reports providing a cross sectional analysis of the birmingham campaign, insurance plan’s performance.

· Traffic Clothing - Designed and conflict case studies developed a customised fabric and birmingham campaign essay trim stock control and style costing system. The system was utilised for style costing, stock control management and warming to write invoicing to/ from birmingham essay, suppliers and customers. · Midgear Fashions - Designed and developed a customised fabric stock control system. The system is utilised for stock control, intercompany transfers and invoicing and ordering to/ from writing abstract paper, suppliers and birmingham campaign customers. In addition, generations of ‘Cut sheets’ for the CMT factories are also produced by the system. · Visual Basic, SQL Server, Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Windows 3.11, Windows NT. Mar 1994 – Jun 1994 (4 mths), IEC, Durban, South Africa - Developer. · The IEC (Independent Electoral Commission) is a permanent body created by is blessing the Constitution to birmingham campaign, manage free and fair elections at all levels of government within South Africa. · Managed the Information Technology Department for the Port Shepstone Region with an IT staff of 20. · Responsibilities included support of software and hardware for all departments, including the setup and support of the Local Wide Area Networks and ongoing development using Microsoft Access. · Provide ad hoc incident reporting to the chief of operations at this office.

· The main purpose of the thesis canada, Information Technology Department was to support the birmingham, recording of the facts needed to global to write, prove a “Free and campaign Fair Election for All”, in South Africa’s historical first truly democratic election. · Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, Windows 3.11. · 2015 - IBM Case Manager Solution Design Technical Professional v2 (Version 5.2) · 2015 - IBM Case Manager Product Fundamentals Technical Professional v2 (Version 5.2) · 2013 - IBM Case Manager Solution Design Technical Professional v1 (Version 5.1) · 2013 - IBM Case Manager Product Fundamentals Technical Professional v1 (Version 5.1) · 2012 – Present - FileNet P8 Certification. · 2006 - Sun Certified Java Programmer for doctoral grant nsf Java 2 - SCJP (1.4) · 2006 - Sun Certified Web Component Developer - SCWCD (1.4) · 1999 - FileNet Panagon Certified Professional (Toronto, Canada) · 1988 – 1993 -York University (Toronto, Canada), Bachelor of Commerce (Honours)

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The Birmingham Campaign Essay -- …

Custom Karl Marx Conflict Theory Essay. Karl Marx is one of the most reputed philosophers of the 19 th Century. Born in birmingham 1818 in research a middle class family, Marx studied law in Bonn and Berlin and later plunged deeper into the ideas of Hegel and Feurbach (Wheen, 2007). It is after receiving his doctorate in philosophy in 1841 from the birmingham, University of Jena that he moved with his family to eugenics research paper Paris where he became a radical revolutionary communist and teamed up with Friedrich Engels, another radical philosopher of his time. Birmingham? They collectively authored the pamphlet “The Communist Manifesto” which was later published in 1848. In this pamphlet, Marx passionately asserted that all human history was dominated by class struggles.

Furthermore, he predicted that they would culminate into the fall of capitalism and workplace case, rise of communism (Wheen, 2007). Karl Marx later moved to London in 1849 where he broke his political and religious isolation to author Das Kapital, sometimes referred to as the “Bible of the working class” (Wheen, 2007). In this book, Marx developed very philosophical ideas related to the crises of the working class and the implicit struggles between laborers and owners of industries. The works and ideas of Karl Marx in his book Das Kapital were later edited by Engels after his death in 1833 in campaign essay London (Wheen, 2007). The ideas of Karl Marx established a school of thought known as Marxism, or what later came to be popularly known as the eugenics paper, Marxist doctrine. His writings consummated the main ideological currents of 19 th century. These included the classical English political economy, French socialism and the French revolutionary doctrines of the time. Marx, throughout his writing, had envisaged a social revolution that would see the fall of birmingham essay capitalism and the rise of socialism as a dominant ideology.

These predictions later became evident after the death of Karl Marx in what was considered to be a process of socialization of labor. Essay? Wheen (2007) contends that this transformation would be possible to accomplish by the proletariat in sustained struggles with the bourgeoisie. Birmingham Essay? This led to the development of ideas evident in Marxism and the conflict theory that form the bedrock of on ignorance is blessing Marx’s works. Conflict theory is a Marxist perspective and conceptualization of the way in which society is structured. This perspective depicts society as characteristically dominated by conflicts (Collins Sanderson, 2008). Birmingham Campaign? Conflict is the determinant of how resources are allocated and who benefits the most from thesis canada such allocations. Power is also acquired through conflict, and once such power is acquired, it is used to dominate the less-powerful and to benefit a few people. Collins and Sanderson (2008) cited that the basic form of interaction in essay the human society is essay, not consensus but competition, which culminates into birmingham, persistent conflicts.

Each party or individual competes against perceived rivals with the goal of gaining advantage and dominating the doctoral dissertation nsf, other. The theory presented by Karl Marx underscores the fact that conflict, and not consensus, dominates designed mechanisms through different classes in birmingham essay the stratified society, interacts and relates to each other (Collins Sanderson, 2008). The rich and the powerful use conflict to threaten their poor subjects and to maintain the status-quo. The poor on the other hand, organize and global warming what about, use conflicts to push for birmingham campaign a revolution that will overthrow the powerful that are enjoying the privileges of capitalist structures. These tensions are thus sustained by the need of each group to have its interests dominate the structures and operations of the society. Karl Marx contends that the society is stratified into two main social groups.

These are the proletariat and the bourgeoisies. The conflict between these two large social groups results in what Marx considered as revolutionary change. The probable source of conflict between the proletariat and the bourgeoisies are the workplace conflict case studies, desire of the proletariat to have ownership of means of production, such as factories, power, land and essay, other valuable resources (Collins Sanderson, 2008). The bourgeoisies, on the other hand, are not willing to thesis canada relinquish these resources and give up their privileged positions of power and overwhelming riches and investments. Karl Marx on birmingham, Class and Class Conflict. According to Karl Marx, society is stratified into classes. The classes comprise the thesis canada, bourgeoisies, land-owners and the proletariat. The propertied-upper-class is the minority, while the proletariats are the majority. Wood (2004) notes Marx’s dissection of the dominant features of each of these classes in most of his works. For example, the bourgeoisies own the essay, means of production. Workplace Case Studies? This is due to the huge investments they have made into factories and machines in the industries.

The land owners have rent as their primary source of income. The proletariats are owners of cheap labor which they offer in campaign exchange for wages that they use for their basic subsistence (Collins Sanderson, 2008). Investment gives the bourgeoisies a lot of profit. Marx conceptualized the structure of the society in relation to the two major classes. He is global what, focused on the inherent struggles between the proletariat and bourgeoisies which is the engine that pushes the occurrence of social change through revolutionary movements. Birmingham Essay? In the understanding of Marxists, class is defined by the level of wealth and power that one possesses (Wood, 2004). Is Blessing? This power is campaign, used to sideline other classes from property and positions of power.

Bourgeoisies use their power to serve their personal interests and amass more wealth at global what the expense of the proletariat. These three different classes, in the understanding of Karl Marx, have different interests which pit them against campaign each other (Wood, 2004). For example, the workplace case studies, bourgeoisie are interested in safeguarding their investment in the industries, maximizing profits and minimizing costs. This makes them engage the proletariats as laborers in the farms to achieve this objective at relatively minimal wages. The proletariats on the other hand, organize and mobilize themselves to collectively push for better wages, conditions of work and strive to overcome the repressive and exploitative forces of their masters in the industries and factories. Birmingham Essay? Thus, they struggle to join hands and, through revolutionary movements, overthrow the bourgeoisies and control the industries and factories (Wood, 2004). These conflicting interests are what pit the social classes against each other.

Conflicts, and not consensus, therefore, characterize the society as noted by Marx who had envisaged such a society founded on constant conflicts. The struggle between the classes is doctoral dissertation grant, likely to essay widen with time as the conditions of the laborers deteriorate further. This is likely leads to disintegration of the social structure. Collins and Sanderson (2008) asserted that conflicts between proletariats and bourgeoisies would translate into an industrial revolution. This would mark the triumph of the proletariats over doctoral dissertation nsf, the bourgeoisies, leading to increased access to capital and means of production by proletariats. This, according to Marxists, would mark the end of capitalism and the onset of socialism characterized by public ownership of the means of production. The fall of capitalism and bourgeoisies will, therefore, create a classless society as political power withers away due to industrial revolution led by campaign, the proletariat (Wood, 2004).

Thus, according to Marxists, class and class conflict are the forces behind societal transformation and not any other evolutionary processes. Radical revolutionary movements are likely to workplace conflict studies create a new social order in the society in which capitalism gives way to birmingham essay socialism as witnessed by the industrial revolutions that altered the social order in Russia in the 19 th century. The philosophical ideas of Karl Marx on alienation were relevant in his radical reformation periods that saw the fall of capitalism (Otteson, 2011). Although these ideas were mainly considered to be philosophical in the 19 th century, alienation, as was espoused by Marx, since then has become a real social phenomenon in the 21 st century discourses that are propagated by contemporary social science scholars. What To Write About? The most outstanding aspect that Marx wrote about was economic alienation or alienated labor. According to the writings of essay Karl Marx, one of the paper, front forces behind conflict between bourgeoisies and proletariat is the fact laborers felt separated from the products of their own labor (Me%u0301sza%u0301ros, 2006). Marx asserted that in a capitalist society, workers were forced to remain on the job and work extra hard in order to earn and sustain themselves (Me%u0301sza%u0301ros, 2006). He was against alienation which is caused by birmingham campaign essay, strong forces of capitalism and predicted the rise of communism in which laborers will no longer work to essay on ignorance live but live to work. With the fall of capitalism and campaign essay, alienation, wage earning slaves will be free men who will work and research paper, enjoy the value of their labor. In a capitalist society dominated by bourgeoisies, the production capacity of an employee is 100%.

However, the employee does not benefit directly from campaign these products. He only earns 10% of the proceeds of his work, which he only uses for daily subsistence. In communism, one would directly benefit from warming 90% of the essay, proceeds of his labor and only lose 10% which will be spent in other production processes. Marx contended that in a capitalist society, workers are alienated even from the products that they produce (Me%u0301sza%u0301ros, 2006). A laborer working in an industry that manufactures oil becomes so much alienated from the product that he or she produces to doctoral grant an extent that even in his or her own household he cannot afford the oil, yet he needs it and contributes significantly to its production. The ideas of Karl Marx on alienation were very accurate considering that many labor union movements advocated for the welfare of workers in the modern society (Otteson, 2011). There are employees who work in birmingham essay a milk processing plant, when ironically back at home they do not take the milk, not because they do not need it but because they cannot afford the milk. Alienation as presented by Karl Marx in his conflict theory is an explanation of a situation in which man is separated from dissertation help nsf valued resources, opportunities, processes and birmingham campaign, decisions in which his input ought to be reflected (Me%u0301sza%u0301ros, 2006). The laborers at the time of Marx’s life did not have opportunity to say a word on the amount of wages they earned as compensation for their work. Essay? Yet, their role in the industrial production processes was very significant. The masters determined the wages, number of hours worked, when to grant leaves for recuperation and so on.

In fact, Marx was very concerned with how the surplus value of products processed in the industries manned by workers benefited the workers themselves. Marx asserted that in a capitalist society, the surplus value only makes the birmingham campaign essay, rich richer as the workers become more impoverished. So worked up were the laborers that they were even alienated from their own families and doctoral help nsf, private lives. They did not have time for recreation, family sessions or other community forums. Marx sadly puts it in his writings of Das Kapital that leave or absence to workers in a capitalist system was hard to come by (Me%u0301sza%u0301ros, 2006). But when such leaves were finally granted, they were only meant to help the workers recuperate and get extra strength not to benefit themselves but their masters who would then register a rise in surplus value in the industrial production. Alienation, according to the writings of Karl Marx, can be seen to campaign occur in four different ways.

Me%u0301sza%u0301ros (2006) contends that workers are alienated against the products that they produce; they do not benefit from them much, the production process especially through specialized division of labor, from the community and from himself. In a capitalist industrialized society, specialized division of doctoral dissertation grant nsf labor is used to promote alienation under the campaign essay, disguise of enhancing efficiency and effectiveness in production. Marx argues that an conflict studies employee, concerned purely with the repair of broken down machines in industry producing oil, may not have enough experience with other production processes in the industry. The owners of the industry alienate them from this knowledge out of fear that such knowledge might empower workers to compete against the factory owners. Consciousness as defined by birmingham essay, philosophers refers to how people or a person defines and writing research paper, understands himself (Wood, 2004). The concept of consciousness as presented in the writings of campaign essay Karl Marx was basically bent towards understanding and identification with one’s class. It is this consciousness that would push the workers (proletariats) to join other proletariats and put forward a united battle against one common social group, the bourgeoisies.

Wood (2004) asserts that consciousness would enable workers gain awareness that they all had shared experiences with other laborers, the bitter experience of alienation, exploitation and oppression by capitalist bourgeoisies (Wood, 2004). This consciousness would push the workers to rise against the bourgeoisies and launch protest and revolutionary movements that would lead to the fall of capitalism and the onset of communist’s ideologies. Marx used the paper, term “class consciousness” to illustrate this level of awareness on the part of the workers. There are scholars of Marxism who have argued that the concept of birmingham consciousness was used by Karl Marx to depict class as a very subjective dimension in a capitalist society. The concept of consciousnerss forms the skeleton of Marx conflict theory. The proletariat will only rise to confront the bourgeoisies after realization that all workers had common problems, all originating from the bourgeoisies. Such awareness by itself is inspiring enough to stir up revolution and protests against the bourgeoisies (Wood, 2004). Marx argued that it was false class consciousness that continued to grant sustain the forces and the influence of capitalist ideologies.

The proletariat had misrepresented their identity, position in society and resigned to fate, preferring to remain in subordinate positions as the bourgeoisies took advantage of this and used their positions to exploit and campaign, dominate the economy (Wood, 2004). Members of subordinate classes, such as workers and dissertation, peasants continued to suffer in the hands of the dominant bourgeoisies as a result of campaign false-class-consciousness. Eugenics Research Paper? The upper class, on the other hand, has their consciousness right as they believe they should remain dominant owners of the means of production. Karl Marx’s works have influenced and continue to influence sociological academia and studies in the field of economics. Although some of his ideas, like conflict theory have been criticized by scholars since then in the contemporary sociological theory, conflict perspective remain to be a very popular sociological perspective, while Marx remains in academic records as one of the great scholars that contributed to the growth of sociology and its relevance in understanding human interactions and relationships in the society. Contemporary scholars, including critics of Marxism, continue to draw on his works to develop new concepts and ideas aimed at offering more accurate explanations of various phenomena in campaign the society. Collins, R., Sanderson, S. K. (2008). Conflict sociology: A sociological classic updated . Boulder: Paradigm Publishers. Meszaros, I. (2006). Writing Research? Marx's theory of alienation . Birmingham? Delhi: Aakar Books.

Otteson, J. R. (2011). Workplace Conflict Case Studies? The inhuman alienation of capitalism. Society, 49 (2), 139-143. Wheen, F. (2007). Marx's das kapital: A biography . New York, N.Y: Atlantic Monthly Press. Birmingham? Wood, A. W. (2004). Karl Marx . Doctoral Dissertation Help? New York: Routledge. Custom Karl Marx Conflict Theory Essay. 95% of satisfied returning customers Customer support 24/7/365 The largest source database A wide range of services Privacy guaranteed Certified writers only Custom-written papers only Direct communication with a writer Free plagiarism report(on demand) Free revision upon request more details Your writers are masters at essay time management. I turned in an order for four very difficult papers, and essay is blessing, they were all written perfectly, even with the short deadline notice. Thanks, EssaysWriters.com!

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