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obama padded resume The Department of Energy (DOE) is a cabinet-level agency that has both important energy- and national security-related missions. DOE’s roots go all the way back to World War II and the Manhattan Project, the on discipline institutions, top-secret program that launched America’s effort to develop and stockpile nuclear weapons. DOE’s predecessor, the quotes homework, Atomic Energy Commission, managed the essay in educational institutions, country’s nuclear weapons complex until the 1970s, when the Energy Department assumed that responsibility upon its creation. Today, Energy officials still oversee the phd thesis presentation, laboratories that were once primarily responsible for creating weapons of mass destruction, along with implementing policies geared toward strengthening the essay in educational institutions, United States’ sources of energy. The DOE carries out paper artist policies ranging from nuclear power to fossil fuels to alternative energy sources. Under the current administration of President Barack Obama, U.S. energy policy has focused primarily on “clean energy” initiatives and essay institutions, technologies, a departure from the policies of proposal former President George W. Bush, whose DOE provided considerable support to nuclear power and oil development, which provoked criticism from environmentalists and those on the left. The federal government’s earliest agencies that delved into essay in educational energy-related policy were those that focused on petroleum and coal.
The Office of jyj music Fossil Energy traces its roots back to the early 20th Century when oil was just beginning to become a much sought after fuel source for the budding automotive industry and for trans-oceanic shipping. But it was during World War II when a powerful new energy source was developed for military purposes that the essay in educational, U.S. government realized it needed to greatly expand its energy policies and investment. In 1942, federal military officials established the Manhattan Project to build the world’s first atomic bombs, which were dropped on phd thesis proposal presentation outline Japan in in educational institutions, 1945. Phd Thesis Presentation? Following the war, Congress debated whether atomic power should be controlled by civilians or the military, eventually deciding on the former by passing the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (pdf). As a result of the act, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was created and took control of the in educational institutions, nuclear weapons complex, a sprawling network of laboratories and facilities that built America’s nuclear weapons stockpile. During the early Cold War years, the marketing, AEC focused on designing and producing nuclear weapons and essay in educational institutions, developing nuclear reactors for naval propulsion. This mission placed greater emphasis on weapons production than concerns over environmental degradation and mba thesis, health hazards produced by nuclear weapons facilities. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (pdf) ended exclusive government use of the atom and in educational institutions, began the growth of the commercial nuclear power, giving the AEC authority to regulate the quotes homework, new industry. In response to changing needs in the mid 1970s, the AEC was abolished and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (pdf) created two new agencies: the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to regulate the nuclear power industry and the Energy Research and Development Administration to in educational institutions, manage the nuclear weapon, naval reactor, and energy-development programs.
However, the extended energy crisis of the 1970s soon demonstrated the need for unified energy organization and planning. The Department of Energy Organization Act brought the federal government's agencies and programs into the term paper artist a single agencythe Department of Energy (DOE), activated on October 1, 1977. The DOE assumed the on discipline, responsibilities of the Federal Energy Administration (pdf), the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Federal Power Commission and parts and programs of several other agencies. The Energy Department provided the quotes homework, framework for a comprehensive national energy plan by coordinating and on discipline in educational, administering the energy functions of the federal government. The DOE undertook responsibility for long-term, high-risk research and development of energy technology, federal power marketing, energy conservation, the mba thesis marketing, nuclear weapons program, energy regulatory programs, and a central energy data collection and analysis program. Over its two-decade history, the essay on discipline institutions, DOE has shifted its emphasis and focus as the needs of the nation have changed and phd thesis proposal, as different administrations have imposed their own priorities. During the late 1970s, the department emphasized energy development and regulation, including early exploration into alternative energy sources.
In the 1980s, nuclear weapons research, development and production took a priority as the Reagan administration sought to expand America’s strategic position vis-à-vis the Soviet Union. The 1980s also witnessed the turning of public opinion against nuclear power following accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. By the beginning of the 1990s, the Cold War was over, leading the essay, department to focus on environmental cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex, nonproliferation and stewardship of the nuclear stockpile, energy efficiency and conservation and essay, technology transfer and industrial competitiveness. Research into nuclear power was greatly curtailed as well. But with the election of George W. Institutions? Bush in 2001, nuclear power gained an important ally, as did the oil industry, which spurred the Energy Department to focus on these two energy sectors. A key development in energy policy during the Bush presidency was the passage of the workplace studies, Energy Policy Act of 2005 (pdf). Within the 500-page law was a broad collection of subsidies for nuclear and on discipline, oil companies, as well as new initiatives designed to develop and workplace case studies, promote a new generation of on discipline institutions nuclear power reactors. With the 2008 election of proposal outline President Barack Obama, “clean energy” was given renewed attention. The passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (pdf) would, announced Obama, “spark the creation of a clean energy economy,” leading to 80% of the country’s electricity coming from clean energy sources by 2035.
Indeed, according to the White House, the act provided for more than $80 billion in tax credits and essay, investments in clean energy and quotes homework, transportation projects. Among those investments were $11 billion for a smart grid, $6.3 billion for state and local energy projects, and $5 billion to make low-income homes more energy efficient. Obama’s energy policy also included extending tax credits for the wind and solar industries, and rolling out an energy security plan that includes expanding U.S. gas and oil exploration, increasing the number of in educational institutions government hybrid vehicles, and raising fuel efficiency standards. His call for new industry regulations in response to climate change threats prompted a predictable reaction from industry and conservative politicians, who charge that such policies would harm the U.S. economy and job growth. The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for advancing the national, economic and energy security of the United States through the implementation of policies regarding nuclear power, fossil fuels, and essay, alternative energy sources. Essay Institutions? The DOE promotes scientific and technological innovation in all of the aforementioned energy sectors and is charged with the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex. One of its key duties is the formulation and implementation of the National Energy Policy. This comprehensive and wide ranging document covers energy challenges facing the case, US (pdf); impacts of high energy prices (pdf); protecting America’s environment (pdf); increasing energy conservation and efficiency (pdf); increasing domestic energy supplies (pdf); increasing America’s use of renewable and alternative energy (pdf); America’s energy infrastructure (pdf); and enhancing national energy security and international relations (pdf). Key DOE offices: Nuclear Power and in educational institutions, Weapons and Their Consequences. The Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) is the lead agency within the DOE charged with promoting and developing nuclear power.
The NE helps spearhead new nuclear energy generation technologies, including plans to develop proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel that can maximize energy from other nuclear fuel. The office also maintains and enhances the national nuclear technology infrastructure and manages research laboratories and radiological facilities. The programs funded by the NE are designed to develop new nuclear reactors that will help diversify the domestic energy supply through public-private partnerships. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is model essay a semi-autonomous agency within the DOE that is responsible for on discipline overseeing the nation’s nuclear weapons complex. Using private contractors to run day-to-day operations, the NNSA manages highly classified research laboratories and nuclear defense facilities that maintain the stockpile of quotes homework nuclear weapons as well as provide the propulsion systems for the U.S.
Navy’s nuclear fleet. Born out of controversy, the NNSA has struggled since its creation in 2000 to institutions, move past the mistakes of the Energy Department that led Congress to establish this new agency. Security failures involving foreign espionage prompted the administration of President Bill Clinton and Congress to reorganize the DOE and entrust the NNSA with the duty of taking care of the nation’s post-Cold War arsenal of nuclear weapons. The agency, however, has repeatedly been criticized for model student its own lapses in security and other blunders. The Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for overseeing the cleanup of the nation’s nuclear weapons complex. Representing a leftover from the Cold War, vast amounts of radioactive and toxic waste and contamination are spread throughout nuclear weapons facilities around the country, requiring long-term efforts involving environmental restoration, waste management, technology development, and land reuse by EM. The agency has succeeded in completing cleanup at 90 nuclear sites and continues its efforts at 17 additional sites located in in educational, 11 states.
Managed by the Office of Environmental Management, the Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund supports the cleanup of some of the nation’s most contaminated areas. The polluted sites are all former production facilities used during the Cold War to conflict case, supply enriched uranium for nuclear warheads and commercial nuclear reactors. Essay On Discipline In Educational? Located in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio, the mba thesis marketing, plants encompass more than 30 million square feet of floor space, miles of interconnecting pipes, and thousands of acres of land that are contaminated with radioactive and hazardous materials. Cleanup of the sites is expected to be completed around 2040 and cost upward of $20 billion. The Office of essay on discipline institutions Legacy Management (LM) picks up where the Office of Environmental Management (EM) leaves off. Once cleanup at former nuclear weapons facilities is completed by the EM, the LM takes over the location to manage any remaining environmental and mba thesis, human issues; it currently manages more than 87 sites located throughout the country. The office is on discipline responsible for managing issues consisting of site monitoring, property management, grants to assist local communities affected by facility closure, records storage and pensions, health care, and life insurance for former workers.
The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) was responsible for disposing of the nation’s civilian and military nuclear waste and spent nuclear fuel. To fulfill this mission, the OCRWM focused its work since its creation in jyj music sales, the early 1980s on one important project: Yucca Mountain. Located in on discipline in educational institutions, southern Nevada, Yucca Mountain was primed to become the phd thesis proposal, nation’s first geologic repository for the long-term burial of nuclear waste that has been piling up around the country for the past six decades. According to the agency, the on discipline, United States had accumulated 53,440 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel from jyj music essay, nuclear reactors by institutions 2005. In addition, military-related activities are expected to produce 22,000 canisters of solid radioactive waste for proposal presentation future disposal. Altogether, experts estimated that 135,000 tons of waste would end up being buried at essay institutions the site. The Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (NWTRB) is an independent federal agency that conducts scientific and technical assessments of the DOE’s activities to dispose of the nation’s commercial spent nuclear fuel and defense high-level radioactive waste. It had evaluated DOE’s technical and scientific work to phd thesis presentation outline, establish Yucca Mountain as the sole repository for nuclear waste, a $15-billion effort that was defunded in institutions, 2009. Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act amendments of 1987, which established the board, the workplace studies, NWTRB has access to draft documents prepared by the DOE and its contractors so that it can conduct its review in “real time,” not after the fact.
Twice a year, the board reports its conclusions and essay, recommendations to student, Congress and to the Secretary of essay on discipline Energy and model, points out concerns from outside parties. On Discipline? It has no regulatory or implementing authority. The board consists of 11 members who are nominated by the National Academy of Sciences on the basis of expertise, which ranges from geochemistry to materials science to hydrology to transportation. Case Studies? Members are then appointed by the president and serve a four-year term. Created in 2006, the Office of Health, Safety and on discipline, Security (HSS) is responsible for overseeing worker safety and security matters at nuclear weapons facilities located across the country. It has been the subject of much controversy since its very beginning when Energy Department leaders decided to conflict case studies, eliminate the previous office handling worker safetythe Office of Environment, Safety and Healthand turn those duties over to the newly formed HSS, which is led by on discipline in educational institutions a longtime security chief.
Critics contended the quotes homework, move was designed to protect large private contractors at the expense of worker safety. Complaints of essay on discipline in educational institutions safety violations at nuclear weapons sites have continued to rise despite the agency’s commitment to proposal presentation, protect workers. The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) is an independent government agency responsible for monitoring and advising DOE’s management of on discipline defense nuclear facilities, some of which today are being dismantled and cleaned up. Under its mandate from Congress, the phd thesis proposal presentation, board is charged with ensuring the implementation of DOE health and safety standards by energy officials and to issue advisory recommendations regarding work at essay in educational facilities. Phd Thesis Proposal Outline? The board also investigates operations or specific problems that arise at on discipline facilities that could adversely impact public health or safety and issues recommendations to address these problems.
The DNFSB publishes unclassified reports with recommendations to correct problems at mba thesis DOE facilities. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) researches and develops alternative fuels and helps promote the use of these fuels. The office is essay concerned with developing cleaner burning fuels, wind, hydro energy, and other renewable energy sources in order to break the dependency the U.S. has on foreign oil and other non-renewable resources. As part of jyj music essay sales its mission, the EERE creates tax incentives for on discipline in educational private businesses to develop new technologies that will assist in the overall goal of creating new and cleaner energy sources. Quotes Homework? According to institutions, the EERE, “clean energy” is defined as energy-efficient technologies and student, practices that use less energy, and alternative power and delivery technologies that produce and transport power and heat more cleanly than conventional sources. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the main research center for developing renewable energy technologies and helping get those technologies into essay in educational the marketplace. The laboratory’s main focus is to analyze and marketing, understand alternative energy technologies and the U.S. electrical grid system support to reduce emissions and dependence on conventional fuels. The NREL’s research focuses on thirteen areas for essay in educational innovation in efficient and jyj music, renewable energies.
It is the principal research facility for the DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and essay on discipline institutions, Renewable Energy, Office of Science and the Office of workplace case studies Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. The NREL also provides technical assistance, energy planning, and in educational, economic development for marketing many organizations and industries in the U.S. The Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs) are four federal agencies responsible for marketing hydropowerprimarily excess power produced by in educational federal dams and projects operated by the Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation. The four federal PMAs, which market and distribute power to 60 million people in 34 states, are required to give preference to public utility districts and cooperatives. Each PMA is a distinct and jyj music sales, self-contained entity within the DOE, much like a wholly owned subsidiary of a corporation, and each is affected by its own unique regional issues and conditions. The four PMAs are the Bonneville Power Administration, Southeastern Power Administration, Southwestern Power Administration and the Western Area Power Administration. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the federal agency responsible for overseeing the electrical, natural gas, and oil industries. It has jurisdiction over state-to-state electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural-gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates. It also reviews and authorizes liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals, pipelines and on discipline, non-federal hydropower projects. The FERC is composed of up to five commissioners appointed by jyj music the president, with no more than three commissioners belonging to the same political party.
Although an independent agency, FERC has proven susceptible to in educational, lobbying and political influence. The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) is in jyj music, charge of overseeing the availability of electricity throughout the on discipline in educational institutions, country. The OE makes sure the U.S. electrical grid is working properly, both now and in the future, as new technologies become available to better provide electrical service to American homes, businesses, and workplace, governments. It funds research and development programs that explore new means of essay on discipline in educational storing and delivering electricity. The office also works to identify any infrastructure problems that could potentially cause large-scale power outages, such as the 2003 blackout that affected the Midwest, Northeast, and parts of Canada. Working with other federal agencies, the OE also prepares for responding to any outages that might stem from terrorist-related attacks on the electric grid. The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) is the the term artist, federal government’s lead office for coal, natural gas, and oil exploration and development.
The office oversees approximately 600 research and development projects ranging from essay on discipline institutions, development of zero-emissions power plants to conflict studies, energy facilities that efficiently transform coal, biomass, and other fuels into commercial products to new technologies that can extract oil from existing fields that currently is unreachable. Essay? The FE is also responsible for managing the country’s underground supply of oil to be used in case of emergencies, known as the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, and running three research labs that conduct fossil energy exploration. The Office of Science (OS) is marketing one of the federal government’s largest distributors of research money for science exploration. As the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences, the office provides more than 40% of essay in educational total funding in mba thesis marketing, this area. It also oversees research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, fusion energy sciences, basic energy sciences, biological and environmental sciences and computational science. In addition, the OS is the federal government’s largest single financial supporter of materials and chemical sciences, and it supports programs involving climate change, geophysics, genomics, life sciences, and science education. The OS operates six interdisciplinary program offices: Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Basic Energy Sciences, Biological and Environmental Research, Fusion Energy Sciences, High Energy Physics, and Nuclear Physics. From the Web Site of the Department of Energy. The Department of Energy (DOE) has spent more than $285.3 billion on essay institutions contractors during this decade, according to paper artist summary, USASpending.gov. More than 14,000 companies and public organizations, including some of the nation’s most prominent universities, defense contractors, and engineering firms, were paid by the department for essay on discipline in educational institutions services that largely dealt with the paper, operating of research labs and nuclear facilities owned by the DOE.
Among defense contractors and on discipline in educational institutions, engineering firms helping the DOE clean up the legacy of nuclear weapons production is Fluor, an mba thesis, international engineering and construction firm, which had a $9.5 billion contract to handle cleanup operations at Fernald, a former uranium processing facility in Ohio, andfrom 1996 to 2008a contract for work at the Hanford plutonium facility, which has been described as the essay on discipline institutions, most dangerous environmental project in student, the country because of the scope of the cleanup. Also performing work at Hanford are construction giants Bechtel (which has a stake in essay on discipline, the Savannah River cleanup) and CH2M Hill, which is handling cleanup work (pdf) through 2015 at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and is involved with work (pdf) at Savannah River. Babcock Wilcox, an engineering energy firm, has a $3.3 billion contract for Savannah River and another contract with Pantex, the nation’s central facility for assembling and dismantling nuclear warheads. Defense contractor Lockheed Martin runs the United States Energy Corporation on behalf of the Department of quotes homework Energy, responsible for the day-to-day operations at the two gaseous diffusion plants (GDPs) being dismantled and cleaned up under the guidance of DOE’s Office of Environmental Management (EM). On Discipline? Lockheed Martin also runs the Sandia National Laboratories for the DOE. Battelle, an international science and technology firm, co-operates the Oak Ridge facility in conjunction with the University of Tennessee. Another prominent higher education stakeholder is the University of model California, which was the sole manager of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in California until 2007. Today, it manages the lab along with a consortium involving Bechtel, Babcock Wilcox, URS Corporation, and Battelle. Los Alamos National Security LLC, consisting of the University of on discipline institutions California system, Bechtel, Babcock Wilcox, and URS Corporation, runs Los Alamos National Laboratory, the original home of the Manhattan Project.
The EM manages a cleanup project at the Nevada National Security Site, the nation’s primary testing ground for nuclear explosions from the 1950s until the proposal presentation, 1990s. The site is managed by essay institutions National Security Technologies LLC, a joint venture involving defense contractor Northrop Grumman, construction corporation AECOM, CH2M Hill, and Babcock Wilcox. The top five types of products or services purchased by the DOE during the past decade, according to USASpending.gov, were operation of government RD facilities ($131,336,945,525), operation of government restoration ($16,513,451,131), operation of jyj music essay other government industrial buildings ($14,722,290,665), operation of essay institutions production buildings ($14,011,786,278), and operation of miscellaneous government buildings ($10,859,115,284). The five largest recipients of the term DOE contracts from 2003-2013 are as follows: 1. Lockheed Martin Corporation $27,085,565,243. 2. Bechtel Group Inc. $24,250,967,897. 3. State of on discipline institutions California $20,595,782,263. 4. URS Corporation $18,944,043,278.
5. Los Alamos National Security LLC $17,353,702,916. DOE Chief Creates Controversy Favoring Fracking. President Barack Obama’s candidate to lead the Department of Energy (DOE) during his second term produced criticism from environmentalists and others opposed to hydraulic fracturing (aka fracking). MIT professor Ernest Moniz was chosen to serve as secretary of energy, replacing Dr. Steven Chu.
Critics of the decision said Moniz represented a threat to Obama’s promise to address the man-made causes of global warming, due to the physicist’s support for fracking. The chemicals used in the process may pollute water, pollute the air, and perhaps even cause earthquakes. “Mr. Moniz is affiliated with the proposal outline, industry-backed MIT Energy Initiative, so we shouldn’t be surprised about essay on discipline, his favorable position on fracking,” Mitch Jones from model, Food Water Watch told Common Dreams. “But President Obama could do a lot better.” For Moniz, fracking was a great development because of its capacity to help expand natural gas drilling, which the professor considered a “clean energy” in comparison to on discipline, greenhouse gas emitters like coal. Critics also pointed out that Moniz was cozy with the “old energy” industry, citing his place on the boards of directors of or as an adviser to several energy and security companies, including enriched-uranium company USEC (2002-2004), BP (2005-2011), and General Electric (since 2006). Backdoor Shipment Planned for Nuclear Waste from Tennessee to Nevada. Political leaders in Nevada objected to a 2013 plan by the DOE to ship old nuclear waste from Tennessee to the state for storage. The DOE wanted to phd thesis, transport 403 canisters containing radioactive waste from on discipline in educational, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to the Nevada National Security Site, where it would be buried in marketing, a desert landfill underneath another layer of radioactive waste. The canisters held old reactor fuel left over on discipline institutions from the World War II-era Manhattan Project.
The DOE deemed the material low-level radioactive waste, which contained fissionable uranium-233. The waste would be 40 times more concentrated than any the site had ever accepted for disposal. Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval objected to mba thesis, the shipment, as did U.S. Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nevada) and Rep. In Educational? Dina Titus (D-Nevada). Part of the problem was a DOE suggestion that part of the route would perhaps even include the Las Vegas Strip. In a letter addressed to Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz, Sandoval wrote that the plan posed a danger to workers and provided a potential source for a “dirty bomb.” The governor also said the proposal failed to address the concerns of local governments and mba thesis marketing, Native American tribes. DOE on the Hook for on discipline institutions Fines if Cleanup Deadlines Aren’t Met. Federal budget cuts in 2013 threatened to slow down cleanup operations at a Cold War-era nuclear facility in South Carolina, prompting state officials to offer their own threat of hefty fines against the agency overseeing the model student, work. The head of South Carolina’s environmental protection agency warned the DOE not to drag its feet on scheduled cleanup operations at the Savannah River Site (SRS), which holds 37 million gallons of high-level, radioactive waste in 49 underground tanks that are 50 or 60 years old.
DOE officials had said that budget cuts might force the agency to delay some of its remediation efforts at SRS. That may mean missing some 30 milestones on the cleanup timetable. But Catherine Templeton, director of the state’s Department of Health and Environmental Control, announced that any delays would result in fines of on discipline institutions $105,000 day. Presentation? That would potentially leave the DOE on the hook for paying $154 million to the state. U.S. Plans to Export Fracking Gas. The controversial drilling method of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) has performed so well in the United States that companies began talking in 2013 of exporting some of their excess supply of natural gas.
But such a move could result in higher gas prices in the U.S., not to mention more fracking operations that threaten to pollute the environment. In Louisiana, Cheniere Energy’s $10-billion Sabine Pass natural gas terminal originally built to import natural gas was being converted to facilitate the shipping of on discipline in educational institutions fracking-produced gas to Great Britain. Initial shipments were scheduled for 2015, with nearly 20 tons of natural gas to model essay, be transported per year. Companies such as Exxon Mobil and Sempra Energy asked the Obama administration for permission to institutions, export as much as 29 billion cubic feet of natural gas a day. These efforts represented a turnaround for the industry. Less than a decade ago, domestic production of the term artist summary natural gas was so low that facilities were being built in U.S. ports to import foreign natural gas. But the fracking revolution produced an abundance of natural gas, causing the price to drop to around $4 per million BTU (British Thermal Unit).
This may be good news for gas companies, but it’s not necessarily good for in educational U.S. consumers or the workplace conflict case studies, environment. Consumer groups and some manufacturers that use natural gas opposes expanded exports, claiming the exports could drive up domestic prices and institutions, make manufacturing more expensive. Meanwhile, many environmental groups opposed the exports because of fears that increased drilling could lead to environmental damage. Drilling companies have paid out large settlements to communities who insist that fracking operations have contaminated their water supplies. There is also evidence of a link between fracking-related injection wells and the onset of earthquakes. The DOE was accused in 2013 of workplace giving preferential treatment to relatives of employees, according to the agency’s inspector general (IG). The IG report said nepotism within the department had become an “open and widely accepted” practice. “Despite the Department’s ethics program and information regarding prohibited personnel practices, advocating for the selection of relatives appears to have become an open and essay on discipline institutions, widely accepted Departmental practice,” the report stated. One senior DOE official who was not identified used his position to contact a dozen DOE members to secure internships for his three college-aged children in 2012. He had also enrolled them in mba thesis, training programs paid for institutions by the DOE. The official also didn’t see anything wrong with what he had done, saying it was commonplace and jyj music sales, that others in the department had acted similarly.
Savannah River Site Fails Security Test. The DOE decided in early 2013 to test the security at essay on discipline in educational institutions a key nuclear weapons facility in South Carolina, and found the protection was far from workplace conflict case, adequate. DOE specialists posing as terrorists carried out a mock assault on the Savannah River Site, which stores large volumes of on discipline in educational institutions nuclear material and reactor waste. Plant security provided by a government contractor failed to prevent the model student essay, “terrorists” from essay, reaching a key part of the facility and gaining access to fake bomb material. Other bad news regarding the testing included a decision by the DOE to halt one exercise because a shift change resulted in mba thesis marketing, workers wandering through the area.
The government also decided to skip some other scenarios due to weather problems. DOE and Pennsylvania Contradictory Fracking Studies. The DOE declared in on discipline, a 2013 report that there was no evidence of hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) chemicals contaminating aquifers in western Pennsylvania. DOE researchers spent a year monitoring underground water supplies. Model Student? They concluded that fluids tagged with unique markers, which were shot into the ground at a depth of more than 8,000, were not spotted within a monitoring zone that was 5,000 feet deep. This meant the potentially harmful chemicals didn’t creep into the area of drinking water supplies, which are normally closer to the surface, at less than 500 feet. The agency said the study was still ongoing, and did not represent a final assessment on the use of fracking or its potential impact on on discipline in educational local environments. About a week after the DOE released its report, news surfaced that another federal agency had sat on evidence of fracking-related water pollution in Pennsylvania. A field office of the phd thesis outline, U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) produced a PowerPoint presentation revealing that EPA on-site staff members in Dimock had informed their Washington superiors that several wells had been contaminated with methane, manganese, and arsenic, and that gas drilling was the essay, likely culprit. The internal assessment contradicted EPA’s official position, released in July 2012, that the quotes homework, drinking water in Dimock was not tainted by natural gas extraction resulting from fracking and that it was safe to drink. Overworked Guard Dogs Put Tennessee Nuclear Facility at essay on discipline in educational institutions Risk. A key nuclear weapons facility operated by the Department of Energy (DOE) was faulted in proposal outline, May 2013 for using tired and poorly trained guard dogs to protect important operations. The DOE’s inspector general said the handling of security canines at essay institutions the Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee needed improvement in order to ensure the protection of the facility and the bomb-grade uranium stored there. “We found that half of the canine teams we observed failed explosive detection tests, many canines failed to respond to at least one of the handler’s commands, and that canines did not receive all required training,” the report stated. The dogs were provided through a contractor, presumably K-9 SOS, working under a five-year deal worth nearly $15 million. The inspector general’s office said there had been claims the contactor had “rigged” proficiency tests for mba thesis the dogs. But it was unable to confirm these accusations.
Auditors did confirm claims that the dogs were overworked and not given enough rest between shifts, especially on hot days. And outside officials that tested the dogs found that half of them couldn’t detect explosives. Y-12 has gotten into trouble before over security problems, including security personnel allegedly cheating on exams and an incident in 2012 when three peace activists breached the site’s perimeter and made it to a key uranium storage area. Security at Nuclear Weapons Sites Lagging. After the essay on discipline in educational, 9/11 attacks, the jyj music sales, DOE changed its procedures and protocol for how the department prepares for a potential terrorist attack against the nation’s nuclear weapons facilities. In 2003, 2005, and 2006, Energy officials kept revising the “design basis threat” plan to essay in educational, better prepare for attacks. By July 2006, DOE had spent more than $420 million in an “aggressive” attempt to toughen security by giving security officers armored vehicles and large-caliber weapons. Mba Thesis Marketing? That same year, the essay on discipline institutions, DOE promised Congress that six of its 11 nuclear weapons sites would have upgraded security by 2008. By the fall of 2007, the department was nowhere near meeting this deadline, according to a report by the Government Accountability Office. Five of the six sites were still far from being ready to model student essay, withstand a terrorist attack as defined by the design basis threat.
The DOE said it had put off work because of plans to consolidate plutonium at many of the sites into centralized locations. Rep. Edward J. Markey (D-Massachusetts) at that time blasted the DOE for falling behind in its security preparations. “The department seems to in educational, think that the terrorist threat to its nuclear facilities is quotes homework no more serious than a Halloween prank, as evidenced by its failuremore than six years after the 9/11 attacksto do what it must to keep our stores of nuclear-weapons-grade materials secure,” Markey said in in educational, a statement. Government auditors faulted the DOE and its National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in 2012 for failing to inform law enforcement about cyberattacks targeting government computers, including those at nuclear weapons laboratories. The Term? The DOE’s inspector general said the lack of transparency in the department and the NNSA hindered investigations of about 2,300 cybersecurity incidents that took place between October 2009 and March 2012. The IG uncovered 223 incidents at DOE sites, of which 41% were not reported within established time frames. Joshua McConaha, an NNSA spokesman, told Mother Jones that the cybersecurity incidents not involving identity theft “were normal computer issues such as viruses” that occur “on a regular basis.” In fact, the agency asked to increase its cybersecurity budget by about $30 million in 2013, saying that the true number of attacks by institutions hackers of all kinds, including automated bots trolling for vulnerabilities, may reach millions each day.
Security has been an issue for years at the Y-12 Oak Ridge nuclear plant in quotes homework, Tennessee. In 2008, seven security guards were caught sleeping on the job. Four years later at the site, security was breached when three activists, including an 82-year-old nun, cut through four perimeter fences and made their way to the wall of the building where highly enriched uranium is stored. The incident prompted a government and industry-wide re-examination of security measures. Additional scandals have plagued the Tennessee plant, including discoveries that security personnel were caught cheating on essay in educational institutions exams, and that guard dogs were allowed insufficient rest and given improper training.
In 2013, DOE’s Office of Health, Safety and model student, Security (HSS) performed security tests at all facilities that house bomb-grade nuclear material. The test at the Savannah River complex failed to protect the materials, and two other tests were halted due to essay on discipline institutions, weather and a worker shift change. Obama Administration Invested Billions in model student, Companies Supported by essay on discipline in educational Energy Dept. Insiders. The Department of Energy (DOE) under President Barack Obama was accused of funneling billions of dollars in funding to companies that had connections within DOE.
An investigation by The Washington Post found that the Energy Department had approved nearly $4 billion in federal grants and financing to 21 companies supported by firms with connections to five Obama administration staffers and the term summary, advisers. Of this amount, $2.46 billion flowed to nine businesses with ties to VantagePoint Venture Partners, a venture capital firm where Sanjay Wagle, a DOE adviser, worked before coming to Washington. The other four officials identified by the Post include Assistant Secretary David Sandalow, who previously worked for Good Energies, a company that received $737 million from the Energy Department; and Steve Westly, a longtime Silicon Valley entrepreneur who raised more than $1 million for the Obama campaigns in 2008 and 2012 and became a member of essay on discipline then-Energy Secretary Steven Chu’s advisory board. The Westly Group took in essay, $600 million in federal financing. The Obama administration said that the Energy Department employees and advisers took no part in grant-making decisions, which would mean that these business windfalls were just happy coincidences. Lawsuit Reveals Deficiencies. The NNSA released Performance Evaluation Reports (PER) three years after they were completed, long after decisions were made to renew lucrative contracts with private companies and long after the essay on discipline in educational institutions, opportunity for oversight or input from the studies, public. Nuclear Watch New Mexico forced the NNSA to publish the reports after suing the agency.
As reported in a 2011 PER, the company handling work at Los Alamos National LaboratoryLos Alamos National Security LLCdid not “effectively manage” efforts in support of “NNSA strategic objectives,” a reference to the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement-Nuclear Facility, a project plagued by overspending in the billions of in educational dollars. The 2012 PER described a situation in which onsite NNSA personnel suggested that Los Alamos National Security’s contract not be extended, but Neile Miller, the NNSA official in charge of awards, overrode the jyj music, decision and the company was given a waiver extending its contract through 2018. Leasing Land for Uranium and Mining Continues. The U.S. On Discipline In Educational Institutions? DOE decided in spring 2013 to resume leasing federal land for uranium exploration and paper, mining, which environmentalists opposed. DOE’s Office of Legacy Management (LM) released a draft environmental impact statement for essay in educational the program that concluded continuing with leasing was the best option.
The draft report said that of several choices, ranging from scrapping the leasing program to leaving it in limbo, leaving it in limbo would have the greatest impact on the environment. “It is assumed that there would be a total of 19 mines operating at various production rates at the same time,” during what might be considered a peak year of operations, the phd thesis proposal presentation outline, draft stated. On Discipline In Educational Institutions? The DOE has 29 leased tracts of presentation outline land in three Colorado counties alone. Not waiting for the DOE report, Energy Fuels Resources, with mining operations in Colorado, tried to restart work at a uranium mine about six miles from the Grand Canyon by essay going through the U.S. Forest Service. That prompted the model student essay, Sierra Club, the Center for Biological Diversity, Grand Canyon Trust, and essay institutions, the Havasupai Tribe to file lawsuits against the Forest Service to the term paper, stop the on discipline in educational institutions, company from resuming uranium-mining operations at Arizona’s Canyon Mine. In 2012, the Department of the marketing, Interior had imposed a 20-year ban on uranium mining on federal lands. But Energy Fuel Resources claimed its operation had been grandfathered in essay in educational, and should be allowed to continue with its restart. The company lost that legal battle when a federal judge rejected its argument that the ban should be overturned, ruling that Interior had the authority to protect the the term paper artist summary, Grand Canyon’s watershed. U.S.
Unprepared for Nuclear Disaster. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) admitted in a 2010 confidential report that the United States was ill prepared to deal with a significant release of radiation. That report, released on the heels of Japan’s Fukushima nuclear crisis in 2011, raised serious concerns about the lack of attention government officials had given to radiation threats, whether it stemmed from a terrorist attack (such as a “dirty bomb”) or a natural disaster impacting a power plant. The DHS study found that the health system “can only handle a few radiation injuries at any one time” and essay on discipline institutions, that “there is no strategy for notifying the public in studies, real time of recommendations on shelter or evacuation priorities.” Compounding the lack of preparation was the fact that the federal government two years earlier ceased stockpiling potassium iodide, the best-known agent to counter radioactive iodine-induced thyroid cancer in essay on discipline in educational institutions, young people. In 2013, the Government Accountability Office released a report warning that in the event of an accident at a nuclear plant, panicking residents from essay sales, outside the official evacuation zone around it might jam the roads and prevent others from escaping.
The report challenged a three-decade-old fundamental of emergency planning around American nuclear power plants: that preparations for essay on discipline in educational institutions evacuation should focus on people who live within 10 miles of the quotes homework, site. DOE Forgettable as a Department to Eliminatefor 2012 Candidate Rick Perry. The DOE, like it or not, became party to essay institutions, one of the biggest political gaffes of the 2012 Republican presidential primary competition. In a debate between GOP challengers, Texas Governor Rick Perry explained how he would eliminate three federal departments if elected president. But Perry only got as far as naming two of them, then drew a blank on live television when trying to name the third. “It’s three agencies of model essay government when I get there that are goneCommerce, Education and essay, the um, what’s the third one there? Let’s see. . . . Commerce, Education and the um, um,” Perry said. Mitt Romney, standing nearby on stage, offered the Environmental Protection Agency as a suggestion.
At first, Perry jumped at the life preserver Romney tossed him“EPA, there you go,” he said. But then, the Texas governor quickly backtracked, saying the EPA should be reorganized, not eliminated. The debate moderator prompted Perry again to name the model essay, third agency. But he couldn’t, and ended with an, “Oops.” It wasn’t until 15 minutes later, long after the candidates had moved on to other subjects, that it finally hit him. “By the on discipline, way, it was the Department of Energy I was talking about,” Perry blurted. Following the student, conclusion of the debate, Perry told reporters he really “stepped in on discipline in educational, it” by forgetting the DOE.
“Speaking of boots, I’m glad I had my boots on tonight because I sure stepped in it out conflict studies there,” Perry joked. “I stepped in on discipline institutions, it. Man, yeah it was embarrassing. Quotes Homework? Of course it was.” Los Alamos Loses Computers. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the nation’s leading nuclear weapons research facility, suffered numerous security problems over the years, from missing computers to vulnerability to cyberattacks. In November 2002, investigators discovered the laboratory could not account for $2.7 million in on discipline institutions, computers and equipment as well as thousands of dollars in questionable credit card transactions (including a Mustang, jewelry, and casino cash advances). As a result of the model essay, problems, director John Browne resigned in January 2003. That same year, it was reported LANL had problems with exposure to and handling of radioactive materials, including piping contaminated with plutonium. In 2004, the laboratory suspended all lab activities while scientists and engineers searched for two missing computer disks containing nuclear secrets. Then, five years later, LANL officials feared they had lost 2.2 pounds of plutonium.
A review of records revealed that statisticians at the lab had miscalculated the amount of plutonium at its facility and essay on discipline in educational, that none was actually missing. In 2013, experts said the lab was still vulnerable to cyberattacks, despite steps taken to make LANL’s computer systems more secure. Within the Hanford Nuclear Reservation along the Columbia River in phd thesis proposal presentation outline, Washington State, six underground storage tanks were found to be leaking radioactive waste in 2013. Some of the tanks held as much as 500,000-750,000 gallons of dangerous fluid that was slowing seeping into the soil. State and federal officials said the leaks didn’t pose an immediate threat to human health, since the tanks were located more than five miles from the Columbia River. The newly discovered problem only added to the soil contamination at Hanford, which was used for five decades to produce plutonium for the U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal. There were nearly 150 tanks, similar in size and design, to the six spilling radioactive liquid and sludge at the site. Four of the in educational institutions, six tanks had leaked in the past and were supposed to have been stabilized in proposal presentation, 2005. In Educational? The news led the workplace conflict case, state’s governor, Jay Inslee, to wonder about the “integrity” of the essay in educational, other tanks.
The DOE reported that the tanks were leaking at a rate of up to 300 gallons per year. With a total area comparable to the size of Los Angeles, Hanford was considered by experts to be the most challenging environmental remediation in North America. The nuclear site was built near the city of Hanford in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project, the student essay, secret U.S. Essay? government research program that produced the first atomic bombs. Federal environmental regulators estimated the site contained more than 130 million cubic yards of radioactive soil, thanks in large part to the dumping of 475 billion gallons of contaminated wastewater into model student the ground during the Cold War. Later that same year, it was reported that the in educational, contractor hired to clean the the term, leaking tanks had admitted to committing fraud. The company, CH2M Hill Hanford Group Inc. Essay In Educational? (CHG), confessed that its workers padded their time cards, with the company’s blessing, for years from 1999-2008, thus defrauding the government. CHG’s parent company, CH2M Hill Companies Ltd., agreed to pay $18.5 million for student essay the wrongdoing, and on discipline, commit another $500,000 toward improving the subsidiary’s accountability systems. New Mexico Questions Taking Hanford Nuclear Waste.
The DOE hoped in 2013 to move 3.1 million gallons of radioactive waste from its Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington state to phd thesis outline, a waste disposal facility in New Mexico. But political leaders in New Mexico as well as environmental groups objected to the plan and called for on discipline in educational institutions public hearings into workplace conflict the matter. The outcry resulted in New Mexico officials declining DOE’s request for quick approval of the proposal to transfer the radioactive waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad. Instead, the New Mexico Environment Department planned to hold public hearings before any decisions were made. U.S.
Senator Tom Udall (D-New Mexico) said WIPP specifically prohibited waste from Hanford. He added that any proposal to modify permit language in this case would need “strong justification and essay in educational, public input.” U.S. Marketing? Nuclear Reactors Have Unfixable Problems. The former chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) warned in April 2013 that the United States had a serious problem with every one of its nuclear reactors, requiring that they be replaced or shut down. The issue raised by Dr.
Gregory B. Jaczko echoed those expressed by anti-nuclear groups. But it was unusual for an ex-NRC chairman to raise such alarm impacting all 104 nuclear reactors in the country. Jaczko said the safety problems couldn’t be fixed, which means either replacing the essay on discipline in educational, reactors or closing them down permanently. Indeed, by July four U.S. nuclear plants had been taken offline. While speaking before the Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference in Washington, Jaczko admitted it would not be practical to close down all the plants at once. A gradual phase out would instead make sense, he added, saying he does not support extending the life of reactorsmany of which already are operating long past their original expiration. When asked why he spoke out after his stint at the NRC, Jaczko said: “I was just thinking about the issues more, and watching as the industry and the regulators and the whole nuclear safety community continues to try to figure out proposal presentation outline how to address these very, very difficult problems,” he said, according to Matthew Wald writing for The New York Times . Those troubles became more evident to Jaczko after the on discipline in educational institutions, 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, “Continuing to put Band-Aid on Band-Aid is jyj music not going to fix the problem.”
Jaczko resigned from the NRC in the summer of 2012 following months of conflict with his commission colleagues. He was often in the minority as he voted for on discipline in educational institutions more stringent safety regulations, earning him distrust within the nuclear industry. Y-12 Nuclear Lab Vandalized. Three peace activists, including an elderly Roman Catholic nun, trespassed onto a leading nuclear weapons facility in the summer of 2012, embarrassing the NNSA, which is charged with managing the facility. On July 28, 2012, Sister Megan Rice, 82, Greg Boertje-Obed, 57, and Michael Walli, 63, entered the sprawling grounds of the Oak Ridge Y-12 nuclear weapons production facility in Tennessee. The three activists managed to cut through not one, not two, not three, but four fences and reach the student essay, uranium enrichment facility on in educational institutions foot before one of the plant’s security guards, Kirk Garland, finally detected the unlawful entry and model student, arrested them. Garland was subsequently fired. The government pays $1.2 billion for security at Oak Ridge every year. Essay? WSI Oak Ridge is jyj music essay a subsidiary of the international security firm G4S, which was taken to task for on discipline failing to provide enough security personnel for the London Olympic Games in 2012. Rice, Boertje-Obed, and Walli were not armed. They carried Bibles, peace banners, flowers, and spray paint, which was used to put up peace messages.
A couple days after their apprehension, the three were arraigned in court and charged with federal trespassing, which is quotes homework a misdemeanor that carries a penalty of on discipline up to one year in the term artist, jail. Their feat raised serious questions about the NNSA’s ability to protect such an important facility. The agency’s IG subsequently investigated security operations at Y-12 and found “multiple system failures on several levels.” The IG also said the breach by the three activists should serve as a “wake-up” call for the Energy Department to do something about essay on discipline in educational, improving the security at the uranium facility. In the months after the incident, the Obama administration decided to elevate the charges against Rice and the others. The defendants went from facing upward of proposal outline a year in prison to in educational institutions, six years, then 16 years, and finally 30 years. Workplace Conflict Case Studies? Eventually the Justice Department charged them with “aiding and abetting each other, with intent to essay, injure, interfere with, and obstruct the national defense of the United States” and that they “did willfully injure, destroy and contaminate, and attempt to injure, destroy and studies, contaminate national-defense premises, specifically, buildings and grounds of the Y-12 National Security Complex.” In May 2013, the activists were tried and convicted on two counts: sabotaging the plant and essay in educational institutions, damaging federal property. Their sentencing hearing was scheduled for the term paper summary September. Pipeline Through New Jersey. Environmentalists and local residents of New Jersey were disappointed in essay on discipline in educational institutions, 2012 when the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved the paper artist, Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company’s (Transco) Northeast Supply Link project.
The so-called Stanton Loop pipeline would add 6.64 miles of pipe running through private properties and across residential streets in Clinton, Union, and essay, Franklin townships. It also would travel under Route 31, cut through the Highlands region at South Branch Reservation along the Raritan River and Cramer’s Creek Park in model student, Clinton Township and on discipline institutions, go underneath the Raritan River, which supplies drinking water to a million people. Leaders of Clinton Township passed a resolution opposing the quotes homework, project and urging the FERC to essay in educational institutions, reconsider its position. The Sierra Club, along with other environmental groups, opposed the project, saying it would threaten the Highlands region as well as public health and safety. Yet work on the pipeline extension began in 2013. In May, a gas ignition and essay, minor explosion injured 13 workers constructing a section of the institutions, pipeline. Artist Summary? Two workers were seriously hurt and hospitalized. The incident had locals concerned about the possibility of another such occurrence, despite the company’s assurance that safety was its top priority. The FERC suspended the electric market-based rate authority of J.P. Morgan Ventures Energy Corp. in November 2012 for submitting false information to the Commission.
The suspension banned J.P. Essay On Discipline? Morgan Ventures from selling power at quotes homework market-based rates for six months effective April 1, 2013. FERC officials said J.P. Morgan Ventures made factual misrepresentations and omitted material information over the course of several months of institutions communications with the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) and in filings to the FERC in connection with requests for information involving bidding activities in the California market. JPMorgan previously denied manipulating the market and quotes homework, said it had committed an “inadvertent factual error in papers related to discovery and promptly informed the on discipline in educational, commission of essay this mistake.”
FERC became involved after CAISO, which runs the state’s electrical transmission grid, complained in 2011 about the essay in educational, banking giant. It was taking advantage of phd thesis outline loopholes in trading rules. CAISO ultimately claimed that JPMorgan had gamed California’s energy market to the tune of $73 million. FERC Takes on Wall Street. The FERC decided under the Obama administration to go after big players on Wall Street after determining they had manipulated energy prices. FERC regulators, expanding their focus on energy traders in the aftermath of the Enron scandal, targeted JPMorgan Chase, Deutsche Bank, and Barclays.
In the case of Barclays, the Commission demanded the British bank pay $470 million in fines for illegal trades, which the FERC called a manipulative scheme, involving energy stocks. JPMorgan Chase was pursued over potential manipulation of energy markets in on discipline in educational institutions, California and the Midwest. FERC Takes Aim at Wall Street (by Ben Protess and Michael De La Merced, New York Times) Proposal to jyj music essay, Remove Nuclear Weapons Oversight from DOE. Representative Michael Turner (R-Ohio), chairman of the House Armed Services Strategic Forces Subcommittee, proposed in 2012 to remove the essay on discipline in educational, DOE oversight authority of the nation’s nuclear weapons complex, which is essay managed by the NNSA. Turner proposed that the NNSA take on these duties. Turner claimed the DOE’s regulation and oversight of the essay on discipline in educational, nuclear weapons complex was problematic and marketing, caused both delays and overruns associated with various NNSA projects.
The Obama administration objected to Turner’s proposal, saying the change might result in lax security at NNSA sites. In addition, some lawmakers rejected the idea, including the Republican and Democratic leaders on the House Energy and essay in educational, Commerce Committee, which also has jurisdiction over presentation NNSA activities. Obama Redirects Some Energy Funds to essay institutions, the Pentagon. In the wake of the studies, Solyndra controversy, the Obama administration sought to keep renewable energy initiatives going by pursuing them in the Department of on discipline in educational Defensea move that irked some conservatives. President Barack Obama’s fiscal 2013 budget plan didn’t include big increases for wind and solar power through the Department of Energy, which was still smarting from the $535 million loan guarantee default by Solyndra, a manufacturer of solar panels and hardware. So, officials sought increases in spending on alternative energy in the Defense Department, such as programs to replace traditional jet fuel with biofuels, supply troops on the front lines with solar-powered electronic equipment, build hybrid-engine tanks and aircraft carriers, and increase renewable-energy use on military bases. Republicans in Congress weren’t pleased with the idea, claiming the Pentagon’s efforts to move to renewable energy were more about politics than they were about saving lives and boosting security. “Obama is hiding new renewable energy bets at the Pentagon, charging our Defense Department with major investments in ‘low-emissions economic development’ while cutting their budget by $5.1 billion,” Catrina Rorke wrote in proposal presentation, a blog post for American Action Forum. On Discipline In Educational? The director of energy policy at the center-right organization continued, “New energy spending is new energy spending, no matter where it happens.” Cleanup Safety Risks Underplayed. The cleanup project at the Hanford nuclear fuel factory in Washington state became embroiled in jyj music essay sales, controversy in on discipline, 2011 when Bechtel National Inc., the company in charge of the operation, was accused of proposal presentation outline underplaying safety risks at the toxic site.
A federal engineering review team found in late July that Bechtel’s safety evaluation of key equipment at the plant was incomplete and that risks were more serious than Bechtel acknowledged when it sought approval to continue with construction. The Department of essay in educational Energy, which oversees Hanford, asserted that Bechtel failed to do its job properly while implementing the tasks of removing radioactive soil and workplace, man-made materials. Some workers turned into whistleblowers to draw attention to scientific assessments that had been dismissed and managers who had allegedly abused their power. Bechtel also was accused of rushing procedures in order to get paid quicker. The following year, a local watchdog organization, Hanford Challenge, released a DOE memo urging the termination of the essay in educational institutions, key duties of Bechtel. The document reportedly listed numerous problems with Bechtel’s work and questioned whether it should continue its role at Hanford. Once a cornerstone of America’s nuclear weapons production, Hanford has become a colossal cleanup project that has dragged on for decades, costing billions of quotes homework dollars (at least 250% over on discipline institutions budget) and sparking controversy between the federal government and the company in phd thesis presentation, charge of the reclamation. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimated that the Hanford site contains more than 130 million cubic yards of radioactive soil, thanks in large part to the dumping of 475 billion gallons of essay on discipline institutions contaminated wastewater into the ground during the Cold War. Republicans Go on the Warpath Against Clean Energy. Following the controversy over the Solyndra loan from the quotes homework, U.S.
Department of essay on discipline institutions Energy, Republicans in the U.S. House and on the presidential trail went after the Obama administration’s clean energy initiatives, calling for phd thesis presentation outline budget reductions and program eliminations. In June 2012, House Republicans adopted 13 provisions designed to cut off Energy Department financing for existing clean energy and efficiency programs. It was pointed out in the media that more than half of the programs targeted by GOP were started under President George W. Bush, and some even earlier than that. They ranged from on discipline in educational, wind technology supports to mandates for zero-carbon buildings, LED light bulbs, and electric golf carts. GOP presidential candidate Mitt Romney falsely claimed “about half” of the jyj music, clean-energy companies that received government-backed loans “have gone out of business.” The remark echoed the failure of Solyndra, maker of essay on discipline in educational solar panels and other hardware, which received a $535 million loan guarantee from the Energy Department. It was highly touted by the Obama administration as an example of artist summary clean technology that the government should support. However, the company wound up going bankrupt, setting off accusations that the Energy Department ignored warning signs at essay institutions Solyndra before approving the loan guarantee. Hydraulic fracturing might not have become so successful for industry if it wasn’t for help from the DOE. Gas companies and free-marketers have claimed hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, developed into a moneymaking opportunity without government interference.
But some who pioneered the drilling technique admit that if it weren’t for Congress and the DOE, the business wouldn’t be where it is essay sales today. “I’m conservative as hell,” Dan Steward, the former Mitchell Energy geologist whose company pioneered shale gas in Texas, told The Breakthrough Institute in 2011. Essay? “They [the government] did a hell of a lot of work, and I can’t give them enough credit for that. [The Department of Energy] started it, and other people took the ball and ran with it. You cannot diminish DOE’s involvement.” Washington contributed more than $100 million in student, research to develop fracking, as well as billions of dollars more in tax breaks. The DOE began funding research into fracking and horizontal drilling in 1975, and five years later, lawmakers approved an important tax break to encourage “unconventional” natural gas drilling. Among the most important government contributions, in what is called “advocacy-based science,” was the development by government scientists of micro-seismic (3D) mapping, which is known in the industry as “frack mapping.” Noncompetition for Site Cleanup Contracts. Nearly half of the $16 billion in contracts awarded by essay institutions the federal government in President Barack Obama’s first year in office were noncompetitive, non-fixed-price deals.
A spokesman for the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) said $7.8 billion was awarded without bidding and specified price because many of paper these contracts were from the Department of Energy for environmental management and clean up. For instance, $1.27 billion was given to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions LLC to clean up the former uranium production site in South Carolina for nuclear weapons. CH2M Hill received $1.06 billion for its work helping clean up the shuttered Hanford plutonium factory in Washington. The OMB was later able to report that contracts awarded without competition dropped 10% during the first half of on discipline in educational institutions fiscal year 2010, compared to the same period in 2009. Case Studies? Awards of contracts that generated only one bid also dropped, but by just 2%. Worldwide, Fossil Fuel Wins Out over Renewable Energy in Subsidies. The gas and oil industry as of 2010 received considerably more subsidies from the world’s governments than those provided to renewable energy sources.
A report from the International Energy Agency showed nations spent $409 billion on subsidizing the production and consumption of fossil fuels, while solar, wind, and biofuels received only $66 billion. Coal companies alone outpaced alternative energy providers, enjoying $91 billion in essay, subsidies. Quotes Homework? Big Oil received $193 billion in essay institutions, government support. Biofuel endeavors took in $22 billion, while renewable electricity sources received $44 billion. The report noted that in the United States “Fossil fuels make up about 85% of U.S. primary energy supply, a relatively high share by OECD standards. Oil is the paper summary, leading fuel, accounting for on discipline institutions 37% of supply, followed by natural gas (25%) and coal (22%). Nuclear power contributes a further 1%, with renewablesmainly biomassmaking up the remaining 5%. . . Jyj Music Sales? . Oil and gas production is fully in the hands of private enterprises, even though about four-fifths of the country’s recoverable resources are on federal land or in federally controlled offshore waters.” Fiscal Cliff Causes Controversy for Nuclear Arsenal. When Republicans in Congress and President Barack Obama averted the so-called “fiscal cliff” at the end of essay institutions 2012, a provision was hidden within the legislation that impacted the quotes homework, status of nuclear arms reductions between the U.S. and Russia.
The controversy began when House Republicans added language to another bill, the essay on discipline, 2013 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which could “impede the fulfillment of future U.S. obligations agreed” to the New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) agreement, according to the White House. The NDAA section in question required that, before carrying out proposal “any reduction to the number of strategic delivery systems,” such as required under New START, the President had to on discipline in educational institutions, certify “ that the Russian Federation is in compliance with its arms control obligations with the United States and is not engaged in quotes homework, activity in essay on discipline in educational, violation of, or inconsistent with, such obligations [italics added].” Obama objected to the word “that,” and mba thesis, so lawmakers included an amendment in the fiscal-cliff bill that changed the wording in the NDAA to “whether.” Now, Obama needed to only certify “whether” Russia was in essay, compliance with the New START. Phd Thesis Proposal? The difference was “that” presumed Russia was in compliance and “whether” would give Obama more latitude in conducting diplomacy. Tom Z. Collina and Daryl G. Kimball at the Arms Control Association wrote that “this is as it should be.
The last thing we should do is to take a successful treaty like New STARTwhich is verifiably reducing Russian nuclear arms that would otherwise be aimed at the United Statesand hold it hostage to longstanding disagreements with Russia on other issues.” New START Almost Goes Over the Cliff (by Tom Z. Collina and Daryl G. Kimball, Arms Control Association) Nonexplosive Nuclear Tests Cause Controversy. The NNSA secretly tested the survivability of warhead plutonium several times during the Obama administration, provoking complaints from on discipline in educational institutions, anti-nuclear groups in Japan. Using what’s called a “Z Machine,” NNSA scientists exposed a plutonium cache to mba thesis, an intense bombardment of X-rays, in an effort to essay, mimic the fusion reactions of nuclear warheads. Workplace? The test allows for the study of plutonium reactions under high pressure and heat levels similar to those occurring from essay in educational, a detonated nuclear bomb, according to the NNSA. Following Z tests conducted in June and August 2012, two Japanese Hiroshima-based organizations publicly criticized the workplace studies, agency and the U.S. Essay In Educational Institutions? government. The Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum said the test was on proposal outline par with that of an actual nuclear weapons testsomething the essay institutions, U.S. has vowed to marketing, no longer conduct. Another nonprofit, the Mayors for Peace, representing 5,400 cities, said in a letter that the tests demonstrated a total lack of U.S. interest in nuclear abolition and the intention of the U.S. to essay on discipline institutions, “cling to its nuclear stockpile.” Government auditors faulted the quotes homework, Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in 2012 for failing to inform law enforcement about cyberattacks targeting government computers, including those at on discipline in educational nuclear weapons laboratories.
The DOE’s inspector general said the lack of transparency by mba thesis marketing DOE and NNSA hindered investigations of essay on discipline institutions about 2,300 cybersecurity incidents that took place between October 2009 and March 2012. The failure to provide timely reporting put DOE’s “information systems and networks at increased risk,” according to the IG’s report. The IG uncovered 223 incidents at DOE sites, of which 41% were not reported within established time frames. Joshua McConaha, an NNSA spokesman, told Mother Jones that the cybersecurity incidents not involving identity theft “were normal computer issues such as viruses” that occur “on a regular basis.” In fact, the agency asked to marketing, increase its cybersecurity budget by about $30 million in 2013, saying that the true number of attacks by hackers of all kinds, including automated bots trolling for in educational institutions vulnerabilities, may reach millions each day. Global Security Newswire)
Number of New York Gas Leaks and Explosions Explodes. Natural gas pipeline leaks and explosions in New York City increased dramatically in 2011, increasing by 400% compared to the previous year, according to documents obtained by NaturalGasWatch.org. The public advocacy group reported that the number of serious or significant gas pipeline incidents jumped from two in 2010 to eight in 2011. The total for 2011 accounted for nearly half of the distribution pipeline incidents that occurred statewide. All of the 2011 incidents occurred in pipelines operated by conflict the Consolidated Edison Co. of New York. Federal records indicated the number of natural gas pipeline incidents that occurred in New York transmission pipelines doubled in total, from three incidents in 2010 to six incidents in 2011, and the number of incidents related to distribution pipelines more than tripled, from five in 2010 to 18 in 2011.
The natural gas watchdog estimates that hundreds of miles of the 5,000 miles of pipeline running under New York City are cast-iron pipes that are at essay on discipline in educational least 100 years old. Office of Science Involved in Scientific Misconduct. The DOE’s Office of Science was swept up in phd thesis, controversy when details from an unpublished report emerged in 2011 alleging researchers at a national laboratory were accused of scientific misconduct. The allegations first surfaced in 2006 after an anonymous peer reviewer accused a research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in essay on discipline, Tennessee of fabricating data in two manuscripts: a then-current submission to quotes homework, Nature Physics , which had not been published, and a paper that had been published in on discipline institutions, 1993 by the magazine Nature . The ORNL group was headed by Stephen Pennycook, an electron microscopist who produced a landmark paper on marketing atomic-scale imaging. Pennycook, a pioneer of such techniques, had been pushing the limits of spatial resolution in electron microscopy to solve problems in a variety of research areas, including materials sciences, nanotechnology, and condensed-matter physics. That same year, Republican lawmakers challenged the in educational institutions, Obama administration’s science czar over what they claimed were repeat incidents of “scientific misconduct” among agencies. In a letter to John Holdren, director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, the GOP lawmakers, concerned that there was a trend developing, cited other controversies in the term paper summary, recent years in which scientific findings were questioned or misinterpreted, covering topics ranging from a deepwater drilling moratorium to formaldehyde. FERC Chief Says No New Coal or Nuclear Plants. Jon Wellinghoff, chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), shocked many in the energy industry, and the Obama administration, when he remarked in 2009 that no new nuclear or coal plants might be needed in the United States.
“We may not need any, ever,” Wellinghoff told reporters at a U.S. Energy Association forum. The FERC chairman’s comments conflicted with those of the administration, which has tried to balance renewable and fossil energies as a policy. Essay On Discipline In Educational? The Obama administration had been hoping for studies a rebirth of essay on discipline nuclear power based on workplace conflict case safer, progressive designs. Wellinghoff claimed renewables like wind, solar, and biomass would provide enough energy to meet capacity and future energy demands. The problem with nuclear and coal plants, he said, was they were too expensive to keep investing in. Revis James of the Electric Power Research Institute pointed out that rushing into renewables could cause reliability issues without sufficient baseload capacity. Try Energy Efficiency before Renewable Energy.
Much of the institutions, alternative energy debate has focused so much on investing in renewable sources that people have lost sight of the importance of energy efficiency. In 2009, Jacob Arlein at Clean Techies makes the point that before homeowners and studies, entrepreneurs jump into renewable energy, they first should make sure their homes and businesses are running efficiently as far as energy consumption is concerned. “If your building wastes energy, you should prioritize improving this aspect and use the on discipline, money that you had set aside for a renewable project to accomplish the task,” Arlein wrote. After collecting enough savings from efficiency retrofits, an investor can implement a renewable energy-generation system, he adds. “Let’s be honest, renewable generation doesn’t always make economic sense. This is why federal, state and local municipalities have set up generous rebate and tax credit systems to offset the costs. Even with these savings measures, many solar and wind projects have long paybacks,” Arlein argued. Even with government rebates for renewable energy, it can take 10 to 15 years for someone to phd thesis outline, recoup their initial investment in essay, the technology. Compare that with energy efficiency retrofit projects, which can lead to paybacks in as early as one to five years, while producing major energy and cost savings, Arlein contended.
Lawrence Livermore Exercise Exposes Security Weakness. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California became a major embarrassment for the Department of Energy in 2008 when its security guards performed poorly during a simulated attack on the top-secret facility. A commando team posing as terrorists attacked and mba thesis marketing, infiltrated the lab’s perimeter and defenses, and was able to essay, get to their “objective,” comprising a payload of simulated fissile material. At the core of Livermore is the “Superblock,” a collection of buildings heavily protected to secure the lab’s store of 2,000 pounds of plutonium and paper summary, weapons-grade uraniumenough fissile material that could be used to build at least 300 nuclear weapons. The exercise reportedly exposed many major security inadequacies at Livermore, including the failure of a hydraulic system essential to shooting one of the high-powered Gatling machine guns that protect the facility. Battlement Mesa Fracking Controversy.
Colorado residents complained to the LM in 2009 after natural gas companies sought permission to drill near the site of an in educational, old nuclear testing ground. In 1969, the U.S. government detonated a nuclear weapon a few thousand feet underground near Battlement Mesa, in student, what was called Project Rulison. The site was then sealed off, leaving behind nearly 800 million cubic feet of radioactive gas under the earth. Thirty-five years later, natural gas producers began drilling in the region, getting closer to essay, the site of the 1969 blast. This drilling prompted local landowners and citizens to ask government officials to prohibit gas exploration near the radioactive blast site. Some observers said the summary, DOE and in educational, the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission didn’t take the matter seriously, and were playing “Rulison Roulette” with the safety and health of the people of Battlement Mesa, the nearby town of Parachute, and the surrounding area. Energy Secretary Kills FutureGen. Shortly after President George W. Bush announced in his 2008 State of the Union speech that he planned a big hike in energy research funding, the administration appeared ready to scuttle one of its most important initiatives: FutureGen. Lawmakers from Illinois were told by then-DOE Secretary Samuel Bodman that he was ready to pull the plug on quotes homework the billion-dollar program that would have been a boon for downstate Illinois. Only a month earlier, energy officials announced that Mattoon, Illinois, won a battle with Texas to host FutureGen.
A DOE spokeswoman said soaring cost projections and technological advances had led the department to essay institutions, rethink the project. The president first embraced the presentation, concept of FutureGen in 2003 as an essay in educational, inventive approach to energy generation that would use abundant U.S. coal reserves but trap most of the studies, pollution associated with the burning of coal. The idea was to essay, marry two proven technologies to gasify coal and then bury greenhouse gases produced by the process deep within the earth. During a meeting in quotes homework, Washington D.C., Bodman told the Illinois delegation that he planned to essay on discipline in educational institutions, disband FutureGen and go “in another direction.” At one point, then-Republican Congressman Timothy Johnson, whose district included Mattoon, and Bodman snapped at each other. The FutureGen project was to be one of the administration’s biggest energy research plums, rich with promise, as well as jobs and investment for the winning community. Plans called for it to quotes homework, be built by a consortium involving the DOE and coal and power companies, with 74% of the on discipline institutions, funding coming from taxpayers. Private sector partners in FutureGen announced the selection of Mattoon in quotes homework, December 2007, even though Bodman’s agency had urged a delay. Essay Institutions? Subsequently, the coal and power companies promised to pick up a bigger share of the project’s costs, leaving the administration still on the hook for the bulk of construction expenses.
Several communities bid to host the project, with the finalists coming down to Mattoon and nearby Tuscola, Illinois, and mba thesis, two cities in Texas. To some in Illinois, the battle evoked memories of the 1988 showdown over a $4 billion federally funded particle accelerator. One week after George H.W. Essay? Bush had been elected president, his home state of Texas was awarded the Superconducting Super Collider Project, triggering charges from the losing side that politics had trumped science. The project was beset by cost overruns and was never finished. Following the decision by Bodman, U.S. Sen. Mba Thesis Marketing? Richard Durbin (D-Illinois) said he feared the scenario was playing out again with another Bush in the White House. “In 25 years on essay Capitol Hill, I have never witnessed such a cruel deception,” Durbin said. “When the city of Mattoon, Illinois, was chosen over possible locations in Texas, the secretary of energy set out to paper artist summary, kill FutureGen.” Surviving the on discipline, end of the quotes homework, George W. Essay In Educational? Bush administration and carrying through the Obama administration, the project has since had a number of starts and stops due to funding issues.
Lack of financing saw FutureGen canceled in 2008, only to be resurrected a year later. A General Accountability Office (GAO) report suggested that the decision to revive it might have been misguided, claiming that it would not be cost-effective. Furthermore, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) claimed that the technology underlying FutureGencarbon capture and sequestrationmight not be operative until 2020. Nonetheless, the DOE decided to proceed with FutureGen. Financial backing for it was earmarked through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in jyj music, 2009. In August 2010, the essay in educational, DOE cancelled plans to build the plant in Mattoon, and announced that it would move the projectnow called FutureGen 2.0to Meredosia, Illinois, where it would invest a billion dollars to retrofit a 64-year-old oil-burning plant and conflict studies, build a training center. The DOE, partnered with the essay in educational, public interest organization FutureGen Alliance, has kept the enterprise on track.
A billion dollars in mba thesis marketing, funding from the institutions, Recovery Act was announced for the project in essay, 2013, with construction set to begin in essay institutions, 2014 in jyj music, order for the plant to become operational in 2017. Officials in the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) found themselves in a fog in 2007 over how to recreate a key component for nuclear warheads. Somehow, the NNSA had forgotten the method for producing “fogbank,” a classified material. Outside experts suggested that fogbank was a type of exploding foam that resides between the essay on discipline institutions, fission and fusion portions of hydrogen bombs. The Government Accountability Office reported that the NNSA spent a year and workplace case, nearly $70 million trying to remake fogbank. It was unclear if the effort was successful.
Nuclear policy experts couldn’t believe the snafu. Apparently, few records had been kept describing the process, and over the years, those who knew it had apparently either retired or had left the NNSA. “What the essay on discipline, story ought to tell people is mba thesis marketing that the institutions that we’ve built to institutions, oversee development and artist summary, maintenance of our nuclear weapons are incompetent,” Jeffrey Lewis, director of the nuclear strategy and nonproliferation initiative at the New America Foundation, told Mother Jones . When Congress passed the Energy Policy Act of on discipline in educational 2005, a provision was included that allowed the federal government to force state, local and private landholders to sell property that was deemed necessary for the creation of workplace case studies new transmission lines and towers. The new electrical infrastructure helped form the National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors pushed by the George W. Bush administration to relieve congestion in key areas of the U.S. electric grid. The administration’s plan was met with opposition from Democrats and essay institutions, Republicans, environmental groups, historical societies, and state and local governments. Traditionally, state, local, and regional governments have primarily determined the jyj music sales, routes of power lines.
But under the corridors plan, the federal government is able to bypass state and local opposition by allowing the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)not statesto be the final arbiter of where the on discipline institutions, lines are built. In October 2007, OE announced that the first two corridors would be built in the mid-Atlantic region that includes counties in eight states and the District of Colombia and a Southwest corridor that covers Southern California and workplace conflict case studies, parts of Arizona. Opponents cited several concerns while opposing the building of the corridors. First, the essay on discipline, new electrical towers would be sited through some of the most scenic and historic areas in the eastern half of the country. Officials from Virginia are concerned the mid-Atlantic corridor could impact 11 historic districts, one national historic landmark, 19 state or national historic sites, seven Civil War battlefields and the Appalachian Trail. Some of the quotes homework, most famous sites of the Civil WarManassas, Antietam, and Gettysburglie within the essay, Mid-Atlantic corridor. The mid-Atlantic corridor would also undermine Northeast states’ efforts to essay, reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by causing them to rely more on cheaper coal-fired power from the Midwest, rather than cleaner but higher-cost electric generators fired by natural gas. The 20-year effort to establish a repository for burying the nation’s nuclear waste has produced no shortage of controversies. Issues have arisen over the vulnerability of the site to earthquakes and whether nuclear waste might seep into ground water supplies and be carried to the Colorado River, which supplies water to Las Vegas, Los Angeles and on discipline in educational, other major metropolitan areas. In June 2002, President George W. Bush nominated Michael Corradini, a nuclear engineer from the University of Wisconsin who was an outspoken supporter of the nuclear power industry, to serve on an independent board of experts who oversee Yucca Mountain.
The appointment provoked immediate outcry from opponents of the project, including all five members of Nevada’s congressional delegation. Corradini publicly endorsed Yucca Mountain, which the other members of the board had not done. Furthermore, Corradini continued to receive funding from the DOE for model student research on nuclear power even though he promised to stop. Corradini stepped down in January 2004. In 2005 it was discovered that scientific research conducted during the 1990s for Yucca Mountain was falsified by government geologists. The controversy involved emails from three members of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) showing some data was fabricated related to water infiltration into on discipline institutions Yucca Mountain tunnels.
The revelation led to investigations by phd thesis the FBI and the Inspector General for DOE and institutions, the Department of the Interior. In April 2008, the Inspector General (IG) for the DOE reported that the department had hired a law firm with ties to quotes homework, nuclear power companies to essay in educational institutions, represent the government’s effort to obtain a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to essay, open Yucca Mountain. The firm, Morgan, Lewis Bockius LLP, represented more than a dozen utilities suing the government for missing the 1998 deadline to take nuclear waste off industry hands. After spending more than $15 billion on Yucca Mountain, the project was defunded in 2010. As of 2013, there are more than 200 challenges on file against the Yucca Mountain project, which could take four to on discipline in educational, five years to process. Robert Halstead, executive director of the Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects (NANP), said he believes that the project will finally collapse, even if it is “a [slow] and lingering death.” Perhaps so, but in essay, August 2013, the Yucca Mountain was revived when the in educational, U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington ruled, 2-1, that the NRC must resume consideration of the DOE’s site application that had been quashed by President Barack Obama. The court noted that the NRC has at least $11.1 million remaining for the work. Should the DOE continue to manage the NNSA? Established in 1999 by phd thesis proposal presentation outline Congress, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) was set up as a semi-autonomous agency within the Department of Energy (DOE) in the hope that this arrangement would provide the agency the freedom to fix lapses in essay on discipline in educational, security at phd thesis outline the national weapons labs.
The NNSA was charged with the maintenance and modernization of the nuclear warhead stockpile, the essay on discipline institutions, operation of marketing research laboratories and nuclear and non-nuclear weapons production sites, and on discipline institutions, the management of nuclear non-proliferation activities and proposal presentation, naval reactors. But during the first decade of the 21st century, security problems continued at the nation’s nuclear labs. Essay On Discipline? The creation of the NNSA had seemingly failed to solve the lingering problem of securing warheads, materials, and the brain trust running key laboratories. Under the jyj music, Obama administration, policymakers began to wonder what to do with the NNSA. Supporters of the agency contended that the problem resided within the DOE, and on discipline institutions, that Energy officials were getting in the way of the NNSA’s ability to properly manage the essay, nuclear weapons complex. On Discipline In Educational Institutions? Arguing it was necessary to make some kind of change, lawmakers in Congress considered a plan to remove the NNSA entirely from within the DOE and shift it over to the Department of Defense. Pro (Keep it in the DOE): The idea of workplace case studies moving the NNSA to the Pentagon raised concerns among many civilian nuclear experts, who pointed to the beginning of the nation’s nuclear weapons program following World War II.
Many of the scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project, which developed the world’s first nuclear bombs, argued for on discipline institutions civilian control in the wake of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. “The scientists contended that atomic energy was too destructive and important to leave in the hands of the military,” Robert Alvarez wrote in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists. “The secrecy inherent to the military, the scientists felt, would thwart scientific discovery and prove to be a major obstacle to international control and cooperation.” Others objected to moving the NNSA out of the DOE by citing fears that the shift would ultimately lead to less oversight of the contractors hired by the NNSA to operate the weapons labs. This issued was raised in a fiscal 2013 defense authorization bill, in which the House called for restoring the Cold War management system known as “least interference,” which meant shifting the essay, burden of institutions safety, security, and financial compliance from the Energy Department to the contractors. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) described least interference as “an undocumented policy of blind faith in [government] contractors’ performance”something opponents of the idea scoffed at. Con (Take it away from the DOE): Critics of the DOE insist the department must be separated from the NNSA. Paper Summary? Even with the current arrangement of the NNSA being a semi-autonomous agency, there were too many security, safety, and financial problems at essay on discipline the labs. By the end of 2011, the Energy Department’s own inspector general (IG) concluded that NNSA management was fundamentally broken. What was happening at the NNSA was “a costly set of distinctly separate operations that often duplicate existing [Energy Department] functions.”
The IG called for the government to establish a process to close and consolidate Energy Department labs, similar to the method by which the Defense Base Realignment and Closure Commission had decommissioned hundreds of military bases since the late 1980s. Instead of taking this advice, some lawmakers argued the best thing was to get the NNSA out from under the DOE. Joining this argument was directors of the artist summary, weapons labs who claimed outside meddling was the essay on discipline, main problem at the NNSA, and the Energy Department should have less responsibility for overseeing the safety, security, and financial matters of the essay, NNSA. Should energy production be deregulated? In the mid 1990s, energy deregulation became one of the biggest political issues in the country after California decided to institutions, unravel its system of state controls over energy pricing. Proponents of deregulation contended that free-market trading would lower energy prices and bring a windfall to workplace conflict case studies, consumers.
Federal energy officials, including those at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), defended market liberalization efforts, even after the California electricity crisis of 2000-2001 erupted and essay in educational institutions, the likes of Enron were exposed as economic opportunists who exploited the quotes homework, deregulated energy market. Even today, leaders at FERC continue to tout the wonders of deregulation, real or imagined. For opponents of deregulation, including many public interest organizations, the dismantling of institutions government controls over the energy market was a huge mistake. They questioned assertions by proponents that consumers would benefit and competition in energy markets would be fostered. Proponents of deregulation continue to blame higher fuel prices for rising utility prices. In early 2008, FERC Chairman Kelliher reiterated the agency’s fervent commitment to deregulation: “Our goal at FERC is perfect competition, textbook competition. Competition that is so perfect and beautiful it would make an economist weep.” (Dallas Morning News) In the phd thesis, years following Enron’s collapse, criticsincluding consumer advocates Public Citizencontinue to contend that deregulation has not led to increased competition in wholesale markets, and that the agency has not done enough to essay on discipline in educational institutions, make sure prices are “just and reasonable,” and to protect consumer rights. Critics further argue that the entire FERC deregulation scheme is in violation of the jyj music essay sales, Federal Power Act (underlying FERC legislation from the 1930s). DOE Counterintelligence Efforts Need Improvement. Serious lapses in essay institutions, security and counterintelligence at the Department of Energy (DOE) during the 1990s resulted in Congress creating the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to oversee department’s national security-related programs, including nuclear weapons labs.
The NNSA was given its own Office of Defense Nuclear Counterintelligence, while the DOE continued to operate its Office of Counterintelligence. Mba Thesis? Some studies have questioned the essay on discipline in educational institutions, effectiveness of the jyj music essay sales, NNSA and DOE maintaining their own counterintelligence (CI) operations to combat foreign espionage. Several alternative organizational approaches have been proposed, including the on discipline in educational institutions, following: That a new entity absorb NNSA’s CI program. Proponents assert that consolidation would improve command, control, and communication. Studies? Opponents argue that consolidation would dilute the essay in educational institutions, focus on essay sales counterintelligence at DOE weapons labs.
Consolidate the DOE and essay on discipline institutions, NNSA CI programs under the control of the NNSA administrator. Proponents argue that a semi-autonomous agency such as NNSA, by virtue of its independence, is better able to implement CI measures than is DOE. Opponents contend that such a consolidation would undermine the effectiveness of mba thesis marketing a counterintelligence program. Essay Institutions? Integrate DOE’s Office of Intelligence and CI office under a new DOE intelligence agency but allow NNSA’s CI office to remain as a separate entity. Proponents argue that such an jyj music sales, approach would not eliminate the current bifurcated structure, but would enhance overall communication and coordination between the two existing programs.
Opponents counter that only way to resolve coordination and institutions, communication problems is to consolidate the two CI programs within the DOE. Mba Thesis? Completely separate the DOE and NNSA counterintelligence programs. In Educational Institutions? Proponents suggest that such an approach would clarify the chain of command. Opponents assert that separation could further undermine Have DOE merge its Office of Intelligence and Office of Counterintelligence together and have coordination and communication. On November 9, 2011, Texas Governor Rick Perry, who was campaigning for the Republican nomination for President, declared during a nationally televised debate that he wanted to get rid of the Department of Energy. It was the one department he couldn’t recall during his famous “Oops” moment, but mentioned it subsequently in the debate. A bit more than six years later, Perry was nominated by Donald Trump to lead that department. On March 2, 2017, the model, U.S. Senate, also unfazed by in educational Perry’s desire to eliminate the department, voted 62 to 37 to confirm the nomination. James Richard “Rick” Perry was born March 4, 1950, in Haskell, Texas, to workplace conflict case studies, Joseph Ray and Amelia Perry. Perry’s father was a cotton farmer and essay on discipline, a long-time Democratic county commissioner.
Perry attended Paint Creek High School, where he played six-man football. He graduated in 1968 and went on the term paper to Texas AM University. He joined the Corps of Cadets there, something like a military school within the essay, larger university, and was a yell leader for the Aggies’ football team. He graduated in 1972 with a B.S. in animal science. Perry then went into the Air Force.
He was commissioned as a second lieutenant and was sent to flight school. He was assigned to fly C-130 cargo planes, which he did until leaving the the term artist summary, service with the rank of captain in 1977. He returned to Texas to essay on discipline institutions, farm cotton with his father. He almost became an mba thesis marketing, airline pilot; during a 1978 drought the essay on discipline in educational, farm was failing and Perry had applied to Southwest Airlines. However, the drought ended and Perry stayed on the farm and eventually went into politics. Perry was elected to the Texas House of Representativesas a Democratin 1984.
Even then, he was conservative and looked to proposal, cut spending. On Discipline Institutions? In 1989, he became a Republican in time to run the following year for Texas Agriculture Commissioner. With a campaign run by Karl Rove, Perry won the election. He was reelected to the job in 1994. In 1998, he ran for lieutenant governor as the running mate of George W. Bush. During the race, Perry had a disagreement about tactics with Rove, who was running Bush’s campaign. It was the start of a long-running feud between the two. Perry and Bush won their races, setting the stage for Perry to take over as governor when Bush was awarded the White House in 2000. Perry won the statehouse on phd thesis presentation his own in 2002, 2006 and essay in educational institutions, 2010. He pushed for quotes homework more energy production in Texas, which first of all means oil and natural gas. Perry was also an advocate of essay in educational institutions so-called “clean coal.” However, he also promoted wind power and championed the construction of a power grid to bring electricity generated by wind and other means from West Texas to jyj music essay sales, population centers.
Perry’s tenure as governor also saw one of the nation’s first disposal sites for low-level nuclear waste open in his state. Essay On Discipline? Waste Control Specialists opened a facility in Williams County in workplace case studies, 2012 to in educational institutions, accept items such as clothing, tools and model student essay, building materials that have been contaminated by radioactivity. Perry also pushed to in educational institutions, have the facility be able to quotes homework, take spent fuel from nuclear power plants, which for now is handled only at a federal facility at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. As Secretary of Energy, Perry will have a lot of input into that decision. Perry is a strong advocate of the death penalty and essay in educational institutions, nowhere was that more obvious than during the appeals by Cameron Todd Willingham. Willingham was convicted, using questionable evidence, of mba thesis setting an arson fire that killed his three children.
The Texas Forensic Science Commission concluded that the essay in educational institutions, evidence didn’t point to arson. Perry responded by replacing three commission members with new ones who sided with prosecutors. Willingham was executed February 17, 2004. Perry’s biggest financial backer is someone for whom he could do some favors as Energy Secretary. Kelcy Warren gave $6 million to Perry’s presidential campaign in essay, 2015, but got back $4.5 million when Perry dropped out of the race. Warren is CEO of Energy Transfer Partners, which owns the essay in educational institutions, controversial Dakota Access Pipeline. Perry is a member of the marketing, Energy Transfer Partners board of directors, which he’ll leave when confirmed as secretary. Oil and gas interests have comprised most of Perry’s political donors over the years. He raised more than $49 million in his last race for governor in 2010. Of that, $5.9 million came from oil and gas interests, $3.8 million from essay on discipline, lawyers and lobbyists and model student essay, $3 million from conservative policy organizations, according to essay on discipline institutions, the Center for Responsive Politics. He raised a comparatively paltry $19.7 million for his 2012 presidential run, with $1 million coming from oil and gas interests.
In his race for the 2016 nomination, the oil and gas industry contributed $1.6 million to Perry’s campaign and to related Super PACs. Perry is essay a climate-change denier, writing in 2010 that those who believe the overwhelming evidence that the climate is changing “know that we have been experiencing a cooling trend, that the complexities of the global atmosphere have often eluded the most sophisticated scientists, and that draconian policies with dire economic effects based on so-called science may not stand the test of time.” Further, he said during his 2012 campaign that “There are a substantial number of scientists who have manipulated data so that they will have dollars rolling into essay on discipline institutions their projects.” In 2014, Perry was indicted on abuse of power charges for workplace studies demanding that the Travis County District Attorney resign or he would cut the funding of the essay on discipline in educational institutions, state’s Public Integrity Unit, which was run out of the Travis D.A.’s office. That unit ran high-profile investigations and indicted former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay. The charges were dropped against Perry in 2016. Perry’s tendency to make verbal gaffes did lead to one amusing highlight during his Senate confirmation hearing. Sen. Al Franken (D-Minnesota) told Perry, “Thank you so much for coming into my office. Did you enjoy meeting me?” To which Perry replied, “I hope you are as much fun on that dais as you were on model your couch.” When he realized how his words might have been misinterpreted, Perry added, “May I rephrase that, sir?” Perry and his wife, Anita, have two adult children: Griffin and Sydney.
President Barack Obama has nominated another physicist to run the Department of institutions Energy (DOE) who shares his “all of the above” approach to the challenge of marketing meeting the essay, country's energy needs, while curbing carbon emissions that cause global warming. Nominated for phd thesis presentation outline the post on March 4, 2013, Dr. Ernest Moniz would succeed fellow physicist Dr. On Discipline In Educational? Steven Chu, who has served in the post since 2009. Moniz was born in 1944 in Fall River, Massachusetts, to Georgina (Pavao) Moniz and Ernest Perry Moniz, both of whose parents were immigrants from quotes homework, Sao Miguel, Azores, an island chain in the Atlantic that belongs to Portugal.
Moniz graduated in the top 10 of his class at Fall River's Durfee High School in 1962, where he was president of the math club and was on the tennis team. Moniz earned a BS in Physics at Boston College in 1966 and a PhD in Theoretical Physics from Stanford University in 1972, where his dissertation was entitled, “On the Interaction of High Energy Particles with Nuclei.” Joining the Physics Department at in educational the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1973, Moniz rose to full professor and served as department head from 1991 to 1995. Over the course of his career, Moniz has focused his research on energy technology and policy. At present he is the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of quotes homework Physics and Engineering Systems, director of the Laboratory for Energy and essay on discipline in educational, the Environment, and director of the Energy Initiative, which studies how to sustain energy consumption and marketing, avoid global warming. His leadership of the Energy Initiative has drawn criticism from environmentalists and others because large fossil fuel companies, including BP, Shell, ENI, and Saudi Aramco, gave up to $25 million each to the Initiative, which has released reports supportive of fracking, nuclear energy and other non-renewable technologies.
Critics arguing that he is too cozy with the “old energy” industry note that Moniz has served on the boards of directors of or as an advisor to several energy and security companies, including enriched uranium company USEC (2002-2004), BP (20052011), and General Electric (2006-present). Unlike Secretary Chu, whose sometimes difficult tenure was often attributed to his lack of political experience, Moniz has served in in educational institutions, policy positions in Washington. From 1995 to the term paper artist summary, 1997, he was associate director for on discipline institutions science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the White House. As under secretary at DOE from model student, October 1997 until January 2001, Moniz had oversight responsibility for the Offices of Science; Fossil Energy; Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Nuclear Energy; Environmental Management; and Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. Ernest Moniz is married to Naomi Hoki Moniz, who was born in on discipline institutions, Brazil and is a professor of Portuguese.
They have one grown child. Durfee Grad Nominated to Energy Post (by Carol Lee Costa-Crowell and Lurdes da Silva, South Coast Today)
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Welcome to institutions Raqqa, a photo-essay from the frontlines. Today I want to mba thesis marketing introduce my friend Joey L. to SOFREP readers. Joey is an accomplished professional photographer who I traveled to Damascus, Syria with last year. Essay On Discipline In Educational Institutions! He has also made several trips to Iraq and Kurdish held northern Syria. This report details his last trip to Syria a few months ago and helps set the stage for the eventual capture of the ISIS capital city of essay Raqqa. -Jack Murphy, editor-in-chief. An Injured SDF Fighter walks towards the essay in educational, frontline outside of workplace case al-Twelaa. After a ruthless and exhausting 6 years of essay institutions war in Syria, only the most ideologically strong militias have managed to flourish, absorbing various fragmented rebel factions and uniting them under strict philosophies. On the mba thesis, frontlines of Raqqa, a battle is raging between the American-backed coalition of Kurdish and Arab fighters known as the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and in educational institutions the Islamic State (ISIS). The warring creeds could not be any more different.
One seeks a decentralized, secular, grassroots version of democracy, while the other seeks a radical interpretation of an Islamic State. Yet, on both sides, soldiers dream of establishing their own version of Utopia, ideologically shaping the world beneath their feet. Bullets in the air take on a dual meaning- seeking to render useless the physical bodies of enemies, but at marketing the same time those bullets hurl towards the others’ ideals. Each side describes the essay in educational institutions, land as “liberated” when the other side fails. For over eight months, international journalists and quotes homework photographers have been blocked from entering the regions of Northern Syria controlled by the SDF due to a strict embargo enforced by all surrounding countries. Despite challenges I am unable to essay on discipline in educational describe here, I was able to gain access and jyj music essay sales embed with Rojda Felat- the General Commander of the SDF’s “Wrath of the Euphrates” campaign to isolate and surround the city of Raqqa, capital of ISIS’ self-proclaimed caliphate. At the time of writing, the SDF are less than 10 kilometers from the outskirts of the institutions, city itself. The dusty streets of Kobane with YPJ martyr statue. My journey began in mba thesis marketing, Kobane- a city of anomalies. To understand the new battle for Raqqa, we must first understand the significance of what happened here.
Nestled along the Turkish – Syrian border, Kobane was a quiet, predominantly Kurdish city before ISIS propaganda filled our news cycle. In July of 2012, the Syrian Arab Army abandoned Kobane and other Kurdish enclaves of Syria to dedicate their dwindling resources to essay on discipline in educational institutions other areas of the quotes homework, country in conflict with both a rebellion and jihadist insurgency. Kurds were now free of the repressive nature of the essay on discipline in educational, Assad regime, but at paper the same time, they were left on their own to defend themselves from the Al Qaeda-linked groups ravaging the country. Political dissidents in essay institutions, exile returned home to reorganize the fractured society. Weapons were gathered on the black market. Kurdish guerrilla fighters with decades of quotes homework experience fighting Turkey’s well-equipped military also returned home to Syria from their bases in Iraq’s Qandil Mountains. They became the essay on discipline in educational, commanders of phd thesis proposal presentation a ragtag mix of local volunteers, and essay in educational institutions shaped the movement under their ideological leader, Abdullah Ocalan. Quotes Homework! These guerrillas had previously fought for autonomy and on discipline in educational minority rights in Kurdish regions of Turkey but were unable to succeed. The power vacuum that emerged in Syrian Kurdistan presented a new opportunity to influence the tide of the war.
Thus was born the Kurdish defense units known as the People’s Protection Units (YPG) and the Women’s Protection Units (YPJ)- perhaps the world’s first all-female army. Other spectrums of Kurdish political voices either abandoned the region and fled across the border, or were forced out by the domination of the new power structure. ISIS, with its ego inflated due to sweeping recent victories across both Syria and Iraq, launched a devastating campaign on the city of Kobane in October 2014. ISIS too had absorbed a patchwork of militias and rebel groups under its black flag, as well as thousands of foreign fighters who took advantage of Turkey’s porous border with Syria to join its ranks. Other predominately Arab rebel groups refused to mba thesis collaborate with the extremists, and joined the Kurds in defending Kobane- the start of what would make up the core of the future Syrian Defense Force (SDF) alliance.
With the institutions, Turkish border now at their back, the defenders of Kobane were cornered into just a few neighborhoods as ISIS pounded their positions with advanced weaponry and looted tanks. Rather than intervening, the model, Turkish military sat and watched from its border. The Turkish government knew that if the in educational, YPG/J were to be victorious, their own repressed Kurdish population could be inspired to mba thesis marketing make similar demands for essay on discipline autonomy, or worse, rekindle the same armed struggle that had wrecked havoc for decades. Mba Thesis Marketing! ISIS had become a convenient proxy force for Turkey, capable of destroying the institutions, ambitions of jyj music their old Kurdish enemies. Portrait of Ape Nemir (“Immortal Uncle”), Local hero of Kobane. Ain Issa, Syria. Not every person seeking to protect Kobane held a weapon. Across the essay on discipline in educational, border in Turkey, civilians accused their government of aiding ISIS in the fight, and model essay unleashed unrest in the shape of both protests and violent riots. Volunteers held hands to essay on discipline institutions create a lengthy human-chain to prevent the smuggling of fighters and weapons to the ISIS campaign.
Scenes of the battle filmed by journalists with telephoto lenses from the the term paper artist, safety of the essay on discipline in educational institutions, Turkish border dominated televisions around the globe and social media. Quotes Homework! It was an easy media spectacle, presented as a fight between the jihadist force that had recently committed genocide versus an oversimplified version of the YPG and essay in educational institutions YPJ, with its controversial roots largely ignored. Much to Turkish President Erdogan’s dismay, President Obama authorized airstrikes to support this unlikely new ally in Kobane. Marketing! Anti-interventionists in the West had their beliefs challenged as they watched the on discipline in educational institutions, brave women of the YPJ suffer heavy losses fighting a brutal enemy that a previous intervention itself had helped manifest. In another paradox, the YPG and YPJ, with its Ocalan-inspired anti-capitalist theory, benefitted significantly from American airpower paid for by the US tax dollar. Against all odds, the marketing, YPG, YPJ and their rebel allies eventually declared victory over the city. On Discipline In Educational Institutions! They had proved to the world for the first time that ISIS wasn’t the unstoppable boogeyman its propaganda had suggested.
However, the achievement came at great cost of human life and infrastructure. Amude and Memo, children of Kobane school learning in the Kurdish language for the first time. Salar and friends play on marketing, a destroyed ISIS tank. Walking through the streets of essay on discipline institutions Kobane with a camera in hand reveals a city back to life and thriving under the phd thesis proposal presentation outline, experimental self-administration system, but also a level of destruction that will take years, if not decades to repair. On Discipline In Educational Institutions! Peering into presentation, holes in the sides of eviscerated buildings reveal what used to be Kurdish homes- plastic ceiling fans are melted from the heat and fires of air strikes or rocket propelled grenades. A water truck roams the corridors of abandoned neighborhoods, wetting main roads to keep the concrete dust from essay spreading through the air. By nightfall, the roads are dry again, and the dust creates a low-lying layer of fog. The same tanks the world saw ISIS make their advances in the term artist summary, are now derelict monuments in a public roundabout.
Kids on their way home from school play and dangle upside down from the tank’s gun. With the on discipline institutions, Syrian regime’s Baathist education programs expelled by the new administration, they are learning their once outlawed Kurdish language in school for the first time. The television cameras set up from the Turkish side of the model, border may have stopped broadcasting updates from essay institutions Kobane, but those same fighters haven’t stopped moving. They have continued onward, growing in both size and sophistication. The SDF is now one of the most diverse and successful coalitions in Syria. Convoys of essay both Kurdish and Arab fighters are advancing in on discipline institutions, Raqqa’s expansive countryside, with other brigades snaking along the winding path of the Euphrates River, using the water as a natural barrier, all the proposal presentation, way to institutions the gates of the city. Despite controversies over its founding members, the SDF has also grown into America’s most trusted friend in Syria.
The coalition air support the Obama administration began continues under Trump, as well as the insertion of hundreds of French and American Special Operations Forces (SOF) in advisory positions. Faisel, a member of Al-Sanadid Forces, SDF. Al Hishah, Raqqa Province, Syria. My translator Jan Ezidxelo and I set off from workplace case Kobane with our driver in a pickup truck alongside a YPG convoy heading to Ain Issa, a large city north of Raqqa. From there, we navigated south to al Hishah- a village in which ISIS was ousted just days before our arrival. We drove through many of the dusty small hamlets and essay on discipline in educational institutions villages that make up the frontline, which is proposal presentation constantly shifting and institutions expanding rapidly due to the desolate nature of the landscape. After areas are taken from ISIS, bulldozers move in quickly, making temporary berm walls to consolidate minor defenses, then continue pushing onwards.
The campaign may be moving fast now, but will likely see its bloodiest days if the SDF manages to reach the city of workplace conflict studies Raqqa itself. We reach a building just outside al Hishah, and I am instructed that Commander Rojda Felat is on the roof. Jan and I slowly walk up an outdoor concrete staircase, and first see Rojda standing with her back to us- a stout figure looking out over the horizon with a tactical radio in hand. She is short in stature, and this is only exaggerated by a long thick braid of on discipline in educational dark hair which falls past her lower back. Essay! Her voice is institutions strict and authoritative, and several female fighters beside her scribble notes as she dictates. Suddenly, Rojda notices us, smiles and waves, but then returns to her radio. It’s buzzing with reports from the commanders of the various groups in the coalition. As she dials through each radio channel, her eyes are fixed in the distance, as if visualizing the quotes homework, movements being described to her in essay on discipline, the open plains ahead. Twenty minutes later, there is a pause in student essay, the radio chatter, and things seem to essay on discipline in educational institutions calm. Rojda walks over to me, and paper artist through Jan’s translation, she apologizes for making me wait. I explain that no apology is necessary- (uhh, I know you are busy fighting ISIS.)
Portrait of Rojda Felat, SDF General Commander of “Wrath of the Euphrates” Operation. Al-Twelaa, Raqqa Province, Syria. As I explain that I wish to embed with her and take photographs, Rojda’s large round eyes study me closely, as if trying to read my intentions. The authoritative tone heard over the radio is in educational institutions gone, and she is warm and marketing friendly, often with a big toothy smile spreading across her face. When speaking, she barely breaks eye contact, and uses a calming hypnotic voice I have found to be common among former guerrillas who spent time training in essay on discipline institutions, the Qandil Mountains.
It is uncertain if she has, but her new role is clear- she is a key lynchpin in the SDF. Rojda agrees to let me tag along and photograph her, but explains that she is very busy now, and will pick me up the following morning. Together, we will travel to each new position, and observe the ongoing battle. It’s getting late, so she suggests my driver take me to a YPG position so I can bunk with a nearby male unit. As we drive back through the empty streets of al-Hishah, we suddenly meet its missing population. A long line of motorcycles and cars wait on the main road heading into town. It’s the mba thesis, local Arab villagers, and essay institutions they seem eager to return to their homes. Personal belongings are piled high on top of their vehicles, as if unsure how long they were going to be displaced from the fighting.
They had to wait several days for the battle to be over, and until the the term, SDF troops allowed the civilians to enter. Locals of Al Hishah que to return home. With their engines idling, I approached a group of men on motorcycles to on discipline photograph and ask some questions. I mentioned that the spokesperson and main commanders for the offensive are both female. Knowing how male-dominated and traditional the conflict studies, society is in this region of essay institutions Syria, especially after having been so recently under the control ISIS, I was curious on how they felt about the prominent role played by the women. “We don’t care if it’s a man or woman who is workplace case liberating us, we just want to go home,” exclaimed the man, wagging his finger in in educational, the air as he spoke.
It was an easy answer when your fate of returning home depends on model student essay, an armed group. There was a lot more to ask but suddenly our conversation was interrupted by a huge explosion coming from the direction of the village. People waiting in essay on discipline, the queue climbed a wall of dirt beside the road to get a better look. Workplace Conflict Case! A huge plume of smoke rose in the air above the on discipline in educational institutions, village. We would learn later that it was a last unused ISIS suicide car equipped with explosives, sitting booby-trapped inside a civilian garage. The SDF team had de-mined it, blowing it up in place to render it harmless. Suddenly, the road was opened and the civilians were allowed to jyj music move. They honked their horns, waved to my camera, and smiled broadly as they returned to their homes. Locals of Al Hishah celebrate as they drive home after their city was liberated from ISIS by on discipline institutions SDF. It seemed so perfect that it could almost be a planned propaganda exercise-“Look, the predominantly Kurdish force is helping the Arabs!
Send us more weapons, America!” Except, there were no foreign journalists expected to be there, and an orchestration of quotes homework this size seems nearly impossible. Just a short drive away from the newly liberated village, we reached the essay on discipline in educational, YPG base Rojda had given us permission to sleep at. About 20 fighters in mismatched camouflage fatigues shared an abandoned farm equipment storage facility made out of paper grey cinder blocks. A vast empty horizon loomed in the distance- there were no main roads, just sand, but counter attacks could come from anywhere. Upon climbing out of our truck, we are greeted by on discipline in educational a wave of handshakes from charismatic young men led by Murat Amed- the mba thesis, commander of the camp.
They are surprised to essay in educational institutions see me, but happy to let me stay and photograph anything now that I have Rojda’s blessing. As dusk descended, our driver decided to return to Kobane, admitting that he didn’t trust the nearby Arab population who had just been under the authority of ISIS, fearing sleeper cells. “I’ve got kids,” he murmured dryly, staring at the ground, and eventually drove off. SDF camp near the frontline of Raqqa. Portrait of Murat Amed. An Abdullah Ocalan decal on a YPG military vehicle. Jan and I sat with the SDF fighters on quotes homework, plastic chairs surrounding a small campfire. Murat was now cooking hamburgers in an iron griddle. After tea was poured, we dove into talks about politics.
I ask them what they think of Donald Trump’s recent win as President of the United States. “The American people can decide for essay on discipline institutions their own country, it’s not for us to say,” carefully explained the first fighter to answer. “Come on, be honest,” I say. “That’s the same excuse politicians use to mba thesis dodge the question.” Another chimes in, “It would have been nice for a woman to win, but Clinton is the essay on discipline institutions, one who let all the jihadists in here. She is phd thesis proposal presentation a puppet of Erdogan and essay the Gulf.” Another disagrees, “It doesn’t really matter. The outcome will always be the same no matter who is paper President. It is a system.”
As self-trained and independent these fighters have been over the years, they know the next American President’s decisions will ultimately be a powerful voice in the international proxy war the Syrian conflict has evolved into. With hostile actors as neighbors, leading the operation for on discipline in educational Raqqa itself is a future political bargaining chip for the SDF. “Like all politicians, we will judge by their actions,” Murat explained, taking on a serious tone. The rest nod in agreement, suddenly careful with their words. There are sleeping mats set up on the roof of the building where a group of fighters are rotating every few hours keeping watch, but they insist I sleep inside where it’s warmer. In a room filled with weapons and ammunition, Murat arranges some blankets for me while holding his flashlight in his mouth, and politely refuses to let me help. He may be the commander, but these kinds of duties are shared by all.
It seems the hospitality Kurds are well known for can even be found on the front line. My camera among some other weapons in our sleeping quarters… Before falling asleep, I show Murat some of the photos I took of them on the screen of my camera. “You send my sister,” he says in broken English. Murat pulls out a number scribbled in his journal and repeats “whatsapp, whatsapp, whatsapp.” No translation is needed. I am awoken by Murat tapping on my shoulder at 5am. The fighters are still gathered around the fire, as if the scene from the previous night never ended. While I slept, they had been taking turns watching the camp. An hour later, a pickup truck pulls up. Jyj Music Essay Sales! It’s Rojda and two of essay in educational institutions her rooftop partners from yesterday.
She joins us and we all have breakfast together as the sun rises. The YPG seem happy to see the General Commander make an appearance at their base, and their morale appears to be immediately uplifted. Rojda Felat co ordinates the locations of proposal outline SDF frontline groups. Murat Amed prepares breakfast. Rooftop camp on the frontline of Raqqa. Jan and I pile into in educational, Rojda’s pickup truck with the two other YPJ fighters, and together we take off down a dirt road towards the town of al Twelaa. But first, the quotes homework, pickup truck makes a quick pit stop at essay on discipline institutions a lonely building on the town’s outskirts. “There are American Special Forces here,” Rojda explains. “It’s okay for you to see each other, but we please ask that you don’t take any photos of them.” On the workplace case, building’s rooftop was what could only be described as the classic Hollywood stereotype of Special Forces: six men with grizzly beards, sunglasses, muscular tattooed arms bulging out of tan t-shirts and bags full of military equipment. For a moment, I felt confused at on discipline in educational institutions the protocol and mba thesis don’t want to ruin the trust Rojda has put in in educational institutions, me, so I decide to hang back and not interrupt their work. However, by nature I am a nosy person, and this idea quickly dissolves.
It was fascinating to watch them engage with Rojda via their interpreter. Despite how sophisticated or trained the Americans are, they seemed to rely on Rojda’s forces to quotes homework coordinate their entry to the frontline, where they plan to in educational contribute to the next phase of the offensive. This small group of Special Forces have something in mba thesis, common with SDF units: all are decentralized by doctrine, and are able to make swift decisions in combat. The SOF primarily aid the SDF by calling in airstrikes and using heavy weapons, such as the javelin- an advanced rocket system useful for taking out approaching suicide cars. The US coalition is hesitant to provide the SDF directly with these kinds of heavy weapons due to pressure from essay in educational Turkey, who fears them falling into the hands of the same Kurdish guerrillas they are at conflict studies war with. The short-term goal is to take Tal Saman- a nearby city surrounded by more expansive countryside, and the last obstacle to essay on discipline institutions connect the frontline to the other separate group working their way down the Euphrates River. The Americans head off the rooftop towards their vehicle, nod at mba thesis me with a simple “Hey dude,” and essay in educational institutions say no more, driving off on their separate way. The Term! I suppose that we are both not supposed to see each other. In Educational Institutions! We follow Rojda into Al-Twelaa alongside some other SDF fighters from the base. As we travel through the newly captured village walking in a single file to avoid buried mines, curiosities of the war begin to model student reveal themselves.
Hidden inside a barn, there is a 1 meter by 1 meter dirt tunnel ISIS used to pop up from a neighboring village. Outside the barn, there are the essay on discipline institutions, remains of a large piece of artillery destroyed by a coalition airstrike. SDF fighters survey the phd thesis proposal presentation, site of a coalition airstrike that destroyed an ISIS artillery position. Portrait of Arin and Zilan. Rojda leads us along a path to a position where an SDF unit is monitoring the essay on discipline in educational, flanks on the sidelines of Tal Saman while the main operation goes on. Phd Thesis Presentation Outline! A small group of 15 fighters are gathered, gazing through binoculars and sniper rifle scopes. Essay In Educational Institutions! Their role is to report and strike any enemy movement or suicide cars that ISIS may send from this side against quotes homework, the larger operation currently unfolding. The small village in front of us is quiet, but the thuds of mortars, machine guns and the occasional coalition airstrike can be heard in essay in educational institutions, booming in mba thesis marketing, the distance. “Nothing is happening here, sorry it’s a bit boring,” laughs Rojda. Rojda Felat surveys a flank of Tal al-Samam with other SDF commanders.
Using binoculars and scopes, SDF fighters watch for ISIS infiltration or suicide vehicles. Before calling it a day, I photograph Rojda inside a half-destroyed shed. The walls are ash gray from a fire, and essay on discipline in educational institutions rubble is spread across the ground. Mba Thesis! It is unclear if the room is booby-trapped, but the essay in educational, light is perfect for a portrait. Jan turns to me, “I hope we all don’t get blown up over a photo.” The Battle of Tal al Saman. The next day, we would go to the heart of the fighting, in Tal al Saman. Rojda admitted she had other duties to attend to, but instead sent me with the SDF’s upstart media department. They happen to be a team of four fighters no different from the others, except for holding a camera in jyj music essay, the hand their rifle is not in. They have handy-cams and a GoPro with no extra battery.
“If we manage to enter today, if we are lucky, we can see them pull the essay in educational institutions, big ISIS flag down in jyj music sales, the city center,” the media team explained, “maybe that would be a good shot?” Together, we travelled to a large power station on the outskirts of essay on discipline in educational institutions Tal al Saman. A small dam contains an artificial reservoir of water, and sales a network of smaller concrete water channels nearby provided a safe staging area. From here, only about 1 kilometer of open land separates us from the nearest ISIS-firing position, and a little further onwards lays the essay on discipline institutions, city of workplace conflict studies Tal al Saman itself. We are told a small group of SDF fighters are at the edge of the essay, city, and currently under fierce resistance from ISIS.
We cross the dam’s bridge on mba thesis, foot toward three fighters manning a heavy machine gun mounted in the back of in educational institutions a pickup truck nestled in between a wall of dirt and a concrete reservoir. Suddenly, their radio crackles with calls from the fighters up at the frontline and they fire several large rounds in succession at the ISIS position described over the airwaves. Tommy, Danish YPG volunteer. One of the quotes homework, men standing beside the truck, watching through binoculars, turns to me and to my surprise, asks in perfect English, “Do you want some ear muffs? It’s kind of loud.” It turns out not to be an American SOF member, but a Danish guy named Tommy- an adventurous foreign volunteer in the YPG. Just minutes after shooting, a blood-curling whistle from above is heard, and essay on discipline in educational a split second later, the jyj music essay, loud boom of a mortar striking no more than 20 meters away from us. Jan and I dive on the ground, anticipating shrapnel, and my camera gets full of sand. We crawl underneath the essay on discipline in educational, concrete barrier beside the truck. “Shit me, that was a close one!” exclaimed Tommy, still standing stoically in place. He raises his binoculars to outline scan the city ahead. Suddenly, another ISIS mortar lands 50 meters behind us, closer to essay on discipline institutions the power plant.
A minute later, another strikes the road we used to quotes homework reach the power plant. An instinct of fear compels me to want to get up and run away, but I am assured by Jan’s calm and experienced voice, “It’s better to stay here for now.” The afternoon light is terrible for on discipline institutions photos. I am lying down in the dirt like a dunce wondering if I would be able to summon more courage if it were sunrise or sunset. I doubt it. Screen grabs captured from GoPro mounted on my camera. Eventually, we gain the nerve to peek up from the concrete barrier and check what’s going on. The Kurdish man firing the quotes homework, weapon on the top of the truck yells to Jan in Kuridsh, “Comrade!
If you hear another go chuuuuuu, lie down. Okay?” A new mortar lands near their truck. “I think they are aiming for the truck,” I say. “No. They are aiming for… all of us.” Jan says with a smile- a sick sense of humor I have grown to appreciate. Jan continues, “Mister, you said you wanted to see action! So, I brought you to the action.
This is the reeeeeeaal action! What’s wrong with you?” We laugh together nervously. I can tell he’s trying to make me feel better. It works. The mortar strikes eventually slow to essay a stop and we decide to make an exit, running back closer to the relative cover of the nearby water plant. There’s a group of workplace studies Arab men calmly sitting in on discipline, a circle in the open, totally unbothered by the shelling, and discussing their next steps. One man has the jacket of a Syrian regime soldier, but its original badges have been torn off. He introduces himself as Abu Sayaf, a commander of Free Syrian Army (FSA) rebel group Raqqa Martyrs Brigade. His fighters are about to enter the city in a small group carrying AK-47s and rocket propelled grenades, running across the open field and entering the few cleared buildings at the city’s edge. Abu Sayaf, Commander of proposal Free Syrian Army rebel group Liwa Shuhada ar-Raqqa, explores an ISIS tunnel. SDF Fighters enter ISIS-occupied Tal al-Samam on foot to fight.
An SDF fighter from Raqqa walks to ISIS-occupied Tal al-Samam to fight. SDF Commanders co-ordinate coalition airstrikes and essay troop movements using digital tablets. A digital tablet is used to co-ordinate troop movements and coalition air strikes. Like many Arabs in the SDF coalition, Sayaf’s fighters are all locals from sales Raqqa. Essay In Educational! During a pause in the operation, he shared a few stories about the model student, early days of the war, before ISIS took over. On Discipline! It is not the simple tale presented in Western media of revolutionaries fighting to kick out workplace case studies a brutal regime as a unified force, but rather one of various armed groups with sometimes radically different visions for Syria, only on discipline in educational linked together by their will to fight the Assad regime. “Those groups all gave bay’ah [pledging allegiance] to conflict case Daesh [ISIS],” Sayaf told me, explaining that once the regime was removed, factions from both FSA and Al Nusra, Al Qaeda’s franchise in Syria, joined ISIS in Raqqa city, provoking confusion and infighting.
Sayaf’s rebel group eventually rejected the extremists, and found themselves forced out, and thrown into a loose alliance with the Kurds of the YPG and YPJ. The coalition hasn’t always been smooth sailing, as political views differ. For now, however, they share a common desire to rid the area of the extremists. If the battle were to eventually move into on discipline, Raqqa city, Sayaf explained to me he expects to find some of the former FSA members who fought the Syrian regime alongside him in the early days of the war, but now opposing him on essay sales, the side of ISIS. SDF fighters monitor a position facing a road partially under the control of ISIS. An SDF fighter loads a PKM machine gun in a firing position facing a contested road. An SDF commander prepares his unit to enter Tal al-Samam. As the light of day grew longer, it became apparent the essay, SDF were not able to push further into the city center that day. Days after leaving the region, I stumbled upon marketing a shot of an ISIS flag coming down on Twitter, shared by the SDF’s official handle. Shouts in both Kurdish and Arabic rung out as the flag was thrown to the ground.
It seemed the media team had gotten the on discipline in educational, shot after all, it had just taken a little more time than anticipated. Back at Murat’s camp on my last night in Raqqa, we sat once again around the fire, talking about the latest developments in the region. Workplace Studies! This time, the feeling was much different. News had come that Turkish airplanes had begun a new phase of both shelling and airstrikes on SDF positions outside Manbij– a large city the SDF had cleared of ISIS previously with coalition air support. Turkey’s military and allied Islamist rebel groups now occupied the countryside to the west of the city, and minor hostilities had previously broken out. Now a new level of escalation was underway. The SDF fighters seemed betrayed. From their perspective, America was tolerating their forces beingW attacked by Turkey simultaneously while the Raqqa offensive was underway. The radio crackled late into the night with updates, as commanders were unsure of the extent of the bombing, and on discipline in educational institutions unsure how far the Turkish backed forces would try to press into marketing, Manbij itself.
“Turkey is acting as the air force of ISIS,” one said. In Educational Institutions! “They want to slow down the Raqqa operation,” another theorized. Just a week later, an American SDF volunteer – Michael Israel- would die alongside 11 others in another round of airstrikes on a base in Arima, a base outside Manbij. A strike on a passionate foreign volunteer among locals at essay sales a base is one thing, but targeting the American SOF is an escalation Turkey will likely never attempt. Essay In Educational Institutions! Other than a shared objective of getting rid of ISIS, it’s easy to imagine that the SDF kept the American SOF members with them in Raqqa as their own shield against Turkish air strikes. Cihan Shekh Ahmed, Spokeswoman of SDF “Wrath of the proposal, Euphrates” operation. It’s impossible to define the conflict in Syria as a ‘civil war.’ Rather, it is a struggle that has been prolonged and escalated due to the puppeteering of superpowers. The proxy war is waged remotely, at the expense of Syrian blood. Both ISIS and the SDF are organizations which sprung from the torrents of this ever-evolving brutal showdown. On Discipline In Educational Institutions! Protestors that took to the streets in 2011, demanding democratic reforms from the Syrian regime could not have anticipated either of jyj music these rising to essay on discipline in educational such a position of influential power. The flames of ISIS which Erdogan once helped spread have come back to burn his hand. Its military and allied FSA proxy forces are now directly involved in Syria and struggled for months to make progress against ISIS in Al Bab, a much smaller city than Raqqa.
The quick offensive on Raqqa the workplace conflict, Trump administration craves may prompt a larger investment into the SDF rather than its NATO ally. The Turkish government finds itself in essay, a difficult position, unable to unwind itself from such a political conundrum. It is still unclear what the next steps will be. The outcome of battle for phd thesis presentation outline Raqqa will be a defining moment and a crossroads in the war. It may be the point in which the superpowers let go, or abandon their key partners after short-term goals are realized. However, Syria’s long-term future will not only be decided by far away politicians, analysts, journalists, or photographers. Her future will also be decided by those who still have the essay on discipline in educational institutions, will to fight. Portrait of phd thesis outline Mohammed al-Ali, a 65 year old SDF volunteer from the essay in educational institutions, countryside of Raqqa. A personal note to the SOFREP community: If you’ve made it this far, thanks for reading. Essay Sales! I am currently putting the final tweaks on my new film shot in Iraq and Syria, and coming up with a creative way to essay on discipline institutions share it online.
If you’d like to workplace conflict case be the first to hear about it, please subscribe using the button at the top right of in educational my personal site. You can also follow my ongoing projects on Twitter, Facebook and essay Instagram. We thought this story would be interesting for you, for on discipline in educational institutions full access to premium original stories written by our all veteran journalists subscribe here . To comment on this article please join/login. Conflict Studies! Here's a sample of the comments on this post. Great article and pics. By far one of the best articles on SOFREP. Great job , great pics, and very good explanation on the fight in Syria! Great job Joey!! Looking forward to more of your reports, safe travels, thank you. Lord forgive me should ever I lament my lot in life ! After this essay and that of Dave Eubank's Free Burma Rangers from the IDP camps on the China border and their mission in Kurdistan. to name just two..
I am a blessed man ! Such tragedy in the world today. Excellent reporting. You are a paragon of your craft. That was a great story. Really made me connect with the story of the SDF and the struggle they're undergoing (and even made me miss the Middle East a lil' bit.)
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95 theses ap euro http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains Martin Luther's Reformation to his AP European History students, including Luther's 95 Theses, his problems . Luther and the Protestant Reformation: Crash Course World History #218. In which John Green teaches you about the Protestant Reformation. On Discipline! Prior to the Protestant Reformation, pretty much everyone in Europe was a Roman Catholic. The Catholic Counter-Reformation (AP Euro Review) http://www.tomrichey.net/euro SWERVE, MARTIN LUTHER! Mr. Richey explains the key elements of the Catholic Counter-Reformation, including the Council of . Causes of the Reformation (AP Euro Review) http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains the causes leading to the Protestant Reformation - specifically problems facing the Catholic Church in workplace case the . Chapter 14 The Protestant Reformation AP Super Genius Mr. Oliver.
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Richey discusses the nature of humanism and the Italian Renaissance with his AP European History students, including the . The Term Artist! AP European History Review Live Hangout #3 (Scientific Revolution) AP European History Review Live Hangout #3 (Scientific Revolution) AP European History Rap Protestant Reformation by Martin Luther, Pope Leo X, and John Calvin. Featuring David DeFranco as Martin Luther, Kamarudeen Ayankunbi as Pope Leo X, and Fournier Calixte as John Calvin. Martin Luther - The Protestant Reformation. http://www.tomrichey.net The Thirty Years' War was fought from 1618-1648 (Thirty Years!) in the Holy Roman Empire. It began as a conflict between Catholics . Reformation and Religious Wars Overview. This video is about Reformation and Religious Wars Overview. Essay In Educational Institutions! The Northern Renaissance (AP Euro Review) http://www.tomrichey.net/euro Mr. Richey explains the Northern Renaissance, contrasting its religious and social spirit with the comparatively secular and . Calvinism (Introduction to John Calvin's Reformed Theology) http://www.tomrichey.net This video is an introduction to the teachings of John Calvin, the father of Reformed or Calvinist theology. Calvinism is a school of . Marketing! Renaissance, Reformation, and Exploration Review. Let's review the essay on discipline in educational 15th and 16th centuries together.
It's time to make some connections across time periods and themes. It's time to review some major course . 6 minute review of AP euro! Guaranteed to get a 5! Martin Luther- Reformation Hall of jyj music sales Fame. From a 2002 documentary.
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Free Essays on Murder Mystery Story. Murder Mystery Dinner | thedinnerdetective.com thedinnerdetective.com Most Popular Murder Mystery in Los Angeles, Long Beach Orange County Download Mystery Game Kit | PlayingWithMurder.com PlayingWithMurder.com Host a murder mystery party for essay in educational 8-15 people and have a great time! Search Results . Annie Hall considered as Woody Allen’s greatest movie which was released in 1977 shows the story of a failed romance. Starring Woody Allen himself and Diane Keaton the movie represents Allen’s own personal. This movie was a completely different idea of Allen from other movies since all other Allen’s. Nancy Drew Mystery Stories : Nancy’s Mysterious Letter By: Carolyn Keene Chapter 1 In chapter one Nancy and some of her friends were coming back from the Red Gate Farm. On there way home they saw an elderly mail carrier named Ira Nixon. So they stop to talk to him in this conversation Ira say. The Murder of model, Roger Ackroyd Agatha Christie has written many mystery novels, but none of them are like The Murder of Roger Ackroyd. On Discipline In Educational Institutions. A surprising realness when in the end, the narrator is the murderer.
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Classical Detective Story A Subversive genre of the essay on discipline in educational institutions Victorian America. 3056 24 November 2014 Classical Detective Story - A subversive genre of the Victorian America Detective novel has been under the limelight since eighteenth century when the genre of classical detective fiction was born, then the development of detective story has undergone the school of Golden Age and. Murder By Natural Causes is a sort of play that gives off the elements that attracts mystery lovers. Student. It has comedy moments, thrills, and suspense. Arthur Sinclair is a world-famous mentalist, which in layman’s terms, means he can read minds.
He is extremely successful. But, he has a very weak heart. Dickens’ masterpiece, A Tale of Two Cities, is full of suspense, mystery , and drama. A Tale of Two Cities is about the French Revolution, and how people in France were scared and poor. People were often falsely accused of essay on discipline institutions, treason, murder , or theft. The nobility was very suspicious about the 3rd estate. What makes a short story great? Great characters? A great plot? Whatever it is, it does not have as much time to jyj music essay sales, develop as a novel does. However, in limited space, author Edgar Allan Poe creates a brilliant, suspenseful, and brain wracking story . The Murders in the Rue Morgue begins by comparing the.
and how to turn a scene have opened my eyes to the nascent possibilities that a well-polished script suggests. Besides the seminal reference book Story by Robert McKee, I have been very influenced by a book called Cinematic Storytelling by Jennifer van Sijll. Essay On Discipline In Educational. The book is quotes homework, refreshing in its pared down. Murder on the Orient Express Book Review. About the Author Agatha Christie (1890-1976), English novelist, was a prolific writer of mystery stories . She was born in Torquay.
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constructed to emphasize the mystery of the nature of the nature of the monster”. For example, horror movies usually begin with a murder who wears a mask to grab audiences’ attention and the murder is not revealed until later. By the on discipline in educational institutions time the murder is told, viewers wonder why the murder is workplace conflict studies, killing and in educational, try to. teenagers that went missing and this was the footage they found a year later. The story focuses on 3 amateur film makers who embark on quest to discover the mystery of the elusive ’Blair Witch’ who is responsible for murders in quotes homework, the village. The film is filmed in two parts, one of the actual documentary. The Murders in the Rue Morgue – a Story with Many Firsts. Petronsky EN 332 Detective Fiction Professor Kauderer December 4, 2010 The Murders in the Rue Morgue – a Story with Many Firsts “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” is unquestionably the first detective fiction story . This without a doubt makes Edgar Allan Poe the father of detective crime. Poe. Compare and essay, Contrast: Speckled Band Lamb to phd thesis proposal presentation outline, the Slaughter. one of the short Sherlock Holmes stories and essay in educational, Lamb to the Slaughter by Roald Dahl are two short stories which belong to the genre Murder / Mystery . There are many similarities between Arthur Conan Doyle's and workplace case, Roald Dahl's works.
For example both of them handle with a murder submitted by a relative of essay on discipline, the. tales the knight honors womanhood and is gentlemanly • the most famous are the phd thesis proposal tales of King Arthur • throughout history, artists return to these stories , Even today, period romance is burgeoning Religion and the Church • The medieval period is often known as the “Age of Faith” • Church played. Oxfordshire, England | |Occupation |Novelist | |Genres | Murder mystery , Thriller, Crime fiction | |Literary movement |Golden Age of Detective Fiction | Agatha Mary Clarissa. Discuss how Charlotte Bronte creates mystery and essay on discipline institutions, suspense in Jane Eyre. Mystery and suspense play a key part in outline, creating an atmosphere for the reader and foreshadowing coming events. Bronte establishes an air of institutions, mystery and suspense throughout the book; from mba thesis marketing, Jane Eyre and Mr Rochester’s first meeting. The Curious Incident of the on discipline in educational Dog in the Nighttime. reader who first sees the title of this book might expect that the book is a murder mystery . But it will be contrary to your expectation when you are one fifth through the book. It is not a surprise coup de grace that mystery thing brings rather; it seems to have felt greater is student essay, singular surprise you.
Bookseller’s Assignment The book I’m going to introduce to you is called “Gosick” by Kazuki Sakuraba. It is a mystery fiction. The story happened in 1924 and it takes place in essay institutions, Sauville, a small European country. Kazuya Kujo, the main character, was the youngest son of a soldier. He has been studying. innovative film editing. His stories often feature fugitives on the run from the law alongside icy blonde female characters. Many of Hitchcock's films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of violence, murder , and crime. Many of the mba thesis marketing mysteries , however, are used as decoys.
“Trifles”Oedipus Rex and essay on discipline institutions, Trifles was different mystery plays. They both have in common a mystery , but they are both very different plays. Jyj Music. The first play “Oedipus Rex” was more of an unknown murder who then leads to the hurtful truth. In Susan Glaspell’s story , Mrs. Wright killed his husband. Because she. The book, uBoy's Life/u, has several important scenes which carry on throughout the on discipline in educational institutions story . One particular scene that keeps influencing other scenes all through out the story is the very beginning scene. In this scene, the model whole plot is set up.
It begins in early morning with Cory Mackeson riding. In-Class Analysis Susan Glaspell's A Jury of Her Peers, first published in 1917, is on discipline institutions, a short story adaptation of quotes homework, her one-act play Trifles. Since their first publication, both the story and the play have appeared in many anthologies of women writers and playwrights. Although Trifles was written. Hound of the in educational institutions Baskervilles- Chapter 6. traditional [pic]detective story genre with elements of a Gothic tale. The many clues of proposal, [pic]the detective case are made even more interesting by the possibility that a [pic]supernatural force could be at work in the form of the evil black hound. The traditional [pic]detective story is made up of a mysterious. “Good People” Kate Chopin writes The story of an Hour using irony to draw the audience into the plot. Kate Chopin strategically writes her story leading her readers down one road then at the conclusion she dramatically switches our worries to something the audience would never have seen coming. Essay In Educational Institutions. Martin.
Dame Agatha Christie DBE (15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976), was an English crime writer of novels, short stories and plays. She also wrote romances under the name Mary Westmacott, but is best remembered for mba thesis marketing her 80 detective novels and her successful West End theatre plays. Her works, particularly. Compare and Contrast Porphyrias Lover and My Last Duchess. contrast two poems that deal with the issue of love” This essay will compare and contrast ‘Porphyria’s Lover’ which is about a psychotic Lover who murders his female Lover with ‘My Last Duchess’ which is about a Duke who invites his fiancees intermediary and on discipline institutions, talks about his previous wife, Both poems deal. Comparissons of a Lunatics Stories. freakass Edgar Allan Poe’s stories , “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Black Cat”, both have many similarities and a number of differences. Both stories include aspects of death, alcohol, betrayal, and conflict, tombs. Institutions. One difference is in the ways that the murders took place and how in one story the character was caught. pleasant. B. (Thesis statement) written in complete sentences According to the article, Solving the 4k mysteries of the phd thesis outline Black Dahlia.
Elizabeth Short’ death is one of the notorious murder case ever to essay, happen in Los Angeles C. The Term Paper Artist Summary. (Preview of Main Points) written in essay on discipline, complete sentences I will be discussing. Describe the traditions of sales, Bredgar Chambers as outlined in the text: Well-schooled in Murder . Bredgar Chambers is a school where discipline is on high priority. It is a boarding school where the students live. They have something like a dress code; they have to be dressed like rich people as the. Short Stories Essay--Lamb to the Slaughter, The Speckled Band. Both stories compared. Most murder mysteries often have a motive to essay on discipline in educational institutions, prompt an investigation, and most classic murder mysteries include a detective to solve the case. Murder mysteries obviously also include a murder , may it be spectacular, cold blooded or accidental. There is also a murderer and a victim and mba thesis marketing, a weapon of some.
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. Essay Writing. Essay Writing To what extend “The curious incident of the dog in the night-Time” a coming of age story ? The curious incident of the dog in the night-time is a coming of age story , or a novel of formation or rite of on discipline institutions, passage or it is also known as Bildungsroman, this is proposal outline, a novel whose principal subject. her works; she portrayed the mystery of God's Grace through trivial things, often in grotesque and violent manners. Institutions. After she was officially diagnosed with lupus she moved back to Milledgeville with her mother, where she continued to write and publish most of her stories , including Wise Blood, Good Country. A Rose for Emily: Gothic Murder Mystery. varies greatly from a typical gothic murder mystery . Workplace Conflict. A typical gothic murder mystery immediately acknowledges a murder and it is then the reader's job to essay institutions, figure out who committed it. Mba Thesis. In A Rose for Emily, the reader is not even aware of a murder until the end of the story ; it is then the reader's job to.
Miranda's Monster Mystery of the Woodenlegs Pete and the Doodlebug Revenge of the Wildcat 2) This novel is a mystery novel. On Discipline In Educational. Here are some examples of some other books with the same genre as the Silent Pool by quotes homework Griselda Gifford: - Mystery of the Woodenlegs - Griselda. An author’s first ingredient in making a good play or short story is their characters. Characters are essential to the ending result in essay, a successful story . All different authors choose to characterize their characters using many different techniques. Sophocles and Susan Glaspell are two great examples. Comparison: Murder in the Rue Morgue the Purloined Letter. between the Murders in the Rue Morgue and The Purloined Letter. The stories are similar in the fact that they are both investigative stories . Also the marketing stories both include an in educational institutions unnamed narrator, along with the investigative mind of C. Auguste Dupin. The similarities between the phd thesis proposal outline two stories are abundant.
The thin blue line - Documentary review. controversial true story of the arrest and essay institutions, conviction of a drifter, Randall Adams, for the murder of a policeman in 1976. Referred to as the workplace conflict case studies first movie mystery to on discipline in educational, actually solve a murder , this film is credited with overturning the conviction of Randall Dale Adams for the murder of Dallas police officer. Characteristics Of Effective Ghost Stories The ghost story genre is one that is very complex. Each ghost story can be told in marketing, a different way and still be effective. In Educational Institutions. A ghost is a supernatural force. Supernatural themes are often associated with paranormal and occult ideas. Supernatural comes from. The story starts off with the murder of Jacques Sauniere (the Grand Master Of Priory of Sion, although virtually no one knows that at the time) by Silas (acting on behalf of someone known only as The Teacher) to extract the location of the keystone, an item that leads to the Holy Grail.
The police. How Mystery-Religions Helped to Clear the Pathway for the Christianization of the Greco-Roman? In this paper it will be shown that the mystery -religions helped to model student, clear the pathway for the Christianization of the Greco-Roman world by men such as Paul the Apostle. In Educational. Also, the Emperor Constantine during whose reign the mystery -religions declined and Christianity became the jyj music major religion of Europe. The Unknown Story of the Lincoln Assassination. The Unknown Story of the Lincoln Assassination Aubrey Tallon Per. Essay. 7 Almost everyone knows the story of the assassination of the United State’s sixteenth President Abraham Lincoln. The story of a president shot from marketing, behind while enjoying a play five days after General Lee of the on discipline in educational Confederate. A Critical Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe. horrendous deeds, and that within every minute lies the possibility for sanity to fail and evil to take over.
His morbid poems and short stories delve into the mystery and workplace case, madness of the human mind. The haunting theme of on discipline in educational institutions, insanity, irrationality, and death that portray many of Poe’s works is nothing if. Murder By Razor It was time to move on. Model Student Essay. I needed to essay on discipline, be able to stretch my legs. A two bedroom flat was simply just not enough.
A family of sales, four and another child on the way, we needed the escape. No -where on Earth could we fit another bed under this roof, let alone another vehicle in the driveway. ? Mystery ! From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Mystery ! Genre Anthology, mystery Presented by essay on discipline Gene Shalit, Vincent Price, Diana Rigg Country of quotes homework, origin United States, United Kingdom Original language(s) English Production company(s) WGBH, BBC, ITV .