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Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots. By Resume Genius / September 29, 2014. Here’s an walking essay experience you’ve probably had: You write a solid resume for the perfect position at a big-name company, and thesis in management, send it off with an thoreau walking earnest cover letter. I Am Prepared For My Future In 300 Words? Unfortunately, besides an essay automated email reply, you hear absolutely nothing back. You feel crushed — you think some hiring manager on the other end actually read through the in management entirety of your resume and thoreau walking, concluded that you weren’t qualified for the job. But here’s the acap resume twist — chances are, no human has even laid eyes on your application. Thoreau Walking Essay? The truth? You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). You were probably rejected by resume reading robot called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). Welcome to the 21st century. On This Is How Prepared In 300 Words? Large and even medium sized firms are using ATS to deal with the essay hundreds, if not thousands of applicants who are applying to the same positions every day.
This resume reading software allows these companies to to automate, streamline, and manage the hiring process. Why are companies allowing robots to make human resource decisions? Going through resumes to screen applicants is p.hd in management, tedious work. Walking Essay? But the ATS speeds up this process by identifying candidates whose resumes contain key experiences and skill sets that match the qualifications employers are seeking. According to short, a popular study conducted by search services provider Preptel, as many as 75% of the candidates don’t make it past the walking essay ATS screening. Short By Filipino Author? It may seem brutal, but this screening process does the job of walking essay, whittling down a cumbersome applicant pool into just a handful of applicants that the human hiring managers can review more closely. Here’s the takeaway for living in the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt.
Here’s the takeaway for argumentative prayer in public, living in thoreau the age of resume reading robots — a well-crafted, ATS friendly resume is absolutely critical to a successful job hunt. Qualified candidates that fail to make an acap resume ATS friendly resume will get rejected, period. Here are 4 reasons that even the most qualified candidates can fail to After combing the web and consulting some of our in-house experts at Resume Genius, we zero in on the most common reasons why resumes of even the thoreau walking most qualified candidates fail to pass screening. Reason #1: The ATS can’t actually process your resume. Warning: The ATS will fail to read your artistic additions to your resume . Ordre? Although a human hiring manager might appreciate a little flair, the resume robot will simply incinerate your resume without a second thought. It would be a shame for your resume to get screen out because the ATS is thoreau, unable to read it. Basic rule of thumb: keep your fonts and formatting simple. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of your resume. Sometimes the ATS will use a built-in optical character recognition (OCR) software to processes your digital resume.
It scans your file, converts it into a text format, then extracts your information and experiences from essay for my in 300, there. While the ATS is getting better at thoreau walking essay, reading PDF files, it’s still safer to p.hd thesis, feed the system a Word or Text file. Do away with any adjusted spacing, newsletter formatting, lines. Go with the walking essay clean, standard fonts like Arial, Verdana, and Times New Roman. Scrap inventive layouts, graphics, or artifacts that affect the readability of essay for my in 300, your resume. Reason #2: The ATS doesn’t recognize the headings you used. Applicant Tracking System software is built to sort your experiences based on the resume’s section headings. If you’ve written a different heading than normal — say “Major Abilities” instead of “Skills,” it will skip over that section if it is unable to determine what your heading stands for, the essay CIO reports.
People like to get creative with headings, thinking that it will help their resume stand out. Unfortunately, unconventional headings can actually hurt it. Help the software do its job. Use the 2nd year physics question standard headings “Work Experience”, “Skills”, “Publications” so you don’t stand the thoreau risk of the essay author resume bot placing your qualifications under the wrong categories, or misreading your headings altogether. Reason #3: Your resume lacks targeted keywords. By now, you’ve formatted your resume properly, and used normal headings. Here’s the meat of how an ATS actually reads your resume. It’s looking for thoreau, targeted keywords.
First, the hiring manager will input certain keywords and acap resume, key phrases into the software, each relevant to thoreau walking, the role they need filled. For example, an software company hiring manager might use these keywords: Next, the ATS software will read through each resume, and determine whether the it has enough keywords and key phrases to pass through the ordre screening. Walking Essay? If the percentage is high enough, your resume will successfully be reviewed by an actual human. Your ability to essay by filipino author, use the right keywords depends on two things: Do you actually have the relevant skills, abilities, education, and work experiences?
If you do have all or some from #1, doing good research and thoreau walking essay, giving your resume a hard look-over will get you through the ATS. The best place to 2nd year question paper, begin is to read the hiring manager’s very own job description. From that job description, you can see what keywords and key phrases they emphasize a potential applicant should have. If they include them in the job description, it’s highly likely they’ve also input them into the ATS. The image below contains a real example of a librarian job description, and the image next to it reflects what we believe are important keywords a librarian applicant should include on their resumes: Normal Job Description. Job Description with ATS Keywords Highlighted.
GREEN HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that are CRITICAL to getting past the ATS. YELLOW HIGHLIGHT: Keywords that will please the human hiring manager, or are ATS keywords of lower importance. The job post gives you good clues about walking essay keywords and experiences employers are seeking. It’ll serve you well to read those job descriptions closely, and physics question paper, identify important competencies and walking, skill sets. Place emphasis on these matched experiences in your resume. It’s also helpful include both specific and general keywords in acap resume the mix. Essay? ATS uses all of these keywords into certain job functions. Essay Is How I Am Prepared Words? For your previous position as “team leader”, include job-specific buzzwords such as “coordinate”, “manage”, but having the general keyword “project coordinator”, “project manager” will help to strengthen your resume. Be sure to try out our ATS-friendly resume building software that comes with over 50,000 professionally-written phrases and job-specific keywords. Reason #4: Your resume has too many nonspecific keywords.
Some have suggested “hacking” the resume bot by submitting two or three-page long resumes that exhaust all keywords that are relevant to the job. That’s not a good idea — even if it did work (it doesn’t), it certainly won’t impress the human hiring manager. you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and hope to game the walking system into ordre des audioprothesistes, thinking you’re a perfect match. According to a report from walking essay, The Ladders, ATS software ranks your candidacy based on how specifically your resume matches keywords and phrases in i am future a job description. Walking Essay? Some software even looks for how uniquely the work experiences you listed match the ordre des audioprothesistes job requirements. Here’s the rub — you can’t stuff your resume with an exhaustive list of experiences and thoreau walking, hope to game the system into thinking you’re a perfect match. Having off-target keywords can score your resume down on relevancy. Use the acap resume instruction from #3 to research relevant keywords and ensure that your resume is essay, concise and targeted. To the greatest extent possible, your resume should uniquely match the requirements in the job description.
To sum it up: the bots are getting better at short by filipino, contextualizing resumes, and recruiters are always aiming to interview candidates whose experiences adhere the most closely to positions they’re seeking to fill. Therefore, having targeted, job-specific keywords throughout your resume is more important than ever. Reason #5: Your resume lacks industry and company jargon or abbreviations. Experts suggest that adopting industry jargon or even including a company’s corporate lingo within your resume is a smart choice. If you think about thoreau essay it, it’s only logical for ordre, the hiring manager to input industry jargon and abbreviations into an ATS. Therefore, you will need to optimize your resume to include these terms wherever possible. Fortunately, this is very simple to do. Weave relevant jargon and terminology into your resume, and spell out the abbreviations and thoreau walking essay, acronyms. DO NOT ever simply include an acronym or abbreviation by itself on a resume. You should always spell them out completely, followed by their abbreviation or acronym.
Acronyms with Spelled out Examples. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent with 10+ years of experience. Intermediate 2nd Year Question? Optimized and purchased Pay Per Click (PPC) ads for a major software company Maintained plant operation’s perfect record of thoreau essay, zero Operation Safety Health Administration (OSHA) recordables. If you’re unfamiliar with a certain industry’s lingo, you can research jargon and abbreviations specific to short essay author, the field, sector, or industry in which you’re seeking employment. To sum it up: a resume with clean formatting and clear, targeted language gets you through ATS screening. Once you land that interview, however, it would be advisable to have a more descriptive and eye-pleasing version of your resume ready for your human recruiters. Thanks… this really was useful. Thanks for your comment Rasana!
Glad we could help! Feel free to ask us any questions. I have found that in thoreau order to get your resume even considered, you must really target each position for the relevant key words. Also, do the same for short, your cover letter or add those that were missed in the resume. You are absolutely correct about thoreau walking essay targeting each position for relevant key words. One of the p.hd in management best places to pinpoint relevant key words is in walking essay the position’s job description. Great comment Jamie! I’ve been reading articles on cracking the ATS for intermediate paper, a couple months now, just confounded at what I was doing wrong, or what I could do differently. Walking? this article has been more helpful than ALL the others! Thanks for that.
Bookmarked! Thanks for your comment Pert! Glad that you found our article useful. Good luck on the job hunt! This is very useful information, thanks for sharing. Glad you found it helpful. Acap Resume? Be sure to thoreau, share it with your friends and get the acap resume word out. Thanks for the comment.
High Quality Candidates: If a company doesn’t care enough about walking essay you and your far superior talents, capabilities and experience that they throw an ATS software program in your way DON’T reward them with an application! ATS software and physics question paper, all similar crap will be avoided by companies IF there’s a large enough movement among the highly qualified and most talented employee pool. Concentrate on those companies that treat you like a real human and avoid the automated people processors whenever possible! Companies will catch on walking, to the detrimental nature of this “time and cost saving software” and realize it’s costing them everything! Many already have. Imagine, as with myself, you work in short essay author a totally “visual” industry where picture representations of your work tell virtually your whole story!
Applying for a graphic design, art director or illustrator job has been rendered orders of magnitude more difficult with the thoreau essay advent of ATS processing! The situation is about as insane as trying to get a singing job with no recordings of your voice being allowed and no chance for short essay author, a personal audition! Companies with H.R. people who have virtually no expertise in the commercial art field are already at a huge disadvantage in making any kind of qualified decisions regarding such applicants. Add to that a totally intrusive, opaque and “dumb” software program placed strategically as a final barrier to any chance of actually communicating your amazing talents and, well, you have the “perfect storm” of employment failure – both for thoreau walking, the employer and potential employee. Agreed. However, my line of work is essay on this i am in 300, not with the smaller companies that seem to actually read a resume but within the larger corporations and they ALL use ATS! Buzz words (key words) are definitely the secret and one must learn this and use the job description in the posting and customize the resume accordingly or else be among the roughly 75% that are automatically not reviewed and receive the thoreau essay proverbial computerized canned rejection letter from a “do not reply” to email address!
Definitely, if your are in the design and arts profession, ATS is surely the Antichrist! Preach!! I 1000% get what you’re saying!! I’ve been in the advertising industry for 25 years, 13 years on staff, and the last 12 years as a freelancer. How in the world do you include 12 years of significant freelance work with several different clients on essay i am prepared for my future in 300 words, a multitude of different accounts with all kinds of varying calendar timing through an thoreau essay ATS and expect it to spit out anything resembling a solid, successful overall career?? Despite the fact that so many highly qualified candidates are finding the ATS to be their ultimate challenge in the job search, the “sheeple” continue to just follow the guidelines to essay on this i am prepared future words, gaming the system via keyword dumping rather than avoiding companies who rely on thoreau walking essay, filtering human beings through their ATS. Unfortunately for the likes of you and argumentative essay in public, me, we don’t really have the luxury to NOT play along at least a little bit or get utterly left behind, but I agree completely that if more people just stop playing along, companies will finally get exactly what you said: it’s costing them everything! That’s easy to thoreau walking essay, say if you have a job. But if you are unemployed, you have little choice. This software should be outlawed.
No wonder the is how i am for my future nitwits in HR claim they ‘can’t find qualified people’, their ATS screened them out beforehand. Woww. Having the right information at the tip of your finger can actually ease the thoreau walking essay endless pain of argumentative in public, job seeking and resume submission without consideration. Thanks, your article is encompassing and indeed rich. Keep it up. Glad we could help! Thanks for thoreau, you comment. While I found this article very helpful as a job seeker, it is p.hd in management, a sad commentary on essay, the state of corporate hiring today. Des Audioprothesistes? We are being dehumanized and reduced to automatons in the new world order system.
This article is so very. useful. It really helped me a lot to understand what I was doing wrong. Just few. questions: 1) do you advise to mold my resume to match every single job I am. applying to? 2) In situations where one does not possess all of the required.
skills of a job posting, but one knows it will not take long to acquire them; how. do you suggest one should handle such situation? Ignore the job post, and move. to the next one? Any advice is greatly appreciated. Yes, your resume should always be tailored to the specific job post. Thoreau Essay? As far as skills go, check out p.hd thesis in management this page for more advice: https://resumegenius.com/resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Thanks for you comment. Dude seriously?? and here I thought even after knowing whatever was the demand of our beloved employer I wasn’t getting hired because I had no skill. On top of thoreau walking, that I didn’t even know ATS existed, I always thought living human beings reject me :p. Bravo…. and intermediate, lamentation.
In these days of big data, it’s laughable that job matching is thoreau essay, still such an essay i am for my future outrageously resource wasting game of hide and seek. Resumes and job postings are still crafted as for a single pieces of paper formatted to communicate all pertinent information in thoreau walking essay the 10 or so seconds of attention that conventional wisdom says they may receive. While an ATS attempts to tweak that Cretaceous period bottleneck, clearly there’s something missing. I’m considering starting a company that would provide the mirror analog of an ATS to job seekers for free, with the ultimate goal of steering development of the cooperative, common have/need data platform that would evolve once the inevitable war between the two systems runs its course (I’d rather just skip to the common platform, but sometimes you’ve got to kick the mule). Who’s with me? How should I handle the resume I post on job boards (e.g. Monster, Dice)? That resume can’t be tailored to a specific job description.
Should I use keywords common to many of the job descriptions for my target position? And then use a customized resume when I apply for 2nd year question, a specific job? BINGO! Sounds like you know what you’re doing. Best of luck! Thanks for your help and for walking essay, the great article. Cheers! Thanks for the comment! You bring up a good point — it’s important to create a resume that both gets through the ATS and future in 300 words, appeals to essay, hiring managers once it lands in their hands. Share Beat the Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS): How to Survive Resume Reading Robots
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An Introduction To Leverage Finance Essay. The degree to which a company or an investor utilizes the borrowed money is known as leverage. Leverage is a very commonly used term in all fields in the world. Relating it to physics, leverage denotes the use of a lever and a small amount of force to lift a heavy object. Similarly, in thoreau walking essay, Business leverage refers to the use of a relatively small investment or a small amount of debt to achieve greater profits. That is, leverage is the in public school, use of assets and liabilities to boost profits while balancing the risks involved.
In business, we can commonly refer to two types of leverage: Operating Leverage and Financial Leverage. Operating Leverage relates the Operating costs of a firm with its total sales whereas financial leverage is thoreau concerned with the profits of a firm together with its earnings per share. And when we combine both Financial and is how prepared for my in 300 words, Operating Leverage of thoreau, a firm we account for the Total Leverage of a company. In the past, various scholars have designed various models to show how leverage is question paper important from essay, a company's prospective to attain profits. There have been various arguments about the use of leverage by firms in ordre, order to increase their growth and profitability and contradictions as to how a company can lose everything depending on their use of leverage. Modigliani and thoreau essay, Miller (1958) argued that the investment policy of a firm should be based only on those factors that will increase the profitability, cash flow or net worth of a firm. However, many empirical literatures have challenged the ordre des audioprothesistes, leverage irrelevance theorem of Modigliani and Miller. The irrelevance proposition of Modigliani and Miller seems valid only if the perfect market assumptions underlying their analysis are satisfied and companies never get insolvent. In practice, the corporate world is thoreau walking characterized by various market imperfections, due to transaction costs, Institutional Restrictions and asymmetric information.
Also, a real company may face problems and turn into 2nd year, insolvency which is associated with a huge amount of costs. These types of imperfection in real market may create opportunities for company leverage to walking, make profits. Is How Future In 300 Words. Leverage is now widely used by companies all over world for it is definitely attractive when tax is taken into consideration. Generally, costs of debt, or interest expense, are deductible. In other words, debt interest is paid before tax. Thus, leveraged companies' taxation is calculated on a smaller tax base as NOI-Interest rather than the total NOI in essay, companies without leverage. By using leverage, interest* Tc(tax rate) amount of taxation is avoided. In this way, there will be more net income for leveraged companies.
As a result, leverage can also help the essay is how prepared in 300, companies to increase the overall value of their firm which is known as tax shield. Modigliani et al (1963) argue that we should not waste our limited worrying capacity on second-order and largely self-correcting problems like financial leveraging. That is walking firms should not be worried about short, till they are having good projects in hand, they will be able to find means of walking, financing those projects. However, Myers (1997) has examined possible difficulties that firms may face in raising finance to materialize positive net present value (NPV) projects, if they are highly geared. Therefore, high leverages may result to liquidity problem and can affect a firm's ability to finance growth in practice. I Am For My In 300. Under this situation, debt overhang can contribute to the under-investment problem of walking essay, debt financing. That is for firms with growth opportunities debt have a negative impact on their value. Essay On This Is How For My Future In 300. (Journal of Business Case Studies - September 2008) Leverage can be seen as a magnifier which can enlarge not only essay profits but also losses. Argumentative Essay In Public. We are now going to demonstrate this by means of a mini example.
Suppose a company XYZ invests in walking essay, a huge piece of land to make huge profits in a few years' time. It invests £ 100,000 and in one year's time sells the land for £130,000. In this case the company pays full cash of £100,000. So the return on investment for XYZ Company is 30% and the profit before taxes in £30,000. Now, consider the situation if financial leverage is used. XYZ decides to invest £10,000 cash from acap resume, its pockets and borrow £90,000 from the bank at an interest rate of 15%. This time when XYZ sell the piece of land for £130,000 they return £90,000 to the bank along with £13,500 as bank interest (@15%). After deducting the initial investment amount of company XYZ from the remaining amount, the pre-tax profit for the company is £16500.
Calculating the thoreau walking essay, return on investment in short author, this case comes out to be 165%. Note that the company had a net profit of £ 30,000 without leverage, but only £ 16,500 in the leveraged case though they earned a higher return. That's because in the unleveraged case they had invested £ 100,000 of their money, but in the leveraged case they had invested only £ 10,000. A. Suppose, however, that the land were sold after oneA year for £ 70,000A rather than £ 130,000. On £100,000 unleveraged investment, the loss would be £ 30,000 before taxes. This would be a 30% loss on the original investment. In the leveraged case, the lossA will be magnified.
XYZ would haveA to repay the bankA the thoreau, £90,000 loan plus £13,500 of ordre des audioprothesistes, interest. These payments total to £103,500,A which is £33,500 greater than the £70,000 proceeds from the thoreau, sale. Further, the initial £10,000 investment was lost. Essay Author. The total loss is £43,500 before taxes. On the initial investment of £10,000, this constitutes a loss of 435%. That's a part of financial leverage too! Let us put that intoA a table so as toA see the effect of financial leverage more clearly: Profit / Loss Amount. Profit / Loss Percent.
Clearly when the firm is walking going toA accept this level of leverage it must decide if the165% possible gain is worth the risk of a 435% loss. Whether it is intermediate 2nd year paper or not depends on the likelihood of the increase in value versus the probability of a decline. Of course it can accept a lower level of leverage but still the interplay of debt and equity would be there and a study of its effects in both the good times and the bad times would be important.
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Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson (1824–1863) When I lived in England, I read about the Reformers and Puritans, whose godly lives were a great encouragement to me. I was raised in the southern United States and walking essay, there have been many men there too, both theologians and laymen, who are godly examples. Thomas Jonathan Jackson was one such man whom I have greatly admired. While known for his genius, bravery and tenacity in battle, he was also a loving husband, devoted father and faithful churchman. Thomas was born one bitterly cold night, on 21 January 1824, to physics question Jonathan and Julia Jackson in Clarksburg, Virginia. Even early on, Thomas’ life was fraught with sorrow and difficulty due to the outbreak of typhoid in his family in 1826.
His elder sister and father both died of the disease, and Thomas, being exposed to it, struggled with his health throughout the remainder of his life. His mother gave birth to her fourth child the day after her husband died. She died when Thomas was seven and that grief was very hard to thoreau walking essay bear, even into adulthood. Short Author. She had been a godly example and his solace as a youngster. After her death, Thomas was placed in the care of his father’s uncle at Jackson’s Mill. For the remainder of his youth, Jackson grew up at Jackson’s Mill and learned many useful skills as he worked the land with his family. Thoreau Walking Essay. While his uncle was not the intermediate paper best role model, Thomas did learn self-discipline and a devotion to duty, which marked him through the thoreau walking essay rest of his life. From 1842 to 1846, Jackson attended West Point, the military academy of the United States, and 2nd year, graduated 17th in his class of essay 59 graduates. His education was difficult, but his steadfast character and discipline won him a good standing. Is How I Am Prepared Future In 300 Words. He was made brevet second lieutenant in the US Artillery and sent, in thoreau 1846, to war in Mexico. Acap Resume. While there, he was promoted three times and served with distinction in several battles, including the siege of Chapultepec.
During that battle, he was in charge of a battery assaulting the castle and taking heavy fire. The enemy’s withering fire killed all the horses in his battery and disabled one of thoreau essay his guns. While his gunners fled for cover, Jackson stood amidst the barrage and tried to rally his men to the guns. At one interval, a cannonball rolled between his legs, but he remained unmoved and continued to encourage his men. A couple of the gunners helped him and returned fire.
Jackson received reinforcements shortly after and on this is how i am prepared in 300, continued to hold the ground, which may have proved a turning point in the battle. After the close of the thoreau walking Mexican-American War, Jackson didn’t remain long in the army. He resigned in 1851 to become a professor at Virginia military college (VMI) in Lexington, Virginia. While he was a brilliant tactician, his skill at teaching was limited. He memorised his lessons and regurgitated them word for word, without enhancement. He became known for his awkward behaviour and rigidity, earning him the nicknames ‘Old Jack’ and ‘Old Hickory’. However, he did gain his students’ respect for his devotion to duty, compassion and acap resume, sincerity. In 1853, he married Elinor Junkin but their happy marriage was short-lived, since she died in childbirth a year later. Essay. Burdened with grief at the passing of his wife and stillborn son, Jackson took a sabbatical and toured much of Europe, including Great Britain and Ireland.
After his journey, he resumed teaching at VMI as a renewed man, and in 1857 married Mary Anna Morrison, with whom he was to have a wonderful and dear relationship. But, just as married life for the Jacksons began, the United States was approaching the outbreak of civil war. Acap Resume. Tensions between the North and South were coming to a head over thoreau walking essay states’ rights and slavery. Acap Resume. Things quickly got out of hand with the revolt of John Brown. Financed by wealthy men from the North, Brown ravaged the thoreau territory of Kansas in ordre des audioprothesistes an attempt to free slaves.
He and his men also took over walking the arsenal Harper’s Ferry in 1859, in their attempt to initiate a slave revolt in the South. Brown and his followers were captured and Jackson was ordered to command a contingent of cadets to keep order at the hanging of John Brown (where he prayed for Brown’s salvation). Jackson was concerned for his native state, but more concerned on how disunion in America would hinder the work of the gospel. He would rather the South stay in the union, but also he would not let the North take over thesis in management the South by thoreau, force. South Carolina was the first state to secede (20 December 1860) and, by February 1861, six other states had joined her. On 17 April, Virginia voted for secession and Jackson, with solemnity, volunteered his sword for the defence of his native state. He was given command of a brigade, made up of his cadets and essay in 300, men of the northern valley of Virginia. He was promoted from Colonel to Brigadier General within the first months of the war.
Jackson’s reputation and fame grew during one momentous battle. It was Sunday 21 July 1861. Jackson and his brigade were sent to thoreau engage Union troops at Manassas Junction, about 30 miles south of Washington DC. The day was going against the Confederates and Jackson was ordered to provide reinforcements to the Confederates’ left. As his men waited under the cover of trees, just below the reverse crest of essay in public school Henry House Hill, wave upon wave of retreating Confederates met them and told them that all was lost. Jackson, unwavering, carefully ordered his men to walking position themselves on the edge of the woods overlooking the battlefield. Argumentative In Public. As they waited in this position for three hours, amidst the thunderous onslaught of walking essay cannon fire, his men watched as Jackson calmly rode up and essay prayer in public, down the walking essay lines encouraging them with no sign of panic or fear. The Union forces soon began to advance up the hill and General Barnard Bee, whom Jackson had been sent to reinforce, rode up and ordre des audioprothesistes, said, ‘General, they are beating us back!’
Jackson replied with sternness and resolve, ‘Sir, we will give them the bayonet’. Bee then rode back to his men and thoreau essay, said, ‘Look, men, there is Jackson standing like a stone wall! Let us determine to die here, and short by filipino, we will conquer! Rally behind the Virginians!’ After holding his ground, Jackson ordered his men to give one volley and then charge with bayonet ‘yelling like Furies’. This charge took the field and routed the thoreau walking Union army. Short By Filipino. So the Confederates won the battle and Jackson received his famous nickname, ‘Stonewall’. Thomas Jackson continued to lead his armies in victory from 1861–1863.
His devotion to duty and his skill as a leader and tactician won him several promotions. He was loved by his soldiers and feared by his enemies. Then one fateful night, on walking, 2 May 1863, as Jackson was reconnoitring at the Battle of thesis in management Chancellorsville with members of his staff, he was fired upon by Confederate troops from North Carolina, mistaking them for Union troops. He was struck with three bullets and had to have his left arm amputated. Though he quickly recovered from the operation, pneumonia set in and he was sent to a field hospital at Guiney Station. His wife joined him and read to walking essay him his favourite portions of Scripture, especially Romans 8:28: ‘And we know that, for those who love God, all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose’. With his health failing rapidly, the doctors told his wife that he would soon depart this world. Then on acap resume, Sunday 10 May 1863, with his wife and close staff members around him, Jackson uttered his final words, ‘Let us cross over the river and thoreau, rest under the shade of the trees’, and was gathered to his Saviour. The entire South mourned his death and he was buried in stately honour in on this i am words Lexington, next to his first wife and stillborn son. Stonewall Jackson was a man of deep character and walking, great faith in essay for my future his Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. He left a great legacy.
He was a member of the Presbyterian Church in Lexington, Virginia, and served as a deacon. Thoreau. He also taught a catechism class for slaves and acap resume, was greatly interested in their well-being, even while he was at war. When he was at West Point, he wrote a book of maxims, which he sought to keep for the rest of his life. His relationship with his wife Anna was profound and he always sought to point her to Christ. He was admired for his bravery on walking, the battlefield and his leadership skills, pointing to essay by filipino author his faith in God’s providence. Jackson also encouraged and stimulated a Christian revival in the Confederate army. He is definitely a man worth emulating, and his courage and faith have often encouraged me. As one of his former cadets, Thomas M. Boyd, wrote: ‘His fame is walking essay as lasting as the solid stones of his native hills … and yet there is for him a purer, nobler record — his quiet Christian walk in life, his right words, his faithful, manly bearing, his victory over self, his known devotion to the word of truth. He was indeed a soldier of the cross’ (J.
Steven Wilkins, All things for good , p.1). This article was first published on Evangelical Times in July 2015 and shared with their permission. By Filipino Author. All rights reserved. Walking. Subscribe to ET’s newsletter here. Throughout Western Literature, several writings appear that belong to the genre called epic. By definition, an epic is “a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and essay i am for my, adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the essay past history of des audioprothesistes a nation” (OED). As a proud speaker and thoreau walking essay, writer of the English language, I am pleased to know that such a heroic poem exists in my own language’s history which joins the ranks of other epics like The Iliad and The Odyssey . Beowulf , anonymously written between the 8 th and 11 th centuries A.D., is such an epic but it stands out in its genre for a certain reason. Most of the 2nd year physics paper other epics, whether Greek, Latin, or Mesopotamian, include their own mythologies and deities and are filled with ancient pagan motifs and language.
Not so Beowulf . The original text of thoreau walking essay Beowulf , which is in Anglo Saxon or Old English, stands alone as a text which fuses Anglo Saxon/ Scandinavian pagan ideas and culture with that of Christian heroism. 2nd Year Physics Question. As F.A. Blackburn writes in his article, “The Christian Colouring in the Beowulf ”, that the epic is labeled as “essentially a heathen poem” by many who state “that its materials are drawn from tales composed before the conversion of the Angles and walking, Saxons to Christianity” (205). If this is verily so, how did it have such a vivid Christian coloring as Blackburn and many others have stated? Charles Donahue and Blackburn give varying hypotheses. Blackburn gives three solutions: 1. The poem was composed by a Christian, who had heard the stories and used them as the p.hd in management material for his work. 2. The poem was composed by a Christian, who used old lays as his material. (This differs from the first supposition in assuming that the tales had already been versified and thoreau walking, were in poetical form before they were used by the author.) 3. The poem was composed by a heathen, either from argumentative essay prayer school old stories or from old lays.
At a later date it was revised by a Christian poet, to whom we owe the Christian allusions found in it. (This hypothesis differs from the others in assuming the existence of a complete poem without the Christian coloring.) (205). Donahue, via Tolkien and Klaeber’s research, espouses that the work was not that of a Christian editor, as others were inclined to think. Rather, “the Christian material cannot, therefore, be regarded as the thoreau essay work of an editor. It is integral to the poem” (Donahue 56). Yet how are these Christian elements integral to the poem? While such a study could be done, it is much too broad. Prayer In Public. Therefore, the purpose of this study shall be to walking essay examine the text for ordre des audioprothesistes how Christian heroism is portrayed in Beowulf and how that is integral to the poem, not merely an editor’s “corruption” (Donahue 55). Christian heroism is a common enough theme in Western Literature. Works such as Morte Darthur, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and The Faerie Queen exemplify how a hero is supposed to act. Each hero fights off some visage of evil whether monster or tyrant and ostensibly saves someone from thoreau such danger. These stories, especially those further along in the medieval age, would include courtly love in their tales and the hero’s struggle with maintaining Christian chastity despite the femme fatale’s offers.
There are many other characteristics but these tales are heavily saturated with Christian heroic elements, almost to the point of becoming nauseating. Yet Beowulf , though imbibed with Christian heroic elements is on this future in 300 quite different. It plays a different air that combines Christian elements, such as Bible references, Christian stories, and even some practical theology; with Anglo Saxon/ Scandinavian pagan culture, brutish feats of strength, as well as many other ideas. Within this story there are three central heroes, Beowulf, Hrothgar, and Wiglaf, who display Christian qualities not found in pagan culture. Each character is a leader of their people and therefore need to be treated as such. Thoreau Essay. But first, what characterizes a Christian hero or king?
Levin L. Shucking gives some light on the subject as he gives Augustinian ideas of what befits a Christian king or hero. “The prince must be master of all his desires and passions, and especially, not yield power over himself to the greatest and for him the most dangerous sin—pride (superbia), but remain modest and essay i am prepared for my in 300 words, humble” (39). Second, his rule is to be one marked by love, sympathy, and benevolence (Shucking 39). The ideal Christian king/hero also desires to serve not command (Shucking 39). Shucking goes on to say that a true Christian king/hero is “indulgent and pardons easily” (39). “If he is forced to act harshly, he tries to compensate by mercy and ample charity. His purpose is to essay bring and keep for himself and his people the true peace of God on ordre des audioprothesistes, earth” (Shucking 39). He tries to maintain harmony and be both a lord and father to his people (Shucking 39). Shucking quoted prominent church fathers like Sedulius Scotus who wrote that being a peaceful king was the highest virtue a king could possess (39). Even Charlemagne added the walking essay Latin name “pacificus” to his title to state his qualities as a peaceful king (Shucking 39). Gregory, whom Shucking states was revered by the Anglo-Saxons, states that the highest virtue of ordre des audioprothesistes a Christian king is “complete and walking essay, humble devotion to God’s will” (40). Shucking also hints that the Anglo Saxons knew this well since they wrote that the king was to be “folces forfor and rihtwis hyrde ofer cristene heorde” or the “protector of the people and just shepherd over the Christian flock” (40).
As Shucking demonstrates later in his article, Christian kings must display some sort of intellectual prowess or wisdom. A true Christian hero is illuminated by his speaking too. J.R.R. Tolkien, author of The Lord of the thesis in management Rings and essay, one of the most influential Beowulf critics of all time, also discusses the Christianization of Beowulf , especially in its allusions to the Old Testament and the treatment of essay prayer school monsters (11). The “shepherd patriarchs” and kings of Israel are emulated in the text as being “servants of the one God, who attribute His mercy all the good things that come to them in this life” (Tolkien 11). Tolkien suggests another Christian trait of a king in essay the form of school idolatry: “We have in fact a Christian English conception of the noble chief before Christianity, who could lapse (as could Israel) in times of temptation into idolatry” (11). Such are the characteristics of a Christian hero king; out of this list of many characteristics I will discuss three. First of all, a Christian hero must rule over his desires and passions. He must not take unjustly what is not his. King Hrothgar and Beowulf do this very well. Walking Essay. In the acap resume beginning of the poem, when Beowulf and his men arrive in thoreau walking essay Heorot, Hrothgar gives a speech about the intermediate 2nd year paper allegiance he had with Beowulf’s father.
In this speech he states that: There was a feud one time, begun by your father. Finally I healed the feud by walking, paying: I shipped a treasure trove to prepared for my in 300 the Wulfings, and Ecgtheow acknowledged me with oaths of allegiance. This passage shows that Hrothgar is a man not moved by passions and thoreau walking, desires; he is selfless and ordre des audioprothesistes, heals the feud between two people with his own wealth. Out of the goodness of his heart, he gives Beowulf many gifts for his services to his kingdom (1042-1054). There is no mention of Hrothgar giving over to greed.
John Halverson, in “The World of Beowulf” states that “The ruler who abandons his primary duties of protection and walking, liberality becomes a monster, solitary and joyless” (594). Hrothgar is no such monster. Even when Beowulf has to leave, Hrothgar lets him go back to his own people (1866-1869). Furthermore, Hrothgar actually gives Beowulf advice to p.hd thesis in management not be proud and to not to walking essay give in to ordre des audioprothesistes his desires since they will lead to a speedy downfall (1724-1768). Throughout the poem, Beowulf is given many things for his wondrous deeds of conquering Grendel and walking, his mother. He is given a golden standard, chain-mail, a helmet, a sword and much more; all these he takes gladly for his services but the text never gives any evidence of his passions getting the better of him and his taking things that don’t belong to him (1019-1026). Furthermore, his character is praised by the narrator once the hero returns to Geatland, he was formidable in battle yet behaved with honor. and took no advantage; never cut down.
a comrade that was drunk, kept his temper. and, warrior that he was, watched and controlled. his God-sent strength and his outstanding. natural powers. (2178-2183) Secondly, Hrothgar and Beowulf exhibit the Christian characteristics of love, sympathy, and benevolence.
Hrothgar’s love and benevolence are the strongest and most vivid in the story. Hrothgar’s benevolence is best seen in his generosity to Beowulf and essay by filipino author, his men by giving gifts and shelter while in walking his hall (489-90, 1042-1054). He also shows his beneficence through “adopting” Beowulf as his own. This is due to in public school an ancient Anglo Saxon practice which Michael D.C. Thoreau Walking Essay. Drout calls “inheritance by deeds” (208). His generosity is also praised by Beowulf’s men on their way back to argumentative school Geatland (1884-5). Hrothgar’s true Christian love is evident once Beowulf has to leave.
He gives Beowulf sound counsel how to live his life and embraced him as a son and thoreau, then melts into is how for my future words tears. The narrator describes the strength of Hrothgar’s love: And such was his affection. that he could not help being overcome: his fondness for thoreau the man was so deep-founded, it warmed his heart and wound the heartstrings. tight in his breast. (1876-1880) Beowulf’s love is also exhibited in des audioprothesistes his powers of giving, especially once he is crowned king.
But even before he is crowned king, he gives some of his new treasures to thoreau walking his king Hygelac and his queen Hygd: Beowulf bestowed four bay steeds. to go with the armor, swift gallopers, all alike. So ought a kinsman to act, instead of plotting and planning in secret. to bring people to grief, or conspiring to arrange.
the death of comrades” (2164-2169). Of course this is only a small amount to 2nd year question paper the rich array of things he gave his king and walking essay, queen. However, his love and generosity are further evidenced after he becomes king by the words of his thanes. Wiglaf, the brave successor to Beowulf, recalls the benevolence of Beowulf just before he goes to argumentative essay in public help his lord battle the dragon. He speaks of Beowulf as a ring-giver, one who gives “war-gear” and one who “honored and essay, judged us fit for this action, made me these lavish gifts” (2635-40). At his funeral pyre, his soldiers ride around extolling their king and say that “of all the acap resume kings upon earth/ he was the man most gracious and fair minded, / kindest to his people and keenest to win fame” (3180-2). These men also exhibit the Christian heroic quality of what Tolkien called “shepherd patriarchs” (11).
Hrothgar is perhaps the walking best example of acap resume this though the other two do show some hints of this. Hrothgar’s prowess or goodness as a “folces hyrde” is first seen in his account of his dealings with Beowulf’s father (Tolkien 11). Beowulf’s father had begun a feud which he was unable to justify or fulfill and so Hrothgar “healed the feud by paying” (470). His actions are mediating and thoreau walking, show his love and devotion to acap resume his people and others by laying his life and wealth down for them. By paying the feud price, Hrothgar protects his own people and Ecgtheow’s people from being annihilated by the Wulfings.
There are many kennings that also describe Hrothgar as the shepherd king. One example is when Beowulf recounts his own prowess in battle. Thoreau Walking Essay. Robert Morey admits this when he says, Beowulf’s “sagacity and martial prowess make him an exemplary masculine figure” (486). The kenning “keeper of his people” is used to describe Hrothgar as a shepherd king (609). Another kenning used is “shelter in war” to describe Hrothgar. Beowulf is also endowed with such titles; as Wiglaf prepares to on this i am prepared future in 300 words help his lord in battle against thoreau the dragon, he calls Beowulf “the shepherd of our land”, once again denoting the Old Testament idea of being a shepherd king. Beowulf is also called a “warrior’s protector” in the poem (2337). Such kennings are very good evidence that these men were seen as the on this prepared future in 300 shepherds of their kingdoms and walking, were trusted and honored for their devotion to their people. Another central element to Christian heroism, and especially its fusion with Anglo Saxon paganism, is Beowulf’s relationship with the monsters, namely Grendel, his dam, and the dragon.
J.R.R. Acap Resume. Tolkien and walking, his memorable lecture Beowulf and the Critics , argues in defense of the usage of monsters in this epic tale. Other critics have dismissed the story as “a wild folk tale” but Tolkien states that “there was room for myth and heroic legend, and for intermediate 2nd year physics paper blends of these” in this story (4, 6). Tolkien states that the walking essay most renowned deed a hero of this time could ever do was. the slaying of the prince of legendary worms. Although there is plainly considerable difference between the later Norse and the ancient English form of the story alluded to in Beowulf , already there it had these two primary features: the dragon, and short essay by filipino author, the slaying of thoreau essay him as the chief deed of the greatest of heroes—he w?s wreccena wide m?rost. (6) Monsters come into play into many medieval tales but their roles are allegorical, as in Spenser’s Faerie Queen . Tolkien states that Beowulf is argumentative prayer in public above that and therefore the poem is distinguished from other more Christian tales.
He states, Beowulf’s dragon, if one wishes really to criticize, is not to be blamed for being a dragon, but rather for not being dragon enough, plain pure fairy-story dragon. There are in the poem some vivid touches of the right kind—as ?a se wyrm onwoc, wroht w?s geniwad; stonc ?fterstane, 2285—in which this dragon is real worm, with a bestial life and thought of his own, but the conception, none the essay less, approaches draconitas rather than draco : a personification of malice, greed, destruction (the evil side of heroic life), and of the undiscriminating cruelty of fortune that distinguishes not good or bad (the evil aspect of all life). (7) While this may infer allegory, Tolkien denies this and espouses that “large symbolism is near the surface, but it does not break through, nor become allegory” (7). As Tolkien would say, something greater is at work in this poem with regard to monsters (7). For a heroic tale, monsters “are essential, fundamentally allied to the underlying ideas of the poem, which give it its lofty tone and p.hd thesis in management, high seriousness” (Tolkien 7). But how does this epic poem treat monsters in a fusion of Anglo Saxon culture and Christendom? Within his lecture, Tolkien quotes an thoreau walking, extended passage from an essay entitled ‘Beowulf and the Heroic Age” which compares real pagan heroic epics’ usage of monsters with that of Beowulf’s usage: In the des audioprothesistes epoch of Beowulf a Heroic Age more wild and primitive than that of Greece is brought into touch with Christendom, with the Sermon on the Mount, with Catholic theology and ideas of essay Heaven and Hell. Acap Resume. We see the difference, if we compare the wilder things—the folk-tale element—in Beowulf with the wilder things of Homer.
Take for example the tale of Odysseus and the Cyclops—the No-man trick. Odysseus is struggling with a monstrous and wicked foe, but he is not exactly thought of as struggling with the powers of darkness. Polyphemus, by devouring his guests, acts in a way which is hateful to Zeus and the other gods: yet the Cyclops is himself god-begotten and under divine protection, and the fact that Odysseus has maimed him is walking a wrong which Poseidon is slow to acap resume forgive. But the gigantic foes whom Beowulf has to meet are identified with the walking foes of God. Grendel and the dragon are constantly referred to in language which is meant to recall the powers of darkness with which Christian men felt themselves to be encompassed. They are the ‘inmates of Hell’, ‘adversaries of God’, ‘offspring of Cain’, ‘enemies of mankind’. Consequently, the p.hd thesis in management matter of the main story of Beowulf, monstrous as it is, is not so far removed from common mediaeval experience as it seems to us to be from our own. … Grendel hardly differs from the fiends of the thoreau pit who were always in ambush to waylay a righteous man. And so Beowulf, for all that he moves in the world of the primitive Heroic Age of the essay on this i am prepared future words Germans, nevertheless is almost a Christian knight. (8)
Within Beowulf , there is a fusion of Christendom and Northern culture with regard to what Tolkien calls “Northern courage” and the fact that monsters become the enemies of “ ece Dryhten , the walking essay eternal Captain of the new” (8,9). Man, h?le? under heofenum , is now seen in the Christian worldview as “a mortal hemmed in a hostile world” (Tolkien 9). Moreover, the purpose of short by filipino author combining Scriptural allusions and northern ideas is that the essay reader understands the whole purpose of the epic. Notice how the aura of the future poem is quite somber and ends with the death of the great hero, Beowulf. This is not an accident. Tolkien espouses that “Man alien in a hostile world, engaged in a struggle which he cannot win while the world lasts, is assured that his foes are the walking essay foes also of Dryhten, that his courage noble in itself is ordre also the highest loyalty: so said thyle and clerk” (11). With this understanding let us look at the text at the monsters therein. The first blending of the Christian and thoreau essay, pagan in regard to question paper monsters is the allusion to Grendel’s bloodline. He is of. Cain’s clan, whom the Creator had outlawed.
and condemned as outcasts. For the killing of thoreau essay Abel. the Eternal Lord had exacted a price: Cain got no good from committing that murder. because the Almighty made him an anathema. and out of the curse of his exile there sprang. ogres and elves and evil phantoms.
and the giants too that strove with God. time and again until he gave them their reward. (106-114) Grendel, an undoubtedly Northern monster, is poetically described as an enemy of God. Intermediate Question Paper. Franz Klaeber states that “Grendel, at any rate, while originally an ordinary Scandinavian troll, and passing in the poem as a sort of man-monster, is at walking the same time conceived of as an impersonation of evil and darkness, even an incarnation of the Christian devil” (l). This is why the killing of in management monsters is the highest end of the hero; he must defeat the enemies of the Dryhten so that men may have hope. Thoreau. The author even uses a distinctive kenning to describe Grendel. Grendel is known as “God-cursed brute” or simply “unhaelo” in Old English as he ravages in Heorot (121).Grendel is seen for being not only ordre a pestilence to the Danes but to God as well through his predator like behavior.
Ward Parks, in “How Heroes Perceive Monsters in Beowulf,” equates Grendel to a lion that pounces on a helpless deer (2) Grendel’s mother, another monster is thoreau walking essay seen as “a swamp thing from hell” (1518). It is interesting to note that in all the dealings with monsters thus far, Beowulf and his men always praise and thank God after they have defeated a monster. While Grendel and his mother were incredible enemies, Beowulf’s true match is in the dragon at the end. Prayer In Public School. Not much study has been given to the dragon but it warrants proper study since it is far more evil than Grendel of his dam. Thoreau. As William Witherle Lawrence states in his article “The Dragon and His Lair in Beowulf, ” “The dragon in Beowulf does not appear to be a strange or unusual type”(549). That is prayer school why Tolkien wrote that the dragon was “not dragon enough” (7). Beowulf’s battle with the creature is of unparalleled proportions as the dragon breathes fire upon him and walking essay, wounds Beowulf.
This unnamed dragon is much more fierce and evil than the other monsters in acap resume the story. Its symbolism in essay being evil in denoted in its behavior. As Thomas Klein would state in his philological treatise “Stonc aefter stane,” we come to physics question understand that the dragon is thoreau indeed a creature not an elemental force (22). Felicia Jean Steele also confirms this by saying that, “the dragon is a ‘wyrm’ characterized first, and most significantly, by its sense of smell. The dragon is animalistic, instinctive, and intermediate 2nd year physics, most unlike the human trespasser, who, with a “dyrnan cr?fte,” has enough skill to go unnoticed initially” (139). Another critic saw it as “the greatest of walking internal evils, the perversion of the mind and will” (qtd. in Nelson 1). Its rage is mindless as it defends its hoard and resorts to p.hd in management weapons of greater power than Beowulf can wield. Walking Essay. Dragons have interesting purposes in such Northern literature. Kathyrn Hume writes that a dragon in such tales follows one of four models. She states.
The monster exists to essay on this i am for my future test the protagonist and to affirm his status as professional hero. (2) The monster preys upon society, thus letting the hero put his strength to the service of others. (3) The supernatural being serves as a comic or ironic device for thoreau essay reducing exaggerated heroes to more human stature. (4) The monster forms part of a deliberate comment on the nature of heroism. (Hume 3) It would seem then that the second model is short author used in this tale since each monster is a plague to society and therefore the hero must fight to save his people; the ultimate example of Christian heroism. These monsters serve a purpose as a prey upon society but more ultimately as enemies of the thoreau walking essay people and of God. Therefore Beowulf must destroy them. As a final testament to the fusion between the pagan culture found in this epic and elements of Christian heroism, one must consider the redemptive theme found at the very end of the essay prepared for my story. Of all the Christian elements, this is perhaps the least studied element. However, a critic by essay, the name of M. B. McNamee suggested that this story is an allegory of the Christian story of salvation (191). Essay In Public. As has been hinted before by Tolkien, there is an thoreau essay, obvious somber tone in essay by filipino the poem that alludes to the sacrifice of Beowulf so that his people may be rid of the desolation of the dragon. With every redemption story there is someone who comes who is thoreau walking admired by all by his deeds and words but then he has a great struggle wherein the hero ultimately dies.
But unlike most tragedies, redemptive stories, with Beowulf being no exception, have ends which bring hope to p.hd thesis those whom the hero died for. McNamee also finds the redemptive thread in this poem. While McNamee examines the entirety of the story for such a theme, I shall only look at the end since it is the most poignant. McNamee states that this final episode is “dramatizing the price of salvation—the very life of the Savior Himself” (203). Thoreau. McNamee explains it in this fashion: The literal story is in management again quite simple.
Beowulf’s own people are being ravaged by a fiery dragon whose treasure-hoard has been disturbed by a fugitive from justice. They are powerless to save themselves from the havoc wrought by the dragon, and hence Beowulf goes out to walking essay do battle with the physics fire-drake. He is thoreau walking led out to the lair of the dragon by the guilty follower who enraged the dragon in the first place. When the monster comes forth belching fire to meet his challenger, all Beowulf’s followers flee in terror with one sole exception—the faithful Wiglaf, who stays with his master to essay i am future in 300 the end. Beowulf succeeds in giving the dragon a mortal wound, but he himself has been mortally wounded by thoreau walking essay, the beast in intermediate physics question the struggle. He has saved his people and won for them the treasure hoarded by the dragon but at the price of his own life. He expires at the ninth hour of the day, and the poem ends with the picture of his twelve followers circling his funeral mound singing his praises to the four corners of the world. (203) After hearing this summary, one who is familiar with Christian beliefs or who is a believer can obviously see the connection. Walking. McNamee also makes the connection between the reaction of Beowulf’s followers and Beowulf’s fight.
They flee the field and only Wiglaf remains (2596-2601). These are incredible similarities to the account in the Bible and ordre des audioprothesistes, Beowulf’s death in the end is also very symbolic of that story. Thoreau Essay. With such symbolism and plot narrative, one could hardly realize that this was really an old Anglo Saxon pagan tale. Beowulf , a narrative poem that nearly every English speaking student has or will read is perhaps the most undervalued text in the canon of Western Literature. Intermediate 2nd Year Physics Question. Yet through a proper study, one may realize exactly how beautiful and well-crafted this epic really is. One should come to appreciate this text which has survived the horrors of the Vikings and walking essay, come to short essay author us through all the ages as the one and only representative epic in the English language and tradition. Just as Greece and Rome have their Odysseus, Achilles, and Aeneas, we have our Beowulf, Hrothgar, and Wiglaf. These heroes, in thoreau walking whom the values of Christian heroism glisten, can become great models of courage and leadership, despite the tale’s antiquity.
Through the leadership of their people, their struggle against mighty monsters, and their great redemptive sacrifice these men, especially Beowulf, demonstrate the fusion between Christian heroic values and des audioprothesistes, Anglo Saxon pagan strength to make Beowulf one of the greatest epics of thoreau walking essay all time. “Beowulf and the Heroic Age” qtd. in intermediate physics question paper Tolkien. Foreword to Strong’s translation, p. xxvi: Beowulf translated into essay modern English rhyming verse , Constable, 1925. Beowulf. Trans. Seamus Heaney.
New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 2000. Essay In Public School. Print. Blackburn, F. A. Thoreau Walking. “The Christian Coloring in the Beowulf. ” An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism . Ed. Lewis E. Question. Nicholson. Notre Dame UP.1963: 1. Print.
Donahue, Charles. “ Beowulf and Christian Tradition: A Reconsideration from a Celtic Stance.” Traditio. 21 (1965): 55-116. Fordham UP. JSTOR. Web. Walking Essay. 3 December 2011. Drout, Michael D. C. “Blood and Deeds: The Inheritance Systems in Beowulf.” Studies in Philology ,104: 2 (Spring, 2007): 199-226. North Carolina UP.
JSTOR. Web. 3 December 2011. “Epic,” Oxford English Dictionary. OED Online. Web. 3 December 2011. Halverson, John. “The World of Beowulf.” ELH , 36: 4 (Dec., 1969): 593-608. Johns Hopkins UP. JSTOR. Web.
3 December 2011. Hume, Kathyrn. “From Saga to Romance: The Use of Monsters in Old Norse Literature.” Studies in Philology . 77:1 (Winter, 1980): 1-25. In Management. North Carolina UP. JSTOR. Web. Walking. 3 December 2011. Kaske, Robert. Qtd. in Marie Nelson, “Beowulf. ” Florida UP (2002): 1. JSTOR. Is How For My Future In 300. Web. 3 December 2011. Klaeber, Franz. “Introduction.” Beowulf.
Lexington: D.C. Thoreau Walking. Heath. 1922. Intermediate 2nd Year Paper. l. Print. Klein, Thomas. “Stonc ?fter stane (“Beowulf”, 1. Thoreau Essay. 2288a): Philology, Narrative Context, and argumentative prayer school, the Waking Dragon” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology ,106:1 (Jan., 2007:. 22-44. Illinois UP. JSTOR.
Web. Walking. 3 December 2011. Lawrence, William Witherle. “The Dragon and His Lair in Beowulf.” PMLA , 33:4 (1918): 547-583. Modern Language Association. Web. 3 December 2011. McNamee, M. B. “Beowulf: An Allegory of Salvation?” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, 59:2 (Apr., 1960): 190-207. Illinois UP. JSTOR.
Web. 3 December 2011. Morey, Robert. “Beowulf’s Androgynous Heroism.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology . 95:4 (Oct., 1996): 486-496. Illinois UP. Acap Resume. JSTOR. Walking. Web. 3 December 2011. Parks, Wade. “Prey Tell: How Heroes Perceive Monsters in Beowulf.” The Journal of English and acap resume, Germanic Philology . Walking Essay. 92:1 (Jan., 1993): 1-16. Illinois UP. JSTOR. Argumentative. Web.
3 December 2011. Shucking, Levin L., “The Ideal of Kingship in Beowulf.”An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism . Ed. Lewis E. Nicholson. Notre Dame UP,1963:39-40. Print. Steele, Felicia Jean. Thoreau Walking Essay. Dreaming of Dragons: Tolkien’s Impact on Heaney’s Beowulf. Mythlore 25:1/2, Fall/Winter 2006: 137-146. JSTOR. Web.
3 December 2011. Tolkien, J.R.R., “ Beowulf : The Monsters and the Critics.” Scribd. Web. 3 December 2011. Mention the name Beowulf in anyone’s ears and you will receive one of short essay by filipino author two responses: a gasp of pure disgust—“Ugh that book! I had to read it in high school”—or a cry of delight—“ah Beowulf that wonderful heroic saga!” While the walking essay majority of intermediate 2nd year physics my peers would sadly be in the former position, I take my stand with the latter crowd; Beowulf is definitely one of thoreau my favorites. Beowulf , anonymously written between the 8 th and 11 th centuries A.D., stands out in English literature for many reasons. It is one of the largest texts in Old English and stands as a good representation of Old English literature and Anglo-Saxon culture. The character Beowulf himself is quite famous for his heroism and kingly attitude.
The story of essay by filipino Beowulf is “essentially a heathen poem” but despite its heathen elements, it is also a Christian poem (Blackburn 1). Having read Homer and Virgil, whose epic poems are quite equal to Beowulf , I can remember that their material is undoubtedly pagan due to its use of mythology and pagan heroism. However, Beowulf is much different and that makes it all the more interesting. Despite it being ostensibly pagan, it is imbued with many Christian elements. Among these elements are the walking essay acknowledgement of God, various Biblical descriptors and characters (like the essay on this is how prepared future words story of the thoreau walking essay Flood and Grendel being a descendant of argumentative essay in public school Cain), but more importantly, Christian heroism. Christian heroism is displayed throughout medieval and renaissance literature and surprisingly is seen even in this Old English text. Thoreau Essay. Morte Darthur, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and des audioprothesistes, The Faerie Queen are examples of such literature where Christian heroism is thoreau vividly seen.
But Beowulf is not far removed from them. In fact, I would go so far as to say that the essentials of Christian heroism are described and praised in the poem making this epic poem the first “English” text where Christian heroism is embodied. There are two characters who exhibit Christian heroism, Beowulf and King Hrothgar and each character has differing levels of Christian heroism. But before seeing how each of these characters embodies Christian heroism, I must define the features of Christian heroism. Levin L. Shucking gives some light on the subject as he gives Augustinian ideas of p.hd what befits a Christian king/hero. Thoreau Essay. “The prince must be master of all his desires and in public, passions, and especially, not yield power over himself to the greatest and for him the most dangerous sin—pride (superbia), but remain modest and humble” (39).
Second, his rule is to be one marked by love, sympathy, and benevolence (Shucking 39). The ideal Christian king/hero also desires to serve not command (Shucking 39). Shucking goes on to say that a true Christian king/hero is “indulgent and pardons easily” (39). “If he is forced to act harshly, he tries to compensate by mercy and ample charity. His purpose is to bring and keep for himself and his people the true peace of God on earth” (Shucking 39). He tries to maintain harmony and be both a lord and father to his people (Shucking 39). Thoreau Walking. Other prominent church fathers like Sedulius Scotus wrote that being a peaceful king was the highest virtue a king could possess (Shucking 39). Even Charlemagne added the Latin name “pacificus” to his title to state his qualities as a peaceful king (Shucking 39).
Gregory, whom Shucking states was revered by the Anglo-Saxons, states that the highest virtue of essay by filipino author a Christian king is “complete and humble devotion to God’s will” (40). Shucking also hints that the Anglo Saxons knew this well since they wrote that the king was to be “folces forfor and rihtwis hyrde ofer cristene heorde” or the “protector of the people and just shepherd over the Christian flock” (40). As Shucking demonstrates later in his article, Christian kings must display some sort of intellectual prowess or wisdom. Thoreau Walking Essay. A true Christian hero is illuminated by his speaking too. P.hd Thesis In Management. J.R.R. Tolkien also discusses the Christianization of Beowulf, especially in its repetitions of the Old Testament (79). The “shepherd patriarchs” and kings of Israel are emulated in the text as being “servants of the one God, who attribute His mercy all the good things that come to them in this life” (Tolkien 79). Tolkien suggests another Christian trait of a king in the form of idolatry: “We have in fact a Christian English conception of the thoreau walking essay noble chief before Christianity, who could lapse (as could Israel) in times of temptation into idolatry” (79).
Such are the characteristics of a Christian hero king; out of this list of many characteristics I will discuss three. First of all, a Christian hero must rule over his desires and passions. He must not take unjustly what is not his. King Hrothgar and Beowulf do this very well. In the acap resume beginning of the poem, when Beowulf and his men arrive in walking Heorot, Hrothgar gives a speech about the allegiance he had with Beowulf’s father. In this speech he states that: There was a feud one time, begun by your father. Finally I healed the feud by paying: I shipped a treasure trove to the Wulfings, and Ecgtheow acknowledged me with oaths of allegiance. This passage shows that Hrothgar is a man not moved by passions and desires; he is selfless and heals the feud between two people with his own wealth. Out of the des audioprothesistes goodness of his heart, he gives Beowulf many gifts for his services to his kingdom (1042-1054).
There is no mention of Hrothgar giving over to greed. Even when Beowulf has to leave, Hrothgar lets him go back to walking essay his own people (1866-1869). Furthermore, Hrothgar actually gives Beowulf advice to not be proud and to p.hd in management not to give in to his desires since they will lead to walking a speedy downfall (1724-1768). Question. Throughout the thoreau walking essay poem, Beowulf is given many things for his wondrous deeds of conquering Grendel and his mother. He is argumentative prayer given a golden standard, chain-mail, a helmet, a sword and much more; all these he takes gladly for his services but the text never gives any evidence of his passions getting the better of him and his taking things that don’t belong to him (1019-1026). Furthermore, his character is praised by the narrator once the hero returns to Geatland, he was formidable in battle yet behaved with honor. and took no advantage; never cut down. a comrade that was drunk, kept his temper.
and, warrior that he was, watched and walking essay, controlled. his God-sent strength and his outstanding. Secondly, Hrothgar and in management, Beowulf exhibit the Christian characteristics of love, sympathy, and benevolence. Hrothgar’s love and thoreau walking essay, benevolence are the strongest and most vivid in the story. Hrothgar’s benevolence is best seen in intermediate physics paper his generosity to Beowulf and his men by giving gifts and shelter while in his hall (489-90, 1042-1054). His generosity is thoreau also praised by Beowulf’s men on their way back to Geatland (1884-5). Hrothgar’s true Christian love is evident once Beowulf has to leave.
He gives Beowulf sound counsel how to live his life and embraced him as a son and then melts into tears. The narrator describes the strength of Hrothgar’s love: And such was his affection. that he could not help being overcome: his fondness for the man was so deep-founded, it warmed his heart and wound the heartstrings. tight in his breast. (1876-1880) Beowulf’s love is also exhibited in his powers of essay giving, especially once he is crowned king. But even before he is crowned king, he gives some of his new treasures to his king Hygelac and his queen Hygd: Beowulf bestowed four bay steeds. to go with the armor, swift gallopers, all alike. So ought a kinsman to act, instead of plotting and planning in secret. to bring people to grief, or conspiring to essay arrange.
the death of comrades” (2164-2169). Of course this is only a small amount to the rich array of things he gave his king and argumentative essay in public school, queen. Thoreau Walking. However, his love and benevolence are further evidenced after he becomes king by the words of his thanes. Wiglaf, the brave successor to Beowulf, recalls the benevolence of Beowulf just before he goes to help his lord battle the dragon. He speaks of Beowulf as a ring-giver, one who gives “war-gear” and short essay, one who “honored and thoreau essay, judged us fit for this action, made me these lavish gifts” (2635-40).
At his funeral pyre, his soldiers ride around extolling their king and say that “of all the kings upon earth/ he was the man most gracious and fair minded, / kindest to his people and keenest to win fame” (3180-2). Third and finally, these men exhibit the Christian heroic quality of acap resume what Tolkien called “shepherd patriarchs” (79). Hrothgar is perhaps the thoreau best example of this though the other two do show some hints of this. Argumentative Essay Prayer. Hrothgar’s prowess or goodness as a “folces hyrde” is first seen in his account of his dealings with Beowulf’s father (Tolkien 79). Essay. Beowulf’s father had begun a feud which he was unable to justify or fulfill and so Hrothgar “healed the feud by paying” (470). His actions are mediating and show his love and devotion to his people and others by laying his life and wealth down for them. By paying the feud price, Hrothgar protects his own people and thesis, Ecgtheow’s people from being annihilated by the Wulfings.
There are many kennings that also describe Hrothgar as the shepherd king. One example is when Beowulf recounts his own prowess in battle; the walking essay kenning “keeper of on this is how future his people” is used to thoreau walking essay describe Hrothgar as a shepherd king (609). Short Essay By Filipino Author. Another kenning used is “shelter in walking essay war” to describe Hrothgar. Beowulf is also endowed with such titles; as Wiglaf prepares to help his lord in battle against short by filipino author the dragon, he calls Beowulf “the shepherd of walking essay our land”, once again denoting the Old Testament idea of being a shepherd king. Beowulf is also called a “warrior’s protector” in the poem (2337). Such kennings are very good evidence that these men were seen as the shepherds of their kingdoms and in public, were trusted and honored for their devotion to their people. While imbibed with various pagan elements, there are still a lot of Christian values to be gleaned from the text. True leadership and love are exhibited toward the thanes in the poem by essay, two principle heroes, Hrothgar and Beowulf. It is interesting to note that each man possesses differing degrees of Christian heroism and in exactly that order. Hrothgar can be argued to be the most Christian of the in management men in this epic; his kindness, generosity, and humility are almost excellent.
While Beowulf possesses the values of Christian heroism, his pride is undeniable. Had he explicitly followed the instructions of Hrothgar he might have lived longer. These characteristics are very honorable and are actually good models for leadership today thus making an almost 1200 year old epic poem still relevant today. Beowulf. A Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed.
Stephen Greenblatt. 8 th ed. Vol. A. New York: Norton, 2006. Print. Blackburn, F. A. “The Christian Coloring in thoreau the Beowulf. ” An Anthology of Beowulf Criticism . Ed. Acap Resume. Lewis E. Nicholson. Notre Dame: U of walking essay Notre Dame P,1963. 1. Print. Shucking, Levin L., “The Ideal of Kingship in Beowulf.”An Anthology of is how prepared in 300 words Beowulf Criticism . Ed.
Lewis E. Nicholson. Notre Dame: U of thoreau Notre Dame P,1963. Acap Resume. 39-40. Print.
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essay on durer agnes The Self-Portraits of Albrecht Dürer. Men are not born, but fashioned- Desiderius Erasmus. Jacob Burckhardt, The Civilization of the Italian Renaissance , 1860. The following is from the introduction to the second part of the book, entitled The Development of the Individual: In the Middle Ages both sides of human consciousness--that which was turned within as that which was turned without-- lay dreaming or half awake beneath a common veil. Thoreau Walking. The veil was woven of 2nd year question, faith, illusion, and childish prepossession, through which the world and history were seen clad in strange hues.
Man was conscious of himself only as a member of thoreau essay, a race, people, party, family, or corporation--only through some general category. In Italy this veil first melted into air; an objective treatment and consideration of the des audioprothesistes, State and of all the things of this world became possible. The subjective side at the same time asserted itself with corresponding emphasis; man became a spiritual individual, and recognized himself as such. In the same way the Greek had once distinguished himself from the barbarian, and the Arab had felt himself an thoreau, individual at a time when other Asiatics knew themselves only as members of a race. It will not be difficult to show that this result was due above all to the political circumstances of acap resume, Italy. Stephen Greenblatt, Renaissance Self-Fashioning, 1980, p. 256 : It seemed to me the very hallmark of the Renaissance that middle-class and aristocratic males began to feel that they possessed such shaping power over their lives, and I saw this power and the freedom it implied as an important element in my own sense of myself. Walking. But as my work progressed, I perceived that fashioning oneself and being fashioned by cultural institutions-- family, religion, state-- were inseparably intertwined. In all my texts and documents, there were, so far as I could tell, no moments of pure, unfettered subjectivity; indeed, the human subject itself began to seem remarkably unfree, the ideological product of the relations of power in a particular society.
Whenever I focused sharply upon a moment of apparently autonomous self-fashioning, I found not an epiphany of identity freely chosen but a cultural artifact. If there remained traces of free choice, the choice was among possibilities whose range was strictly delineated by the social and essay in public, ideological system in force. In our modern ideology, we take it as natural the essay, sense of ourselves as unique, autonomous individuals. We have a belief in our unique personal identity. Modern Art History has reinforced this ideology with its construction of the narrative of art around the p.hd thesis in management, work of identifiable artists whose styles are seen as manifestations of the respective artists' unique personalities. Thoreau. Self-Portraits of essay on this is how prepared in 300 words, artists like Rubens, Rembrandt, and Van Gogh are major monuments in this cult of artistic individuality. Where traditional narratives of Art History have explicitly or implicitly assumed the emphasis on artistic individuality beginning in thoreau the Renaissance as the natural emergence of the self, recent critical theory has emphasized that the conception of the 2nd year physics question paper, self is in actuality a construction with a specific social history.
We consciously or unconsciously fashion our identities out of the alternatives our cultural contexts provide. Any discussion of the thoreau, early modern conception of the artist needs to focus on the remarkable series of self-representations by ordre, the German late fifteenth and early fifteenth century artist, Albrecht Dürer. Walking. From our experience with later European art, we take for intermediate physics question granted the subject matter of the self-portrait. While Dürer was not the first artist to produce a self-portrait, he can be arguably claimed to be the first artist that returned to this subject matter throughout his career. In these images Dürer constructs or, in walking essay the terms of Stephen Greenblatt, fashions his identity as an artist [for a discussion of the idea of essay on this i am for my in 300, self-fashioning, see the excerpts from an article by walking, John Martin]. Joseph Koerner, in his book entitled The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art , has written: The earliest self-portrait we have of Dürer is a remarkable silverpoint drawing he did in ordre des audioprothesistes 1484 when he was thirteen years old. This portrait is frequently paired with what is perhaps a self-portrait of Dürer's father, a goldsmith:
The elder Albrecht Dürer, shown holding a piece of his goldsmith work, represents himself as a craftsman. Compare this representation to our discussion of Rogier van der Weyden's painting of St. Luke Drawing the Virgin: Significantly, Rogier shows St. Essay. Luke making a silverpoint drawing. Implicit in this painting is the demonstration of St. Luke's mastery of this difficult drawing technique. Dürer's silverpoint self-portrait is undoubtedly an exercise for him as part of his artistic training. The primary documents associated with Dürer's father clearly bring out his mentality as a craftsman. Read for example the excerpt from the essay in public, Dürer family chronicle and a letter Albrecht Dürer the thoreau essay, Elder sent to his wife. The double portrait of thesis in management, his mother and father that the younger Dürer painted in 1490 should probably be seen in relationship to other double portraits of husbands and walking essay, wives as managers of household economies engaged in the craft industry:
Reverse of the portrait of Dürer's father. It represents the union of the Dürer and Holper families' arms. The idea of the craftsman participating in a household economy is suggested by an engraving by Israhel van Meckenem (c. Thesis In Management. 1440/5-1503): Dated about 1490, the print represents the artist with his wife Ida and can be seen as a statement of partnership of the husband and wife managing a successful workshop specializing in the production print copies of the works of other engravers. Walking Essay. Of the over 2nd year physics, 600 signed prints by Israhel, 90% of them can be identified as being based on the work of others. 58 of his prints, for thoreau walking essay example, copy the prepared for my future words, work of Martin Schongauer.
In their important study The Renaissance Print , Robert Landau and Peter Parshall make the claim that Israhel van Meckenem can be counted as the most historically important northern printmaker at work around 1500 (pp. Essay. 56-57). Acap Resume. This seems to us an odd claim when we consider the apparent lack of originality of Israhel van Meckenem's work, but Landau's and Parshall's point has merit when the walking essay, wide dissemination of his work is considered. He saw the potential of des audioprothesistes, marketing prints as a commodity. Making a marketable commodity was thus the priority of walking, Israhel van Meckenem's shop over originality.
A double portrait of the artist and his wife dated 1496 by an artist known as the Master of Frankfurt again documents the world of the household economy of the craftsman. The arms of St. Luke along with the motto Wt Jonsten versamt ('gathered from des audioprothesistes joy') above in the fictive frame document membership in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke. The flowers held by thoreau walking, lady and in argumentative prayer in public school the vase also refer to the guild. In 1480 the Antwerp painters' guild had merged with Chamber of walking, Rhetoric known as ' De Violieren ('The Stock-Gillyflowers'). The lady's hand prominently displays her wedding ring while she holds on to what appear to be prayer beads much like what Dürer's parents hold in their double portrait. Author. The details of the still life on the table and walking, their clothing are signs of their relative prosperity.
The pewter jug, tin plate, wooden handled knife, and ceramic vase are certainly not the gold and silverware of an aristocratic table but suggest middle class wealth. Their value resides in the quality of their manufacture rather than the intrinsic cost of the materials used. The painter's mastery of illusionistic painting is attested to prayer, by the flies painted as if they had landed on the surface of the painting. Walking. Like the birds that were fooled by Zeuxis's painting of grapes, the flies appear to be fooled by for my words, the illusionistic representation. Essay. The painting attests to the quality of the master's work and the success of his well managed workshop. This painting perhaps served as a demonstration of the shops wares placed in the window of the shop. The reference to acap resume, a workshop window with a ledge like that shown in thoreau the painting of the goldsmith by Petrus Christus was enhanced by the original format of having the painting protected by essay is how prepared for my words, shutters. The partnership of the husband and wife managing a successful workshop suggested by both the Israhel von Meckenem print and the Master of Frankfurt painting is echoed in a letter from Albrecht Dürer's father to his wife Barbara: This close partnership provides a striking contrast to thoreau, the apparently distant relationship between Dürer himself and essay prepared, his wife Agnes. When they got married, Agnes had the expectation of being the wife of a master and thoreau, helping him in the management of a workshop [see excerpt of thesis in management, Pirckheimer letter written in 1530].
It is significant that there is no double portrait of Dürer and his wife Agnes comparable to the Israhel von Meckenem print, the painting by the Master of Frankfurt, or Dürer's own portrait of his parents. In fact there are relatively few portraits of Agnes in all the work of Dürer. Contrast these representations with the self-portrait that Dürer painted in walking 1498 that is now in the Prado collection: Inscription: Das malt ich nach meiner gestalt / Ich war sex und zwenzig Jor alt/ Albrecht Dürer (I painted this from ordre des audioprothesistes my own appearance; I was twenty-six years old) This painting was done after Dürer's first trip to Italy in 1494-95 and the year before the publication of his famous edition of the walking essay, Apocalypse. In 1498, Dürer had been elevated to a status rivaling that of a member of the upper social circles of the city, the Ehrbaren , or wealth merchant. Compare this portrait to the attitudes he expresses in a series of letters he writes to his friend Willibald Pirckheimer during his second trip to Italy. Note especially the following statement of regret about returning back home to Germany after his stay in Italy: How I shall freeze after this sun! Here I am a gentleman, at home only a parasite.
Read Joseph Koerner's discussion of this self-portrait. In 1500, Dürer painted his famous self-portrait now in Münich: Inscription: Albertus Durerus Noricus ipsum me propriis sic effingebam coloribus aetatis anno xxviii (I, Albrecht Dürer of Nuremberg painted myself thus, with undying colors, at the age of twenty-eight years) While Dürer in the 1500 portrait does not wear the fashionable dress of the 1498 portrait, his clothing with the fur collar can be compared to that represented in the 1524 engraving of his friend and Nuremberg patrician, Wilibald Pirckheimer. The contrast in dress between the two self-portraits could be perhaps compared to the contemporary contrast between Gucci and Brooks Brothers, with one showing contemporary fashion and the other a traditional sign of high status. It has long been known that this self-portrait is based on a convention for representing Christ that can be found in Netherlandish art like this image of the Holy Face associated with the work of Jan Van Eyck: Van Eyck's image can be linked to in management, a tradition of Pantocrator images found in Byzantine churches like the following one on the left from the church of Daphni built about 1100 just outside of Athens and two from thoreau Sicily (Monreale and Céfalu) from the end of the 12th century: Pantocrator from intermediate paper Daphni. Pantocrator from Monreale in Sicily. Pantocrator from Céfalu in Sicily. (text in Christ's book is John, 8, 12)
Notice how the Byzantine images and the Dürer Self-Portrait share details like the walking, lock of hair extending down the in public, center of the walking, forehead and the prominent position of the acap resume, right hand. Thoreau. This image of Christ as Pantocrator, or ruler and judge of the des audioprothesistes, world, is a descendent of the so-called acheiropoetai, the images not made by human hands. Thoreau Essay. Read Koerner's account of this painting. In 1522, Dürer created a dramatically different self-representation in ordre des audioprothesistes a lead point drawing of essay, himself in the guise of Christ as the argumentative in public, Man of Sorrows: Compare this drawing to walking essay, Dürer's painting of the p.hd thesis, Man of thoreau walking, Sorrows from 1493-94: While strictly not self-portraits, I would like to consider two other images as self-representations. One is a drawing of an intermediate physics, artist drawing a nude that was used as an illustration of walking essay, a perspective device in Dürer's Painter's Manual of 1525: This image has been the focus of much discussion in contemporary theory.
Read the excerpts included on p.hd thesis the page dedicated to this image. The other image is the famous engraving dated to 1514 entitled Melancolia I : The principal figure can be identified as the female personification of melancholy. This temperament became associated during this period with the thoreau walking essay, creative artist. This can thus be seen as a spiritual self-portrait of Dürer. Number,weight, and measure. Self-Portrait, 1484, silverpoint on prepared paper.
Albrecht Dürer the intermediate 2nd year question paper, Elder, Self-Portrait , 1484, silverpoint. Self-Portrait , c. 1491, pen and dark brown ink, Erlangen. Self-Portrait at Age Twenty-two, c. 1493, pen and brown ink, Metropolitan Museum, New York. Self-Portrait , 1493, Louvre, Paris. Self-Portrait, 1498, Prado, Madrid. Self-Portrait , 1500, Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Detail of the 1500 Self-Portrait. Adoration of the Trinity , 1508-11. Adoration of the Trinity, detail: Copy of the Heller Altarpiece , original 1508-9.
Detail of the Heller Altarpiece. Feast of the Rose Garlands, 1506. Detail of the Feast of the Rose Garlands. Sel-Portrait as the Man of Sorrows , 1522. Man of Sorrows , 1493-94. Melencolia I , 1514, engraving.
Artist drawing a nude, from A Course in the Art of Measurement and Ruler , 1525.