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nida homework cd Approaches to Drug Abuse Counseling. Minnesota Model: Description of Counseling Approach. The Minnesota Model approach is typically characterized by a thorough and ongoing assessment of all aspects of the client and of multimodal therapeutic approaches. It may include group and individual therapy, family education and support, and other methods.
A multidisciplinary team of professionals (e.g., counselors, psychologists, nurses) plan and assist in the treatment process for research each client. Each member of the team meets individually with the client to conduct an papers marketing research, interview, review the client's test results, and review the questionnaire that the client completes. Eugenics Paper! After the client is marketing seen by research, each team member, the and social service team meets without the research paper client to discuss the findings and i didn't do my report, form a treatment plan that includes individualized goals and eugenics paper, objectives. How To Write A Phd Humanities! The assumption is that abstinence is the prerequisite. Treatment provides tools and a context for the client to learn new ways of eugenics living without alcohol and write a phd humanities, other drugs.
This type of treatment can be employed on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The philosophy of the Minnesota Model is based on Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). The primary goal is lifetime abstinence from research alcohol and other mood-altering chemicals and improved quality of life. This goal is achieved by essay on colours of india, applying the principles of the 12-step philosophy, which include frequent meetings with other recovering people and changes in daily behaviors. The ultimate goal is eugenics research personality change or change in basic thinking, feeling, and acting in the world. Within the model, this change is referred to as a spiritual experience. This approach works by changing an addict's beliefs about his or her relationship to ap english grading rubric others and to self. Paper! This changed perspective occurs by attending meetings, by self-reflection, and by papers research, learning new coping skills. Eugenics Paper! Through this process, the client's understanding about himself or herself in relationship to and social service the self and to others is transformed. The main agent of change is group affiliation and practice of behaviors consistent with the 12 steps of AA. The treatment assignments that the counselor gives each client help the client connect with the group and provide opportunities for practicing behavior changes.
Chemical addiction is seen as a primary, chronic, and progressive disease. Eugenics! It is primary because it is an entity in itself and not caused by essay on colours of india, other factors, such as intrapsychic conflict. It is chronic because a client cannot return to research normal drinking once an addiction is established. It is progressive because symptoms and ap english essay rubric, consequences continue to occur with increasing severity as use continues. The most similar counseling approaches are cognitive-behavioral therapy, education/ rehabilitation from research a physical health disorder (e.g., recovery from a heart attack), and learning to live with any chronic illness. Methadone maintenance and psychoanalysis are dissimilar counseling approaches. Approximately 80 to 90 percent of the treatment occurs in groups; the remainder is in individual sessions. Group treatment may offer therapy focusing on seeing a broader reality; overcoming denial and gaining greater acceptance of personal responsibility and hope for change; learning about the disease and related factors; orienting to 12-step philosophy and groups (e.g., AA, Narcotics Anonymous [NA], or Cocaine Anonymous [CA]); looking at grading rubric special issue groups; focusing on topics specific to clients who have special characteristics (e.g., women, elderly persons, those with dual disorders, incest survivors); and participating in recreation groups, meditation groups, work task groups, groups for individuals to paper tell their stories and receive feedback, and groups where members review their behavioral homework assignments. Individual sessions are used for reviewing progress and essay on colours, addressing issues that may be too sensitive or unique to be dealt with routinely in a group setting.
Typically, the counselor schedules individual meetings one to eugenics paper three times a week, more frequently toward the beginning of treatment and and social service in malayalam, less frequently toward the end of treatment. The counselor helps the research client integrate all of his or her group experience and individual work, teaching the client how this knowledge applies to the 12-step philosophy. White! Individual sessions are used to review the treatment assignments with the client and to give new assignments. For example, after the treatment team has established the client's goals and methods, the client and counselor meet. Together, they start with the assignments that will meet the first goals. During the next individual session, the counselor and eugenics paper, client may review those assignments to determine whether they were helpful and whether the goal was met. I Didn't Book Report! If so, they move to the next set of assignments to eugenics work on the next goal. However, if the client had difficulty with the assignments, or if the assignments were not helpful, the treatment plan can be revised and new assignments can be given.
Unscheduled individual sessions are conducted to write humanities resolve difficulties the client may have in the treatment setting or with external issues (e.g., family, legal system). For the client whose functioning level is low because of cognitive or emotional impairment, the counselor may meet more frequently with the individual for short sessions (e.g., 15 minutes) to help the client stay on track with simple daily goals and to eugenics research reevaluate status. The ideal treatment setting is residential, as this environment most easily conveys dignity and i didn't do my, respect for the individual and provides grounds and physical space for solitude and reflection. This model can, however, be applied in any setting. In a residential setting, the typical length of stay is 22 to 28 days. On an outpatient basis, the typical length of treatment is 5 to 6 weeks of intensive therapy (3 to 4 nights a week, 3 to 4 hours a session) followed by eugenics, 10 or more weeks of of thesis weekly aftercare sessions. This approach is compatible with psychotropic medication monitoring, individual psychotherapy, and family therapy. Involvement in self-help groups (AA, NA, CA) is considered critical for research long-term abstinence. In some cases, involvement in related self-help groups (e.g., Women for Sobriety) may be acceptable.
During primary treatment, the goal is to essay expose clients to 12-step programs so they can begin to eugenics paper see how they function and to feel comfortable in them. White Papers Marketing! After primary treatment, frequency of meetings depends on the individual. If a client is functioning relatively well and has a good support system, attendance one to eugenics two times a week may be recommended; for ap english essay those whose hold on recovery is more tenuous, daily meetings may be recommended. Clients are urged to join groups that are most specific to their drug of choice. A bachelor's degree is required, but some treatment programs accept a counselor who has a high school diploma, certification, and eugenics, experience. Ideally, a counselor will have a master's degree in psychology, social work, or a closely related field. Chemical addiction counselors take a State credentializing examination and receive certification. Some States now require licensure. Hazelden offers a 55-week experiential/didactic program that leads to a chemical addiction counseling certificate. Of Thesis Paper! Trainees work in treatment units practicing skills they have learned in the classroom.
Hazelden has an affiliation with the University of Minnesota. Hazelden also offers classroom chemical addiction counselor courses in research Texas and Florida. The ideal counselor is in an active program of recovery from a chemical addiction. Understanding and grading, practicing the 12-step philosophy (e.g., self-help group attendance, AA/NA, Al-Anon, CA) in eugenics personal life are essential. All counselors must demonstrate good chemical health. Nonrecovering counselors can also do quite well.
A counselor should: Be tolerant and nonjudgmental of introduction of thesis paper client diversity. Be collaborative when working with clients and be able to elicit and use input from other professionals. Be flexible in accepting job responsibilities (e.g., in providing individual case management, leading group therapy sessions, delivering accurate and interesting educational lectures). Have good verbal and written communication skills. Have personal integrity. Convey compassion to clients. The counselor must be able to:
Compile and synthesize information about paper, a client from other professionals, referents, and family members. Design a treatment plan that includes goals and objectives that can be monitored easily. Assign goals and objectives and periodically evaluate progress toward them by observation and discussion. Point out a client's strengths and barriers to recovery. Describe observed progress toward goals. Elicit client commitment and behaviors toward change. Trust a client's ability to change and convey information. Summarize, paraphrase, or reflect a client's statements back to him or her; probe for further information. Listen to where a client is in write a phd humanities the process of recovery and employ treatment or counseling methods accordingly. Offer personal disclosure within appropriate boundaries (e.g., recovery status).
The counselor must not: Provide any medications, even over-the-counter types. Display any physical contact except occasional hugs or pats on the shoulder. (This limited physical contact should occur only research paper with the client's permission or request and essay on colours of india, be conducted in a public place.) Confront a client unnecessarily (i.e., no bullying, shaming, or humiliating). Establish a personal relationship outside the treatment setting. Disclose personal details of own history or discuss personal problems. The counseling model is established so that ongoing supervision is naturally obtained from the supervisor and colleagues during the multidisciplinary team meetings.
Clients are discussed and reviewed on eugenics research a weekly basis, and each counselor receives ongoing feedback about his or her work. Ideally, the counselor receives individual supervision at least monthly, where patterns of types of clients and any problems the counselor has can be discussed. The counselor's role might best be described as that of educator and coach. The relationship seems to work best when a client perceives the counselor as an ally in the work toward recovery. In other words, the counselor is an important resource in the client's recovery, not the one who is responsible for the recovery. It depends on the goal of the session. Generally, the client talks more than the counselor does. However, if the counselor is white giving goals and objectives, the counselor will do most of the talking. A good counselor will be more or less directive, depending on client characteristics and research, stage of treatment. This form of treatment is more directive than many types of therapy (e.g., client-centered therapy), but it is no longer as indiscriminately confrontive as it was once characterized.
The counselor will typically be direct in stating this is what I see about you, but usually not until he or she has elicited the client's perception and built a rapport. White Papers Research! The counselor typically chooses the topic of the session and keeps the focus on that subject. There is a misconception that the Minnesota Model is, or needs to be, hard-hitting confrontation. This is research unfortunate, as the method of direct or harsh confrontation may in fact be detrimental to some clients, particularly those whose self-esteem is papers marketing research already compromised. This is eugenics often true for elderly persons, women, people who are depressed, and i didn't book report, people who are just realizing they are alcoholic/addicted and eugenics research, are feeling the painful consequences. Shaming clients and how to a phd dissertation humanities, using punitive treatment methods do not have a place in the Minnesota Model.
In this model, the counselor is research seen as a colleague or partner in the recovery process, the one who has expertise. The counselor aligns with the client: listening, retaining confidentiality, demonstrating knowledge, observing the client without judgment or shaming, and offering encouragement and support. A therapeutic alliance (TA) can be poor if the client perceives the counselor as an authority figure and rebels. Essay On Colours! The counselor typically attempts to avoid a power struggle and paper, intentionally places responsibility for behavior on the client. At Hazelden there are no locked units. In fact, original artwork adorns the walls, the furniture is noninstitutional, and clients are free to walk the trails of the woods. Clients who have been in more restrictive environments or are ready for a fight are sometimes disarmed by the freedom. The environment says, We assume you are responsible, competent human beings; if you want to leave, you may. If the client focuses anger or blame on the counselor for his or her alcoholism/addiction or need for treatment, the counselor may choose to keep a lower profile or play a background role in the client's recovery. In this case, treatment assignments would have the client gather information from family, friends, or staff whom they choose to trust, rather than from the white research counselor (if that is where the rebellion is placed). Usually this approach defuses the issue.
A poor TA can also occur if a client becomes overly dependent on the counselor, placing his or her success in the counselor's hands. In this case, the client may claim to be unable to stay sober without constant attention from the counselor and may have repeated crises. If the counselor attempts to set limits, the client may triangulate the staff by going to other staff members. The counselor is likely to work toward improving this TA by: Talking directly to the client about research, his or her neediness and ways to work together to help the client feel more secure in the recovery process. Encouraging the do my client to include more peers in his or her recovery process (e.g., using the homework assignments to help the eugenics client make these connections).
Referring the client for psychological consultation to see if he or she is becoming too overwhelmed by emotional issues that are arising as chemicals are leaving his or her system. Continuing to offer support and reinforcement for do my book even small successes so the client begins to own his or her recovery process. The following individuals are well suited for this approach: Adolescents or adults who have transient intellectual impairment at most. People with average or better intellectual ability and at least sixth-grade reading ability.
Alcoholics or polydrug users. People who are dually diagnosed if the psychiatric disorder is eugenics research stable or not predominant in the clinical picture. People who have or develop at least moderate motivation and willingness to white papers research change. (Although many come to treatment with some resistance, most will be able to engage in the treatment process within 5 to 10 days. If they cannot, they may be discharged.) Those not suited for this approach include the converse of the above, as well as individuals who are seeking methadone maintenance, those with poor reading ability or memory impairment, and those not motivated to change. The initial assessment generally takes 5 to 7 days. It includes a physical exam; questionnaires regarding chemical use history, psychological history, a description of current symptoms, and a family/social history; recreational/leisure activities; spiritual issues; and career/legal/financial history. The client is eugenics research paper also given MMPI, Shipley, Hartford, and Beck evaluations. Students And Social Service In Malayalam! Each written questionnaire or test is reviewed in a one-to-one interview with a relevant staff person. Assessment during treatment is done by eugenics research, reviewing homework (written), by how to a phd humanities, conducting interviews, and by observing the research paper client.
Homework assignments are a critical part of the treatment process. Depending on the client's needs, assignments may include activities like reading a pamphlet or chapter in white papers marketing research a book and discussing it with a peer, holding a small group discussion on eugenics paper a topic, keeping a journal, asking a peer for help in any way, spending enjoyable time with peers, writing a detailed history of personal drug use and consequences, answering questions that help personalize the 12 steps, and so forth. By observing the client and reviewing his or her assignments, the counselor can obtain information about the essay client's ability to progress in recovery. Further psychological/intellectual functioning tests may be given if needed. Major domains assessed depend on the individual. Typically, progress is assessed by evaluation progress toward the established individual treatment goals. After treatment, clients are typically sent evaluation questionnaires at 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months. Major domains assessed are chemical use, self-help attendance, and quality of eugenics life. Session structure depends to some degree on each counselor's style. In general, the counselor: Elicits any new information about progress from the client (e.g., review of homework assignments, discussion of changes in behaviors or thinking).
Gives new assignments or recommendations or reinforces continuation of current efforts. In the i didn't do my book first several sessions, the theme is assessment. Eugenics Research Paper! The counselor determines the introduction topic and basic structure and then reviews, with the client, the written information the client has provided about an aspect of his or her life. Eugenics Research! The purpose of these sessions is to clarify and expand on the information given to provide a more thorough assessment. In the goal-setting session, the how to humanities counselor tells the client the research goal that has been recommended for him or her, based on the information he or she has provided in the assessment phase. The counselor begins to assign homework; the quantity depends on the functioning level of the client. During progress review sessions, the counselor continues to meet with the client periodically to review progress and how to dissertation humanities, give new assignments. During client-initiated sessions, the client typically requests one or more sessions with the counselor to ask for help in dealing with issues that arise during the course of treatment. These are typically problem solving sessions. The counselor and client discuss plans for discharge during aftercare planning sessions, including living situation, return to eugenics research work, referrals to AA and other community resources, and ongoing goals the client will continue to work on. Typically, the sessions are quite structured because there is a topic to cover.
Client-initiated sessions tend to be less structured. The problem behavior is pointed out to the client. When applicable, the ap english rubric problem is put in the context of the 12-step philosophy for possible resolution. For example, a client may be asked, I know you are working on research your anger and need to white papers control. Does this situation relate to that? Or, more explicitly, the client may be asked a question such as, Can Step 3 help you with this problem? Depending on the nature and severity of the problem, the research responsibility for change is given to the client (e.g., What do you need to do to get here on time?).
If the client is unable or unwilling to describe methods for change, the counselor may say, How would it work if you did _________? If the client still cannot commit to making the changes, the counselor may recommend that he or she talk to peers about the problem and elicit recommendations for change. If the client is unwilling to do the above, or if the problem behavior continues, the client is seen by the counselor's supervisor or the clinic director. Ap English Essay! Other sources of the problem may be explored (e.g., a dual disorder or family or work problems that are distracting the client from treatment). If the problem cannot be resolved, the client may be discharged with recommendations or transferred to a different counselor or treatment setting. Typically, the counselor will identify these as bona fide treatment issues with individualized goals rather than simply viewing them merely as barriers to progress. The strategies for addressing these usually include further education (e.g., reading, reflecting, and writing; talking with peers).
These may be used as examples of the treatment principles the client is learning (e.g., Step 1). The counselor responds as any therapist would, by research, meeting with the client to determine the nature and extent of the crisis and proceeding accordingly. The client may be referred to another type of treatment instead of or in addition to of india the current treatment. In addition, the client will be encouraged to turn to peers for support to serve as practice and reinforcement for learning new ways of coping without chemicals. This may be used as an example of the paper treatment principles the client is learning (e.g., Step 3). First, the do my book client would be taken to detox if still under the influence.
Then, if the client is able to be honest in reporting a slip, and if he or she expresses continued motivation for abstinence, these are dealt with as learning experiences. The counselor may use these to illustrate the power of eugenics research addiction (Step 1) and will work with the white papers client to identify triggers for relapse and how to cope with them. In severe cases, the research paper client may need to paper go back to detox and return to treatment to focus on eugenics a revised treatment plan. If the client continues to relapse and expresses no motivation to change, the essay on colours counselor would assess (or refer for assessment of) undiagnosed comorbidity (e.g., depression, organicity). In this case, the client would probably be discharged or referred elsewhere.
At the beginning of treatment, family members are asked to fill out a detailed questionnaire about the client's alcohol and other drug use and the resulting consequences. The counselor will probably have one or more discussions with family members during the assessment phase to gather more information. The family is invited to come to a separate family program where they will learn more about addiction and eugenics paper, what changes they can begin to make in their lives. Toward the end of treatment, there may be a family conference where the counselor, the client, and write dissertation humanities, the client's family meet to paper discuss outstanding issues and review goals for discharge. For many families this is just the beginning, as they will be referred to marital/family counseling after treatment.
Family and friends are always referred to on colours of india Al-Anon. Research Paper! In a time of report crisis, the counselor will sometimes call family members to elicit their suggestions and involvement.
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Specifications for Thesis Preparation. This entire document can be read from beginning to end or particular sections can be quickly referenced by using the table of contents. This guide has been prepared by the MIT Libraries, as prescribed by the Committee on Graduate Programs, to assist students and faculty in the preparation of theses. The Institute is committed to the preservation of each student's thesis because it is eugenics research paper both a requirement for the MIT degree and a record of original research that contains information of lasting value. The requirements in this guide apply to all theses and have been specified both to facilitate the care and dissemination of the thesis and to assure the preservation of the archival paper copy. Individual departments may dictate more stringent requirements. Questions not answered in this guide should be referred to the appropriate department officer or to the MIT Libraries (14N-118, firstname.lastname@example.org, 617-253-5136).
The academic department is white research required to research paper, deliver the proper number of copies of the thesis to the MIT Libraries within one month after the write a phd last day of the term in which the thesis was submitted (Faculty Regulation 2.72). Eugenics. One copy is kept as part of the permanent archival collection, and do my report the other copy is reserved for future disposition. An online catalog record, which includes the paper thesis abstract, is prepared for all theses deposited in the MIT Libraries. This information appears in Barton, our online catalog, which is accessible to researchers at other institutions through the Internet, as well as in i didn't do my book, the OCLC database WorldCat, an eugenics online international bibliographic system available to libraries and individuals worldwide. PhD and service in malayalam ScD theses are also listed (with abstract) in ProQuest Dissertations Theses database ( PQDT ) and Dissertation Abstracts International ( DAI ). For each thesis received by research paper the Libraries, a digital version is created and write a phd dissertation made publicly available in DSpace@MIT (http://libraries.mit.edu/mit-theses). Copies of research, theses may be obtained through the MIT Libraries' Document Services (14-0551, 617-253-5668; email@example.com; http://libraries.mit.edu/docs/). Students may choose to of thesis, submit a born-digital PDF of the thesis via the Libraries voluntary submission portal (http://thesis-dropbox.mit.edu/vireo/start).
However, the electronic version is not considered to be the official copy. Degree candidates must submit the required copies of their theses to the appropriate office of the paper department or program in which they are registered on the dates specified in on colours of india, the Academic Calendar. The Academic Calendar may be found in the MIT Bulletin and at http://web.mit.edu/registrar/www/calendar.html. September, February, and June are the only months in which degrees are awarded. Additional copies of the thesis may be required by the department. All theses should be turned in to eugenics, the appropriate departmental office; the office will deliver the theses to students service in malayalam, the MIT Libraries within a month after the last day of term. Eugenics Research Paper. In this guide, the copy that remains in the Archives is called the first copy . Ap English Essay. Additional copies required for the divisional libraries (see following section) are referred to as the eugenics research second and (possibly) third copies . The department may ask for copies in addition to papers research, those required for the Libraries. The student may, of paper, course, keep personal copies. Not all departments send bachelor's theses to the Archives. If your department does, only one copy should be submitted to the Archives.
Please check the requirements of your department. Undergraduate students do not pay a library processing fee. Number of copies: Normally, two copies are required for write a phd dissertation humanities the Libraries €“ one for research the Archives and a second for the appropriate divisional library. A third copy is required only when a student is essay of india submitting the same thesis to departments or programs from two separate MIT schools (e.g., Management and Engineering). If the departments are in research, the same school (e.g., Engineering Systems and Mechanical Engineering), only two copies are required. Doctoral theses only: A completed UMI/ProQuest form (see section below) with an additional copy of the title page and abstract stapled to it is write dissertation also required.
Most MIT theses are written by a single author. In those cases where two or more students are responsible, only a single copy (for undergraduates) or set of copies (for graduate students) should be submitted to the Archives. The title page of the thesis should bear the signatures of all authors and thesis supervisors. (Permission to undertake collaborative thesis research must be obtained in advance from the Dean of Graduate Education [3-138, 617-253-4860, http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/joint-theses). Submission of Doctoral Thesis Abstract to International Database: UMI/ ProQuest Dissertations Theses Database. Abstracts of all doctoral theses (PhD and ScD) will be submitted for inclusion in ProQuest Dissertations Theses , an online database used by researchers around the research paper world. PQDT can be searched by author name, subject terms, and all words in the title and abstract. All MIT abstracts will contain a note stating that copies of the full text are available from DSpace@MIT or the MIT Libraries' Document Services. Abstracts should be no longer than 350 words; longer abstracts will be edited by UMI/ProQuest.
Please complete the UMI/ProQuest form at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/umi-proquest-form.pdf, staple it to a copy of your title page and abstract, and submit it with your thesis. How To A Phd. The form may printed and completed by hand or opened and filled out in eugenics paper, Acrobat Reader, then printed. When filling out the form, choose the appropriate subject categories from the list provided with the form. On Colours. Please take care both in eugenics paper, choosing terms and writing them (if filling out the form by hand). Subject-based access to your thesis will depend on ap english essay grading, the accuracy of the information you provide and the precision with which it is transcribed by UMI/ProQuest. It is especially important that your name appear on this form exactly as it does on the title page and abstract of your thesis. CHANGES AFTER SUBMISSION OF THESIS. All change made to a thesis, after the eugenics paper thesis has been submitted to the MIT Libraries by the student's department, must have prior approval from the Dean of Graduate or Undergraduate Education.
When the how to purpose is to correct significant errors in eugenics paper, content, the student should create an errata sheet using the form and instructions at grading rubric http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/errata-sheet.pdf and eugenics research obtain approval from papers marketing research, both thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. If the purpose of research, change is to excise classified, proprietary, or confidential information, the and social service student should fill out the application form at http://libraries.mit.edu/archives/thesis-specs/images/page-substitution.pdf and have the request approved by the thesis supervisor or program chair and the Dean for Graduate or Undergraduate Education. Students and supervisors should vet thesis content carefully before submission to avoid both scenarios whenever possible. Students receiving advanced degrees from MIT are required to pay a library processing fee: $115.00 for a doctoral thesis ($50 for processing and $65 for the UMI/ProQuest abstract fee) and $50.00 for all other advanced-degree theses. Undergraduate students do not pay a processing fee. Thesis charges are billed to the student€™s account when the thesis title is entered on the degree application.
Please refer to the academic calendar on the Registrar€™s website to review relevant deadline dates. All copies must be submitted to the student€™s department unbound between cardboard covers; the thesis and covers should be clipped or tied together, NOT stapled or punched. Recycled temporary covers and binder clips are available in a cabinet in the first floor stairwell of research, Hayden Library, near the essay circulation desk. The front cover should be labeled with the following information: author's name, thesis title, course, month and year of graduation, and which copy it is (first, second, or third). The MIT Libraries pay for the binding of theses retained in eugenics, their collection. Personal copies may be bound in hard or soft cover at MIT CopyTech or many commercial binderies in dissertation humanities, the Boston area.
The Institute's policy concerning ownership of thesis copyright is covered in Rules and Regulations of the Faculty , 2.73. (http://web.mit.edu/faculty/governance/rules/2.70.html) and MIT Policies and Procedures 13.1.3 (http://web.mit.edu/policies/13/13.1.html#sub3). Eugenics. The following are guidelines to assist the student in determining who holds ownership of the essay thesis copyright: The Institute will hold ownership of the paper copyrights to theses if: the thesis research is performed in whole or in part by the student with financial support in the form of wages, salary, stipend, or grant from funds administered by the Institute. the thesis research is i didn't performed in research, whole or in part utilizing equipment or facilities provided to the Institute under conditions that impose copyright restrictions.. In general, students may retain ownership of thesis copyrights when the only form of support is (a) teaching assistantships (the duties of which do not include research activities) and (b) NSF and NIH traineeships and ap english essay grading fellowships (although the trainee or fellow may be required to grant certain publishing rights to eugenics paper, NSF or NIH). Actual determination of a student's status is made by students and social essay reference to eugenics research paper, the account from which the student receives support. Questions regarding restrictions imposed on any of the Institute's facilities or equipment may be addressed to the administrative officer of the laboratory or department or to the appropriate contract administrator in the Office of introduction of thesis paper, Sponsored Programs (http://osp.mit.edu/). Specific questions on permission to copyright should be referred to the Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, firstname.lastname@example.org).
When copyright ownership is held by the student, the student must, as condition of a degree award, grant royalty-free permission to the Institute to reproduce and publicly distribute copies of the thesis, and must place the eugenics paper following legend on essay, the thesis title page: The author hereby grants to MIT permission to reproduce and to research, distribute publicly paper and electronic copies of this thesis document in whole or in part in any medium now known or hereafter created. For such theses, requests for permission to i didn't do my, use portions of the thesis in third-party publications must be addressed to and granted by research paper the student author. When copyright is held by the Institute, students and third parties should contact the MIT Technology Licensing Office (617-253-6966, email@example.com) to obtain permission to reuse thesis content in other publications. However, the how to a phd humanities student is authorized to post electronic versions of the student€™s own thesis, in whole or in eugenics, part, on the World Wide Web. Any further publication of the thesis in whole or in part shall be made only with the authorization of the Technology Licensing Office, in consultation with the ap english grading head of the department or course in which the student was registered when the thesis was accepted.
Regardless of whether copyright is held by research paper the student or the Institute, the how to write dissertation MIT Libraries publish the thesis electronically in DSpace@MIT (http://dspace.mit.edu) allowing open access viewing and limited downloading/ printing. Students may request a waiver of Institute copyright by written application to the Institute's Technology Licensing Office (http://tlo.mit.edu/). The waiver shall be granted only if the retained rights of the student as described in this guide are inadequate for the student€™s needs and if a license from the research paper Institute to the student would also be inadequate. Any such waiver of the Institute€™s copyright shall be subject to a royalty-free grant from the introduction of thesis paper student to eugenics research paper, the Institute to publicly distribute copies of the thesis, in whole or in part. The student must also place the how to write dissertation humanities legend above on eugenics research, the thesis title page. Implementation: How to Copyright a Thesis.
Each student should place the appropriate copyright notice on the thesis. Copyright notice consists of four elements: the symbol c with a circle around it © and/or the word copyright, the year of publication (the year in which the of thesis paper degree is to eugenics research, be awarded), the name of the copyright owner, and the words All rights reserved. These four elements should appear together on the title page (or verso of the title page). student is copyright owner: © 2008 Jane Doe.
All rights reserved. Institute is copyright owner: © 2008 Massachusetts Institute of essay, Technology. Eugenics Research Paper. All rights reserved. See sample title pages. A copyright notice should also appear on any non-paper material (e.g., DVD or CD) included with a thesis. Use of Previously Published Material in a Thesis. Each student is responsible for obtaining permission, if necessary, to include previously published material in introduction of thesis paper, the thesis. This applies to most third-party materials (i.e., those created and published by someone else); it may also apply to the student€™s own previous work.
If, for example, a student has already published part of the thesis as a journal article and, as a condition of publication, has assigned title to the journal's publisher, the student has no further rights in the article. Written permission must be obtained from the publisher to include the article, or any portion of it, in the thesis. Similarly, permission must be obtained to eugenics paper, include papers written while the student was employed by a commercial company or non-profit organization if title belongs to the company or organization. A sample permission letter can be obtained from the Office of the General Counsel (https://ogc.mit.edu/frequently-asked-questions). If the student knows, prior to publication or employment, that such material will be included in on colours of india, a thesis, he or she may wish to retain title to the material or to reserve sufficient rights to use the material. Further information is available at Scholarly Publishing @MIT Libraries (http://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/) or by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org for more information. POLICY FOR TEMPORARY RESTRICTIONS ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THESES. Thesis research should be undertaken in eugenics research paper, light of MIT's policy of open research and the free interchange of information. Written notification of ap english essay rubric, patent holds and research paper other restrictions must reach the how to a phd Institute Archives before the thesis in question is received, since under normal circumstances all theses are open and available for public inspection once they have been received by the Archives. When there is good reason for delaying the distribution of a thesis, the eugenics procedures below should be followed. For additional details on and social service, procedures for eugenics research temporary restrictions, please see Graduate Policies and Procedures at http://odge.mit.edu/gpp/degrees/thesis/restrictions-on-thesis-publication/.
When MIT holds the rights to any intellectual property contained in i didn't do my report, a thesis, students and their supervisors must work with the MIT Technology Licensing Office (http://web.mit.edu/tlo/www/) to determine if a patent application is to be filed. If so, the Technology Licensing Office will notify the Institute Archives, and the thesis will be withheld from distribution for up to three months. If an eugenics research paper extension is required, application must be made to the Vice President for Research, who will inform the Archives if an extension is approved. When a student holds the rights to any intellectual property contained in his or her thesis, application for permission to withhold a thesis must be made to the Dean for Graduate Education for graduate theses or the Dean for Undergraduate Education for undergraduate theses. If the hold is granted, the dean will inform the essay grading rubric Archives, and the thesis will be withheld for eugenics paper a period of three months. If an extension is required, application must be made to a phd, the Vice President for Research. A student should not embark without prior approval on a thesis that requires government restrictions. The Institute recognizes that certain government agencies which sponsor research may require that theses be submitted for security review before they can be placed in the Libraries or published. Occasionally, on completing a thesis, a student may believe that its distribution will jeopardize the privacy or safety of the author, other individuals, or organizations.
If the thesis cannot be rewritten to remove the eugenics problematic material, the author and book report supervisor should submit the thesis to the director of the program, who will prepare a recommendation for the Dean for Graduate Education for graduate theses or the Dean for Undergraduate Education for undergraduate theses, who will then consult with the eugenics paper Vice President for Research. The appropriate office will advise the Institute Archives of the ap english essay grading rubric restricted period. In all cases the research restricted period should be kept to a minimum. The title page is always considered to be page 1, and every page must be included in the count regardless of whether a number is how to write a phd humanities physically printed on a page. The entire thesis (including title page, prefatory material, illustrations, and all text and appendices) must be paginated in one consecutive numbering sequence. Theses should be prepared double-sided whenever possible. In a double-sided thesis, both sides of every page (starting with the title page and including any pages that have been left blank) must be accounted for in the numbering sequence. Therefore, in research, a double-sided thesis, odd-numbered pages are always on the right and even-numbered pages on the left. Pages with illustrations may be single-sided, but both sides should be counted. Essay On Colours Of India. Single-sided theses should be numbered only on research, the front of every sheet.
When using thesis templates on paper, Athena, use caution and verify that the pagination requirements are being met. Your work will be a more valuable research tool for other scholars if it can be located easily. Search engines use the words in the title, and sometimes other descriptive words, to research, locate works. Therefore, be sure to select a title that is a meaningful description of the content of your manuscript; and when possible, use word substitutes for formulas, symbols, superscripts, Greek letters, etc., which do not appear on most computer keyboards and on colours would make your title more difficult to search. The Effects of eugenics research, Ion Implantation and Annealing on the Properties of Titanium Silicide [not TiSi 2 ] Films on white research, Silicon Substrates Radiative Decays of the J/Psi [not J/ ψ] to Two Pseudoscalar Final States The title page of the first copy must bear the original signatures of the author, supervisor, and chairman; a photocopy of the signed title page is acceptable for the second copy. The title page should contain the title, name of the author, previous degrees, the eugenics degree(s) to be awarded at MIT, the date the degree(s) will be conferred (June, September, or February only), copyright notice, and appropriate names and dissertation signatures. For candidates receiving two degrees, both degrees to be awarded should appear on the title page.
For candidates receiving degrees across departments or programs, all degrees and departments or programs should appear on the title page and the signatures of eugenics paper, both department heads/committee chairmen are required. Whenever there are co-supervisors, both signatures are required. Each thesis offered for a graduate degree must include an abstract, preferably one single-spaced page, but never more than two pages (generally less than 350 words). White Papers Marketing Research. The abstract should be thought of as a brief descriptive summary rather than a lengthy introduction to the thesis. Doctoral abstracts are submitted for eugenics inclusion in UMI/ProQuest€™s Dissertation Abstracts International and ProQuest Dissertations Theses database ( PQDT ). Doctoral candidates should keep their abstracts under 350 words. Longer abstracts will be edited and shortened by UMI/ProQuest . A Phd Dissertation Humanities. Databases such as PQDT provide full-text searching of abstracts, so the presence of significant key words in a short abstract will facilitate access. The abstract should immediately follow the title page. Biographical Note and Acknowledgment. Although not a requirement, each thesis may contain a short biography of the candidate, including institutions attended and dates of eugenics, attendance, degrees and honors, titles of publications, teaching and essay professional experience, and other matters that may be pertinent.
An acknowledgment page may also be included. These sections may be single-spaced. Please note that your thesis will be publicly available online at DSpace@MIT, which is regularly crawled and indexed by eugenics paper Google and other search-engine providers.. The style of quotations, footnotes, and write a phd dissertation humanities bibliographic references may be prescribed by your department. If your department does not prescribe a style or specify a style manual, choose one and be consistent. Further information is available on research, the web site of the MIT Writing Center (http://cmsw.mit.edu/writing-and-communication-center/citation-formats/).
NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES. Whenever possible, notes should be placed at white marketing research the bottom of the eugenics research paper appropriate page or in the body of the text. Notes should conform to the style appropriate to the discipline. If notes appear at write dissertation humanities the bottom of the page, they should be single-spaced and included within the specified margins (see section below). It may be appropriate to place bibliographic references either at the end of the chapter in which they occur or at eugenics research paper the end of the thesis.. The same paper size and quality, pagination, margins, notes, and illustration requirements apply to appendices. They support the research in your thesis and should be as readable and reproducible as the rest of your work.
Page numbering should continue the consecutive pagination of the thesis. For the main body of the text, including appendices and front matter, font size should be at least 11-point and of thesis should not be script or italic. Italics may, however, be used for short quotations or to highlight variables in an equation, for example. Notes and the text in tables, etc., should not be smaller than 10-point. Top, bottom, and both side margins must be at research paper least an inch wide (1) to allow for binding and trimming. All information (text headings, notes, and illustrations), excluding page numbers , must be within the text area. Theses should be prepared using both sides of the paper (double-sided) whenever possible. Oversize sheets must be folded to come within the i didn't book text area so the folds will not be trimmed off or bound in during the binding procedure. The text of the thesis may be single- double- or one-and-a-half-spaced. The abstract, biography, notes, bibliography, and acknowledgment should be single-spaced.
If you are writing your thesis on Athena, follow the formatting and typeface instructions under the LATEX or FRAME olc stock answer topics by typing the command olc_answers on any Athena workstation. If you are preparing your thesis on Athena, follow the instructions under the LATEX or FRAME olc stock answer topics by typing the command olc_answers. When using Athena templates, be sure the format conforms to eugenics research paper, the required specifications, especially for the title page and white papers pagination. Final copies should be printed on the printer Thesis (11-004), which is stocked with acid-neutral, Libraries-approved thesis paper. First copy: For the eugenics research first copy the paper must be chosen for its permanence and durability. This is the copy that should bear the original signatures. Students In Malayalam. The paper must be (a) acid€‘neutral or acid-free, (b) watermarked, (c) at least 20-lb. weight, and (d) contain at paper least 25% cotton. It may contain some post-consumer waste (pcw) recycled material. The following 20€‘lb. watermarked acid€‘neutral papers are examples of those that are acceptable.
Mohawk Via Bright White (available at CopyTech, 11-004) Xerox Image Elite Crane's Thesis Paper Hammermill Bond Strathmore Bond. Second copy: The paper for the second copy should be (a) acid-neutral or acid-free, (b) at least 20-lb. Ap English. weight, and (c) contain 25% cotton. It need not be watermarked. The following are not acceptable for either copy: MIT bond, erasable paper, or regular paper from photocopy machines. The paper used should be sufficiently opaque so that text and illustrations on one side do not impair readability on eugenics, the other. If there are any questions about the acceptability of paper, contact the write dissertation Institute Archives (email@example.com, 617-253-5136). The standard size for theses is 8˝ by 11 inches (see section on oversized pages). DOUBLE-SIDED OR SINGLE-SIDED PRINTING. Double-sided printing is strongly recommended.
However, the paper should be sufficiently opaque so that text and eugenics illustrations on one side do not impair readability on the other side. A single-sided illustration page in a double-sided thesis should be numbered on both sides. When creating a double-sided copy, be sure that the page numbers are either in papers marketing, the center or on the outside edge of each page. Charts, graphs, tables, etc., should be reduced whenever possible to an 8˝-by-11-inch format. If material is not reducible, oversize sheets must be folded to eugenics, come within the introduction of thesis paper text area so the folds will not be trimmed off or bound in during the binding procedure. Acceptable 11-by-17-inch watermarked paper can be requested at CopyTech (11-004). Students may print their theses in full color. Research. Theses containing color figures, illustrations, and photos will be scanned in color and essay of india converted to color PDFs for inclusion in DSpace@MIT. Please be aware that heavily saturated color graphics may €śbleed through€ť and eugenics research paper compromise legibility for double-sided pages. In such cases, use of essay, single-sided printing or heavier, less transparent paper stock is advised.. Pages containing photographs should be numbered as regular pages.
A single-sided photograph page in a double-sided thesis should be numbered on both sides. All graphics must respect the 1€ť margins. Digital and eugenics research paper magnetic materials such as cassette tapes, CDs, and DVDs may accompany the how to write a phd dissertation humanities written text of the thesis; one should accompany each copy of the thesis submitted . No guarantee can be given that the Libraries can preserve, reproduce, or make this information available in the future. Therefore, when feasible, the information that is in these forms should also be represented in the written text of the thesis. A label containing the author's name, the date of the thesis, and the copyright notice must be applied to all material in non-paper format. The label should also include any relevant technical information, such as software or hardware specifications. Is the author€™s full name on the title page and the abstract? (See sections on title page and eugenics research abstract.) Before submitting to your department.
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Dissertation on Human Resource Management. Effective Strategy for Creating Harmonious Working Relationship among Culturally Diverse Employees. There are various factors that contribute to the rising workplace diversity. These include increasing numbers of immigrants, company mergers and joint ventures in different countries, increased engagement of business consultants and temporary employees, international competition and the phenomenon of globalization, which has transformed the world into a global village. Globalization has occurred because of eugenics paper a combination of factors such as improved infrastructure, advancements in technology. Infrastructure and technology have not only provided cheaper means of communication and students essay in malayalam, travel, but have revolutionized the eugenics research paper, speed at which individuals and businesses communicate with each other. How To Dissertation Humanities. Domestic companies are also spreading their operations to new territories across the globe in search of new markets or outsourcing some aspects of their production process.
Management of employee cultural diversity, through the integration of suitable strategies plays a key role in improving the competitive advantage of the business, especially on eugenics research paper the global platform. Globalization calls for specific approaches that promote harmonious working relationships within increasingly culturally diverse workplaces. Hansen (2002) observes that workplace diversity is introduction, critical to the existence of businesses and identifying key strategies to eugenics, ensure harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees is integral to the survival of any business. Diversity in this case means the differences between individuals based on their culture, which influences their perceptions, values and beliefs. There is increased pressure on human resource departments to integrate culturally diverse employees, while at the same time maintaining high levels of motivation among the how to write dissertation humanities, divergent groups. The main issue in eugenics research paper a culturally diverse workforce is creating synergy, teamwork and one cohesive culture made up of the introduction, various cultural groups within the workplace (Hansen, 2002). Eugenics Research Paper. A key aspect of creating a cohesive workplace culture is how individual employees perceive that they are receiving fair and equal treatment. Dissertation Humanities. Identifying employee perception of fairness begins by evaluating current employee benefits and eugenics research, assessing specific suggestions that are appealing to a diverse workforce. Identifying such strategies is critical as it plays a role in employee retention output and overall success of a business. Dissatisfied employees who feel they are not being treated fairly especially pertaining to their culture, will have low levels of motivation and their output may not meaningfully impact the overall successful performance of the business. This paper will look at various options that are available in diversity management in ap english rubric order to identify the most suitable and effective strategy in managing a culturally diverse workforce in a manner the will create cohesiveness and harmony, increase employee satisfaction and maximize their output.
There are various traditional approaches that corporations adopt in order to motivate their culturally diverse workforce. These are such as benefit plans insurance and retirement programs. However, with cultural diversity expanding more than before, traditional approaches are no longer sufficient in research promoting harmony in a culturally diverse workforce. There is grading rubric, need for paper, groundbreaking strategies that will not only ensure that each employee feels valued at the workplace, but will create employee loyalty to the company and motivate them to increase their output. These strategies should have the ability to retain employees; companies loose their experienced employees to corporations that have better strategies in handling cultural diversity and ensuring employee satisfaction. To accommodate the various needs of culturally diverse employees, companies may choose to offer them benefits that are flexible according to the specific needs of individual employees. Of Thesis Paper. A company may come up with a range of offers which employees can pick from, depending on how best they suit their needs.
This strategy has the advantage of minimizing wastage, as benefits will not be wasted on the employees who do not need. Giving employees benefits that they do not need has no additional value to the company as the benefits will have no motivational effect (Bohlander Snell, 2007). Traditionally, employees are presented with a benefits package that consists of vacation, health insurance and sick leave. This benefits package also ensures that the employees have minimum level coverage against unexpected financial hardships. In this strategy, employees are offered a predetermined number of credits, which they may use to purchase additional benefits that they deem suitable to their needs. However, this strategy bears a disadvantage to the corporation in the case of poor selection of employees. In this case, the company would bear the burden of employees who have many financial costs. In addition, employees may select high cost benefits which are of use to them, but ultimately present a financial burden to eugenics research paper, the corporation. Such complexities must be analyzed by the company before settling on a particular approach. Students Service. The strategy that is eugenics, selected should be beneficial to the company as well as to the employees.
The strategy should be comprehensive enough that it addresses most, if not all issues pertaining to cultural diversity, and at the same time protects the interests of the of india, company and overall profitability. The overall diversity management strategy should give the company a competitive edge on the global scale and boost its ability to recruit and retain employees, in addition to eugenics research paper, attaining the ability to adjust to the evolving and i didn't report, increasingly culturally diverse workforce. There are many examples of strategies that companies have used in research the past, to manage a culturally diverse workforce, which have proved to be redundant, if not ultimately disastrous in terms of maintaining harmonious working relationship with employees and overall company performance. A good illustration of this is when a leading insurance company in California US, gave its leading salespersons tickets to a Christmas event being held in introduction of thesis paper a local church. This decision proved to be disastrous as more than a third of the company’s sales people were Jewish. Such as strategy, though aimed at rewarding hardworking employees, was not culturally sensitive, which lead to boycotts and resignations of employees and within six months, this mistake had cost the company more than one million dollars (Tahmincioglu, 2004). The scenario demonstrates the eugenics, importance of careful evaluation before deciding on a specific strategy that creates harmony in essay a culturally diverse workforce. The selected benefits and approaches should match the needs of the various cultures represented in the workforce as the case scenario illustrates how catastrophic it would be for the company in the event of a mismatch.
In a bid to arrive at the most suitable and comprehensive strategy for dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce, the research, paper will look at selected specific groups that should be targeted to boost their motivation and ensure that they experience fair treatment in essay on colours of india their specific workstations. Eugenics Research Paper. One target group that forms part of i didn't book a culturally diverse workforce is the eugenics paper, immigrant workforce. Hammers (2003) observes that, one way of enhancing the working experience of immigrant employees, especially those whom English is a second language, is by developing their language and book, communicative skills through English as a second language (ESL) classes. Additionally companies may consider readjusting their training structure for new employees in eugenics research paper a way that mirrors how individuals from different cultures learn. This is research, particularly important as studies have revealed that people from research different cultures and backgrounds have different ways of acquiring knowledge, and if this factor is not integrated in the new-employee training manuals, then the write a phd dissertation humanities, immigrants will not gain what was intended, and research, their work experience and output may become redundant. Companies should consider that conventional approaches to employee training may not be suitable for the a workforce that is write dissertation humanities, culturally diverse, and the knowledge and information deemed as crucial for the traditional employee may not be so for immigrant workers. In addition, the training of new-employees should include topics that educate the workforce about the specific cultures, particularly those that to which the new employees belong. Research Paper. Additional presentations should be prepared for the existing workforce, which encourage empathy, understanding and tolerance of all cultural groups within the papers research, workforce.
The training should aim at paper, ensuring that all employees have cultural competence and are able to and social, relate with colleagues from other cultures, with a sufficient amount of respect and empathy. Being culturally competent will ensure that employees understand how to eugenics paper, communicate with individuals from different cultures, as some cultures are regarded as high context cultures while others are low context cultures. Having this knowledge is especially critical as it addresses how people from book report different cultures communicate, and how their way of communication is bound to research, influence the communicative process within the workplace. Individuals from marketing high context cultures are often misunderstood by those from low context cultures. Low-context culture individuals perceive their counterparts from high context cultures as ambiguous, deceitful, convoluted and indirect. However, people from high context culture appear to communicate indirectly as their culture lays greater emphasis on their ability to retain cohesiveness with others and not say anything that may be deemed as offensive or upsetting to the other party.
In this context, high context culture will not say anything that appears offensive, making low context colleagues perceive their indirectness as deceit. On their part, high context employees perceive their low context colleagues as insensitive as they tend to communicate more directly. This may aggravate employee relationships when some individual feel that their colleagues are not treating them fairly or they are being insensitive to their feelings. Training in cultural competence will ensure that the workforce has the basic idea of how individuals from different cultures perceive situations and their ways of communicating and acquiring meaning from communication. This will ultimately lead to increased harmony, cohesiveness and employee satisfaction at the work place. The paper will also look at paper, strategies that multinational corporations operating in various parts of the world use to accommodate the culture of the local workforce, and how to integrate it with the wider operation of the students and social service, whole company. Research Paper. When companies venture into new territories to essay, expand their businesses in the spirit of paper globalization, they encounter diverse cultures and cultural practices that may not be particularly suited to the overall operational model of the how to dissertation, business. However, these cultural aspects must be accommodated and integrated into company employee-cohesion strategy if it hopes to make any meaningful impact and realize its goals within that particular cultural setting. Aspects of culture that multinationals are faced with include employee work ethics based on eugenics research culture, religion, among other factors.
The psychological definition of essay grading prejudice is, attitudes that have value content and weight that are not based on any practical reality or whose objective reality has not been examined (Gilbert Ivancevich, 2001). The characteristics of eugenics prejudice are usually negative feelings and actions that are stigmatizing towards others. Introduction Of Thesis. Ethnic prejudices are characterized by the negative perceptions and attitudes that individuals or groups harbor against individuals or groups of a different ethnicity or group. Furthermore, it is important that prejudices not only exist within the attitudes of people but are also institutional such as in laws, literature or school syllabuses. They also exist at the social level such as social discussions.
There are also many prejudices that are present in procedures for categorizing people and social groups, and even act as rational understanding for dividing and rejecting specific groups. Bruner (2003), the image of how we frame about research paper people is connected to the social power they may posses. I Didn't Do My Book. Differences in social positions, power and wealth are significant factors that influence the way in which people perceive others. Paper. Consequently, prejudices are not the casual inventions of people, but are directly linked to prevailing social structures, which are intervened socially in social discussion or institution level through the media and the education system (Govaris 2004). Robertson, Kulik and Pepper (2003) state that there are a number of approaches that a company can use in establishing a diversity program, and it is not likely for there to be an exclusive way that is guaranteed to be the most successful. They further observe that the likelihood of such a success is dependent on situational dynamics such as the strategies of the organization, environment, the people as well as organizational culture. Organizations in this case, range from monolithic kind, meaning the number of minority employees is relatively low (Cox, 1991). Cox goes on to observe that in such a case, efforts towards diversifying the workplace are likely to write a phd dissertation, be met with hostility and resistance. Eugenics. The multicultural kinds are organizations where employees from minority groups work in ap english essay grading rubric all levels of the enterprise. In this case, diversity operates as a principle, which is research paper, incorporated in the value system and strategies of the book, corporate culture.
In such organizations, diversity programs are not met with resistance since the climate is already diverse, (Richard, 2000). Furthermore, Elsass and Graves (1997) note that the acceptance of diversity of eugenics research paper programs by the employees also depend on how the organization is performing at the time. Firms that are downsizing will have their attempts to introduce diversity programs met with considerable hostility, while those, which are growing and expanding will experience minimal hostility against ap english grading, new diversity programs. Research. Richardson (2000) observes that being aware of the situation is crucial in an organization’s bid to implement a diversity program, since situational factors are determinant of how a diversity program will be received by introduction, the employees. Zahavy and Erez (2002) are of the eugenics paper, opinion that the success of a diversity program depends on the goals that the company has set when undertaking such a measure. In addition, the goals should be constantly reviewed, based on the feedback that is received on the performance of such objectives.
According to Locke and Latham, (1990), the goal setting theory is based on the notion that precise goals that are both tasking and acceptable stimulate performance on a range of duties than goals, which are easy, ambiguous and unreal. In this context, goals and objectives are referent to and social essay, what the diversity program intends to accomplish. The diversity program should also clearly distinguish goals from quotas or proportions since they are not similar and will impact the diversity program in different ways. Increasing the eugenics research paper, number of culturally diverse employees may be one of the goals, but using quotas when giving promotions or hiring new employees may possibly be perceived as reverse discrimination (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Therefore, when an organization is preparing a diversity program, goals other than proportions or quotas should be considered. Such goals may include mentoring of employees from minority groups, improving the relationship with employees from minority groups, increasing cross-cultural knowledge and cultural competence of employees within the organization (Richard, 2002).
These goals may be complemented with specific objects such as increasing the numbers of women and other minority employees being hired as well as those receiving promotions. Zahavy and Erez (2002) suggest that when developing a diversity program, an organization should engage legal counsel to makes sure that the objectives and the approaches proposed are in line with employment laws as well as ethical standards. Ap English Grading Rubric. The goals should not only be specific in nature, but also realistic. Research. This should be ascertained by thorough examination of the prevailing strategies in use, which should then be transformed into the definite objectives that will subsequently be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the ap english grading, program. In order to optimize the benefits of setting specific goals for research, the diversity program, it is necessary that the organization engage in evaluation procedures at specific stages. The progress and impact of write a phd humanities such a program must be accessed and the obtained feedback integrated in eugenics research paper the ensuing implementation process.
Feedback in this case is very crucial as it provides insight on how well the goals of the introduction, diversity program are being met and factors that need to be changed to paper, streamline the process. Bowen and Blackmon (2003) observe that goals should give priority to the what needs to be accomplished, enhance creation of efficient strategies as well as stimulate the efforts need in attaining the do my report, goals. Goals should be specific enough for the participants because more benefits are associated with having specific goals and specific procedures for attaining them. Hoffman (2003) adds that ambiguous goals such as those that seemingly encompass all the objectives, detracts attention and does not stimulate action from the eugenics paper, participants. In this case, Hoffman emphasizes that; an organization should break down its overall objective for of thesis, diversity management, into specific goals that are comprehensible and applicable by the workforce. According to eugenics research paper, Howard, Hoffman and Wintenberg (2003) add that framing of a diversity program has a great influence on report its overall success. This is based on psychological research that has proven that psychological framing of messages is instrumental in how they are perceived and interpreted by the recipients. In this case, Zahavy and Erez (2002) state that well framed diversity programs are not perceived as threats that need to be overcome, but rather as opportunities or challenges.
There are a number of eugenics frames that are can be used in strategies, which include, assimilation/learning approach which views diversity as a tool for reorganizing the organization’s basic tasks and procedures. White Papers. Another frame proposed by Ely and Thomas (2001) is the eugenics, access and a phd dissertation humanities, legitimacy view, which approaches diversity programs as a strategy that will give the organization legitimacy in the market. This is accomplished by hiring employees who have fundamental similarities with the targeted clientele. The other frame is the discrimination versus fairness that views diversity programs as a means through which the organization can get rid of eugenics paper discrimination and provide equal opportunities to its employees. Ely and Thomas (2003) note that the above three framing process will be successful to some degree. However, they emphasize that the framing method, which is most likely to motivate employees, to be actively involved and committed to the realization of the goals of the diversity program, is report, integration and learning. This is because it is based on the underlying principle that motivates the workforce for long-term success of the program. Management also plays an important role. Research indicates that diversity programs which received enthusiastic endorsement and paper, support from the top levels of management were the most successful (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003).
When employees perceive that the management is deeply committed to the diversity program, then they are more likely to emulate them. Introduction Of Thesis Paper. Additionally, putting the strategy into practice, by having a culturally diverse management team is eugenics research paper, also a great motivating factor for a successful diversity program. Adding to the framing of diversity programs strategy, Kravitz and introduction, Klineberg (2002) state that when creating affirmative actions aimed at increasing the number of women and other minorities in the workforce, it is important to put into consideration a number of research paper important factors. Mostly, affirmative action may have the negative effect of stigmatizing the beneficiary, instead of affirming them. Write A Phd Humanities. This is because affirmative actions is construed as supporting individuals based on either gender or their minority status and not on their competence to perform their duties, leading to a misconception that they are incompetent, (Heilman Stathatos, 2007). Social identity theory is another theory relevant to eugenics, the formulation of ap english grading diversity programs (Tajfel Turner, 1986). This theory applies to diversity programs and management because when the workforce identifies with the organization, the chances for eugenics research paper, the success of the diversity program are much higher.
The premise of this theory is that individuals desire to perceive themselves in the most positive light, and one way of doing so is how to write dissertation, being identified with individuals who are like themselves. In the same way, groups are likely to gravitate towards insiders and outsiders, where outsiders are usually considered negatively. When this happens at the workplace, diversity strategies are less likely to eugenics research paper, be successful. When such in-groupings occur, workmates become prejudiced against students service essay, each other, stereotypes prevail triggering conflicts (Bowen and research, Blackmon, 2003). Lefkowitz (1994) observes that there are various factors that exist within the working environment that will cause the white papers marketing research, employees to gravitate towards those who are most similar to them. A research conducted by Harrison and Bell, (1998) suggests that individual employees need to be encouraged to know themselves, in order to research, counteract the i didn't do my, tendency of workmates to associate themselves with only those they perceive to be like them.
This requires a lot of time, and various strategies. Brickson (2000) in his study, established that having a reward structure within the research, organization is introduction of thesis paper, likely to stimulate employees to collaborate and cooperate but there is need for specific goals that are geared towards enhancing teamwork and eugenics paper, forming of mutual relationships by the workforce. Specifically, when the reward being giving makes it a requirement for the employees to cooperate or collaborate with each other, then the institution as well as the teams become precedent as opposed to the individual differences that separate the workforce. In the write a phd dissertation, same way, Chatman, Polzer and Barsade (1998) add that tasks that are more individually based and rewards for such will only motivate the workers to become more individualistic and paper, will not encourage teamwork and cooperation. This will result to the ineffectiveness of the diversity programs. Enhancing a culture of cooperation within the organization will require management to take a leadership position that emphasizes on common good and basing some performance of tasks on overall group performance and not on essay on colours of india individuals and research paper, rewarding such group achievements often (Brickson 2003). Brickson (2003) observes that the success of ap english a diversity program largely depends on how well it is managed.
Various steps are key to having a successful diversity management plan. According to Lyness (2006), diversity management includes enhancing the commitment of eugenics research senior management to the diversity program, as well as making the answerable to issues arising in its implementation and how to a phd dissertation humanities, overall success. Lyness is also of the opinion that human resources should not be charged with managing the eugenics paper, diversity program but the on colours of india, responsibility should be placed upon line management. Management at eugenics paper, all levels should also be held accountable for the program. Page (2007) notes that that diversity management should constitute a council made up of and social service in malayalam all line management who are charged with ensuring that the diversity program is well instituted and that any arising issues are amicably addressed. Diversity, within the context of employee management, means all the considerable differences that exist between people, and include the research, perceptions of differences, which need to a phd humanities, be put under consideration in specific circumstances. Paper. In most cases, the most significant differences are usually those, which are not very obvious, such as belief and value systems and thought processes.
Scott (2007) cites some basic sources of diversity that impact businesses in one way or another to be, age, ethnicity, culture, gender, religion, language, economic status, regional culture, sexual orientation, working experience, personality, learning style, ideology, e.t..c. Diversity management is therefore a continuous process that incorporates the recognition of differences within the workforce, within all fundament functions of the business, communication and services with the intention of creating a harmonious, fair, inclusive and effective organization. Diversity management encourages participation, inclusion, and the full contribution of all members of start towards the goals and objectives of the organization. Diversity also cultivates a good reputation for the organization among various groups in the society and the global market (Scott 2007). Diversity and diversity management at the workplace has undergone major revolution in the last 30 years in both UK and major economies on the globe. This is particularly so because of increased immigration, ease in on colours of india transport as well as the eugenics research paper, emergence of globalization and the global market. Especially in the early seventies to the mid nineties, there have been various laws, which have been instituted against sexual and racial discrimination (West Frances, 2007). In addition, extensive legislation has been formulated that shields that emphasize on equal opportunities for all, human rights, health and safety at the workplace as well as the rights that protect the disabled. These laws made it imperative for businesses and institutions to dissertation, comply in eugenics paper order to mitigate the risks of expensive penalties, legal action, injuries, reduced motivation and damage to white marketing, the organizations reputation among other factors (Scott, 2007). This factor have continued to motivate businesses to have comprehensive and effective diversity programs to the present date.
Managers are held responsible to ensure tolerance and research paper, fairness at the workplace, which according to how to write dissertation, West and Frances (2007), is achieved through staff training, control systems and other compliance policies. In the past decade, the globalized economy has created a marked increase in workforce diversity, and more competition for experienced and talented employee (Ely Thomas, 2001). Additionally, the expectations of employees regarding the balance in eugenics paper work and life, has risen. Workers have also come to expect more flexibility, increased opportunities both to showcase their talents and how to dissertation, benefit for their efforts, recognition and respect (HR Focus, 2008).. In this respect, businesses have found it of utmost importance to reorganize their business model to focus on competitiveness and benefits that will ensure that they are in compliance of employment laws and regulations. This in turn reduces the business risks as well as responding to eugenics paper, the changes in the economy and society, thereby ensuring overall business viability and success. Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observe that managers are charged with the responsibility of enhancing workforce diversity and its advantages to create social cohesiveness and inclusiveness, which are significant elements that determine the essay on colours of india, effectiveness and success of the organization. According to West and Frances (2007), some businesses manage issues arising from diversity as they occur, or will simply ignore them. However, as Childers (2005) has proved that, only businesses and organizations that have cultural diversity management strategies, which are ultimately successful and effective and are likely to remain competitive over a long period. Grimes (2008) adds that, the eugenics research, key to coming up with a good strategy for managing cultural diversity is understanding, what factors that motivate and satisfy the employees regardless of their backgrounds. One of the most composite elements of diversity is cultural background that plays a big role in employee expectations, motivation and overall satisfaction (West and Frances 2007).
Age, education, gender, mental and a phd dissertation humanities, physical ability are some other diversity factors that greatly impact the working environment. Presence of people from different nationalities, cultures and social backgrounds makes the current state of eugenics paper workplaces very complex and book, delicate. Gilbert and Ivancevich (2000) state that human beings are more alike than they are different, and perceived differences are rooted in upbringing, and acquired viewpoints about the world and the manner in which things are done. Childers (2005) adds that the most significant of these differences are those that are based in our belief systems, our values and our attitudes. In this case, the management of eugenics diversity should be connected to the both the performance of the of thesis paper, organization as well as that of the individual.
This is based on the notion that performance is largely dependent on the quality of eugenics paper ones thinking, which is based on the quality of information that an individual has (Bowen and Blackmon, 2003) Without the right kind of information, especially that, which concerns others, misperceptions and miscommunication will be inevitable. Having the knowledge about report differences, and how they are likely to impact relationships, actions and decisions within the composite diverse working environment enables managers and the business at eugenics research paper, large to enhance performance at the individual and essay rubric, team levels (HR Focus, 2008). Lyness (2006) states that a sound diversity management strategy makes it imperative for eugenics, businesses to gain new knowledge, information and skills that are geared towards the development of cultural competence. Managing people who are from of india diverse cultural backgrounds calls for eugenics research, a combined knowledge and skills, which can be acquired, and that will lead to the acquisition of cultural knowledge and white papers marketing, competence. According to research paper, Brickson (2003), cultural competence is awareness, practices, knowledge, skills and service essay in malayalam, procedures that are required in for eugenics paper, the appropriated and efficient functioning within situations and circumstances that are generally culturally diverse and interaction of individuals coming from diverse cultures. In order to so, it is white marketing research, paramount to have a comprehensive understanding of what culture is as well as the meaning of cultural diversity (Lynes, 2006). Research Paper. It is on colours, also of great importance, when seeking to become culturally competent, to have frameworks and research, concepts that are comprehensive enough to facilitate the ability to manage and analyze culture and cultural diversity in ways that are practical and applicable. According to HR Focus, (2008) groups desire to do my book report, work harmoniously and with cooperation without disagreements and conflicts. It is common practice for organizations to ignore discussion of differences, which exist between members of a group.
This is because there are many complex issues that are associated with diversity. Cultural competence involves having the knowledge that people may be inherently different, but these differences should not inhibit the good performance (Zahavy Erez, 2002). Research. A sound diversity management plan therefore involves the assessment and discussion of on colours these differences, how they impact working relationships and how they should be addressed (Brickson, 2003). West and Frances (2007)observe that there are various challenges that related to research paper, cultural diversity and which business, both macro and micro have to contend with. i.Complying with regulations on safety, equal opportunities and anti discrimination.
ii.Responding to a increased diversity in the labor market. iii.Competing for the talent available in the labor force. iv.Managing innovation and students service in malayalam, knowledge in eugenics research the workplace. v.Sustainable relationships with the community. vi.Serving a market that is culturally diverse, both locally and internationally. vii.Meeting the white papers, needs and expectations of the workforce. viii.Meeting all ethical standards and social responsibility. ix.Remaining competitive in eugenics culturally diverse global market. Each of the above elements bears great significance of the performance and viability of a business. According to Watson (2002) the top 100 companies in diversity management, based on equal pay and opportunities, motivation and ap english essay rubric, of employees and had a 10.7% increase on eugenics research paper returns on investment.
This has motivated many global companies to be actively engaged in how to humanities competing for research paper, a position in the best companies in terms of do my book report diversity management (Diversity Inc, 2009). There is eugenics, sufficient evidence that proves that companies benefit when they incorporate diversity in their operations, planning and decision-making. Lynes (2007)observes that some of this benefits can be observed and measured within the short term. Do My Book. These include reduction of employee complaints and increase in output of employee. However, as (Zahavy Erez, 2002). adds, the major and most significant benefits are those that are ingrained into the organizations culture and have long term effects. This will ensure sustainable cohesion, inclusion and overall productivity. Undertaking a management approach, that enhances on compliance, organization and market growth factors into everyday business operations will present immense benefits, reduce costs and increase profitability, (Rosenfeld, Landis Dalsky, 2003) add that it is eugenics research paper, imperative that, while undertaking diversity program implementation, business and organizations specific issues should be considered, as well as specific aims and objectives. White Papers Research. In order to do so, the case for action should be analyzed in detail. Sacco and Schmitt (2003).notes that, the pertinent issues related to the organization and eugenics research paper, business case strategy include: i.Development of the organization. ii.Management of knowledge and skills.
v.Development of products and services. Rosenfeld, Landis and Dalsky, (2003) further observes that the essay grading rubric, business case for cultural diversity management is based on the proven fact that businesses gain competitive advantage whey they have sound diversity management strategies and polices. This is primarily because sustainable competitive edge is obtained from resources, which includes human resources, which are not easily replicable but go a long way into adding value to products and services. This facilitates the growth and development of the organization in a number of research paper ways, which Sacco and Schmitt (2003) cites as: enhanced team and management functions. better long term strategies and planning, which factor in demographic trends.
Better response and flexibility to changing markets. Better mechanisms for resolving employee conflicts and improved decision making. Improved chances of attracting better talent and employee retention. In terms of i didn't report talent attraction and retention, Richard (2000) notes that organizations that have sound strategies in diversity management, and that address the issues of minority employees greatly cut down on employee turnover, which saves them money, retains skills and boosts the reputation of the organization within the global market. Businesses that are known to be fair, give equal opportunities to their employees and have respect for all minority groups will be greatly preferred by all potential employees. Such organizations will always attract the best talent in the industry.
In addition, a good working environment that is not discriminative increases labor turnover as well as reducing employee absenteeism. Richard (2000) adds that a sound diversity management program reduces employee groupings in terms of eugenics paper insiders and ap english essay grading rubric, outsiders, stimulates motivation, creates flexibility and eugenics, enhances the do my book, productivity of eugenics paper employees. West and Frances (2007) goes on to say that when teams and team leaders are increasingly aware of cultural factors that exist within teams, then members will be better positioned to make meaningful contributions to the team. There is also reduction of the negative influence and teams are able to integrate for better outcomes. Specifically pertaining to global businesses, Wintenberg (2003) notes that linguistic diversity within the report, workforce will enable the organization to eugenics research paper, communicate easily with an international market. The business will also have more choices when considering international markets because they have become more culturally competent (Scott, 2007). Moreover, the organization will be more effective when recruiting and retaining of introduction of thesis paper qualified personnel from oversees. Eugenics Research. Wintenberg (2003) adds that the company will also have more flexibility when going into the global market, whether through merging, joint ventures, franchising, acquisitions or exportation. Businesses will also be able to easily adopt to expatriate professionals and technicians. Ely and Thomas (2003) add that a company will be less likely to fail in their global ventures and assignments.
According to do my, Sacco and Schmitt (2003), sustainable competitive edge is gained from the eugenics research paper, knowledge and skills among the employees, which other competitors cannot be able to duplicate or obtain from the labor market. In this sense, knowledge is considered diverse and businesses should s t rive to create a knowledge based culture within its operation (Sinclair 2000) notes that the on colours of india, management of knowledge within an enterprise involves recognizing, formulating, ongoing expansion and improvement and sharing of the knowledge, insights and experiences of the organizations members. Paper. An organization that is knowledge based will find new and more effectives means of knowledge sharing among the students essay in malayalam, employees to ensure that the its knowledge has strategic value (HR Focus, 2007). In this sense, global businesses have come to understand that diversity in cognition and information gives them competitive advantage within the global market. According to Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) training, professional development and learning enhance to the above processes.
A culturally diverse environment presents numerous learning and growth opportunities to eugenics, all employees. The employees have the opportunities to share their knowledge as well as their diverse experiences. By facilitating ongoing learning opportunities for personal or professional development makes the workforce more loyal and more willing to share their knowledge and experiences with their colleagues. Introduction Of Thesis Paper. HR Focus (2007) adds that when the diverse backgrounds of the employees are acknowledged, then their unique abilities and knowledge will be brought in performing some specific tasks or solving specific problems. Cultural diversity and competence training is also key in the management of a culturally diverse workforce and enhances the knowledge base of the eugenics research, business (Grimes, 2002). Training in cross cultural issues enhances how employees relate with each other and therefore boosts effectiveness of teams. Cross-cultural training also enhances customer service, as well as improving customer relationships. Cross cultural training of i didn't book utmost importance as recent studies indicate that culturally different individuals perceive circumstances and situations differently as well as having very different ways of learning (Thalheimer, 2009). Grimes (2002) has identified a number factors that should be considered when creating a diversity programs strategy or program. Paper. These factors include pertinent questions that should be asked before deciding on the most suitable approach a particular company’s diversity program.
These questions are: i.What are the key aspects of cultural diversity among employees that need to be incorporated when making business plans and delivering services? ii.What are the factors related to the cultural diversity of the workforce influence planning, assigning duties and delivery of products and introduction paper, services. iii.What are the conflicts and misunderstandings that occur among the employees that are related to language or cultural differences? iv.How does cultural diversity impact performance of teams and eugenics research paper, management within the business. v.Does the prevailing working atmosphere proved an atmosphere that encourages individuals to speak up about ap english essay grading rubric issues of cultural diversity.
vi.What are the research, key skills that team leaders and managers should posses to book report, manage and eugenics paper, work with cultural diversity. vii.What is the students and social in malayalam, current diversity management scenario within the eugenics, company? Kravitz and Klineberg (2002) points out that, for of india, an enterprise to develop a business case geared toward management of diversity, some crucial factors that impact business operations should be identified. The strategy should also determine the specific benefits, which will be accrued from eugenics paper investing time and other resources into a sound cultural diversity program. Communicating across cultures. Cultural differences affect how individuals communicate across cultures (Hostager De Meuse, 2003). In most cases of cross-cultural communication, information is often misconceived and misinterpreted due to the fundamental differences perceiving things. Students And Social Essay In Malayalam. Childers (2005) adds that elements of cross cultural communication are fundamental when formulating a diversity program. The strategy should factor in key issues such as how cross-cultural communication affects team dynamics, resolution of conflicts, cooperation, innovativeness and other factors in the business.
In order to be fully cultural competent, it is important for the workforce to have effective skills that will enable them to communicate across cultures effectively. This calls for a comprehensive understanding of culture, and the role it plays in people’s perceptions, attitudes, values and beliefs (Hostager De Meuse, 2003) O’ Sullivan (1994) defines culture as a system of shared beliefs and values shared among members of a particular group. Hosfede (1984) adds that culture is a collective mind programming that differentiates members of one group from another. Hall (1989) added that communication is a form of culture and that culture is communication. He went on to say that meaningful interaction would not be possible other than through culture, as the medium of eugenics paper communication. Essay On Colours. According to Schein (1985), culture is paper, a pattern of unconsciously held automatic assumptions that are often taken for granted. Hostager and De Meuse (2003) observes that there are various levels at which culture operates.
This include National, regional, occupational, organizational and essay grading rubric, team levels of culture. He goes on to point out several areas at which culture functions on eugenics the personal level. These include upbringing, ideology and personality. West and Frances (2007) points out that, to understand and compare cultures, there is introduction, need to generalize, but at the same time clarify the difference between stereotyping and paper, generalizing. Grouping of service in malayalam factors in logical categories that are coherent is what generalizing pertains.
Brickson (2003) notes that it is not possible to isolate all factors that are at play within interactions of culturally diverse individuals or groups. Research Paper. When observing various cultures, it is possible to generalize based on experience or knowledge. Some generalizations include: i.Western cultures are individualistic. ii.Asian cultures value politeness and discretions. Stereotyping, on the hand, is do my book, taking such generalizations and applying them to groups of people, without considering the inherent individual differences. This means that everyone within such a group has been stereotyped.
Cornes, (1998) notes that when thinking about workforce diversity, generalizations may occur at eugenics, the initial stages, but there should be openness and modification of these perceptions and generalizations as we gain more knowledge and information regarding the cultures we are dealing with. In addition, stereotypical views and opinions must be constantly challenged for the effective management of a culturally diverse workforce. It is a phd dissertation humanities, of great importance for diversity management strategies to understand the demographic factors of the team or workforce to be attuned to trends and changes in population and its cultural composition Wintenberg (2003) According to HR Focus (2008), there are four basic factors that underlie cross cultural communication. Verbal behavior is the first factor and entails how individuals say and the way in eugenics paper which it is said. Here, tone, volume, rate and accents are involved. The second factor is non-verbal behavior, which entails what is said without speech or talking. Grading Rubric. Non-verbal communicative behavior consists of body language, e.g. body movements and eye contact. …. adds that there is eugenics research, also object language that involves ornamentation, dress codes, and on colours, the environment within which the communication is being carried out such as the research paper, design of an office and the decor. The third element in cross cultural communication involve communication style. This is the preferred way of on colours of india self expression and includes assumptions held regarding how to interact and communicate with others, and how we choose to convey what we wish to communicate.
The fourth factor is what we believe to be right. This is largely influenced by prejudices, values and attitudes. Of all the three elements of research cross-cultural communication, this is regarded as composite and involves ingrained feelings and beliefs regarding personal identity. This element also influences how we view the word, perceive and make judgment of do my book report others. In this chapter, the purpose of the study and the methods used to conduct the research will be addressed. Eugenics Research Paper. It will also discuss the ap english essay grading rubric, population and specific sample that was studied and how the data was acquired. The chapter will finally discuss the procedures used to analyzed archival data used for eugenics research paper, the study. A fundamental question that has guided past researches in cultural diversity at the workplace is whether it enables corporations to white research, perform better and realize more growth and profitability. The studies had have established that indeed, the role of culturally diversity at eugenics research, the workplace is important and does enable companies to become more competitive, both domestically and at the international platform. This is primarily so, especially for multinationals, because it gives them an international and inclusive appearance, making its activities and products more desirable and acceptable to and social service in malayalam, an international market. It has also been established that cultural diversity in a company is eugenics paper, of great value because it demonstrates that the company’s employment policies is in line with international standards and offers equal opportunities to all regardless of cultural, racial or religious background.
Such policies give the clientele confidence in the company, and with prevailing awareness by consumers regarding ethical standards of companies where they procure their goods or services, the company stands to benefit from rubric cultural diversity in its workforce. Initially, cultural diversity only began as an eugenics, attempt to meet legal and on colours of india, government requirements but has eventually come to be recognized as a strategic precedence that can position a company more competitively on the global market. Companies are increasingly dedicating a lot of time and resources in training on diversity, creating benefits program for a culturally diverse workforce, and other such plans, all geared towards increasing and fortify cultural diversity within the workforce (Konrad, 2003). Corporations have come to appreciate the eugenics paper, importance of introduction of thesis paper diversity and consider it as a business imperative. Demographic shifts within the eugenics paper, labor market, both domestically and internationally, particularly the rapid increase of essay minority labor over the last decade has affected companies and businesses in various ways. Diversity at the workplace is eugenics, driven by three distinct factors, which are. i.Competition for the best employees: This drives companies to reach out to the diverse labor pool in search for the best talents suited for the organizations goals. ii.Globalization: Having a diversified workforce on the global platform is good business strategy as it enables the company handle effectively a diverse customer base.
This implies that the diversified workforce will ultimately increase the market share of the company. iii.Increased innovation and creativity: This implies that the diversified workforce have more innovative and creative resources that are availed by the diversified demographics. The culturally diverse workforce has better group problem resolution ultimately leading to a competitive environment within the organization. With this in mind, the current research aims at exploring, evaluating and ultimately coming up with a suitably comprehensive strategy that will enable companies maintain optimum levels of employee harmony, cohesion and report, motivation. Eugenics Research. The study will do so by using qualitative research to do my, gather, evaluate and draw conclusions. The research design used for this study will be in the form of: i.Extensive literature review. This study aimed at identifying key strategies that will enhance harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. Eugenics Research. In so doing, it is imperative that the study establishes key gaps and problems that inhibit harmonious working relationships among employees who are culturally diverse.
The primary source for this information was gathered from the human resource departments of seven multinational companies. The information was obtained by accessing the company websites and other relevant reports. Looking at papers, the recent new-employee training manuals enabled the research to identify the latest training trends and eugenics research, the elements that received more emphasis in the training. The elements that were most emphasized in marketing research training by all seven companies reflected the areas that were deemed critical in enhancing the research, relationship between a culturally diverse workforce. They were also useful in recognizing possible problems that the companies had identified in employee relationships and had undertaken corrective measures to students and social in malayalam, be covered in the training. Such strategies that were identified in six out of the eugenics research, seven companies that were evaluated included, ESL training for the immigrant workforce, and in essay on colours four out of the seven companies, there was ESL training for new-employees in oversees companies, who were hired from the local labor force. In addition, three of the seven companies, which operated in Asian countries, enrolled their employees in intensive language training programs to learn the eugenics research, local language. This was particular for companies in Japan, India and China.
Extensive literature review. Numerous studies have been conducted that address the question of diversity at essay on colours of india, the workplace and specifically cultural diversity at the workplace in the context of globalization. The qualitative research also involved carrying out eugenics paper extensive review of past studies conducted in the field of diversity management at the workplace. A Phd Humanities. Literature in eugenics paper this area was established through conducting online data base searches using key words such as cultural diversity management, diversity at the workplace and workplace policies and regulations on cultural diversity. This search yielded over 2000 hits from the various databases, which were further refined based on their relevance to the research topic and their date of publication. More recent articles were preferred as they reflected the most recent research and strategies in cultural diversity and diversity management at the workplace. The aims of the extensive and systematic literature survey were to: identify all relevant published evidence on diversity management.
Select the most relevant studies and reports to be included in the study. Assess the quality and authenticity of each research or report. Synthesis the results and findings from the individual researches and reports in white papers research a way the would answer the research questions of the current study. Interpret the results of the articles used and research paper, come up with a balanced and cohesive analysis while putting into essay of india consideration possible flaws in the past studies and reports. Draw out a comprehensive approach that would be effective in eugenics research paper promoting harmony among culturally diverse employees. Journals were primarily considered as sources of past research on diversity management because they not only contain the original research and findings of various studies, but also high quality peer reviewed and systematic reviews of the works. A systematic review also allows the researcher to and social, examine both qualitative and quantitative evidence that were used in conducting the studies whose findings were included in this current systematic literature review. In a addition, integrating the systematic literature review process for a study enables the researcher to establish the eugenics research paper, feasibility, meaningfulness and appropriateness of past studies on the topic.
This is of great importance since not all systematic reviews or studies are conducted with meticulousness and some of the findings may be misleading or inconclusive. Systematically reviewing the articles and data through using leading questions would be useful in uncovering any deficiency in the articles and data. In conducting the literature survey a specific methodology is used, which is aimed at minimizing bias while appraising the data and reports of the book report, articles and other publications. The approach also ensures that the selected data is relevant to the current research, and that it is suitably appropriate and meaningful. Paper. The following steps were followed thorough out the systematic literature review. i.A well defined research question. This entails a comprehensive statement of the objectives of the study, issue of i didn't do my book report interest, relevant population of interest and the settings where the research, population exists. Papers Marketing. The statement of eugenics objectives for the study also includes the kind of studies or evidence that will be instrumental in answering the research questions in addition to the appropriate results and outcomes. These factors are extensively used to choose the most appropriate studies to be included in the literature review. ii.Literature search: Searching of both published and unpublished researches and literature is paper, meticulously carried out for the needed studies, which are related to the research topic and research questions. To ensure that the literature assessment is as unbiased as possible, the eugenics, search is careful to white marketing research, include all studies therefore using multiple databases that include studies carried out in other countries.
Databases, websites and specialized search engines are useful in obtaining grey literature, which means works that have not been formally published. These include conference proceedings, working papers, institutional reports and other such documents, which are not subject to paper, peer review or editorial control. In addition, searching the references of essay full text articles produces more results for on relevant studies. Possible biases in this case include language bias, publication bias and selection bias (Dubben, 2005). iii.Assessment of literature: After identification of potential literature that may be used in the current study, it is important to make an assessment if the following manner. Eligibility against the criteria for inclusion. Full text articles are then retrieved for those, which meet the criteria for inclusion. Subsequent to the selection stage for paper, full text papers, the ap english rubric, rest of the works are assessed to establish their framework for critical appraisal and methodological quality. Some poor quality paper will be excluded, but can be mentioned and discussed in the review.
Reported findings of the remaining studies are extracted on a form for data extraction. It is research paper, possible for some studies to be excluded event at this advanced stage. How To Dissertation. A listing of the research paper, included studies is generated at this point. iv.Synthesis of results: After analyzing the individual studies, they are synthesized to come up with cohesive information that addresses the research question. The method of synthesizing the findings is dependent on the type of data that the evidence has yielded. In the case where the work being reviewed yields data that is of qualitative nature, a meta-synthesis is carried out. Alternatively, a meta-analysis is conducted to analyze quantitative data. Introduction Of Thesis Paper. In the case that the quantitative data is not homogenous in nature, the summaries in narrative form may be appropriate. v.Contextualizing the eugenics research, findings: In order to put the i didn't book, results of eugenics research collective studies selected for the study in context, then a discussion of the findings is necessary. Discussion of results will address factors such as heterogeneity of selected studies, the quality of data, and potential for bias, in service addition to eugenics, how the results are applicable in introduction of thesis paper real practice. Broad research question.
The broad research question that guided the study is: What is the eugenics paper, most effective approach to cultural diversity at the workplace whilst maintaining employee harmony and cohesion? Other research questions. What specific actions can a business or organization undertake in order to manage cultural diversity at the workplace more effectively? What are the issues that are central to diversity management in organizations? What are the marketing, experiences of culturally diverse employees at the workplace? What are basic factors that are integral in cross-cultural communication? What are the key competencies in managing culturally diverse employees? How can an research, organization manage its cultural diversity training guide? Questionnaires and Surveys.
Structured questionnaires and surveys were used to obtain primary data for this study. The target group consisted of about 80 respondents who were drawn from the seven companies used for the survey and other local and of thesis paper, international companies not included in the initial survey. Research. In the selected companies, a number of 6-10 employees were chosen including one from top management, one from middle management, one from the human resource department and the rest of the respondents being drawn from various working levels within the organization. Selecting respondents from all levels of the organization was in line with study’s aim of establishing suitable strategies that promote cohesion within a culturally diverse workforce. Employees at all levels are relevant to the study because they are bound to interact with a colleague from a different culture, and the way they interact with such a colleague is critical in understanding the gaps that exist within the students and social essay in malayalam, culturally diverse workforce. The human resource department personnel were instrumental as respondents because they were central to the whole dynamics of employee relationships and the department was responsible for identifying missing links with culturally diverse colleagues, and had in eugenics the past or presently been involved in trying to rubric, identify strategies that would creating a strong working force. Eugenics Research. Top-level management respondents were selected because they were involved, at the very top, with ensuring that the company is competitively positioned in grading the market, and one way of doing so was to ensure that the right strategies in employee management were in place. In this case, they were better positioned to make observations on how such decisions had influenced the company’s performance or affected its reputation and image. They are therefore more knowledgeable on the effectiveness of past policies and strategies and research paper, possible new ones that would seal loopholes that emerge in relationships between culturally diverse employees..
Mostly open-ended questions were used in the questionnaire and were structured in white research such a way that would ensure the paper, major research question was answered. The questions were directed to finding out how employees perceive individuals from different cultures, whether they had had difficulties in establishing communication or understanding what was intended in the communication. I Didn't Do My Book. They also aimed at establishing the eugenics paper, level of satisfaction of papers research employees, given the prevailing employee benefits and policies that address cultural diversity. The questions would also establish if workers felt appreciated and treated fairly within the working environment, whether they had considered looking for new employment in the recent past. The questionnaire would also establish the level of motivation of employees, based on their relationship with colleagues, with management and on their general work output. The questionnaires have been specifically designed in a way that will help unearth key weaknesses and eugenics research, strengths in the strategies used in dealing with cultural diversity at the workforce. Subsequently, the data acquired through this method will be analyzed in order to answer the fundamental question on which this study is based.
Below are sample questions that the selected respondents will be required to answer: Case study research is an effective approach as it facilitates the understanding of composite issues 3. Case studies enlarge experience and strengthen what has already been established in previous studies. In this context, they highlight in-depth and contextual analysis of a number of occurrences or situations and their inter-relation 7. Case study method in this research will be used to essay of india, examine the existing situation in eugenics research organization and how current approaches to managing cultural diversity at students and social essay, the workplace. This will in turn provide the foundation for eugenics research paper, the application of the strategies and ideas that will be generated from assessing the real-life situation of how to humanities a culturally diverse working environment and the experiences of the individuals who do their work is such an research, environment. Case study methodology is defined as an essay grading, empirical inquiry that explores a current phenomenon within the real-life context 3. This is particularly effective in the case the phenomenon being investigated and the context cannot be clearly separated. Those who are opposed to case study research methodology observe that the examination of a limited number of cases is not sufficient to provide generality and eugenics paper, reliability of the results while others feel that findings may become biases because of overexposure to a particular case.
Other critics feel that case study methodology is only practical when used as an exploratory tool. However, the approach is capable of do my report yielding authentic and minimally unbiased findings especially if it is augmented by other research methodologies such as qualitative inquiry and systematic literature review. Conducting a case study. The first step when conducting a case having definite research questions that will aid in addressing the broader research question for the study 5. The research questions enable the study to remain focused by establishing the purpose of conducting the study. In a case study, the object of eugenics research research is an individual, an entity or a group of people. Students Service In Malayalam. Each study object may have historical, social, political and personal connections, which presents a broad range of possible questions and further compounds the case study. Case study methodology investigates the object of study comprehensively, by engaging various data collection methods to come up with evidence that will lead to the comprehension of the case and answer the guiding research questions 6. Mostly, case study methodology answers multiple questions, which are targeted towards a limited number of conditions or events and how they may be inter-related. It is eugenics paper, more effective to generate research questions for introduction of thesis paper, the case study after conducting an intensive literature review 6. Eugenics Research Paper. In this case, the grading rubric, researcher is eugenics, able to assess the studies, which have been previously conducted, therefore ensuring that the questions are refined and answer to the broader research question. Establishing the questions before embarking on the case study will direct the researcher to humanities, the appropriate places where evidence may be found.
Using this method enables the researcher to establish the method that will be used to analyze the research, data. And Social Service In Malayalam. The design for the case study will be guided by the broad research question established in the intensive literature review. The guidelines that will be used in conducting this study are. What is the current practice in cultural diversity management in eugenics paper the companies selected for the case study? What is the of thesis paper, approach is used when training in cultural diversity. To what extent is the workforce culturally diverse. What are the experiences of employees working in a culturally diverse environment? The second step involves selecting the cases to be used and the methods of data collection and data analysis that will be used 5. At the research paper, research design stage, the researcher decides how the cases will be selected and whether a single or multiple cases are going to be used. In the present study, multiple case study of ap english essay grading seven international companies will be used. Each case study will be treated as individual and single cases. The findings from each case study will be integrated as information adding to the whole research.
In order to ensure the paper, validity of study, the case studies were carefully selected by examining many available choices. The decision to primarily use multinational companies was arrived because the do my book report, sufficiently reflect the eugenics paper, role and importance of essay cultural diversity at the workplace. In addition, they offer the best-case scenario in which to research, investigate the experiences of individuals working in a culturally diverse environment, as they are more likely to have a higher number of multi-cultural individuals than domestic companies. In selecting the case studies, the researcher considered cases that have some unique aspect in their practice of diversity at the workplace, cases that may be considered as typical and those, which are representative of ap english grading various geographical regions and integrated various sizes for the research. This was facilitated by research, referring to the purpose of the study in order to essay on colours, stay focus on cases, which would satisfy the main purpose of the study and provide answers the research questions. Selected companies for the case study. A significant strength that the case study approach bears is the ability to use multiple sources and various techniques in the process of data collection 5. The researcher predetermined the type of evidence that would be gathered and the type of techniques that would be used to analyze the collected data in a way that comprehensively answers the main, as well as other research questions. In this case, the data will be analyzed using qualitative method. The tools of data collection included surveys, observation and interviews. Questionnaires were also given to employees in the companies where case studies were being conducted. The designated tools for data collection were used systematically in the collection of research evidence 5. The design was carefully formulated to of thesis paper, ensure that it adhered to internal, external and construct validity and reliability.
Internal validity of the case study design is important as it proves that certain situations and eugenics research, conditions lead to other conditions. Do My Report. This requires using several pieces of evidence from various sources to unearth convergent points of investigation. External validity demonstrates whether the results can be generalized to a wider population. In this case, the ability of the study to yield similar results in variations of geographical area and population indicates that it has high external validity. External validity in research this case was established through cross-case and within-case checks together with the systematic review of literature. Reliability of study design refers to the precision of the measurement used, accuracy and stability.
The design of how to a phd dissertation humanities reliable designs for conducting case studies ensures that the methods and procedures are properly documented and eugenics research, the steps can be repeated by other studies many times and come up with similar results 10. Step 3. Preparation for Collecting the Data. Next is the preparation for data collection, the actual data collection and subsequent evaluation and analysis of the data. It is of thesis paper, of great importance to systematically organize data since case studies usually generate a lot of data because of the multiple sources involved. There is potential for the researcher to become overwhelmed by the data generated, and systematic organization will alleviate this possibility 16. Prior preparation in the management of data is of great importance. The researcher should have well prepared categories for sorting the data, storing and retrieving for eugenics paper, synthesis and analysis. The case study research methodology enabled the do my report, researcher to make observations and identify underlying factors that are related to the phenomenon under observation 16. The raw data was examined through engaging various interpretations to establish possible connections and linkages between the object of research and with reference to the research questions of the present study. Eugenics Research. All through the analysis and the evaluation procedure, the researcher stayed open to emerging insights and opportunities.
This is especially important because case study methodology and the multiple techniques used for data collection and evaluation, present the researcher with various opportunities for data triangulation to strengthen the overall results and conclusions from the study. The data was deliberately sorted in different ways to unearth new insights and made a deliberate effort to ap english essay grading, identify any data that may be conflicting 12. The research was categorized and data merged in a way that would address the research questions for the current study. Explicit techniques included placing the data into arrays, formulating categories, making visual representations such as flow charts and charting the frequency with which events of interest to the study occur. The researcher used collected quantitative data to eugenics paper, confirm and students and social essay, corroborate the qualitative data.
A cross case investigate of emerging patterns was also conducted, which ensured that conclusions were not made prematurely 7. This was accomplished through evaluating the data from various perspectives. The data was divided according to type across all the cases that were investigated. When a pattern became evident and eugenics research, was in turn corroborated by data from another case study, then the results gained much more authenticity. In the case of conflicting information and data, further investigation of the detected differences was done to establish the origin of the conflict. This chapter discusses the essay on colours, findings of the eugenics research paper, case study and provides a review of the research question. In addition, the chapter discusses findings from the questionnaires as well as the results from the extensive review of literature. Lastly, the chapter will provide an analysis and synthesis of the how to write dissertation humanities, results of all data accrued in the process of conducting this research.
The research question that guided this study aimed at identifying and effective strategy for prompting harmonious working relationships among culturally diverse employees. GlaxoSmithKline is a leading global pharmaceutical company that is headquartered in the UK, with its operations based in the United States. The company operates in more than 100 countries and supplies about seven percent of all pharmaceutical supplies globally. In 2002, Glaxo welcome and SmithKline merged to paper, form the present GlaxoSmithKline. The company has a deep commitment towards improving the health and overall quality of all human beings across the globe. It has three distinct units, which are the vaccines, consumer healthcare and pharmaceutical departments. The company has a policy, employee relations, diversity and introduction paper, inclusion department that is mandated with ensuring that that all company polices are compliant with the law and culturally correct. The department ensures that the company adhered to its fundamental processes so that there is cohesion and harmony between employees and the company, and eugenics research, between the essay in malayalam, employees. The department is eugenics, also mandated with creating an environment that is inclusive and white papers research, where all employees are enabled to give their full potential.
There is paper, also the recruitment department, which is mandated with ensuring best practice in the recruitment of employees. White Papers Research. The department is research paper, small, with a team of three which primarily deals with the ap english, recruitment of paper graduate employees to work in and social essay sales and marketing, finance, IT, pharmaceutical department, chemists, engineers, biologists e.t.c. The department has plays a great role in ensuring that the company attracts and retains individuals with great talent, in addition to providing the environment where they will be able to realize their greatest potential. These departments will be used to analyze key strategies, and recruitment process of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) focusing on the procedure and specific policies and initiatives that the company uses to promote and manage cultural diversity among the employees. GSK’s mission on diversity and inclusion endeavors to capture the divergent perspectives, styles, experiences and knowledge of that resides within the eugenics research, global community. The basic principle that informs the GSK’s strategy for diversity and marketing, inclusion is having a company, with an inherent culture of inclusiveness, which is as attractive as possible to potential employees, who once they join, would be reluctant to leave. The culture of inclusiveness endeavors to ensure that employees remain in the company for a long time and their experiences within the organization enable them to realize their best potential. In this case, employee diversity entails acquiring the best employees for the job, regardless of nationality, race creed, age or gender, sexual orientation or physical ability. Diversity and inclusion strategies for the GSK also entail establishing an inclusive culture and personnel that reflects the variety and full potential of the society, which we live in. The long-term mission of GSK involves targeted growth, both in UK and overseas, expansion, and research paper, improvement of the quality life through empowering individuals to do more, feel better and live longer.
In most cases, a large part of the company’s practices on do my book diversity and inclusion are enhanced by national as well as international legislation of workplace diversity. This applies for paper, GSK, whose various human resource departments are mandated with the interpretation and subsequent translation of diversity legislation into cultural diversity policies and practices that are specific and paper, comprehensive in nature. Diversity practices and eugenics research, polices for GSK are formulated to reflect the themes and priorities of the society in which the multinational company is papers, operating. Research. This is because individuals from different cultures will have difficulties in comprehending the aspects of another culture. For example, employees in a UK based branch will have difficulties in understanding the caste system of white papers marketing research Indians co-workers. Similarly, Indians will have difficulties in comprehending ethnic minorities simply because they are not familiar with such terms. To aid in the translation of legal prerogatives into a practical applications within the local context, GSK engages in consultation with external companies and employees. In UK, GSK has established links and is a member of organizations such as Employers forum on eugenics research paper age, Opportunity now, Employers Forum on Disability, Race for Opportunity and Stonewall. These organizations play an invaluable role in the diversity management at students and social essay in malayalam, GSK as they provide priceless guidance and advice on their specific areas.
In addition, as much as most policies and strategies may entail the top-down approach, the role of employees is significant as they too, facilitate the course of action through UK information and consultation forum architecture which covers all business. Research. In this case, there are employee representatives in every business, who participate in the process by suggesting changes in diversity strategies and policies. The role of employee networks is also instrumental as it provides feedback from the workforce. There are employee networks within the global GSK enterprise, which include: i.Early career networks. ii.Primetime partners network. iii.Asian employees network. iv.Gay, lesbian, bisexual and i didn't book report, transgender network. v.Religious networks, which cover the countless religions. All the employee networks within GSK business are driven by the employees themselves.
These platforms not only eugenics paper offer support, but also enhance inclusiveness and a wholesome working relationship culture but an effective approach towards maximizing employee retention and realization of individual potential. People have the inherent desire to belong, have a voice and feel valued. According to papers marketing research, diversity management reports of GSK, such strategies have ensured a 7.3% rise in eugenics research paper employee retention since 2007. Since 2003, there has been a 2% increase in senior positions occupied by women. Flexible working is yet another fundamental strategy that is regarded as instrumental in attracting talent as well as retaining it.
This strategy also enables employees to achieve maximum output and enhances attainment of their individual goals. Flexibility is a fundamental tradition that GSK has engaged in for a long time, but in modern times, the organization is seeking new ways on how to use the flexibility strategy in employment practices to i didn't, enable employees realizes the greatest potential. The working flexibility approach is geared towards enhancing the productivity of workers instead of focusing on how long an employee is present at paper, their workstation. This move will see that employees work 24 hours a day, seven days a week, but this will be on the terms of the employees. A strong culture practically means that individuals retain the ability and have the means with which to practice their values in any given setting. In the past several years, GSK has placed particular emphasis on the recruitment and retention of women as well as their progression. In addition, the company has focused on specific factors related to disability. Focus on disability as a fundamental factor in diversity management is primarily driven by the fact that GSK is an of thesis paper, organization based on provision of healthcare. In order to have a comprehensive policy on employees with disabilities, GSK has entered into consultation with the Employers forum on disability (EFD) to ensure that strategies formulated for this particular group was sufficiently comprehensive and addressed individual needs of people with disabilities.
Consulting with EFD has enabled GSK to revise some outdated policies that were too complacent for contemporary times and the needs and eugenics research paper, rights of the and social, disabled. Though the move was initially criticized as a commercially motivated move, the company has come to eugenics research paper, be viewed as an employer that is friendly towards the disabled, therefore increasing job applications from introduction this particular group and subsequently gaining greater access to better talent in the job market. Recruitment strategies used by GSK, and which are geared towards enhancing cultural diversity at the workforce include lowering the minimum grade required to qualify. This in turn ensures that they are able to recruit from eugenics many universities, which ensures that the pool of applicants is more diverse. Information on white papers recruitment of graduates is done through the company website, career fairs and graduate brochures ensuring that they reach a larger population and therefore have a higher number of culturally diverse applicants.
The recruitment strategy is reviewed frequently and through this, disabled individuals have gained more access to GSK career opportunities. Disabled applicants have are guaranteed a job interview, provided they have the minimum criteria that the position requires. On the eugenics research paper, whole, the inclusion and diversity strategies by GSK are largely effective and their recruitment procedures are outstanding. This has ensured that the employees are motivated and gain the feeling of belongingness. This in of thesis paper turn ensures that employees work for the betterment of the organization because they feel that they have stake into the well-being of the company.
A unique element observed in the diversity and inclusion strategies of GSK is the attempt to eugenics, link diversity for the purpose of talent attraction and retention with fundamental ethical and essay on colours of india, moral standards. In this case, business driven diversity management may not be the best possible solution in attaining the best for eugenics research, the business. White Marketing Research. This is illustrated by the company’s extensive inclusions of employees with disability, which has subsequently enabled the organization to be increasingly perceived as disability friendly. GSK is also shifting focus on eugenics paper the fixed nine to five working hours because they have recognized that it may not be best way to encourage productivity within the workforce. Introduction Of Thesis. This is drawn from the notion that if employees are given the opportunity to eugenics research paper, adapt and align themselves on work patterns most suited for them, and then they are motivated to worker harder at the time when they are most productive. GSK views employee effectiveness as not driven by the number of hours that the workers put in and social service essay their office but how their employees are able to achieve a balance of high productivity with flexible working hours. The following is eugenics, a summary of key strategies that GSK engages in the promotion of cultural diversity and management:
Recruitment: The company policy towards recruitment of how to a phd dissertation humanities a culturally diverse workforce is based on their commitment to research, create “a culture, where individual differences are understood, respected and research, valued” (. ). Eugenics Research. The company further observes that diversity is both a business and a cultural reality that exists on all levels of the company. The company believes that the contributions and talents of their diversified workforce should be put to good use and appreciated. This way, the introduction paper, business is able to achieve its highest benefits as well as those of its employees and customers. Hard work is rewarded with excellent pay, benefits, and research, bonuses. The company has a unique strategy that gives employees opportunities to earn more based on their performance. This is highly motivation especially when integrated with the flexible working hours approach. Employee Diversity: This is enhanced through initiatives such as employee networks, mentoring opportunities where employees can learn more about the job and culture, from an employee who is i didn't book report, more experienced. Flexible working options that enable employees have a well balanced approach on work and eugenics research, life, hiring female and minority employees which ensures that equal opportunities for all members of the society, there company also develops ability through its talent review program high potential employees are motivated to have a well defined career path that suits their needs and talents. There are also training programs aimed at and social essay, developing potential through on job training, self-study and web-based learning. In addition, the company strives to ensure that the working environment encourages and facilitates learning and development.
For GSK, cultural diversity is imperative as the company is eugenics research, shifting its focus on traditional western markets and establishing operations in emerging markets particularly in Asian countries such as Japan. This presents the need for GSK to adopt even more comprehensive diversity management strategies in its attempts to capture a bigger market share as it launches into new markets and geographical areas. The company’s code of conduct and paper, the employee guide to research, ethical conduct clarifies key aspects that address the issue of cultural diversity and the behavior that is expected from essay all employees regarding the issue. The following are excerpts pull randomly from GSK’s employee guide to research paper, ethical conduct, that addresses the expected behaviour and responsibility of introduction employees in promoting cohesion and harmony in a culturally diverse working environment. The principles stated therein are effective because they give the employee an paper, active and direct role in promoting.
Equal and inclusive treatment of gsk employees [pol-gsk-204] GSK recognises the value of striving for a balanced work force and is committed to the principles of equal opportunity, equality of treatment, and creating a dynamic climate where diversity is valued as a source of enrichment and opportunity. All phases of the employment relationship including recruitment, hiring, training, promotion, compensation, benefits, transfers, layoffs, and leaves of absence—will be carried out by students and social essay, all managers without regard to race, colour, religion, gender, age, sexual orientation, ethnic or national origin, disability, or (in the US) status as a disabled veteran or veteran of war. We will also provide reasonable accommodation for employees’ disabilities and religious beliefs and practices. Every GSK employee has the right to work in an environment that is free from research harassment and i didn't do my report, in.
which issues of eugenics research paper harassment will be resolved without fear of reprisal. I Didn't. Harassment will not be permitted or condoned within GSK, whether it is based on a person’s race, colour, ethnic or national origin, age, gender, real or suspected sexual orientation, religion or perceived religious affiliation, disability, or other personal characteristic. The use of GSK property, bulletin boards, computers, or documents as a vehicle for harassment is eugenics research, prohibited. All employees are expected to take personal responsibility for upholding company standards by treating with dignity and respect all job applicants, fellow employees, customers, contract and temporary personnel, and essay, any other individuals associated with GSK. Armstrong, M. (1998). Organisational Culture- A Handbook of eugenics research Human Resource Management. Practice chapter 19, sixth edition, Kogan Page. Bernstein, J. (2005). The 21st Century Workplace –Preparing for Tomorrow’s Employment. Trends Today: A testimony that was given before the U.S senate committee on health, education, labour and pensions.
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Eugenics - Argumentative Research …
Edexcel GCSE Statistics Coursework. Extracts from this document. Edexcel GCSE Statistics 1389. PLANNING SHEET – MAYFIELD HIGH. My aim in this investigation is to query whether or not there is a correlation between height and weight and find out if this varies between genders. I believe that as a student becomes taller their weight will increase; due to this assumption I expect a graph of weight and height to show a rising trend. Listed below are my hypotheses. With the cumulative frequency graph displaying weight, the female’s data produces an eugenics research paper almost perfect S-shape curve, whereas the male’s data has, what seems to do my be, an anomaly (the third point allocated at the weight of 45KG and cumulative frequency of 9) which affects its shape. For a symmetrical distribution, the eugenics median will lie halfway between the first and third quartile- neither of the medians lie halfway and so neither have exactly symmetrical distributions. Research? The female’s median, however, is extremely close to paper being halfway between the two quartiles showing us a more symmetrical distribution than that of the do my book report males; this may explain the paper almost perfect curve on the frequency graph which the students and social service points plotted for females produce.
The inter-quartile range is a measure of the central tendency, much like the standard deviation. The advantage of the inter-quartile range over the standard deviation, however, is eugenics that the inter-quartile range includes half of the points regardless of the shape of the how to dissertation distribution. The smaller the inter-quartile range, the eugenics paper more consistent the data is. The inter-quartile range for the weights of research, males appears to be 15 and eugenics research paper, the inter-quartile range for ap english rubric the weights of females is 10, 5 less than the paper males. This shows us the female’s weights are more consistent, another explanation as to why the female’s curve on the graph is closer to an S-shape than the males. Overall, it is evident from the cumulative frequency graph; females generally weigh less than males. Neither curves on introduction of thesis paper, the graph displaying height are perfect- nor near perfect, S-shape curves and neither median lies halfway between the first and third quartile, and so neither males nor females have symmetrical distributions. Research Paper? The inter-quartile range for the heights of males appears to be equal to the females showing us both sexes have an equal consistency, nevertheless, it is clear males are generally taller than females as their mean is higher. After looking back at how to a phd dissertation, the cumulative frequency graphs it is evident, particularly for the height of males, that I could have grouped the data more clearly. The third and fourth row in the group of eugenics research, male heights show a frequency of 0, which has an effect on marketing research, the S-shape of the curve on my graph, and possibly having an effect on the lower quartile.
To improve I should have used unequal groupings to ensure no empty groups were present. Box plots are an informative way to display a range of numerical data. It can show many things about a data set, like the eugenics lowest term in the set, the highest term in the set, the median, the i didn't do my upper quartile, and the lower quartile. Using these from my cumulative frequency curves, I have drawn four box plots. Eugenics? Outliers are not present in every box plot drawn, except one where there is an ap english essay grading extreme value which deviates significantly from the rest of the sample.The size of the box can provide an estimate of the kurtosis of the distribution. Eugenics Research Paper? A thin box relative to the whiskers indicates that a very high number of cases are contained within a very small segment of the sample indicating a distribution with a thinner peak whereas a wider box is indicative of a wider peak and so, the wider the how to a phd dissertation humanities box, the more U-shaped the distribution becomes. Looking at the box plots representing height, we can see the research paper box plot for females is slightly more negatively skewed than that of the males, showing that most of the marketing research data are smaller values, proving females generally weigh less than males. The medians lie at the same point- 1.6M, and they both have an equal inter-quartile range, nevertheless, the tallest male is 0.5M taller than the tallest female. As both boxes are of equal size both distributions are equally U-shaped. The box represents the eugenics research middle 50% of the data sample- half of all cases are contained within it. The 50% of data within the box for students and social essay the males ranges between 1.55M and 1.7M whereas for the females it ranges between 1.5M and 1.65M, showing us females are generally shorter than males.
Looking at the box plots for weight, we see that half the female's weights are between 45 and research, 55KG whereas half the men's weights lie between 45 and 60KG. The highest value for females is 70KG (ignoring the outlier) and for males: 75KG, the i didn't do my median for the males’ weight is 5KG higher than that of the females. The lowest value which appears on the box plot for eugenics males is 30KG and the highest is 75KG, giving us a range of 45KG. Looking at students and social essay in malayalam, the same pieces of data for the females, we can work out that the range is in fact 5KG less than that of the eugenics males. It is evident that the distribution of the female’s box plot has a thinner peak than the males attributable to the simple fact that the box of the female’s weight is far thinner than the males’. In Malayalam? The distribution for the weight of males is, therefore, more U-shaped. The location of the box within the whiskers can provide insight on the normality of the sample's distribution, when the box is not centred between the whiskers, the sample may be positively or negatively skewed. If the box is shifted significantly to the low end, it is positively skewed; if the box is shifted significantly to the high end, it is research paper negatively skewed, however, none of the four box plots are shifted significantly to either the high end or the book low end. Eugenics Paper? Nevertheless, if I were to be analytical, I could say both the box plot showing the weights are positively skewed, despite them being insignificantly shifted to the lower end; they are edging more towards that direction than the opposite. These all illustrate that females do in fact generally weigh less than males.
An outlier appears on i didn't book report, the box plot showing the weights of eugenics paper, females, this may be the result of an error in measurement, in do my report which case it will distort the interpretation of the data, having undue influence on many summary statistics- for example: the mean , however, if the outlier is a genuine result, it is important because it may perhaps indicate an extreme of behaviour or may have been affected by external behaviour, for example, dietary habits. Research? For this reason, I have left the outlier in the data as I am not sure whether it be a genuine result or miscalculation, as a result of not having information on exercise or dietary habits. To conclude, it is construable that my hypothesis was in of india fact correct. It is evident from all the graphs included that females are, in effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is attributable to, as studies show, the varied skeletons of the opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced in both female and male bodies, it is known females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. When the average male and eugenics paper, female both reach the age of 20 it is said ‘females are generally 10 percent shorter than males and 20 per cent lighter’ and i didn't, between the ages of 11 and 16 ‘males appear to research paper generally be 15 percent taller and heavier than the female sex’.
After comparing my results to articles and published graphs on the internet, I am able to dissertation humanities confirm that my hypothesis stating females are generally shorter and weigh less than males, was correct. After calculating the research paper frequency density for the male and female heights and weights, I created four histograms; the advantage of a histogram is that it shows the shape of the distribution for a large set of data and so was therefore able to show me the shape of the distributions for male and female heights and weights, however, when using histograms it is more difficult to write dissertation humanities compare two or more data sets as we are unable to read exact values as the eugenics research paper data is grouped into categories. Introduction Of Thesis? For this reason I used standard to show whether or not the data is normally distributed. From a first glance at the histograms it is easy to see they are not completely symmetrical but not entirely asymmetrical, I expect if I were to have used a larger sample the histograms would have appeared more symmetrical. Tables in eugenics paper which I used to create the histograms. From looking at introduction of thesis, the histograms, it is clear only two of these encompass curves which are appropriate to eugenics super impose normal distribution curves, and so for this reason I will not calculate the normal distribution. If I had, perhaps, selected a bigger sample it may have been possible to calculate the normal distribution as the histograms may have been more symmetrical. After calculating the standard deviation, it is of thesis evident for both height and weight, that for the male data each value is closer to the central tendency meaning height and weight are normally distributed more so for paper males than females. Service? Again it is clear males weigh less and eugenics research paper, are taller than females as the means for the males are higher than that of the ap english femles. After calculating the spearman’s rank it is evident there is a correlation between height and weight, and research, the taller the person is the heavier they are, vice versa.
There is a weak positive correlation between height and weight for ap english essay females and a moderate positive correlation for males as it is slightly stronger. The height and weight of eugenics paper, a person is essay on colours of india affected by their age and gender. I assumed that in years 7-9 girls will generally be taller than boys- due to the fact girls tend to grow faster than boys during the early stages of eugenics research paper, development. Boys will, however, eventually grow taller and so in of thesis years 10-11 I assumed the number boys taller than girls will be greater. I was correct. I also expected the relationship between height and weight to show a rising trend, although both trends for males and females were weak, they both showed this. It can be seen from all the eugenics graphs included that females are, in effect, generally shorter and weigh less than males. Whether this is i didn't do my book report attributable to, the varied skeletons of the research opposed sexes or the dissimilar hormones produced, it has been proved females are generally shorter and weigh less than males. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month.
Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per ap english rubric month. Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays. Maths Statistics Coursework - relationship between the weight and height. 11 Girls: 86?1183?50=4 girls Now that I have calculated the number of boys and girls that have to be sampled from eugenics each year group, I can now sample randomly from white my database that displays all the details of every boy and eugenics research paper, girl in the Mayfield High School from years 7 to book report 11. of the male and female people in my sample.
A box plot will be plotted to show the eugenics research paper inter-quartile range and to see who is more intellectually smarter (Male or female). Male Average SAT's Results Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 x ? 2 2 2 2 x ? The purpose of introduction of thesis, this research paper is to present our findings on eugenics paper, how the . Why should we be bothered when it seems to introduction paper most observers that boys are the authors of their own misfortune? (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). The answer is 'every underachieving boy is a small tragedy for the individual; but a cohort of underachieving men will be a huge problem for any society (Noble, Brown Murphy, 2001, p.1). Conduct an investigation comparing height and eugenics research, weight from pupils in Mayfield School. So therefore this meant that my hypothesis was correct but not very accurate because my results indicate that my hypothesis is generally correct but not for i didn't book all students. I then hypothesised that separating boy and girls would produce stronger correlation, and my results indicated that my new hypothesis was correct. Offers and Stipulation in eugenics research Lonely Hearts Advertisements: A Comparison of Gender and Age. or opinions, so it could be taken either way; that he wants an open-minded partner or he maybe implying that he wants someone with similar interests.
Open-minded friendly, considerate male, 41, 5'8, slim build, blue/brown, loves eating out, day-trips, boot-sales, seeks like-minded female for happy times. Statistics GCSE Coursework. Height and weight of essay, pupils. The sampling method I am . 35 97.5 -8 64 1.45 92 72 3.5 88.5 7832.25 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.44 93.5 49 57.5 36 1296 1.42 95.5 34 100 -4.5 20.25 1.42 95.5 52 44 51.5 2652.25 1.39 97 42 82.5 14.5 210.25 1.36 98 44 78.5 19.5 380.25 1.32 99 48 63. What affects a persons ability to estimate? In a graph I think these results would be easier to compare, therefore below is a column chart to evaluate both sets of results: Observations and conclusions: - The column chart shows that the females are on average better at estimating then males. Mayfield School Mathematics Statistics Coursework. Below is a table illustrating these values: Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient Males Females 0.96 0.68 [Table 5: Male / Female Product-Moment Correlation Coefficients] The calculation of the product-moment correlation coefficient is such that it will lie between 1 and -1, with 1 meaning that there is perfect positive correlation, 0 no correlation and research paper, -1 perfect negative correlation. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work.
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