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Benjamin Franklin and Jonathan Swift Were Fart Joke Masters. Benjamin Franklin was many things: printer, inventor, postmaster, turkey-zapper, constitution-signer, and connoisseur of fart jokes. The founding father fancied flatus. So much, actually, that in 1781 he penned an essay dedicated to the thunder down under. Franklin lived in Paris at the time, serving as US Ambassador to paper research, France. There, he heard that the Royal Academy at Brussels was requesting scientific essays and would award prizes for the best papers. The news annoyed Franklin. He thought scientists were falling out of touch with reality. Year after year, they churned out pompous papers that didn’t make life better for descriptive essay the common man. Science should be practical, Franklin thought.

Science should help everyday problems. Paper Airplanes Research. Science should, you know, make farts smell good. So Franklin wrote a mock letter, To the Royal Academy,” which opened explaining why people try to restrain and contain their windy emissions: It is universally well known, That in reading a complete digesting our common Food, there is created or produced in the Bowels of human Creatures, a great Quantity of Wind. That the permitting this Air to escape and mix with the Atmosphere, is usually offensive to airplanes, the Company, from the freud essays on religion, fetid Smell that accompanies it. That all well-bred People therefore, to avoid giving such Offence, forcibly restrain the paper airplanes research, Efforts of Nature to discharge that Wind.

Franklin argued that holding back gas could be painful, even life threatening. If science could improve the smell, maybe people would break wind freely: “Were it not for the odiously offensive Smell accompanying such Escapes, polite People would probably be under no more Restraint in discharging such Wind in online Company, than they are in spitting, or in blowing their Noses.” Franklin urges the airplanes, academy to mark essays, “Discover some Drug wholesome not disagreeable, to be mix’d with our common Food, or Sauces, that shall render the paper, natural Discharges of Wind from our Bodies, not only inoffensive, but agreable as Perfumes.” Because who needs cologne when your air biscuit freshens the room with the aroma of blooming daisies? Franklin’s letter was a joke, of course. He never sent it to the academy. Reading Makes A Complete. Instead, he mailed it to Richard Price, a British philosopher and friend of Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine. Price was a member of paper research London’s Royal Society, and he would’ve appreciated Franklin’s jab at twain online, academia, especially its closing. At the essay’s end, Franklin writes that science has derailed so far from reality that every discovery combined must be worth a “FART-HING.” (In case you’re wondering, fragrant flatulence probably isn’t possible. When you smell a flatus, you’re actually catching a whiff of hydrogen sulfide and methanethiol.

The two compounds can turn your toots into nose-burning, stomach-churning bowel bombs. You can quell the smell with bismuth supplements, but these won’t transform your farts into airplanes air fresheners. They’ll just knock your stinkers scentless.) Jonathan Swift: Master of the essay stages, Gasser. Franklin wasn’t the only believer in the art of the fart. Airplanes Research. Sixty years earlier, Jonathan Swift—a master of satire and author of Gulliver’s Travels —wrote an essay titled “The Benefit of mark Farting Explain’d,” published in a pamphlet in 1722.

The paper’s title page is peppered with puns. Swift hides under the pseudonym “Don Fartinhando Puff-Indorst, Professor of Bumbast at airplanes, the University of Craccow.” The essay is “translated into essays on religion English at the Request and for the Use of the Lady Damp-Fart, of paper Her-fart-shire” by “Obadiah Fizle, Groom of the Stool to the Princess of Arse-Mini in Sardinia.” Oh, and it was also reviewed by a “College of Fizz-icians.” Seriously. We can’t make this up. It sounds juvenile, but Swift may have been using potty humor to criticize potty humor. By the 18th century, flatulence had become taboo. Essay On Myrtle. Farting was rude, and gas-passing was merely raw material for crude jokes (and in some cases, subject to airplanes, censorship law.) But it hadn’t always been that way—farts had a proud literary history.

For centuries, authors had used scatology as a serious symbol for mortality, decay, and impurity. Dante, St. Essay On Erikson's Stages. Augustine, Chaucer, Marlowe, Dryden, and even Martin Luther wrote about cutting the research, cheese, using flatulence as a literary symbol and even a political tool. So Swift may have been criticizing the fart’s sad decline into silliness—and he was fighting fire with fire. The essay is divided into four parts, detailing gas’s relationship with law, society, and science.

The second section, however, may be the most inventive: After clarifying the nature, essence, and definition of the stages of psychosocial development, common fart, Swift explains why it’s bad to bottle up your tailwind—and offers a (sexist) theory to one of life’s mysteries: “I shall next enquire into the ill consequence of paper suppressing [gas], which . Essay On Erikson's Stages. . . Research. causes Cholicks, hystericks, rumblings, belching, spleen, etc, but in the women of a more strong constitution, it vents itself intirely in talkativeness; hence we have a reason, why women are more talkative than men.” Swift says it’s better to let one rip than hold it inside. The gassy vapors can float up and mess with your head, especially if you’re a talkative woman, who may not “vent properly.” Swift theorizes that’s why people cry, too: “If this vapour, when rais’d to the head, is there condensed by a cold melancholy constitution, it distills thor’ the Eyes in Form of Tears.” He captures his thesis with the nugget: “Whoth stop’t at one end, burst out. Check My English. From long and thick to coiled or curly, every type of paper mustache, beard, and reading makes man essay goatee under the Sun (and barber's pole) seemed to be present at the 2017 World Beard and Moustache Championships. The biannual competition—held in Austin, Texas in early September, according to Laughing Squid—brings together hairy rivals from around the paper airplanes, globe, who come before a panel of art work essay judges to see whose facial hair is the research, most coiffed and creative. Participants compete across 17 traditional categories in three main groups: mustaches, partial beards, and descriptive on myrtle full beards. Awards are granted to individuals with the best Salvador Dali–inspired mustache; the best goatee freestyle, or short beards styled into elaborate arrangements; and the best natural full beard, among other looks.

Held in Leogang, Austria, the paper research, 2015 World Beard and Moustache Championships had just 317 competitors, Bryan Nelson—who helped organize this year's event along with the Austin Facial Hair Club— tells Mental Floss. But the 2017 Championships attracted a staggering 738 participants from 33 countries. Essays. Nelson believes that the airplanes research, Austin Facial Hair Club pulled off history's largest facial hair competition (the group is awaiting validation from check writing online Guinness World Records), and airplanes research also says that the tournament was the first of its kind to include craft-based categories for essays online women. We had Creative Moustache and Realistic Moustache, Creative Beard and Realistic Beard, Nelson says. For the realistic categories, female participants used either real or fake tresses to paper research, create authentic-looking facial hair (which they attached to mark twain essays online, their faces), and for the creative categories, they were all over paper airplanes, the place and could be made from whatever, Nelson explains. Seashells, bacon, bones … it's such a creative event. You can check out a handful of check my english writing 2017's winners—who were captured in all their hairy glory by Las Vegas-based photographer Greg Anderson—below, or view even more hilarious looks on his Instagram. Some words, regardless of their meaning, are simply more chuckle-worthy than others. Research. To determine which expressions in the English language are truly the most comical, Smithsonian reports that psychologists at the University of Warwick in the UK conducted a survey in mark twain which they asked people to rate the “humor value” of a sampling of airplanes chosen words. They recently published their findings in the journal Behavior Research Methods. The researchers selected nearly 5000 words, and then used Amazon’s online crowdsourcing tool Mechanical Turk to ask more than 800 individuals to rank the humor value of 211 randomly chosen words from the list, on a scale from 1 (humorless) to 5 (humorous).

Likely not surprising to anyone with younger siblings, the funniest word ended up being “booty,” with an average ranking of 4.32. In descending order, the remaining top 12 words—which all received a score of 3.9 or higher—were “tit,” “booby,” “hooter,” “nitwit,” “twit,” “waddle,” “tinkle,” “bebop,” “egghead,” “ass,” and on religion “twerp.” Why these words are so funny remains fuzzy. But when they analyzed their findings according to age and gender, the paper, researchers did find that sexually suggestive words like “orgy” and “bondage” tended to tickle the online, funny bones of men, as did the words “birthmark,” “brand,” “chauffeur,” “doze,” “buzzard,” “czar,” “weld,” “prod,” “corn,” and “raccoon.” Meanwhile, women tended to laugh at the words “giggle,” “beast,” “circus,” “grand,” “juju,” “humbug,” “slicker,” “sweat,” “ennui,” “holder,” “momma,” and “sod.” As for people under the age of research 32, they were amused by “goatee,” “joint,” and “gangster,” while older participants liked “squint,” “jingle,” “burlesque,” and art work essay “pong.” Across the board, all parties were least amused by words like “rape,” “torture,” and “torment.” Although humor is paper, complex and dependent on check my english writing elements like syntax and delivery, the study's researchers say that breaking comedy down to single-word units could demystify its essence. “The research initially came about as a result of our curiosity,” said Tomas Engelthaler, the study’s lead author, in research a press release. “We were wondering if certain words are perceived as funnier, even when read on their own. It turns out that indeed is the case. Humor is an everyday aspects of our lives and we hope this publicly available dataset allows future researchers to better understand its foundations.” LIVE SMARTER BIG QUESTIONS WEATHER WATCH BE THE CHANGE JOB SECRETS QUIZZES WORLD WAR 1 SMART SHOPPING STONES, BONES, WRECKS #TBT THE PRESIDENTS WORDS RETROBITUARIES. My English Online. Caring for airplanes a Sick Animal Can Lead to art work essay, Anxiety and Depression, Study Finds.

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night and airplanes research fog essay by Summer Sandhoff. student research paper UCSB Hist 133p, A documentary can be a vehicle for witnessing many events, whether they are pleasing or traumatic. Freud Essays? Both Alain Resnais' Night and Fog and Claude Lanzmann's Shoah act as vehicles for witnessing the events of the Holocaust. Yet Resnais and Lanzmann, because of their respective times, use their documentaries to depict the events around the Holocaust in different ways. Resnais' Night and Fog tries to shock and capture audiences with brutal historical footage in black and white contrasting with present day color footage of the same places. Claude Lanzmann's Shoah tries to provoke the audience into thinking about the accounts being told by the survivors, bystanders, and the perpetrators. The differences in the documentaries are simultaneously wrapped in the directors' purpose(s) of making these documentaries and the times/events surrounding each one.

I will argue that Resnais' Night and paper airplanes research Fog , which was released in 1955, while wars in Indochina and Algeria were going on, is about the atrocities France was committing in both countries. The universality of essay on myrtle beach, this short documentary allowed all strata of French society to paper research, encapsulate their holocaust in that film and use it to protest against the atrocities being committed in their name. Freud On Religion? When Lanzmann's Shoah was released in research, 1985, many attacks on Jewish synagogues were happening and on myrtle beach important Nazi criminals were being put on trial. I will argue that Lanzmann's documentary was very influential in promoting survivor memorials and paper airplanes testimonies. Freud Essays On Religion? Both documentaries were used for different reasons and airplanes research made in different styles: Resnais' film is short and full of art work essay, gruesome historical footage, while Lanzmann's is extraordinarily long and made up of paper, interviews. While Resnais released his documentary Night and Fog just ten years after the camps were liberated, Lanzmann released his film forty years after the descriptive on myrtle Holocaust. Alain Resnais' documentary is only 30 minutes long, yet it explores many difficult topics like comparing the time of the immediate postwar period and the 1950s (seeing how easy it was to forget), who was responsible for such atrocities, and Holocaust denial. In Andre Pierre Colombat's book The Holocaust in French Film , Alain Resnais said I've always refused the word 'memory' a propos my work… I would use the word imagination.[1] Resnais weaves remembrance and creativity in Night and Fog . The documentary is paper airplanes research composed of fourteen brief color segments showing Auschwitz in 1955, interrupted by art work essay, thirteen longer black and white scenes of historical footage. Paper? It begins with the most ordinary shots of Europe and then leads into the dreadful events of the Holocaust. Throughout this documentary viewers are asked to locate this information in essay on erikson's of psychosocial development, our selective memory. Paper Airplanes? Resnais does this to prod the audience into remembering the events of the Holocaust, that France was a collaborator under the art work essay Vichy Regime, and the events going on during the 1950s.

Different cinematic techniques were used to paper airplanes, delve into the many layers of this memory. There were three main types of techniques used in Resnais' Night and Fog : the use of color (or lack of it), the soundtrack, and the chilling remoteness of twain essays online, Jean Cayrol's text paired with the narrator's voice. While panning around Auschwitz and showing a scene of paper airplanes research, mountains of essay stages development, women's hair we hear:[2] Today, on the same track there is airplanes sunlight. We run through it slowly. In search of what? Of traces of corpses that collapsed as soon as the doors were open, or in check my english writing online, search of the first unloaded passengers pushed to paper airplanes research, the entrance of the camp among the barking of the dogs, the lighting of the projectors. In the distance, the plumes of the crematorium. The first few scenes in Resnais' documentary are in color, they are of the train tracks leading into Auschwitz. But one does not know that right away.

It is supposed to be tranquil and disarming at first, but once you realize where you are you understand that the Holocaust concerned the essay on myrtle killings of over ten million individuals. The black and white footage of the camps comes into his film later. Resnais used footage from Leni Riefenstahl's 1934 The Triumph of Will documentary, and he filmed new footage to balance this tranquility in research, his short film. Mark Twain Online? Some of the brutal images, like severed heads and dismembered bodies, are brief. They serve to jolt the consciousness of the viewers.

The soundtrack of Night and Fog is one of stark contrasts. Paper Airplanes Research? When a scene is very emotionally charged (black and white), such as the footage of the freud essays on religion severed heads, the music is paper research light and barely audible. When a scene is soft and tranquil (color scenes) like the landscape footage of the present, it is mark twain online exactly the opposite. For example: [3] … such explosive oppositions are of course very frequent in Night and Fog…The most famous might be the documentary's presentations inside a camp of a symphonic orchestra, a zoo, green houses, Goethe's oak, an orphanage, a hospital for invalids…Such sequences are immediately followed by the incredibly violent punishments, humiliations and executions of the prisoners. Alain Resnais worked with the German composer Hanns Eisler to score Night and paper airplanes research Fog . Resnais said the descriptive following about Eisler's composition: the more violent the images are the gentler is the paper airplanes research music…Eisler wanted to show that the optimism and hope of descriptive on myrtle, man always existed in the background.[4] Just as with the music, the paper airplanes text and the narration of the text are characterized by contrasts as well. Resnais wrote in 1966:[5] I yearn for a cinema in which the text would play the role of on erikson's development, true music…I dream of a great film in which we would hear a language that would be like Shakespeare's or Giraudoux's…I do not see why we should have the right to hear a text with true literary value, simply because we are sitting in a dark room. An example of this is when Resnais pans around Auschwitz and uses black and paper airplanes white footage to accompany it. The narration was is cold and so distant, the opposite of the provoking images. One specific example is a scene of the crematorium ruins, twisted wires, deteriorating watchtowers and chambers, worn down and cracked concrete of Auschwitz.

With this scene is this text, read by the narrator: those of us who pretend to believe that all this happened only once, at a certain time and in a certain place, and those who refuse to see who do not hear the cry to the end of check my english online, time.[6] In both Jean Cayrol's text and in the narrator's voice, there is paper airplanes research no emotion, only the facts of misconceptions about the Holocaust held by people who lived close to the time of the actual event. The tone of the narrator's voice is monotone, chosen exactly for freud those qualities. As Resnais said in 1966, it creates in paper airplanes research, and of itself an atmosphere of threatening fate, and [t]he voice supports the text and insists on descriptive on myrtle, its meanings but creates no melody, leaving that to paper, the musical series itself.[7] This documentary is makes short and powerful. The footage is meant both to make an impression on viewers and to promote deep reflection among the viewers, to get them/us thinking about the Holocaust and other atrocities that may be going on in the present day. It worked in my Modern European History class, so it probably worked then. I remember walking out of that classroom after the film was shown and not being able to stop thinking about it. Francois Trauffaut wrote, about paper airplanes research two decades after the documentary was made, that he had a similar reaction to this film:[8] Night and Fog is a sublime film about which it is difficult to speak.

Any adjective, any aesthetic judgment would be out of place in speaking of this work, which is not an indictment or a poem but a meditation on the deportation. The film's impact lies entirely in the tone adopted by development, the filmmakers: a terrifying mildness. You leave the theater feeling devastated and not very happy with yourself. Alain Resnais' documentary is meant to do that. If you leave the theater as Truffaut describes, you are ready either to remember the past or to think of it in a new light. This thinking then leads to other intellectual/scholarly work being produced; either agreeing and research expounding on Holocaust remembrance or refuting a point and arguing a different side. Essay Of Psychosocial? Intellectual debate was needed during the paper airplanes 1950s and the 1960s, when France was engaged in two colonial wars, one with Indochina and one with Algeria. Within months of each other two major events in French history occurred: the fall of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam (7 May 1954) and the insurrection in Algeria (1 Nov. 1954).

Those two events play a major role in the memories of people. French imperialism/colonialism in Indochina and Algeria trigger memories of the Nazi occupation of France during WWII and the Vichy Regime's collaboration with Hitler's Germany. France's position in Indochina was one of of psychosocial, protecting French global power/influence abroad. However, France's position in Algeria was one of protecting an extension of France. For France had been in Algeria since the 1830s and paper research actually had settlers living in Algeria, so the Fourth Republic's viewpoint was to keep safe France's colonies and territories so they could try and rival other world powers. The 1950s and 1960s were a time of decolonization, and art work essay many individuals, intellectuals and others, felt a growing political affinity for restructuring world power. One such intellectual was Alain Resnais. When he was asked what Night and Fog was about, he replied that it was all about Algeria.[9] Resnais' film was short and quick so that the message of atrocities (Holocaust or not) could get transmitted to paper airplanes, the public and generate questions for the audience to ponder and to try and online search out the answers. Airplanes Research? For Resnais, he wanted his audience to question France's position in art work essay, Indochina and in Algeria.

Should France be sending troops there to quell the peoples in Indochina and in Algeria? Should France pull its troops out and let the Algerian people have an independent country like they want? By putting such shocking footage together with such ambiguous messages, Resnais was very effective in instigating critical thoughts on nationalism and France's colonial/imperial role. Claude Lanzmann's documentary Shoah , with over nine hours of documentary and interview footage, is often praised as the masterpiece on the extermination of the European Jews. Paper? Whereas Resnais' Night and Fog is universal in its message with atrocities, Lanzmann's documentary deals specifically with the extermination of the European Jews in Poland. Yet, however specific Lanzmann's documentary may be, he stated I wanted to show the absolute character of the Jewish tragedy… I wanted to show how the Jews were taken and how they were alone, abandoned by the world. That is the tragedy.[10] Why pick Poland, of all places, over essays France? This is the question that Henry Rousso addresses: [11]

Why attach such importance to Polish anti-Semitism rather than to paper, the anti-Semitism of other countries, such as France, that participated more or less voluntarily in the Final Solution. What historical link is there between the undeniable anti-Semitism of the Poles and the location of Nazi death camps in Poland (occupied and partly annexed by art work essay, the Third Reich)? Is there any reason to think that, if the Poles had not been anti-Semitic, they would have done any more than anyone else to stop the slaughter? These judgments are implicit in research, the editing and structure of the film it makes no difference that all the words are spoken by actual participants in check my english, the drama: victims, torturers, and others. Research? Yet the force of the film lies precisely in its subjectivity, in the filmmakers avowed partiality. The significance of the film would have been lost if it had tried to be historical, which is to say didactic and impartial.

Lanzmann said, in the same interview with Richard Bernstein, What would happen in Poland. I thought I would see an on erikson's of psychosocial development, absence…a void.[12] He went there with nothing at first – no camera, no translator, just himself. He wanted Poland to be an example of the Jewish peoples' suffering during the paper Holocaust. In his documentary he asks the minute questions to twain essays, get the bigger picture of the Holocaust, to show the mechanized nature of the Nazi plan to annihilate the Jewish peoples of Europe. Lanzmann always said that his documentary was not a historical film … it is a work of art. Paper? [13] Because he asked such specific questions, he had to freud on religion, narrow the focus of his documentary, for it would have taken him many more years and hundreds more hours of film to travel about airplanes each country in Europe and interview dozens of reading makes, witnesses. Paper Airplanes? He zoomed in on reading man essay, the experiences that Polish Jews had during the Holocaust. Paper Research? My sources were almost unanimous that Lanzmann's documentary is wonderful in detailing the Polish experience. Essay Beach? However, they also say that his only sin is the sin of omission. His film excludes other Jewish (and non-Jewish) peoples' Holocaust experiences. It is so specific that it leaves out the voices of gypsies, homosexuals, so-called asocials, criminals, and prisoners of war.

However, what Lanzmann tries to document is paper research extremely hard to online, capture. One of the paper airplanes research first survivors we encounter in descriptive essay, Shoah says This is an untellable story. Instead of trying to paper airplanes, universalize the interviews/situations he presents in Shoah , he keeps a tight reign on his documentary by keeping it focused on his subjects. To Lanzmann, and to others, his documentary is a mixture of artful footage and insightful testimonies by survivors, bystanders, and perpetrators. Simone de Beauvior, in her preface to the published screenplay, wrote: [14] Le grand art de Claude Lanzmann est de faire parler les lieux, de les ressusciter a traver les voix, et, par-dela les mots, d'exprimer l'indecible par les visages. The greatness of Claude Lanzmann's art is in making places speak, in reviving them through voices and, over and above words, conveying the unspeakable through peoples' facial expressions. Through careful and methodical planning and questioning, Lanzmann was able to wrench out the a complete stories that needed to be heard. His eleven years and 350 hours of footage attest to the thoroughness of his documentary.

He modeled his interviewing style after Marcel Ophuls' The Sorrow and the Pity, made in 1969. Because that film deals with the French Resistance during the occupation and questions France's role as collaborator, the film had deep resonance with Claude Lanzmann, who had been an active member of the paper Resistance to Occupied France, and who had resisted France's role in Algeria. Marcel Ophuls himself said that Shoah was the on erikson's stages of psychosocial greatest documentary about contemporary history ever made, bar none, and by paper airplanes research, far the greatest film I've ever seen about the essay on erikson's Holocaust. [15] Lanzmann has to nit-pick his every question and his every location, for he has a certain vision of what his art will look like. Paper? This paper was published on a website at UC Santa Barbara in 2004. He uses goading questions in order to elicit certain responses (or lack thereof) from his interviewees. His many years of tracking down and then setting up times with these survivors, bystanders and descriptive beach perpetrators were no easy feat.

In his interviews, Lanzmann wastes no time. When he talks to Abraham Bomba, a barber who had to shave the heads of Jews who would be gassed, he had to prod out the rest of the man's testimony: [16] (L) We have to do it. Airplanes? You know it. (B) I won't be able to. (L) You have to do it. I know it is very hard. I know and check my english writing apologize.

(B) Don't make me go on please. (L) Please. We must go on… Here Lanzmann was able to probe with small, pleading questions until Bomba acquiesced and allowed the interview about his traumatic experience continue. By asking the smaller questions to Bomba, Lanzmann was able to paper airplanes research, get further in the interview than another director would have. He even went to the extreme trouble of renting out a barber shop so that Bomba would cut hair again, whilst doing the interview. Twain Online? In another interview, with Joseph Oberhauser we see Lanzmann use silence and avoidance as means to convey a pertinent message that these perpetrators feel guilty for their deeds done during the Holocaust. Here Lanzmann enters a beer hall with a camera and seeks out this former Nazi officer of the Belzec extermination camp. He goes straight to the bar and research begins the interview with a seemingly harmless question: [17] (L) Excuse me. How many quarts of beer a day do you sell?

You can't tell me? (O) I'd rather not. I have my reasons. (L) But why not? How many quarts of beer a day do you sell? (O) ….a period of silence. (another bartender) Go on, tell him. (O) Tell him what? (L) Just tell him approximately. (O) Four hundred, five hundred quarts.

(L) That's a lot! Have you worked here long? (O) Around twenty years. (L) Why are you hiding your face? (O) I have my reasons. (L) Do you recognize this man? (O) …glances at mark twain the photo…. (L) No? Christian Wirth?

Mr. Oberhauser! Do you remember Belzec? No memories of Belzec? Of the overflowing graves? You don't remember?

(O) Wanders aimlessly behind the airplanes research bar with a cigarette in on myrtle beach, hand, desperately trying to avoid the camera. Claude Lanzmann wanted to show, through Oberhauser's silences, his avoidance of the airplanes research camera, and refusal to answer questions, that Oberhauser does indeed remember Belzec and the overflowing graves and that he feels shameful about his deeds. By showing this to the audience, Lanzmann is descriptive able to show how the perpetrators of the Holocaust feel about their past actions. With a camera, himself, and at times a translator, Lanzmann is able to grab the attention of audiences by allowing survivors, bystanders, and perpetrators to tell their stories. The type of discourse created by Lanzmann in his documentary Shoah , which is transmitted by the interviewee to the audience members, is perfect for the times. In the 11 years during which Claude Lanzmann worked on the film, 1974-1985, made a documentary that was not like Holocaust films before his. France during the late 1970s and early 1980s (back to top) Anti-Semitism was still in existence in France after the paper war was over, even if those in France wanted to believe differently. There were many court scandals and pardons that occurred during the 1970s that put the spotlight on France and freud essays illuminated her anti-Semitism.

The analyzation of the Touvier Affair will show that remembrance of the Holocaust was in jeopardy in France during the 1970s. By looking at this one can see what French intellectuals, such as Claude Lanzmann, had to paper research, try and disentangle from their society if the Holocaust wanted to remain untouched by revisionists' hands. Paul Touvier became the first Frenchman ever to twain online, be found guilty of crimes against humanity for ordering the killing of seven Jews in 1944, while serving the collaborationist Vichy government. Paper? Touvier said this was for retaliation for the killing of art work essay, Philippe Henriot, the Vichy minister of information, and paper that more Jews might have been killed if the Nazis had not been appeased. Descriptive Essay On Myrtle Beach? After being captured in 1947, Touvier escaped his captors and went into hiding. Paper Research? The statute of limitations for Touvier's crimes came up in 1967. In 1971 he was given a pardon by President Georges Pompidou, permitting him to return to Lyon. Even after many letters of protest and, essentially, hate mail, Pompidou did not back down or change his mind. Henry Rousso documents this speech in check online, his book: [18] Over the past thirty years or so, our country has lived through a series of paper airplanes, dramatic events.

The war, the mark twain essays defeat and its humiliations, the Occupation and its horrors, the Liberation, and in reaction the purge and -- let us be frank -- its excesses, the war in Indochina, and then the dreadful Algerian conflict and its horrors, on research, both sides, and the exodus of a million French citizens driven from their homes, followed immediately by the OAS and its murderous attacks and violence, and then, in reaction, the repression. Essay On Erikson's Stages Of Psychosocial? As one who was denounced by the men of Vichy to the German police and who twice escaped assassination attempts by the OAS, once at General de Gaulle's side and once in paper research, attack aimed directly at me, I feel I have the right to ask if we are going to keep the wounds of our national discord bleeding eternally. Hasn't the time come to draw a veil over the past, to forget a time when Frenchmen dislike one another, attacked one another, and even killed one another? I say this not out of descriptive essay on myrtle, political calculation, although I see that there are some sharp minds here, but out of respect for France. Rousso states that Pompidou's motives were to act out of clemency. After being indicted in 1973, he vanished. He evaded the law until 1989, when he was captured at a monastery in paper airplanes, Nice. I regret nothing, he said at his arrest. Touvier died from prostate cancer at mark twain essays the age of 81 in 1996, while incarcerated.

This example shows that an paper airplanes, important figure in French society was telling people they should lay the past to check my english online, rest and move on. This is exactly what Lanzmann did not want to happen. In Annette Insdorf's book Lanzmann says, I have a strong sense of paper airplanes research, urgency to art work essay, relive all of it, to retrace the steps.[19] Lanzmann, in a voice over in the film, says I'll help you remember, and as Insdorf notes, it is a main theme in Shoah . Insdorf also recounts an interview with the director in which Lanzmann states memories are full of holes…But if you re-create the scene in concrete conditions, you get not just memory but a re-living. [20] Waves of paper airplanes, anti-Semitic attacks began in the late 1980s, with those attacks being on synagogues and other demonstrations motivated by racial prejudice. Reading Makes Man Essay? Throughout 1980-81 there were attacks and counterdemonstrations that surrounded feelings of France at this time. In 1983 Klaus Barbie was charged for crimes against humanity and research the German newsweekly Der Stern published Hitler's purported diaries, which later turned out to be forgeries.

Of this Colombat writes: [21] The impact of Shoah in the France of the late eighties was increased by Klaus Barbie's arrest and trial, the various anti-Semitic terrorist actions of the late seventies and early eighties (rue de Medicis, 1979; rue Copernic, 1980; and at Jo Golderberg's restaurant, 1982), the various scandals surrounding the theses of the revisionnistes (Faurisson's trial, 1983) as well as the announcement of the trial of various French Collaborators (Leguay, Touvier, Papon; 1979, 1981, 1983.) The trial of art work essay, Klaus Barbie happened during the mid to late 1980s, a time when many survivors were facing their historicization through the processes of the research courts. The courtroom served as somewhat of an educator an avenue for national memory of France's Vichy past and writing online deeds done by Nazis to the Holocaust victims and survivors. The Klaus Barbie trial, and others trials, allowed Holocaust survivors to come forward and tell their stories. Because people were moving away from simple discussion to violent/radical actions, new means of paper, information on the Jewish tragedies in the Holocaust needed to be created and distributed. Freud Essays On Religion? Lanzmann's Shoah had to show this because he felt that archive film of the research death camps was losing its impact upon audiences. [22] Shoah 's film style of interviews was needed during this time to juxtapose the violent attacks going on in France. The court ruling on on myrtle, whether Klaus Barbie would be tried took place in 1985, the airplanes same time that Lanzmann's Shoah was released.

He was charged with crimes against humanity, and the actual trial took place from May to July of 1987. Henry Rousso documents in his book that Shoah was broadcast on French television during the Barbie trial. [23] Claude Lanzmann's documentary is similar to writing online, the court testimonies given by Barbie's victims. As Lanzmann himself said at the time of the Barbie trial, about the remembrance of atrocities: [24] What counts is not education, which is teaching of lifeless knowledge. It is transmission, resurrection, abolition of the distance between past and present. Trials are not memorials…. If what is at stake is transmission, in the sense of transmitting what actually happened, it was more important to make Shoah than to have a trial forty years after the fact. While anti-Semitism in French history was undergoing harsh scrutiny in his country, Lanzmann wanted to remind people of the atrocities committed during World War II, while staying within a present day context. The atmosphere surrounding Night and Fog was the commemoration of the 10 th anniversary of the liberation of the paper camps, and the France's wars in stages of psychosocial, Indochina and Algeria. Knowledge of the camps was disseminated to paper research, the public right after liberation and in the years following, but it was not until years later that actual critical discussion of the Holocaust took place.

I believe that Resnais set out, with his documentary, to instigate a need for discussion of the Holocaust and essay stages of psychosocial development apply its lessons to the present. Paper? With Shoah , Lanzmann wanted to let the on myrtle audience hear the words of the research people directly involved in the Holocaust, in a more personal setting (as opposed to viewing historical footage). Nevertheless, for what they set out to do, both Night and Fog and Shoah were successful. Both directors and documentaries have won awards and recognition for creating such powerful and moving pieces and for establishing/re-creating a historical discourse of the Holocaust . Lanzmann, Claude, Shoah (1985) New Yorker Films: 503 minutes. This documentary took 11 years for Claude Lanzmann to make. It is over nine hours long and it does not produce a single scene of historical footage. It is simply face-to-face interviews about mark essays survivors' and perpetrators' stories.

The many stories enable to Holocaust to be witnessed to us, the viewers. Resnais, Alain, Night and Fog (1955) 31 minutes. This brutal and research often gruesome documentary is by far the descriptive essay on myrtle most thought-provoking footage I have ever seen. This documentary uses two types of footage: black and white historical footage of the concentration camps, and color footage of the present day 1950s. Armes, Roy, The Cinema of Alain Resnais. (New York: A. Zwemmer Limited, 1968). This book looks at paper research the films done by Alain Resnais over the many years. Mark Essays? The author also examines Night and Fog. Austin, Guy, Contemporary French Cinema: An Introduction. (Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press: 1996). This book looks at airplanes movies/documentaries from French filmmakers of all genres.

Both Night and Fog and writing Shoah are examined. This author contrasts and compares the two documentaries. Avisar, Ilan, Screening the Holocaust: Cinema's Images of the Unimaginable. (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1988). This book looks at the stylistic approaches to representing the Holocaust in films. Paper? It reviews both Night and Fog and Shoah in the chapter The Discontents of Film Narrative. Colombat, Andre Pierre, The Holocaust in French Film. (London: The Scarecrow Press, 1993).

This book looks at art work essay the representations of the Holocaust in films from Occupation to the present day. Airplanes Research? The author does this by looking at Alain Resnais' Night and Fog , Marcel Ophuls' The Sorrow and the Pity , and Claude Lanzmann's Shoah . This book looks at each film from many different perspectives, visually and textually. Hirsch, Joshua, After Image: Film, Trauma, and descriptive beach the Holocaust (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004), 1-87. Hirsch's book focuses specifically on Holocaust documentaries. It has three chapters of relevance here: Introduction to research, Film, Trauma, and the Holocaust (chapter one), Night and Fog and of psychosocial the Origins of Posttraumatic Cinema (chapter two), and Shoah and the Posttraumatic Documentary after Cinema Verité (chapter three). Insdorf, Annette, Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust (Cambridge, UK: The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, 2003), 37-38, 200-201. Insdorf's book takes films that deal with the Holocaust (over the past five decades) and analyzes them and puts them into contexts of their days. This book looks at both Night and Fog and Shoah . Lanzmann, Claude, Shoah: An Oral History of the Holocaust. (New York: Pantheon Books, 1985). This is the entire text of Claude Lanzmann's documentary Shoah . I found this book useful when viewing the documentary when there were many languages spoken at research once, and to makes a complete, refer back to to find out what exactly was said during specific interviews. Rousso, Henry, The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944, translated by research, Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994, 237-239. Rousso's study of the Vichy Era looks at what France has chosen to revere and what to keep silenced.

This book discusses both Night and Fog and Shoah , and it has a very concise history of events in essay on myrtle, France during, and between, those two documentaries. Schreivogel, Paul. A., Night and Fog: A Film Study. (Dayton, OH: A. Pfaulm Publisher, 1970). Although very short and very narrow in paper airplanes, its focus, I find this book useful because it quotes excerpts from the film script. Wilson, Emma, French Cinema Since 1950: Personal Histories (Lanham, Maryland and Boulder, New York: Rowman Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999), 83-88. Wilson's book describes and analyzes postwar French cinema. Freud Essays? Her book covers both Night and Fog and Shoah , although it focuses a great deal more on Shoah then it does on paper research, Resnais' film.

Still, Wilson pays more attention to detail than many longer reviews. Andre Pierre Colombat, The Holocaust in writing, French Film (London: The Scarecrow Press, 1993), pg 125. Paper Research? (back) Colombat, pg 127. (back) Joshua Hirsch, Afterimage: Film, Trauma, and the Holocaust (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004) pg. 52. (back) Roy Armes, The Cinema of Alain Resnais . (London: A. Reading Makes Man Essay? Zwemmer Limited, 1968), pg 50. Research? (back) Alain Resnais, Image et Son 196 (July, 1966) in: Andre Pierre Colombat, The Holocaust in French Film , pg 142. Art Work Essay? (back) Paul A. Paper Airplanes Research? Schreivogel, Films in Depth: Night and Fog (Dayton, OH: A. Pflaum Publishers, 1970), pg 4. (back) Colombat, pg 144. (back) Henry Rousso, The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991), pg 229. (back) Alain Resnais, Image et Son 196 (July, 1966) in Guy Austin, Contemporary French Cinema: An Introduction . (Manchester, NY: Manchester University Press, 1996), pg. My English Online? 27. (back) Richard Bernstein, An Epic Film About the Greatest Evil of research, Modern Times, New York Times , Oct. 20th, 1985. (back) Rousso, pg. Freud On Religion? 238. Airplanes Research? (back) Bernstein, New York Times interview/review of the film at its opening. (back) Claude Lanzmann, Le Lieu et la parole, Cashiers du cinema 374 (July-August, 1985). (back) Emma Wilson, French Cinema Since 1950: Personal Histories (Lanham, NY: Rowman Littlefield Publishers Inc., 1999), pg 86. (back) Alain Resnais, Image et Son 196 (July, 1966), in Austin, pg. 86. (back) Claude Lanzmann, Shoah: An Oral History of the essay on erikson's Holocaust, The Complete Text of the Film (NY: Pantheon Books, 1985), 117. (back) Lanzmann, Text of Film , pgs. 63-64. (back) Georges Pompidou, in Le Monde , Sept. 23rd 1972, cited by Rousso, The Vichy Syndrome, pg. 123. (back) Annette Insdorf, Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003), pg.

238. (back) Insdorf, pg 240. Airplanes? (back) Colombat, pg. Makes A Complete? 99. (back) Austin, pg. 25. Paper? (back) Rousso, pg. 217. Twain? (back) Shoah et la shoah Interview with Claude Lanzmann in Rousso, The Vichy Syndrome . (back)

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9 Sketching Exercises Leonardo Da Vinci Practiced To Achieve Artistic Mastery. Leonardo da Vinci needs no introduction from me. Nearly everything that can be said about him has already been said#8230; Some claim he was a superhuman genius polymath with an IQ of 210, five hundred years ahead of his time. Others say that he was an opportunistic idea thief, only paper modifying the designs of the better inventors that came before him. A few even believe that he was a prophet and left hidden symbols, codes and upside down animal shapes in his paintings (that#8217;s a topic for another post…or not). Reading Makes A Complete? But whatever you think of Leonardo da Vinci#8217;s place in paper airplanes, histories#8217; list of top IQs, there#8217;s one thing that#8217;s agreed upon by both the conspiracists and skeptics alike.

The man was a damn good artist. So damn good, in fact, many art historians (and artists) have brandished him with the title of #8216; the most technically gifted artist that#8217;s ever walked the earth .#8217; While it would be foolish to reading makes a complete man essay argue that Da Vinci#8217;s artistic talents were not in some way down to his genetics i.e. some people have better visuospatial cognition than others it would be just as foolish to argue that his environment did not play a huge role either. Leonardo was born an illegitimate child (bastard), which made his career options limited, to say the paper airplanes research least. He was not allowed entry into reading makes man essay universities or to continue in paper airplanes, his father#8217;s noble profession as a notary. Rather than simply accept this exclusion, he decided to use it is as creative fuel in check my english online, an intellectual rebellion that would go on to shape the rest of his life.

So what I can#8217;t go to airplanes research university, they don#8217;t know everything anyway. I would rather learn from nature and experience than some boring professor. Makes? As a young boy, Leonardo began taking paper from his father#8217;s office, which was very expensive at the time, and go out into the woods to make drawings of airplanes research, plants and animals. Man Essay? It was these drawings that Leonardo#8217;s father showed to his artist friend Andrea del Verrocchio who, at the age of about fourteen, Leonardo joined as an paper, apprentice artist. The bad hand society had dealt Da Vinci, it could be argued, was one of his greatest gifts.

It gave him an uncomfortable chip on his shoulder that spurred him to challenge constantly and surpass the commonly held ideas of reading man essay, groupthink. #8220;I have removed the skin from a man who was so shrunk by paper airplanes research illness that the muscles were worn down and remained in a state like a thin membrane…#8221; In the book The Talent Code , the author, Daniel Coyle delves deeply into the science of what makes people like Leonardo #8220;tick.#8221; #8220;It seems almost impudent to twain essays online presume that we can draw useful lessons from the Renaissance—the hotbed of all hotbeds. After all, we’ve been conditioned to think of paper research, Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Botticelli et. al. as quasi-divinities—the ultimate natural geniuses of the art world. But, in stages of psychosocial, fact, every one of paper airplanes, those “divinities” were once seven-year-old kids, learning skills just like any other kid. While we obviously can’t recreate the combination of cultural/religious/historical forces that set the stage for the Renaissance (not to mention parents who enjoy sending off their seven-year-old to work full time as a painter’s apprentice instead of school), but we can do something just as powerful. We can look at the behaviors and methods—at the a complete man essay combination of paper airplanes research, deep practice, ignition, and master coaching—that systematically built some of the finest skill-circuits the world has ever seen.#8221; Coyle discovered that when we practice a skill, an insulator-like substance called myelin thickens around our neural circuitry, which in turn makes us more talented.

The type of online, practice one engages in is the determinant of paper research, how quickly our myelin sheaths thicken around our neural circuits. Good practice, Coyle explains, must test us and stretch our abilities right up to freud on religion the edge of paper airplanes, frustration. Talent without the motivation to essays on religion ceaselessly improve will never lead to mastery. So that brings us to research the question#8230; How did Leonardo practice his art? What drawing exercises did he use to #8216;stretch#8217; his abilities? As a fellow artist and on religion somewhat of a Da Vinci nerd, I#8217;ve searched through countless Da Vinci notebooks and biographies for paper airplanes these answers. Listed below, are the results of that search. Da Vinci and his students used the following 9 drawing exercises repeatedly. They are meant to challenge you and stretch you. They are not intended for the creation of pretty pictures. They are exercises.

Training. Practice. Makes A Complete Man Essay? Work. Treat them as such. Research? There were no cameras or Internet back in the renaissance, so Da Vinci didn#8217;t get his subject matter from Google images. Mark Twain Essays Online? He drew from airplanes research life. But Da Vinci being Da Vinci took this #8216;drawing from life#8217; a step further than most.

He drew water, storms, birds, running horses, faces in the midst of on erikson's stages of psychosocial development, angry outbursts and groups of laughing men. Here#8217;s his French biographer, Serge Bramly, on the rapidity Leonardo cultivated by such practice: #8220;Observing and drawing (and imagining or reflecting) were operations that very soon for Leonardo became much the same thing. Paper Airplanes Research? Hand, eye, and brain became coordinated through determined training. He gradually turned himself into a sort of living, thinking, and inventive camera (he wrote of #8220;becoming like a mirror#8221; an intelligent and critical mirror). Drawing seems to essays have been almost second nature to him.

He saw to paper airplanes perfection, then judged and reproduced the subject, seemingly without an intermediary between retina and essay on erikson's development paper: his thought was formed in the movement of his hand as his hand interpreted his vision. He could work so fast that one sometimes feels one is looking at a form of shorthand.#8221; Because we cannot depict every detail of the world around us, good drawings, one could argue, are simply the airplanes research result of a series of decisions made by the artist about what to include, and what to reading makes leave out. Paper Research? #8220;Art is the art work essay elimination of the paper airplanes research unnecessary,#8221; Picasso famously said. There is no better way of training yourself to eliminate the unnecessary and notice the most important elements of a particular object, than by drawing it while it#8217;s on the move. Mark Twain? Da Vinci, knowing this, instructs fellow artists to: #8220;Keep a sharp lookout, for figures in movement, in the streets, in paper research, the squares, in the countryside, and note down the main lines quickly: that is to say, putting an freud on religion, O for airplanes research the head and writing online straight or bent lines for the arms and airplanes research the same for legs and trunk; then when you get home, look back at your sketches and my english writing give them finished form.#8221; Cats drawn from life. Some of Da Vinci#8217;s anatomical drawings are still used in many medical schools, as references to this day.

His study of the human spine is paper airplanes one of the best anatomical drawings ever created. Study of the human spine. The astonishing attention to detail Leonardo possessed wasn#8217;t a gift from God, rather a skill cultivated by drawing exercises just like this one found in art work essay, a note he left himself: #8220;Tomorrow make some silhouettes out of cardboard in various forms and throw them from the paper airplanes research top of the mark online terrace through the research air; then draw the movements each makes at the different stages of its descent.#8221; Birds drawn in essay beach, mid-flight. Do as Leonardo instructs. Go to a bustling place and make quick notes of the people going about their business. Paper Research? Go to mark online a park and draw the birds or the ripples of a lake.

Watch a gymnast or a wrestler on YouTube without pressing pause. Airplanes Research? Draw moving objects. Check My English Writing? Leonardo was an airplanes, assistant artist to Andrea Del Verrocchio for roughly ten years. Back then, artists were not so precious about their work as they are now. It was quite common for assistants to learn their trade by painting small sections of their master#8217;s paintings such as shrubbery or sky and work their way up. Da Vinci#8217;s angel on the left; Verrocchio#8217;s on the right. However, if their painting style were too incongruent with their master#8217;s then the piece would look wrong (think Van Gogh doing the scenery in the Mona Lisa ). In order to avoid this problem, students would spend a good deal of their time copying their master#8217;s work. Not only was copying the master great practice, it was good for business. Art Work Essay? Verrocchio#8217;s style is very present in Leonardo#8217;s early paintings. Paper Airplanes Research? Leonardo, later in life, would often instruct his own pupils to copy his drawings, in on erikson's, the same way that he had copied Verrocchio#8217;s. #8220;The artist ought first to exercise his hand by copying drawings from the hand of a good master. And having acquired that practice, under the criticism of his master, he should next practice drawing objects in relief of a good style, following the research rules which will presently be given.#8221; Recently it was discovered that while Leonardo worked on his most famous painting, The Mona Lisa , a student of essays, his, with his own canvas, copied along with him; stroke for stroke.

Both are highly finished paintings of extremely high quality but if a picture says a thousand words, this comparison is an essay on just how skillful a painter Leonardo was. Apprentice vs. Master. #8220;The youth should first learn perspective, then the proportions of objects. Then he may copy from some good master, to accustom himself to fine forms. Then from nature, to confirm by practice the rules he has learnt.#8221; Choose four Leonardo drawings that look difficult and copy them in the same medium in which they were drawn. After this, draw from life incorporating the #8216;rules#8217; you have learned from this exercise. My attempt at four Da Vinci master copies.

The act of turning self-improvement into a game (gamification) is hugely popular nowadays. Whether you want to get fitter or learn a new language, there#8217;s a gamified app that can fulfill your needs. Leonardo, it probably won#8217;t surprise you, was also a huge fan of gamification when it came to art. Paper Airplanes Research? Perhaps he really was 500 years ahead of his time? #8220;When, Oh draughtsmen, you desire to find relaxation in games you should always practice such things as may be of my english, use in paper airplanes, your profession, by giving your eye good practice in mark twain essays, judging accurately of the breadth and length of objects. Thus, to accustom your mind to such things, let one of you draw a straight line at random on paper airplanes, a wall, and reading a complete each of airplanes research, you, taking a blade of grass or of straw in his hand, try to cut it to the length that the line drawn appears to reading makes a complete man essay him to be, standing at a distance of 10 braccia; then each one may go up to the line to measure the paper length he has judged it to be.

And he who has come nearest with his measure to the length of the pattern is the mark online best man, and the winner, and shall receive the airplanes research prize you have settled beforehand#8230;such games give occasion to good practice for the eye, which is essays on religion of the research first importance in painting.#8221; He was constantly testing and stretching his visual perspective skills even when he wasn#8217;t drawing. As Michelangelo said, #8220;An artist paints with his brains, not his hands.#8221; Playing perspective games is an incredible drawing exercise. I have modified Leonardo#8217;s approach into something slightly more practical but no less testing: Take a ruler and mark off the exact number of descriptive on myrtle beach, centimes you estimate an object to be while standing 10 feet away from it. Challenge friends and family in a game. 4. Draw Both The Divine And The Grotesque.

While we now think of Da Vinci#8217;s work as things of paper airplanes, divine beauty, a few centuries ago, they were infamous for descriptive on myrtle beach the exact opposite reason. A #8216;grotesque#8217; man and woman. In the Victorian era all around Europe, these #8216;grotesque#8217; heads, as they came to be known, were Leonardo#8217;s most reproduced pieces of art. Paper Research? Did he have some strange fascination with strange looking people? If one were to read the work of Vasari, Leonardo#8217;s earliest biographer, one might think so: #8220;Leonardo was so pleased whenever he saw a strange head or beard or hair of unusual appearance that he would follow such a person a whole day, and so learn him by heart, that when he reached home he could draw him as if he were present.#8221; Luckily, Da Vinci provides a hint at his reasons for producing these drawings in his notebooks. And in typical Da Vinci fashion, it#8217;s rooted in artistic self-improvement: #8220;The painter should aim at universality, because there is a great want of self-respect in doing one thing well and stages of psychosocial development another badly, as many do who study only the [rules of] measure and proportion in the nude figure and do not seek after variety; for a man may be well proportioned, or he may be fat and short, or tall and paper airplanes research thin, or medium. And a painter who takes no account of descriptive essay on myrtle, these varieties always makes his figures on one pattern so that they might all be taken for brothers; and this is a defect that demands stern reprehension.#8221; The old and the young. Da Vinci, the polymath that he was, saw no value in research, doing just one thing well. #8220;The artist holds the makes a complete universe in his mind,#8221; he often wrote. Drawing and painting were a self-sustaining curiosity factory for Da Vinci. His need to paper airplanes depict the mark twain essays online world accurately drove him to study everything in it.

And the conclusions he made were tested with the result of his finished work. Do not doubt that Leonardo was thinking of the sinews and the nerves and the ligaments and the skeletons of the people he had dissected, while he was working on The Mona Lisa. #8220;Nor is the painter praiseworthy who does but one thing well, as the nude figure, heads, draperies, animals, landscapes or other such details, irrespective of airplanes, other work; for there can be no mind so inept, that after devoting itself to one single thing and mark doing it constantly, it should fail to do it well.#8221; Draw obese people, slim people, muscular people, landscapes, strange animals, things you are not accustomed to drawing. It will make you better at drawing the paper things at descriptive essay which, you wish to excel. My attempt at drawing figures with varying proportions. 5. Research? Fix Things In Your Mind Through Drawing. Freud Essays? To illustrators and conceptual designers, the ability of being able to draw well from one#8217;s head is essential. To Fine Art students, however, this practice has become somewhat of a lost art form. Paper Airplanes Research? This is a shame#8230; Do you really think Michelangelo had a model in every position in the exact right lighting as a reference for every person depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling? A small section of Michelangelo#8217;s Sistine Chapel. And do you really think the model in The Mona Lisa posed for Leonardo for the seven years it#8217;s estimated it took him to complete?

I#8217;m sure if they could have worked from photographs and models they would have. But because they didn#8217;t have that option, they were forced not to learn anatomy, lighting, and perspective, but to master it. Renaissance artists internalized the visual alphabet and reading makes a complete learned how to paint stories with it. They transcended copying and paper airplanes research became creators. #8220;Creativity feeds on limitations.#8221; Leonardo would learn and test his ability to fix objects in essay beach, his mind like this: #8220;When you want to know a thing you have studied in your memory proceed in this way: When you have drawn the same thing so many times that you think you know it by heart, test it by drawing it without the model; but have the airplanes research model traced on flat thin glass and lay this on art work essay, the drawing you have made without the model, and note carefully where the research tracing does not coincide with your drawing, and where you find you have gone wrong; and bear in mind not to repeat the same mistakes. Then return to the model, and draw the part in which you were wrong again and again till you have it well in your mind.#8221; Repetition is an reading man essay, essential part of airplanes, mastering any skill. No musician or athlete or surgeon or hairdresser or skateboarder could ever reach a high level without practicing the same drill over and over again. Art is no different, and essay on erikson's stages of psychosocial Da Vinci knew it. He too was a very accomplished lyre player. Perhaps he took the learning strategies he picked up from playing the lyre and applied them to art.

In the same way that a concert pianist will have C scales and D minor chords stored up in their head, ready to paper come out at a moments notice. Da Vinci had noses, and postures and reading a complete animals up in his: #8220;If you want to acquire facility for bearing in mind the expression of a face, first make yourself familiar with a variety of [forms of] several heads, eyes, noses, mouths, chins and cheeks and necks and shoulders: And to put a case: Noses are of 10 types: straight, bulbous, hollow, prominent above or below the middle, aquiline, regular, flat, round or pointed. These hold good as to paper research profile. Essay Stages? In full face they are of 11 types; these are equal thick in airplanes, the middle, thin in the middle, with the tip thick and the root narrow, or narrow at the tip and descriptive essay on myrtle wide at airplanes the root; with the check nostrils wide or narrow, high or low, and the openings wide or hidden by the point; and you will find an equal variety in the other details; which things you must draw from nature and fix them in your mind.#8221; Find a photograph of an object and copy it a few times. When you start feeling confident, try and draw it from your head. When finished, compare it to the photograph and make a note of the paper differences.

Repeat until you can draw it from your head perfectly (or there about). Many artists have no problem showing people their favorite finished pieces; few the processes that made them. Creativity is a messy practice. The first drafts of the best novels are often ugly and the initial sketch an artist lays down on canvas, often uglier. Leonardo urges us not only to embrace the uncomfortable feeling one gets when a drawing doesn#8217;t go to plan, but to showcase it to the world: #8220;I say and insist that drawing in company is much better than alone, for many reasons. The first is that you would be ashamed to be seen behindhand among the freud students, and such shame will lead you to careful study. Secondly, a wholesome emulation will stimulate you to be among those who are more praised than yourself, and paper airplanes research this praise of others will spur you on. Another is art work essay that you can learn from the paper research drawings of others who do better than yourself; and if you are better than they, you can profit by your contempt for their defects, while the praise of others will incite you to farther merits.#8221; David Kassan drawing in a busy New York subway station. Good artists care more about the on erikson's quality of their work than the frailty of paper airplanes, their ego.

Good artists are pragmatic. They view all setbacks and criticisms as opportunities and feedback to improve with: #8220;Certainly while a man is painting he ought not to shrink from hearing every opinion. For we know very well that a man, though he may not be a painter, is mark twain essays online familiar with the forms of paper research, other men and very capable of judging whether they are hump backed, or have one shoulder higher or lower than the other, or too big a mouth or nose, and other defects; and, as we know that men are competent to judge of the descriptive on myrtle beach works of nature, how much more ought we to admit that they can judge of our errors; since you know how much a man may be deceived in his own work.#8221; Find a family member or friend and ask them if they#8217;ll watch you draw. Tell them that you#8217;re bad at drawing in front of other people and you think the challenge of doing so will help advance your artistic skills. Ask them to pick out faults and research problems with your drawing as you go. Nine times out of ten you will have already noticed the problem, but the one time you didn#8217;t… that#8217;s the lesson. To see how Leonardo used mirrors to gain objectivity over his work see this article. Leonardo spent countless hours in his apprentice days drawing and painting drapery. It teaches one the importance of freud, patience, light values and structure like nothing else can. An almost photographic drapery study by Leonardo.

Drawing drapery is paper airplanes research just as challenging (if not more) as drawing a nude model. The added benefit is that drapery doesn#8217;t move or charge by the hour. Place a single colored blanket or curtain over art work essay, a chair. Set up your light source so that it doesn#8217;t constantly change and draw. Research? Oh, and take your time#8230; #8220;Many are they who have a taste and love for drawing, but no talent; and this will be discernible in boys who are not diligent and never finish their drawings with shading.#8221; 8. Draw The Same Thing From Multiple Angles. I remember asking my old art teacher once, #8220;Why is drawing from stages photographs, not as a good as drawing from life?#8221; He replied, #8220;Because you can#8217;t look behind a photograph.#8221; I was young at the time and didn#8217;t understand what he meant.

Why would I want to airplanes look behind what I#8217;m drawing? I#8217;m only art work essay drawing the front. My art teacher, like Da Vinci, understood that a good artist doesn#8217;t just copy. A good artist simplifies, deconstructs, reinterprets, and airplanes understands his subject matter. Many of the world#8217;s greatest portrait painters openly admit that the better their personal connection with the person they#8217;re drawing, the better the finished portrait will be. Shoulder anatomy from multiple perspectives. Our eyes only see raw jumbled light. Our brain takes this light and sorts it out into makes man essay objects with form and texture. Drawing things from multiple angles makes our brains better interpreters of light. Children draw what they think something looks like; amateur artists copy what they see; master artists draw what they understand. Study of airplanes research, braided hair from multiple angles.

Draw a person from multiple angles. Imagine you need to make a record of how they look but you have no camera at hand. Even though you#8217;re using different viewpoints, there should be a basic likeness between them all. Leonardo wasn#8217;t just an artist who could shade well and reading makes draw clean lines. He placed just as much emphasis on the composition and content of paper airplanes, his art as he did its technical rendering. Mark? Leonardo#8217;s cartoon of Virgin and Child with Saint Anne. The triangular composition, the eye lines, and the curved centreline which extends into a finger pointing to the heavens, were all carefully chosen to tell a story by research Leonardo. If you#8217;d like to learn more about composition, you can watch this fantastic Developing a Composition course by essay Professor Mary Jane Begin from Rhode Island School of Design#8230; for paper free. You#8217;ll also get access to her 9 other artistic mastery lessons in this 10-day cancel anytime trial.

For centuries, artists have experimented with drugs for inspiration, but this was not Da Vinci#8217;s style. He had a cleaner, albeit a stranger, method: #8220;I cannot forbear to mention among these precepts a new device for study which, although it may seem but trivial and almost ludicrous, is nevertheless extremely useful in on erikson's stages of psychosocial development, arousing the mind to airplanes various inventions. And this is, when you look at a wall spotted with stains, or with a mixture of stones, if you have to devise some scene, you may discover a resemblance to various landscapes, beautified with mountains, rivers, rocks, trees, plains, wide valleys and hills in varied arrangement; or again you may see battles and figures in essay of psychosocial, action; or strange faces and costumes, and an endless variety of objects, which you could reduce to complete and well drawn forms. And these appear on such walls confusedly, like the sound of bells in paper research, whose jangle you may find any name or word you choose to imagine.#8221; What do you see? Our minds are natural hallucinators. When we lack external sensory input, our brains manufacture their own. Mark Twain Essays Online? You can see this phenomenon in full effect with the use of sensory deprivation chambers. Paper Research? If you don#8217;t have one of essays on religion, these, a bedchamber will suffice. #8220;I myself have proved it to be of no small use, when in bed in the dark, to recall in airplanes, fancy the external details of essay, forms previously studied, or other noteworthy things conceived by subtle speculation; and this is certainly an paper, admirable exercise, and useful for essay on erikson's stages development impressing things on paper airplanes, the memory.#8221; For inspiration deprive your mind of interesting stimulation, so it comes up with its own. Stare at mark twain online a stained wall, the clouds, into space or close your eyes and let your mind wander. Design a composition with the results of this exercise.

Drawing Exercises from research Leonardo da Vinci: Final Thoughts. Art Work Essay? The ability to draw technically well is like a guitar player who can play extremely fast. It#8217;s an added string to your bow. What counts is the ability to move people, to present ideas and questions that stir up our emotions. The problem is, artists who lack any technical ability will struggle to communicate their ideas to their full effect. We need to be able to do both. Remember: #8220;The painter should aim at universality, because there is a great want of self-respect in airplanes, doing one thing well and another badly#8230; I#8217;ll leave you with some final words from Serge Bramly on the result one can expect to achieve if they work hard at Leonardo#8217;s drawing exercises: #8220;In his studies of flowers, bodies, machines, and whirlpools, depicted in the minutest detail, or of birds in essay stages of psychosocial development, mid-flight, he finally achieved a mastery comparable to research that of art work essay, Zen archers who have come to identify so clearly with their weapon and its target that his arrows hit it without their having consciously taken aim.#8221; Find your target. Figure Drawing Fundamentals by Proko Anatomy of the Human Body by research Proko How to Draw taught by Professor David Brody. Makes A Complete? Stephen Fry’s Novel Writing Advice: Tips on Overcoming Fear of the Blank Page and Aspiring to Literary Greatness. Was Leonardo da Vinci a Chronic Procrastinator? The #8220;Aha Moments#8221; of paper, George R. R. Essays? Martin and Leonardo da Vinci Deconstructed.

Jon Brooks is the author of ComfortPit and the co-creator of HighExistence. He researches the practical ways art, science, psychology, technology, history, and paper airplanes philosophy can help us live more skillfully.

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Food Fair Essay Essays and Research Papers. nutritious alternatives to preserved and fast food products. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on research the question of how this can . “healthy lifestyle” can be obtained. Whereas some are convinced that trusting yourself and your body will lead to better choices, others maintain that eating food in reading makes a complete man essay moderation and more fruits and vegetables is the best path to choose. “Today, more than 95% of all chronic disease is paper research caused by food choice, toxic food ingredients, nutritional deficiencies and lack. Eating , Food , Health 1419 Words | 4 Pages. English 101 “The Meaning of Food ” Throughout my childhood I grew up with my mother preparing all my meals, to what I thought was . normal eating habits. My mother is southern and was working full time.

We usually ate fried or fast food ; we would have traditions that would not only feed our bellies but our souls. It all started when I was in check my english the fourth grade the paper airplanes pounds piled up like the pancakes my mother would make on Sunday morning. I started to use food as comfort and think I needed to. Cooking , Eating , Emotion 1043 Words | 3 Pages. ?Zamil, ISEFP, ID: 110402509 “The use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, belongs to the past” This essay explores the use of . fossil fuels and argues that current methods used to fuel our world are not sustainable. Art Work Essay! I will present the case that new energy sources need to paper airplanes research be investigated and adopted worldwide in order to save our planet. There is a trend of thinking that the use of freud essays, fossil fuels is research a thing of the past, and alternative energy sources need to be invented and adopted globally.

Alternative energy , Energy development , Fossil fuel 956 Words | 3 Pages. 7 February 2013 Food . When people see or hear that word, many of them think of food as something that just keeps us healthy and . Essays On Religion! alive. In my perspective that is true. But there is airplanes so much more to mark twain essays it than many people see. It is cultural, a tradition, and can have many different meanings. It can also be seen as edible art and a way to express yourself. To me, it is a way to get away from everything. As a child, I didn’t enjoy eating what my parents wanted me to. I was obsessed with sugary treat. Baking , Cooking , Eating 1150 Words | 3 Pages. ? On the paper research first night of art work essay, Chanukah, my family and I sat down to our traditional holiday dinner.

With the smell of warm food being prepared, . everyone anticipated the paper meal to come. Hearing my aunt, mother and sister all scrambling in the kitchen, we knew our meal was almost ready. I helped bring out the brisket, noodle koogle, potato latkes, applesauce and other Jewish dishes. As everyone settled around the online dinner table, there was one item that was completely consumed within the first three minutes. Bread , Challah , Family 1083 Words | 4 Pages. ?Troy Gebert Mr. Trussel English 4 19 November 19, 2014 Good Food Bad Food Essay America today is known as one of . the most well to do countries while also being known as one of the paper airplanes research unhealthiest countries in essay stages development the world. The world’s view of a typical American is overweight with a big mac in one hand and a television remote in the other. Airplanes! The sad truth is art work essay that their view isn’t too far off. About 36% percent of all Americans are considered obese.

Although many are trying to airplanes stop obesity by promoting. Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus , Dieting 1012 Words | 3 Pages. Vanity Fair , by mark essays online William Makepeace Thackeray In the paper airplanes research novels of Thackeray, essay is so much mixed up with narrative, and comment . with characterization, that they can hardly be thoroughly appreciated in poor editions. Stages Of Psychosocial Development! The temptation to paper airplanes research skip is almost irresistible, when wisdom can be purchased only at art work essay, the expense of eyesight. We are therefore glad to welcome the commencement of research, a new edition of his writings, over whose pages the reader can linger at his pleasure, and quietly enjoy the subtleties of humor. Charles Dickens , Fiction , Human 1346 Words | 4 Pages. ? Thinking back on descriptive beach this week, what are the meals that you have eaten?

Were these meals home cooked or were they from a fast food restaurant? . Paper Research! There are around 160,000 fast food restaurants in the United States (Pew Research Center), but do these restaurants control how you think or how you feel? No, they do not. Obesity in America should not be blamed on these fast food restaurants. I believe that it is solely America’s fault for being obese. Many say advertising has a play in check my english online what people eat, but. Cooking , Eating , Fast food 1012 Words | 3 Pages.

Fast Food Nation Essay ! The food that we eat today is paper research far different from what it was just a century ago. The way . Art Work Essay! we consume our food has changed more in this last 100 years than it has in the whole history of humanity. Food is what fuels your body, so in research a sense, you are what you eat, but it goes deeper than that. It is very important to know where your food comes from. Within these last 100 years, we have become disconnected from the earth. Freud On Religion! About 99% of what we eat is grown packaged and sold. Bacteria , Eating , Escherichia coli 1149 Words | 3 Pages.

Descriptive Essay on paper a County Fair as a Child. The Fair As a younger child, my family would make annual trips to the County Fair in Albany. My parents would go to see all the . neat exhibits and on myrtle beach, other “grown up things”, as I as a child called them. My main enjoyment of the fair when I was younger was the fair rides and junk food . Paper Research! My view of the on religion fair when I was little was one filled with wonderment and awe. The screams fading in and out as people shot up in paper research the air on reading man essay rickety fair rides and paper airplanes, the greasy sweet smell that filled the air and made. 2008 singles , Carnival , Fair 1008 Words | 3 Pages. International Journal of development, Infinite Innovations in Technology|ISSN:2278-9057 IJIIT|Volume-I|Issue-I|2012-2013 July|Paper-03 Reg.

No.:20120607|DOI:V1I1P03 A . Fair FARE System Prof. Arth Koeri Research Head – LTL (Information Technology) ABSTRACT As we all know that there is cheating corruption all around. Paper Airplanes Research! Top to descriptive bottom everyone everywhere looks for the place to earn extra money, in better words easy money. Hate to admit this but auto rickshaw meter tampering in paper India. Bluetooth , Compiler , Embedded system 1714 Words | 7 Pages. ?Mao-Tamasese, Paula 20 July 2014 Sanger English 100 Fat Tax brings Fat Benefits Junk food . Do any of essay on myrtle, us know the meaning of the . term? Do the consequences of developing lethal diseases not concern us?

Apparently, today's society is research well aware of what it is, ( food with a low nutrition value and is usually processed or ready-prepared (Junk Food )) and what it can do, yet they prefer not to twain essays online have truth repeatedly slapped in their face by airplanes the media. The way I see it, that's exactly what these. Fast food , Fat tax , Junk food 2020 Words | 7 Pages. Economic Development: The food industries are considered as one of the most important Arabic Foreign Industries in the world. Over the . years, these industries have developed in various degrees technologically and economically and have over the last 5 decades incorporated many international changes. Their productions have had spread throughout the Arab world and internationally.

The products of these industries have grown as well as the raw materials used in the production process, leading to. Food , Food industry , Food processing 3807 Words | 13 Pages. Vanity Fair , an freud English novel written by William Makepeace Thackeray (United Kingdom: Punch Magazine, January 1847 - July 1948), epitomizes the . early 19th century of British society of the duplicity of social climbers, sabotages, avarices, lovelessness, pretentiousness, selfishness. It, at the same time, captures mix pack of emotion of people who have their origin and counterpart in airplanes research society as a whole. Furthermore, it is a satirical expose of William’s masterpiece which exposes every chunk of the. 19th century , Family , Governess 1357 Words | 4 Pages.

was the art work essay largest mass migration in airplanes U.S. history. 1 question you still have- Where slaves in on the gold rush too and was California a free state or a slave . state? I.s.383 Jay-Len McLean 709 April 8, 2015 Essay “The discovery of on myrtle beach, gold nuggets in the Sacramento Valley in early 1848 sparked the Gold Rush” said the history channel. This is research what I say is arguably one of the check writing most significant events because it shaped American history during the airplanes early half of the. California , California Gold Rush , Gold 921 Words | 5 Pages. That One Essay about Food A plant-based diet is writing online what I have been living on for nine months now, some people call me a . Airplanes! vegetarian, and others call me crazy. Being raised in the country meant eating more meat than the a complete man essay usual girl, and I began to notice how sluggish beef, pork, even chicken made me feel after eating it. So, one day I made a bet with my friend to paper be a “veg-head” for two weeks, I won the my english challenge and paper airplanes, haven’t stopped being an organic vegetarian since. It helped me become more disciplined.

Health , Meat , Nutrition 971 Words | 3 Pages. FAIR Summary Understanding Factor Analysis of art work essay, Information Risk Copyright (c) 2009 Risk Management Insight LLC All rights reserved . Management doesn’t care about security, they care about risk. At the end of the day, the value proposition for security depends on its ability to affect the frequency and/ or magnitude of loss (i.e., risk). Paper! As a result, effectively measuring and communicating this value proposition requires a clear understanding of the factors that drive risk. Art Work Essay! Enter FAIR . What.

Business continuity planning , Copyright , Management 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis For Take In The Sate Fair. in the State Fair with Garrison Keillor A state fair in America today is research among the biggest cultural gatherings in America that . brings the American people from on myrtle different cultures together with the airplanes research intention of promoting agriculture by showing off farm animals and taking part in competitions. In his essay , “Take in The State Fair ”, published in July 2009, Garrison Keillor uses literary devices to strongly engage the of psychosocial development imagination of the reader and to research convince the reader that a state fair would be worthwhile. A Prairie Home Companion , American Public Media , Garrison Keillor 1071 Words | 4 Pages. ?March 23, 2014 Food Marketers Target Children In addition to commercials on TV, food and beverages are target-marketed to young . children and teens through a wide range of marketing channels, in nearly every environment where a kid might study, play, hang out, or eat. Marketers target children and essay development, youth through packaging; giveaways and contests; product placement in research movies, TV shows, and video games; through digital media such as text messaging, cell phones, email, and stages, websites; viral marketing;. Advertising , Fast food , Fast Food Nation 1307 Words | 7 Pages.

of eating fast food and how fast food has become a part of American culture. The success of paper, McDonald’s has been astounding and . has made a huge impact on the American food industry. Fast food has become such a huge part of American life. Descriptive Essay On Myrtle! McDonald’s brags about 31,000 restaurants worldwide, which means almost all Americans have quick access to a restaurant. Every day, 43 percent of paper airplanes, Americans will eat fast food . Mark! Even very young children can recognize the McDonald’s logo. But fast food isn’t just quick. Eating , Fast food , Fast Food Nation 987 Words | 3 Pages. Locally Grown Food is a Good Thing Just as a great meal satisfies the soul and nourishes the body, the way in which we ‘create’ and buy . food can influence our society.

Which food ethic is research healthier and beautiful to the environment and even to the whole planet? Proponents for reading makes eating local food , claims that you will get exceptional taste much better than food shipped from long distances from airplanes research other states or countries. The movement also impacts on the safety of the art work essay foods since the less. Carbon dioxide , Food , Food safety 957 Words | 5 Pages. Should the airplanes sale of freud essays, junk food in school cafeterias be banned?

In more traditional years, parents had to prepare packed lunch for paper their kids . when going to on religion school. However, in paper airplanes present times, most parents are already incapable of doing such things. This is essay on erikson's stages of psychosocial because they lack the luxury of time with the paper hectic schedules that they have. Parents tend to just give money to essay beach their children to paper purchase what they need. Descriptive Essay! Given this kind of situation, students are exposed to a variety of options and they are. Cafeteria , Childhood obesity , College 1610 Words | 5 Pages. in the United States called obesity which is fueled by fast food chains worldwide.

Fast food is becoming apart of so many young . Paper Airplanes! teens in america that it is crippling the freud nation's new generation in the long term effects. The fast food in this country controls the nation’s nutrition, therefore we should encourage these chains to put healthy options on their menus. This will drop obesity rates dramatically. The problem with fast food is airplanes research that it leads to obesity and obesity can have bad long term. Body shape , Childhood obesity , Diabetes mellitus 794 Words | 3 Pages. Food, Inc. Critical Response Essay pathos,ethos,logos ? Food , Inc. Essay On Erikson's Stages Development! CRITICAL RESPONSE ESSAY Now that you have watched Robert Kenner’s documentary, Food , Inc., write a . clear, well-developed, and well-argued essay in paper airplanes which you first summarize the film and check, then offer a critical analysis of its effectiveness as a documentary. Your essay should be organized around an original thesis statement that focuses on whether or not you find the documentary effective in airplanes the way it presents and art work essay, supports its central argument. Paper! In this essay , you will analyze how Kenner’s. Appeal to emotion , Argument , Argumentation theory 926 Words | 3 Pages.

is a food pantry where anyone with special concern for development the poor, elderly, lonely, homeless, hungry and differently abled feels welcome. It is a . Paper! place where people from all walks of art work essay, life can come together to share a hot meal and fellowship with one another. “Each year the paper research Gathering Place serves over 29,000 hot meals to those in need” (Homelessness In Lincoln, 2012). Essays! The Gathering Place operates to help those who cannot help themselves through the harsh economic times. Although operating a food pantry. Food , Homelessness , Malnutrition 1064 Words | 3 Pages. ? This essay is about “ Food Chain” Food chain From Wikipedia, the free . encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Food chain (disambiguation). Paper Airplanes! Food chain in a Swedish lake. Osprey feed on northern pike, which in turn feed on perch which eat bleak that feed on freshwater shrimp.

A food chain is a linear sequence of links in essays on religion a food web starting from a trophic species that eats no other species in the web and ends at a trophic species. Al-Jahiz , Apex predator , Charles Sutherland Elton 729 Words | 3 Pages. The Unveiling of the Food Industry Food is an essential part of our lives. We consume it every day and research, absolutely need it to . On Religion! live and thrive successfully. With something so significant to paper research us, why should we risk the source of where our food comes from? Robert Kenner created a powerhouse documentary film called Food Inc. that gives an accurate description of the horrible realities of corporate farming by providing evidence of the harm affecting both humans and animals.

Robert Kenner is a film director. Chicken , Corn syrup , Escherichia coli 1663 Words | 4 Pages. Food Safety Essay Food is the most important element of human survival. Food contains essential . nutrients the human body requires to on erikson's of psychosocial intake. From vitamins to calories, just a few of the nutrients that make a body function. Without food there is no survival; however, the way food is processed in paper airplanes research America today, Americans might as well be dead. Furthermore, unhealthy products flood America’s food supply. A vast majority of online, these products are highly processed foods . Highly processes foods are extremely. Food , Food industry , Genetic engineering 1965 Words | 6 Pages. Food Rules has many ideas to be able to maintain a healthy life in our decision about food . Michael Pollan demonstrates how . Paper! tradition over the years has being affected. In Food Rules, Michael Pollan helps us answer the question “What should I eat” there are many reasons he gave us to understand our bad habits, and our healthy diet.

One reason will be the Western Diet, it has being an extremely impact over what food is produced, and why is on erikson's stages of psychosocial so bad about paper research, it. There is a lot of sugar, salt, fat in. Dinner , Eating , Food 1015 Words | 3 Pages. c Reaction Paper S.Heath Garrison HED 226 February 7, 2011 Goal Statement: My reaction to the article as a whole I am expecting after I read this . On Religion! article s I will learn what makes up our foods groups and the food pyramid. I am interested in knowing the latest science behind the food pyramid. What are some better and healthier eating choices we can make?

What are some of the down falls in our diet today? If being physically fit and more active is obliviously better for us then why don’t more. Beverages , Coffee , Drink 1298 Words | 4 Pages. “Is it Fair ” Introduction Cohen (1986) argues that corruption has been described as “acting on paper airplanes opportunities, created by virtue of . Art Work Essay! one’s authority, for personal gain at the expense of the public one is authorized to serve.” Cohen felt that it can be dangerous that the officers accept these gratuities because what might start without intent on paper research the part of the officer may be become a patterned expectation and can lead to targeting and misuse of power if the gratuity stops. On a different. Accept , Constable , Crime 867 Words | 3 Pages. Essay about Fair Trade (Cafe Direct) ?What are the foundations of the fair -trade movement? The foundations of the fair -trade movement are built upon the producers, . the famers, who everyone who participates in the coffee market relies upon.

Their main principles are market access for marginalized producers, sustainable and descriptive, equitable trading relationships, capacity building and empowerment, and consumer awareness raising and airplanes research, advocacy. These principles are instated to protect the famers from greatly fluctuating prices and the volatility. Corporation , Fair trade , Free trade 827 Words | 3 Pages. World Food Issues and Cooperatives Essay. World Food Issues and Cooperatives Essay 11.1.12 “JA-ZENCHU (Central Union of Agricultural Co-operatives) is an apex body of . Japan's agricultural co-operative movement, representing the my english writing interests of Japanese farmers and airplanes research, their agricultural co-operative organizations (JA Group).” Several decades ago, Nokyo, which then became the JA, was organized in 1947 at the time of the reading man essay land reform, had local branches in every rural village in the late 1980s. Its constituent local agricultural cooperatives. Agricultural cooperative , Agricultural cooperatives , Agricultural economics 840 Words | 3 Pages.

Fair or Not Fair As once said by Nelson Mandela “A good leader can engage in a debate frankly and thoroughly, knowing that at . the end he and the other side must be closer, and thus emerge stronger. You don't have that idea when you are arrogant, superficial, and uninformed.” Only when you meet that criteria can you be considered a good leader, however in Sophocles’ book Antigone once a crime has been committed not only is the paper airplanes research guilty killer put on trial but whether or not Creon is a good leader is. Decision making , Decision making software , Decision theory 1266 Words | 3 Pages. ?Yasa Hussain Rory Jobst English 101 Diagnostic Essay The famed George Bernard Shaw once proclaimed “There is no love sincerer . than the love of food .” I couldn’t agree more. I, myself, am something of a food enthusiast. Essay! And my favorite food is biryani. You just cannot go wrong with it. You just cannot. Even the most critical and picky individuals cannot resist indulging themselves when it takes “center stage” on airplanes research the dinner table. Biryani is the name and twain essays online, stuffing one’s face is the paper game.

Cooking , Food , Indian cuisine 1563 Words | 4 Pages. countries, the twain online issue of fast food seems to be at the top of every health related debate. As these debates become more controversial, the research . question of who bears the responsibility remains unanswered. Descriptive Essay! In his essay , Don’t Blame the paper airplanes Eater, David Zinczenko attempts to answer this key question by placing the art work essay greater responsibility of America’s obesity and other fast food related health issues on the fast food industries. Paper Airplanes Research! Contrary to descriptive on myrtle Zinczenko’s argument, Raldy Balko, in his essay , What You Eat Is Your Business. Fast food , Food , Food industry 1524 Words | 4 Pages. by activists, fair trade, is now gaining steam, with increasing awareness and availability across a variety of products. Although, despite the research . movement’s recent popularity and growing support, it is still a relatively small evolution. Online! The value of the Global Fair Movement is still exponentially smaller than that of big name food retailers. For example, researchers roughly estimate the value of the Global Fair Trade movement to be $500 Million as opposed to airplanes Tesco, U.K's largest food retailer, which.

Environment , Fair trade , Fair Trade Certified Mark 844 Words | 3 Pages. ? Food in Your Life Topic Review Complete topic review. Put the answers in a different color. Essay On Erikson's Stages Of Psychosocial! List the 4 key behaviors for paper airplanes wellness. . 1. Essay Of Psychosocial Development! Positive food choices 2. Physically active 3. Managing stress 4. Alcohol/drug free Explain the role of science in food . Science tells you what nutrients do in paper your body and how nutrients work together Explain why people who enjoy their food may absorb more nutrients from it. The brain reacts from the senses (sight and smell). It instructs your mouth. Ecosystem , Flavor , Food 530 Words | 3 Pages. Food Industry We have all heard the essays on religion phrase “What you don’t know won’t hurt you” and it has undoubtedly applied to paper research many situations in our lives . Mark Essays! that we are still unaware of. We like to toss around this phrase without worrying too much about what it implies because that is the whole point of the airplanes phrase, not to worry. Essay Stages Of Psychosocial Development! When it comes to what we are putting into our bodies, though, what we do not know can indeed hurt us immensely. In the United States, we have grown accustomed to not thinking much about.

Food , Health , Local food 1280 Words | 3 Pages. ?Business Enterprise Evaluation Report Is Fair Trade good for the world? Fair Trade is a system of international commerce . based on dialogue, transparency and respect. It is a system that ensures a decent standard of living for everyone involved, from producer to airplanes research consumer. Fair Trade aims to set up trustful partnerships between producers, workers, traders and makes, consumers and in order to achieve fair trading. Original producers live in third world economies where goods are a grown or manufactured. Coffee , Developing country , Fair trade 1403 Words | 6 Pages.

Word Count - 1586 Write an essay (1500 words) on one of the research following: 1. Art Work Essay! Select a food /drink product of paper airplanes, your choice that . is on the Irish market and for freud that product prepare a market analysis that provides information on the following: - Which manufacturer produces the food /drink product and give a company profile? - What is paper innovative about the mark essays product e.g. its package, health benefit, formulation or branding? - How is the product marketed and at what target market is it aimed? - What. Arthur Guinness , Dublin , Guinness 1891 Words | 6 Pages. would like to bring over food that will be cheaper. Airplanes! This will take away from the local people of this region and will hurt there businesses and . local farming. The way this will threats there culture is through the way the meats are made, like with the growth hormones in mark twain essays online the USA foods . In this fight the Americans coming over paper airplanes research, with there food will be cheaper to make and writing online, people will more likely by it. Paper! In this case there is no doubt that this will hurt local and healthier foods and reading a complete man essay, pork with fewer hormones. Food security , German language , Growth hormone 1243 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and paper airplanes research, Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an my english online ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and paper, Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available. Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. ? Foods to avoid: We asked Food Scientists a simple question: “What foods do you avoid?

Experts from different . areas of check, specialty explain why they won’t eat these eight foods . Food scientists are shedding light on items loaded with toxins and chemicals–and simple swaps for paper a cleaner diet and supersized health. Experts from different areas of mark essays online, specialty explain why they won’t eat these eight foods . Clean eating means choosing fruits, vegetables, and meats that are raised, grown, and airplanes, sold with minimal. American Cancer Society , Bovine somatotropin , Cattle 1624 Words | 5 Pages. ?Introduction Fair trade is an organised social movement which is based on art work essay partnership between producers and consumers, with the aim . of providing secure and sustainable livelihoods to suppliers, as well as fulfilling their potential. Airplanes! As an descriptive essay on myrtle alternative approach to free trade which focus on airplanes research establishing an unrestricted trading relationship, the core goal of fair trade is to aid marginalised producers, promote trading conditions and sustainability (Fairtrade International, 2011). The last decade has. Economics , Fair trade , Fairtrade certification 1501 Words | 5 Pages.

?DF/NRB/5227/13 DMA:103 RESERCH METHODS FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA 1)DEVELOPED RESEARCH QUESTIONS a) What is food . insecurity? b) Which parts of reading, Africa has it affected? c) Has the problem been addressed? d) When was it first noted internationally? e) What are the paper research resolutions? 2)OBJECTIVES a) Reasons for food insecurity in Africa b) RESEACH QUESTIONS DEVELOPED RESEACH QUESTIONS DEVELOPED Solving food insecurity in Arica 3)PROBLEM STATEMENT Food is reading man essay a necessity in every living thing. In recent. Africa , African Union , Agriculture 862 Words | 3 Pages. Why Fast food is dangerous Why is fast food dangerous? Some people may ask themselves, but really don’t look at the main . problem. Most people that purchase fast foods are really doing more damage to airplanes themselves than they really know. Fast food restaurants have many effects.

Some effects are that it causes diseases; obesity, diabetes, lethargy, also poor nutrition, constipation, and art work essay, birth problems (complications). Most parents these days feed their children fast foods instead of a well cooked meal. Carbohydrate , Diabetes mellitus , Fast food 1002 Words | 3 Pages. Genetically Modified Foods One World Essay. Genetically Modified Foods One World Essay Did you know that we’ve been eating genetically modified foods for the . past 10 years? It’s in paper airplanes research about 70-75% of our nation’s food . Our food supply has greatly improved. Today we are going to find out what are genetically modified foods . Essay On Myrtle! Genetically modified foods are foods that have been engineered in the laboratory. Airplanes Research! They are improved in mark many ways. Paper Research! In the first part of my speech I will talk about the genetic modification technology in twain online food and agriculture, locating. Biotechnology , DNA , Genetic engineering 898 Words | 3 Pages. Genetically Modified foods Persuasion Essay.

awareness regarding foods containing genetically modified ingredients. One statistic states, “an estimated sixty to seventy percent of airplanes research, . processed foods in grocery stores contain at least one genetically engineered ingredient” (Byrne). Mark Essays! This statistic reveals the prevalence of paper research, these ingredients found in grocery stores, yet the descriptive effects they have on the products Americans consume can be proven very minor. Throughout various studies and airplanes research, research there are countless reasons why labelling these foods can be viewed. Genetic engineering , Genetically modified food , Genetically modified organism 897 Words | 3 Pages. Asian Food Essays and Term Papers. Home › Meats Food in Chinese Culture Email Print More Sharing ServicesShare enlarge image According to K. C. Chang, the editor of . Food in Chinese Culture, few other cultures are as food oriented as the Chinese. by mark essays online K.C. Chang The importance of paper airplanes research, food in understanding human culture lies precisely in its infinite variability--variability that is not essential for species survival. For survival needs, people everywhere could eat the same food , to be measured only in essay on myrtle beach calories, fats, carbohydrates. American Chinese cuisine , Asian cuisine , China 2342 Words | 7 Pages. Ramandeep Singh Mrs.

Vinson October 23, 2012 English 1001 Essay 2 Draft 3 Fast food Obesity is an epidemic that is paper airplanes sweeping . over the United States today. Essay Of Psychosocial Development! It’s affecting both adults and children. With the increase in fast food availability and a decrease in the time most Americans have to prepare nutritious meals at home, it’s obvious why more people are eating at paper, fast food restaurants. Obesity is a growing problem in the United States and more and more children are being affected. But do uneducated. Burger King , Fast food , Fast food restaurant 1131 Words | 3 Pages. Where it all began What is fair trade?

Where did it start? Who started it and why? Believe it or not, fair trade has been . around for a long time. Fair trade is the practice of directly benefiting producers in the developing world by buying straight from them at a guaranteed price. Art Work Essay! ( Most items that we buy are not made in airplanes research the U.S, their made in different countries and most of the time the producers are getting ripped off. Talking about fair trade for today isn’t the vocal. Fair trade , Fair Trade Certified Mark , Fair trade organizations 1623 Words | 5 Pages. In 5 Weeks I Learned About Organic Food And Writing Essays. In 5 Weeks I Learned About Organic Food And Writing Essays Every year I go to reading makes man essay Alabama to visit my grandmother (she passed away . this January, so I won’t be going there anymore) and stay at my grandma’s friend’s farm at their trailer.

This farm has cows, chickens, and paper airplanes, other farm animals. Freud Essays On Religion! Also they have a lot of airplanes, pecan trees. Every morning I would wake up and meet my dad at the chicken coop, and pick 4 eggs to share for eat for online breakfast. Paper Airplanes! These free-range eggs were purple and bigger than conventional. Organic farming , Organic food , Pesticide 1964 Words | 5 Pages. Government Food essay This essay is about the pros and cons on agriculture, milk products, and meats poultry. I . Descriptive On Myrtle Beach! would like to restate my strongest arguments on everything on these subjects. Research! Agriculture is the science or practice of farming. And that’s including cultivation of the soil for the rearing of freud, animals to provide food , wool, and other products.

Agriculture is good for the environment. Since you are making more efficient use of the paper land. You wouldn’t be able to supply the world with food by foraging. Agriculture , Beef , Cattle 420 Words | 2 Pages. 10/12/2014 Ms.

Reed AP Lang Truth or Fallacy? The film, Food , Inc., argues that our food system has been corrupted by . corporate interests; as a result, we are put in art work essay danger by paper airplanes very items that should guarantee our survival. We should reclaim our right to essays on religion health by eating more locally produced organic food and paper research, ensuring all people have access to such food . The film wants the viewers to think negatively of the business of essay of psychosocial, mass production of the foods that we eat on a daily basis. The logical fallacies allow. Argument , Argumentation theory , Attacking Faulty Reasoning 1923 Words | 5 Pages.

The aim of this essay is to discuss about the comment made by airplanes research the Adam Smith Institute (2008) about how ‘The Fair -trade movement . achieves virtually nothing in terms of reducing world poverty’. Fair trade is a standard that is set to support the developing countries exports, it is to improve the workers in a developing country’s working conditions, fair payments which help them towards development and planning of their future that may help poverty. It also helps them to sell products to my english writing developing. Article , Extreme poverty , Fair trade 1751 Words | 5 Pages. Food Habits Assignment The aim of this essay is to try and explain my food choices through three unique surveys . that I have filled in, these being “ Food and diet questionnaire”, “24hour recall questionnaire and a food variety survey”. These surveys will be affected by personal background which includes the paper airplanes following details: Age: 20 Gender: Female Nationality: Australian Postcode: 3125 Living arrangements: Share house with 3 housemates Religion: Christian Study Commitments: Full time university. Dieting , Eating , Food 1863 Words | 5 Pages. Food Inequality between Developed and Developing Countries Introduction These days, any domestic problems tend to be connected with or . caused by reasons coming from outside abroad. Among those globalized issues, one of the essay stages serious issues is the theme of food security.

According to paper airplanes research FAO ( Food and Agriculture Organization), the outlook for the global cereal supply in the 2011/12 marketing season has improved the mark twain essays following positive production. Paper! However, the impact on global food security remains. 2007–2008 world food price crisis , Agriculture , Famine 2308 Words | 6 Pages. ? Food Security Our aim is that all people (regardless of race, religion, gender or age) have access to safe and twain essays online, nutritious . Research! food to maintain a healthy and beach, active life (World Bank, 1986) There are four main components to ensuring food security: 1. Food availability - good agricultural productions and marketing to paper provide enough food in all climates and seasons. Essays On Religion! 2. Paper Airplanes! Food access – having the money to pay for or the ability to acquire the food ; being able to get good… 3. Food use- proper preparation. Famine , Food , Food security 816 Words | 3 Pages. Brain Food or Plain Food Being a college student may not be what it is all cracked up to be in the cinema. Essays On Religion! Juggling things such . as working multiple part time jobs, meeting classwork deadlines, and various other responsibilities creates psychological and sometimes physical stress, ultimately tending to get in paper research the way of one’s nutritional needs. When one does come to on erikson's see that they have been neglecting their body of paper research, nutritional needs, they are faced with an ultimatum.

The choice to be made is whether.