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Beowulf is an Anglo Saxon Hero Essay. To gain the respect and glory that a person of power needs, one must earn it. There is only one way to achieve respect in the times of the Anglo-Saxons. Only Beowulf was the most honored man throughout all Anglo-Saxon history. He performed three straightforward tasks to tu delft reach his level of admiration. In the time show more content Epic of Beowulf Essay - Depiction of Anglo-Saxon Society in Beowulf. Furthermore, Beowulf reflects a society with an advanced understanding in the value of a good king and queen. Good. One way this respect is displayed is through intriguing burial ceremonies. Dissertations. Thus, Beowulf begins and ends with the funeral of essay, a great king. Dissertations Tu Delft. The Scylding King is laid to rest With a battle-treasure/ As the ship put out on the unknown deep (lines 39-40).

This pattern of mba admission, burial represented in dissertations tu delft, Beowulf depicts the 660 A.D. burial at Sutton Hoo. Likewise, Beowulf is burned among the The Sea in Beowulf and in Other Anglo-Saxon Poems Essay. Such references are almost countless in this poem, and many of them imply, if not state, a great emotional appreciation which the characters had for the sea. Over half a century later, when the hero is to kill a mockingbird, dying from wounds suffered in dissertations, battle against the fire-dragon, his final wish is for the raising of “ a splendid mound” which “seafarers shall afterward call it Beowulf’s Mound when they pilot their ships far over the ocean’s mists.” The oldest poem in essay, the English language is acknowledged Beowulf?s Obligation to the Anglo- Saxon Code Essay. Once Beowulf had defeated Grendel, he had to tu delft defeat his mother/dam/the witch; since he had already defeated one monster, people would be disappointed and talk badly about him if he didn’t defeat the second monster as well.

For this battle, Beowulf put on all his armor because he was afraid that this monster could defeat him. Before he leaves, Beowulf reassures king Hrothgar by buy byu, saying, “Sorrow not, brave one! Better for man to avenge a friend than much to mourn. All men must die; let him who may win Who Should be Considered a Hero in Anglo-Saxon Culture and Today? When King Hrothgar needs a warrior to assist him in fighting Grendel, Beowulf proudly takes the job. Tu Delft. But the question might be raised: Why does Beowulf decide to help Hrothgar save Heorot? Is it because Beowulf’s father used to mba admission essay be good friends with Hrothgar? Possibly because Beowulf knows that his power and strengths are unconquerable, he feels that it is his role in the Anglo-Saxon society to serve and dissertations, protect the Danes and acap resume, his lord. Tu Delft. In other words, heroes go beyond their comitatus to good thesis their own

Comparison of Anglo-Saxon and Celt Myths and Archetypes Essay. he was considered a great hero due to dissertations his journey to Avalon, where he valiantly stayed until he was once again needed by the people of his land. We can then look at the Anglo Saxon epic featuring Beowulf, the abroad Geatish hero that defeated Grendel the monster for King Hrothgar, and upon dissertations, returning to his own home, kept his land safe for many a year until he died while slaying a dragon. Both of these men, King Arthur and Beowulf, possessed characteristics of the hero archetype; they are courageous Essay about Grendel and Fictional Hero Beowulf. Ap English Grading Rubric. knows he cannot fight but he shares all the wisdom he can with Beowulf. Tu Delft. A small but moderately important character in Beowulf is Unferth. He is the abroad man who tries to challenge Beowulf’s honor. Thus, showing that Unferth is in fact jealous of hero and how Hrothgar treats him with the dissertations up most respect. Mba Admission Essay. Jealousy is always a large part of a story.

In most tales, there is someone, creature or man, that will either challenge of envy the hero, just as in real life. Though the text we read did not go into Beowulf understands that he must put the honor of the nation before his own. Rather than be envious of the throne and cheat the prince out of his ancestral right, Beowulf is respectful and understands his place in society. A hero cannot seek death in cold blood – this concept derives from dissertations Beowulf’s second battle against Grendel’s mother. Grendel’s mother, upon seeing the fatally wounded Grendel, “had sallied forth on a savage journey / grief-racked and ravenous, desperate for revenge” (1277-1278)

mind to contemplate together. The native ‘learning’ cannot be denied in the case of ap english essay grading, Beowulf.” (Tolkien 26). Tu Delft. The character Beowulf embodied the Pagan heroic code (comitatus), but he also exhibited Christian values. Overall, he was a warrior and a hero who sought fame and grading rubric, reputation. Most of his actions were motivated by his desire to tu delft be remembered after his death as a courageous and loyal warrior. When Beowulf hears about Hrothgar’s trouble he goes to human help him. He wants to help him for a few fight in a mystical body of water, Beowulf triumphed. At a time when everyone else in his company including the boastful Unferth proved cowards, he was able to prove his worth. Beowulf is able to fight with all of his might because he is a strict follower of the heroic code. He knows that failure would lead to shame and disgrace for himself and his lord, Hygelac; A warrior will sooner die than live a life of shame (Heaney, 72). At the end of the text, Beowulf faces his death with courage.

IV Prince Hal fought Hotspur in order to dispel others' negative views of him. There is a feeling, similarly, that Beowulf may have felt he had something to prove and this could have motivated his decision to tu delft vanquish the monsters and the manner in which he set about du study abroad achieving that goal. Although this could have been the case it is hard to argue that this means Beowulf is not a hero. Despite the tu delft possibility of ulterior motives in wanting to help the Danes, he still displays a huge number of personality

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'So Damn Much Money': The Influence Of Lobbyists. Washington Post associate editor and senior correspondent Robert G. Kaiser has been with the newspaper since 1963. His books include Russia: The People and the Power and, with Leonard Downie Jr., The News About the dissertations, News . Mba Admission Essay. Lucian Perkins hide caption. Book Tour is tu delft, a Web feature and compare judaism podcast hosted by NPR's Lynn Neary. Each week, we present leading authors of fiction and nonfiction as they read from and tu delft discuss their work. Robert Kaiser is the good thesis human rights, ultimate Washington insider. As he once told one interviewer, he was part of 'inside the beltway' Washington before there was a beltway. During his 46-year career at The Washington Post, Kaiser has covered Congress, the White House and national politics. He has also served as both managing editor and national editor of the newspaper.

Now an associate editor there, Kaiser displays his keen understanding of how Washington works in a new book, So Damn Much Money: The Triumph of Lobbying and the Corrosion of American Government. But Kaiser says even he did not really know how lobbyists operate before he began working on this book. So Damn Much Money explores how lobbying has grown in influence and changed the way things work in the nation's capital through the dissertations tu delft, story of compare essay christianity judaism Gerald Cassidy. Cassidy's life story, says Kaiser, is reminiscent of dissertations tu delft F. Scott Fitzgerald's Jay Gatsby. Cassidy's vivid memories of growing up poor in Brooklyn and Queens helped fuel his drive to get rich.

I'm a big fan of financial security he says. A liberal Democrat, Cassidy came to compare contrast essay christianity judaism, Washington in 1969 wanting to help feed the hungry. In the end, he built a powerful and profitable lobbying firm with an income of some $33 million in dissertations tu delft 2003. Cassidy Associates was the first lobbying firm that tried to go public by mba admission, selling shares on the stock exchange. Dissertations Tu Delft. That meant the company had to document its business dealings for the Securities and Exchange Commission. While reporting on lobbying for the Post, Kaiser came across these documents. At the time, Cassidy's firm was the ap english essay, biggest in town, and Kaiser seized the opportunity to learn everything he could about Cassidy and the business of lobbying. The result is a remarkable look at how lobbying, a legal and dissertations tu delft legitimate activity, has helped create what Kaiser calls a corroded culture in Washington. Even as President Obama has vowed to ap english essay grading, change that culture, Kaiser shows how difficult the task may be. Dissertations. With lobbyists helping to fund campaigns that cost millions of dollars and former government officials earning millions by peddling their influence, the business of buy byu lobbying is now deeply ingrained in the workings of our government.

This reading of So Damn Much Money took place on Feb. 4 at tu delft, the Politics and Prose bookstore in Washington, D.C. Robert G. Kaiser. By Robert G. Kaiser. Hardcover, 416 pages. List price: $27.95. In the mba admission, early hours of February 22, 2004—a cool, clear, late-winter day—copies of the fat Sunday edition of The Washington Post landed on doorsteps and driveways throughout the nation's capital and its booming suburbs in Maryland and dissertations Virginia. Near the top of the front page, an arresting headline announced a scoop:

A JACKPOT FROM INDIAN GAMING TRIBES LOBBYING, PR FIRMS PAID $45 MILLION OVER 3 YEARS. This was a seductive come-on in a city where making money was in vogue, and the story lived up to the enticement. The Post reported startling details about the exploits of a lobbyist named Jack Abramoff, then forty-six, and thesis a public relations man who collaborated with him, Michael Scanlon, thirty-three. Dissertations. They had persuaded four Indian tribes flush with gambling money to pay huge fees to exploit Abramoff's connections with conservative Republicans in good thesis rights the White House and Congress to protect the tribes' interests. At Abramoff's urging, the dissertations, tribes also hired Scanlon to compare contrast essay christianity judaism, do unspecified public relations work. The fees are all the more remarkable because there are no major new issues for gaming tribes on dissertations tu delft the horizon, according to lobbyists and congressional staff, reported the Post 's Susan Schmidt. Abramoff persuaded the tribes that they needed his help to block powerful forces both at abroad essays, home and in Washington who have designs on their money, Schmidt wrote, quoting members of the tribes to this effect. She disclosed that the four tribes had donated millions of dollars to politicians and causes suggested by Abramoff, and had changed their traditional patterns of political contributions by giving less to dissertations, Democrats and more to compare contrast judaism, Republicans—at his urging. Tu Delft. Some members of the tribes Abramoff represented have begun to complain that they are getting little for their money, wrote Schmidt.

Neither Abramoff nor Scanlon was a household name in Washington. But Tom DeLay was, and DeLay's name appeared five times in abroad essays that Post story. DeLay, a successful small businessman who ran an tu delft exterminating firm in the suburbs of to kill a mockingbird discrimination Houston before he became a politician, was then the most powerful man in Congress. Everyone knew that DeLay had chosen Dennis Hastert of Illinois to become Speaker of the dissertations tu delft, House of Representatives when that job suddenly came open in 1999. DeLay's title was majority leader, technically second-ranking to the speaker, but their colleagues understood that DeLay was smarter and tougher than Hastert, and more influential among House Republicans. In the mid-1990s DeLay and his colleagues in the Republican leadership had struck a bargain with Washington's lobbyists that was both brazen and remarkably successful: if the lobbyists would help raise hundreds of millions of dollars to support Republicans and help preserve their majority in Congress, DeLay would invite them into the legislative process, and allow them to propose entire bills and suggest changes to thesis human, legislation proposed by others. Both sides fulfilled this understanding with gusto. The Republican National Committee and dissertations the party's House and compare christianity judaism Senate campaign committees, which collected $358 million in contributions in the two years prior to the 1994 elections when Republicans won control of Congress for the first time since 1952, reported contributions of dissertations $782 million a decade later, in 2003–04—a 220 percent increase. Acap Resume. Lobbyists and their clients helped make that possible. And lobbyists for corporate interests won countless legislative provisions from the Republican House and Senate favoring their clients. Under the accepted interpretation of the law on bribery, all of this was entirely legal.

The law prohibits a member of Congress from corruptly seeking or accepting money in return for being influenced in his performance of dissertations any official act. That adverb corruptly speaks to intent, but it speaks vaguely. Corruptly has no clear legal definition. Absent evidence that the mba admission essay buy byu, political contributions directly purchased the legislative results, quid for quo, both the contributions and the favorable legislative provisions were legal. The Post story about Abramoff, Scanlon, and their Indian clients mentioned DeLay in three contexts: as a friend of Abramoff's with whom the lobbyist enjoyed a close bond; as Scanlon's former employer (Scanlon had been Representative DeLay's press spokesman in the late 1990s); and as one of the congressional leaders Abramoff had persuaded to defeat a proposal to tax Indian gambling earnings in 1995, when he had just begun representing Indian tribes. Abramoff used the argument then that the dissertations, tribes were engaged in the same ideological and philosophical efforts that conservatives are—basically saying, 'Look, we want to be left alone.'

With DeLay so prominently involved in this story, it quickly qualified as a scandal. Because Washingtonians tend to evaluate a scandal by the rank and good thesis human power of those involved, this one looked juicy. A good scandal makes life richer and more interesting for nearly everyone in town—apart from the involved parties. The Abramoff scandal arrived with impeccable timing, after eight years of Republican control of the House of dissertations tu delft Representatives that had brought lobbying and money to the forefront of public consciousness and changed the accepted standards of thesis human rights behavior in Washington. The Post is the house organ of Washington's political class; virtually all its members read the paper every day. Its stories are grist for one of the world's most prolific gossip mills. Dissertations Tu Delft. On Monday morning, February 23, the Abramoff story was Topic A on Capitol Hill and across the city. Du Study Essays. On Tuesday the dissertations tu delft, 24th, a Republican congressman from the Washington suburbs of Virginia, Frank Wolf, released a letter to the attorney general and the director of the FBI asking them to investigate relations between the Indian tribes and Abramoff and Scanlon. On Thursday the buy byu, 26th, Senator John McCain announced an investigation by the Committee on Indian Affairs, which he chaired. The reported fees paid by Indian tribes to Abramoff and Scanlon were disgraceful, McCain said. Dissertations Tu Delft. Now the story had legs.

In a press release on March 3, Abramoff's law firm, Miami-based Greenberg Traurig, announced that he was leaving the firm. Abramoff had brought riches to his partners in the three years he had worked there, but now a member of its executive committee said Abramoff had disclosed to the firm for the first time personal transactions and related conduct which are unacceptable. What did unacceptable mean? Abramoff operated in acap resume a world of huge numbers and vague standards. Lobbying in Washington is traditionally done on a retainer basis—clients pay lobbyists fixed monthly fees, regardless of the hours actually worked or the results achieved. Lobbyists are thrilled to get a $40,000-a-month client; $60,000 a month is considered a bonanza. Dissertations. Abramoff was charging each of his four tribes $180,000 a month. Ap English Essay. McCain and other members of the Indian Affairs Committee thought the lobbyist was committing grand larceny. He was ripping off Indians, was the way Senator Daniel Inouye of Hawaii put it.

But Greenberg Traurig hadn't complained about the size of the fees or looked very closely at Abramoff's operations until the Post story appeared. Abramoff had acquired a big reputation among his competitors for his success expanding Greenberg Traurig's lobbying practice. In 2000, the year before Abramoff brought his large book of business from his previous law firm, Greenberg Traurig's lobbying revenue had been about $3 million. In 2001, it shot up to $16 million, then to more than $25 million in 2003. Suddenly, Greenberg Traurig ranked fourth among the tu delft, lobbying powers in ap english grading rubric town. Everyone in the business knew this was Abramoff's doing. In the lobbying fraternity, reactions to the Abramoff revelations were strong. Nearly everyone was surprised by the amounts, huge by any standard. Abramoff's competitors wondered what he had done for the Indians to justify those fees. Dissertations. Many sensed the odor of thesis rights malefaction, hardly an unknown aroma in Washington. One man, however, saw an opportunity.

Gerald S. J. Tu Delft. Cassidy, then sixty-three years old, had been a Washington lobbyist for three decades when he read that Post story. He had never met Abramoff, who was much younger than he and a product of the acap resume, conservative Republican movement. Dissertations Tu Delft. Cassidy was a liberal Democrat whose circle of buy byu acquaintances did not include many brash young conservatives. Dissertations Tu Delft. But he knew about Abramoff, and envied his success. Not that he was in any apparent difficulty. Human Rights. The numbers that described Cassidy's business were all large. At the end of 1999 he had sold his firm to an international advertising and public relations conglomerate, the dissertations tu delft, Interpublic Group, for a little more than $60 million. He continued to operate as an independent unit of IPG, and his fifty lobbyists continued to earn handsome fees. The revenue number for 2003, to use the argot of the profession, was $28 million.

That was the total of fees paid to the Cassidy firm that were reportable under a law called the Lobbying Disclosure Act. When the numbers came out, Cassidy's spokesperson told Roll Call that the firm had received an additional $5 million in fees that weren't covered by mba admission essay, the law, so the firm's income totaled more than $33 million that year. But there was no avoiding the fact that in the official standings, Cassidy had fallen out of tu delft first place. First place had suited Cassidy, whose life reminded some of contrast essay his friends of F. Scott Fitzgerald's Jay Gatsby. Cassidy was a self-invented man, driven to get rich by dissertations tu delft, haunting memories of a violent, impoverished childhood in Brooklyn and Queens.

I remember evictions, repossessions, things you never forget, Cassidy once said. Acap Resume. I'm a big fan of financial security.* Soon after Abramoff was fired by his firm, he met Cassidy. Mutual friends encouraged them to explore the possibility of working together, Cassidy recounted. He declined to name anyone, but others said one who helped bring the men together was Arthur Mason, a vice president of tu delft Cassidy Associates who was also a personal friend of Abramoff's. Mason acknowledged his role, but said he didn't think he was the only one who encouraged Cassidy and Abramoff to get together.

In the lobbying world, nothing is more important than relationships. From a lobbyist's perspective the best business relationships are those that allow you to ask a favor. Scores of Washington lobbyists have such connections to contrast essay christianity judaism, members of the House and Senate who were once their colleagues, or whom they served as staff assistants. Others sustain such relationships with political help, particularly money contributed to the members' campaigns. Tu Delft. But business relationships are not the only ones that matter. Washington is compare contrast essay judaism, also lubricated by tu delft, the grease of friendly acquaintanceship. Essay. Mason's relationships with Cassidy and Abramoff are both good examples. Mason, who was born in 1941, fought in the Vietnam War, winning a Silver Star and other decorations. In 1976 he ran for Congress in his native Massachusetts as the Republican challenger to Father Robert Drinan, a liberal Democrat. Drinan won, but by a smaller margin than usual. Tu Delft. Mason then moved to Washington to practice law, where he got into trouble representing a New York ex-con and compare contrast essay christianity shady real estate operator named John P. Galanis.

In 1987 Mason was indicted in dissertations tu delft New York State for real estate investment fraud related to Galanis's activities. Mason pleaded guilty to one charge and spent four and a half months in a New York prison. Good Rights. Later he was disbarred by the D.C. Tu Delft. Superior Court, which found a wealth of evidence of wrongdoing in a case that cost defrauded investors millions of dollars. Affable, handsome, funny, and a good golfer, Mason had many friends. One was Sheila Tate, press secretary to abroad essays, Nancy Reagan, and to Vice President George H. W. Bush during the 1988 presidential campaign. Tate worked for dissertations tu delft, Cassidy in a public relations firm he launched as an adjunct to good rights, his lobbying operation. She brought Mason into dissertations tu delft the PR operation in the early 1990s. His charm and ability to make friends quickly impressed Cassidy, a rather shy man. Cassidy decided Mason should become a lobbyist. Soon Mason was successfully plying that trade as a Republican in a mockingbird a firm dominated by dissertations tu delft, Democrats.

As an ex-con and disbarred lawyer whom Cassidy had restored to ap english essay grading rubric, dignity and dissertations prosperity, Mason was grateful and loyal to christianity, his boss, and dissertations sang his praises. I have to be very careful about essay rubric what I ask Gerry for, he said once, because he's such a good human being he'll do it. Mason's relationship with Abramoff was social, not professional. It reflected the fact that almost no one who works in Washington has roots in Washington. Throughout its history the city has been a magnet for tu delft, lone adventurers who dreamed of making a mark. Compare Judaism. Abramoff, who grew up in California, and Mason, a native of the Boston area, were typical of the dissertations tu delft, breed. Like thousands of others, they came to Washington without a long list of friends in du study the city to tu delft, provide support, and made their way by building alliances. Such alliances can have many origins: people who worked for ap english essay rubric, the same politician or in the same administration often remain friends and allies for life; southerners have always tended to band together; old school ties create bonds that endure; so do shared ethnicities.

Abramoff and Mason were both Jewish. Tu Delft. Abramoff was an observant Orthodox Jew; Mason was more relaxed about his religion. But when his daughter married an Orthodox Jew, according to several friends, Mason turned to Abramoff for advice on buy byu how to deal with his new son-in-law. This led to their relationship, a Washington kind of friendship. Arthur was snowed by Jack, according to one former colleague— the more so after Abramoff treated him to a half-day golf lesson from Mitchell Spearman, known as America's most expensive golf instructor (fee: $600 an hour). Another colleague recalled Mason arriving at work at dissertations, Cassidy Associates one Monday morning in autumn, bragging that he had been in Jack Abramoff's box at FedEx Field for du study abroad essays, a Washington Redskins football game the day before. The colleague remembered Mason's enthusiasm: There were senators there! Mason liked Signatures, the restaurant on Pennsylvania Avenue that Abramoff owned and used to court the dissertations, powerful and reward his friends. In March 2004, when Abramoff unexpectedly found himself a free agent, he told friends he didn't want to work again for acap resume, a big law firm; he would prefer a straight lobbying operation like Cassidy Associates, which might be the only firm big enough to take him and his group of lobbyists on, he told one person.

Abramoff spoke with Mason at dissertations, this time to ask if there was any interest at Cassidy in abroad essays him and his team. Dissertations Tu Delft. A meeting between Abramoff and Cassidy was soon arranged. Employees at Cassidy Associates noticed the short, dapper Abramoff's arrival one day that month. Mason ushered him down the gold-hued carpet of Cassidy's pretentious, Federal-style offices on du study 13th Street in dissertations tu delft downtown Washington, to the proprietor's corner office. Abramoff had nothing on Cassidy in the dapper department that day. The older man, whose barrel chest and broad shoulders were reminders of his high school football career, wore one of his flashy suits custom-made by Alan Flusser, one of New York's most estimable tailors. Flusser's suits cost $3,800 and up. Cassidy favored double-breasted pinstripes and bright silk ties that gave him the appearance of a snazzy defense lawyer for celebrity clients, or the owner of a Las Vegas resort. He carried himself with a self-conscious body language that suggested caution.

His favorite pose was prayerful, all ten fingers touching, hands pointed upward. Cassidy's office was decorated with fine antique reproductions; guests were seated on an Empire-style sofa with a high back, beneath a handsome copy of a Gilbert Stuart portrait of George Washington. To Kill A Mockingbird Discrimination. As Cassidy once explained, all this had a purpose. Dissertations. When potential clients met him, he wanted them to have the impression that they ought to du study essays, be paying me a lot of money. Cassidy proposed an arrangement that would bring three of Abramoff's associates and many of his clients from Greenberg Traurig to dissertations, Cassidy Associates. Abramoff would be a consultant to the Cassidy firm. His compensation would consist of a nice percentage of whatever fees his clients who moved their business to Cassidy paid to their new lobbyist. Abramoff would have an office in the building that housed Cassidy and his affiliates. * Cassidy generously gave many hours of interviews for this book.

Excerpted from So Damn Much Money by Robert G. Kaiser Copyright © 2009 by Robert G. Kaiser. Excerpted by permission of acap resume Knopf, a division of dissertations Random House, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher. The Triumph of Lobbying and the Corrosion of American Government.

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An Analysis of dissertations, Andy Warhol#x27;s Gold Marilyn Monroe (1962) Essay. The woman portrayed in good, the painting is the famous movie star Marilyn Monroe. The photograph that Warhol used for tu delft, this piece is a publicity still from the 1953 movie Niagra.(Museum of ap english essay, Modern Art) Marilyn Monroe has always been known, and always will be known as our nations most famous sex symbol. Her personal life was even more interesting and dissertations exciting to the public than her films. She was married several times, and the mysterious events surrounding her death were rumored to be the result of an affair with President John F. Kennedy.

Warhol chose the year of Monroe's death, declared a suicide, to create this piece. Her troubled personal life and untimely death only made Warhol's painting more powerful. He displays Monroe at her best. She is young and beautiful with styled hair and a made up face-yet inside she was empty. By glorifying her, Warhol shows her vulnerability.

She was an icon to acap resume millions, yet the constant demands from fans and the media drove her into the downward spiral which ultimately ended her life. This piece was created during a time of political and dissertations social change. Increased political awareness and a focus on celebrity demanded art that was more Personality Analysis of Marilyn Monroe by Using Trait Theories. Personality Analysis of human, Marilyn Monroe By Using Trait Theories Marilyn Monroe, whose real name is Norma Jeane Mortenson, was born on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles, California. She was American actress, singer and dissertations tu delft model. She also was one of the most famous movie star, the good thesis rights, sex symbols and pop icons of the 20th century. Despite her an unhappy, difficult childhood she got succeed during her short life period. She worked minor roles for years. Then, she showed her comedy ability, appearance on television this, in July 1946, she got a short contract with Twentieth Century-Fox. Dissertations Tu Delft? Then she changed her name to Marilyn Monroe. Marilyn for thesis rights, the musical star Marilyn Miller and Monroe from dissertations tu delft, her mother’s maiden name.

After six months of compare judaism, acting classes and dance lessons, she was finally told to report for dissertations tu delft, work on rights, a film. This film being The Shocking Miss Pilgrim which was released in 1947. Tu Delft? After that, Marilyn played many small and unimportant roles. When Marilyn’s contract came up for renewal in August 1947 1946, Norma Jeane Dougherty became Marilyn Monroe. As Monroe’s career drug on she lit up every screen that she was on, becoming one of the most famous actresses of her time.

She had over buy byu, thirty well known movies and was continuing to work on more serious roles. In the tu delft, 40’s 50’s and 60’s women were just stepping out into the business world, going from house wife to working girl. It was the time in which beauty couldn’t have brains in the media’s eyes. Marilyn was put into the stereotypical box of Marilyn Monroe Informative Speech Essay. Throughout that time in her life she abused alcohol, pills, and essay suffered from 2 miscarriages. Marilyn was slowly disintegrating. She would show up late on set while filming movies and was even fired from what was supposed to be her last film “Something’s Got to Give”. Dissertations? The movie never was released because of ap english grading rubric, this. Only 17 days after her famous “Happy Birthday” performance for John F. Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe was found dead at her home from an tu delft overdose of sleeping pills. She was only 36 years old. There Media industries were controlled by males; therefore Marilyn Monroe's image served the interests of men by legitimizing their power.

This creates a marketable image aimed at a well defined audience that is acap resume male. Classing Marilyn Monroe as merely 'Entertainment for Men' contributes to behavioral ideologies in society for women to act as objects for male desires. The myths drawn from such slogans creates for females a sense of inferiority, where in Monroe's case, her body and sexual allure were her A Star is Born: Marilyn Monroe Essay. Dissertations? A Star is Born: Marilyn Monroe I was inspired to write about Marilyn Monroe because she seemed like she knew a lot about life and everything she went through. She was a big movie star and she fought for what she believed in she wanted a good part in movies but the directors always put her as a blonde and she had to be dumb and she didn't like that. Thesis? She didn't understand because she was intelligent and that is tu delft what they thought of beautiful blonds back then. She was good at everything she did. Rights? People Andy Warhol#x27;s Influence on the Art World Essay. I was looking at a bunch of Warhol’s paintings and I was confused. I was just staring at them and I’m thinking “why don’t you look like a Warhol?’ Then I realize that these paintings are from when he was younger. This was before he defined his aesthetic.

I believe this was his discovering phase then he goes into his silk screening phase. Tu Delft? Andy Warhol used current icons from the world for his work. One of the famous icons was the Campbell’s soup can. In 1962 Warhol displayed his Campbell's soup Essay on Journey Into the Mind of Marilyn Monroe. Mba Admission Buy Byu? continued to tu delft set the bar ever higher, testing to see if the admiration was for her as the fragile person she was or for the salacious roles she played in movies such as Some like it Hot. How could she ever be convinced? This was the tragedy of human rights, Marilyn Monroe. In her comedic films, one has a sense of impending disaster. It seems to skulk in the background even as she portrayed the tu delft, innocent and naive pubescent juvenile. Then, in her dramatic efforts, there was the comedy of acap resume, her feeble attempts to

long; Andy was rather fast at finding steady employment. Dissertations Tu Delft? In 1951, two years out of school, Andy Warhol bought a nice apartment for himself. Shortly thereafter his mother and her three cats showed up one evening. Judaism? Julia Warhola was to live with the son she adored so greatly for dissertations tu delft, her remaining twenty years. During these two decades Andy kept his home life strikingly separate from his public persona. Contrast Christianity? His time with his mother was cherished. Julia was in fact his first collaborator in art.

Andy helped Marilyn Monroe and Mental Illness Essay. where the father is listed as “unknown” (Doll, 1998-2012). Family History of Mental Illness Norma Jeane’s mother had a documented history of mental illness. Dissertations Tu Delft? Both of her parents, Otis and Delia Monroe were found to have lived out their later years in essay rubric, mental institutions, Norma Jeane’s uncle, Marion Monroe, was also

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Citizens Against Government Waste America's #1 Taxpayer Watchdog. The Congressional Pig Book is CAGW's annual compilation of the pork-barrel projects in the federal budget. A pork project is a line-item in an appropriations bill that designates tax dollars for a specific purpose in circumvention of established budgetary procedures. To qualify as pork, a project must meet one of seven criteria that were developed in 1991 by CAGW and the Congressional Porkbusters Coalition. The 2017 Congressional Pig Book Summary gives a snapshot of each appropriations bill and dissertations tu delft details the ap english, juiciest projects culled from the complete Pig Book . Jump to an appropriations bill:

Pork-barrel spending is alive and well in Washington, D.C., despite claims to the contrary. Dissertations Tu Delft? For the fifth time since Congress enacted an earmark moratorium that began in acap resume fiscal year (FY) 2011, Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW) has unearthed earmarks in dissertations tu delft the appropriations bills. In fact, members of Congress have steadily ramped up the use of earmarks in ap english essay each year since the initiation of the earmark moratorium. The 2017 Congressional Pig Book exposes 163 earmarks in FY 2017, an increase of 32.5 percent from the 123 in tu delft FY 2016. Compare Essay? The cost of earmarks in FY 2017 is $6.8 billion, an increase of dissertations 33.3 percent from the $5.1 billion in essay grading FY 2016.

While the increase in cost over one year is disconcerting, the 106.1 percent increase over the $3.3 billion in FY 2012, the first year after the moratorium, is dissertations tu delft, downright disturbing. Publication of the 2017 Pig Book also marks 11 years since the record earmark amount of $29 billion in FY 2006. In order for earmarks to acap resume, reach that level over the next decade, legislators would need to increase the dissertations tu delft, cost of the items by just $2.3 billion annually. Unfortunately, this is not out of the question given the growth over the past five years. That result will be even more likely if members of Congress like Reps. John Culberson (R-Texas), Mike Rogers (R-Ala.), and Tom Rooney (R-Fla.) prevail in their efforts to overturn the moratorium. On November 16, 2016, eight days after an judaism election that was supposed to “drain the dissertations, swamp” in Washington, they filed an amendment to mba admission essay, “modify” the moratorium during a House Republican Conference meeting. Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) proposed a delay of dissertations tu delft such a vote until the first quarter of 2017.

The issue is still outstanding. In the midst this debate, it is important to remember why the moratorium was deemed necessary. The movement gained traction because of a number of factors, including the tireless work of members of Congress such as Sens. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.) and acap resume John McCain (R-Ariz.); high-profile boondoggles such as the Bridge to Nowhere; and a decade of scandals that resulted in dissertations jail terms for Reps. Randy “Duke” Cunningham (R-Calif.) and good Bob Ney (R-Ohio), and lobbyist Jack Abramoff. The FY 2017 earmarks were again contained in a consolidated appropriations package, which presents its own challenges regarding how the dissertations, taxpayers’ money is being spent. Thesis Human? Throwing all the dissertations tu delft, earmarks into one large bill makes it more difficult to identify and eliminate the projects than if Congress adhered to regular order and considered the 12 appropriations bills individually. In FY 2017, as in each of the years following the establishment of the moratorium, there are fewer earmarks than in the peak years, but far more money was spent on average for each earmark and no detailed description was provided. For instance, legislators added 14 earmarks costing $671.5 million for the FY 2017 Army Corps of to kill essay Engineers in the Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act.

These earmarks correspond to 482 earmarks costing $541.7 million in FY 2010. In other words, the average dollar amount for the Corps of Engineers earmarks in FY 2017 was $48 million, while in FY 2010 that average was $1.1 million. The “Congressionally Directed Spending” section at the end of the FY 2010 bill contained the dissertations, names of the members of Congress requesting each project and its location, as required by the transparency rules. In stark contrast, the FY 2017 earmarks, which cost $129.8 million more than the FY 2010 projects, contained no such data and to kill discrimination simply created a pool of money to be distributed at a later date without any specific information about the eventual recipients. Members of Congress will argue that their standards differ from the earmark criteria used in dissertations the Pig Book , and that the appropriations bills are earmark-free according to their definition. However, the good thesis, difference in the definition of earmarks between CAGW and Congress has existed since the first Pig Book in dissertations tu delft 1991.

The pork-free claim can also be challenged based on the inclusion of projects that have appeared in past appropriations bills as earmarks. In addition to ap english grading, meeting CAGW’s long-standing seven-point criteria, to qualify for the 2017 Pig Book a project or program must have appeared in prior years as an earmark. The total number and cost of earmarks are, therefore, quite conservative. The question for those in Congress who deny the existence of earmarks in the appropriations bills is: Why were these projects previously considered earmarks, but not in 2017? Unfortunately, the earmark moratorium has not only failed to eliminate earmarks, but also has rendered the process patently less transparent. Tu Delft? There are no names of legislators, no list or chart of earmarks, and limited information on compare contrast, where and dissertations tu delft how the money will be spent. Earmarks were scattered throughout the legislative and report language, requiring substantial detective work to unearth each project.

While the a mockingbird essay, lower number and cost of tu delft earmarks are an improvement relative to many prior years, transparency and accountability have regressed immeasurably. One of the ap english grading, most frequently used arguments in favor of earmarks is that they would help pass certain spending bills. Dissertations? In the past, however, members have voted for excessively expensive legislation because they have received a few earmarks, which means the moratorium has helped restrain spending. A return to rampant earmarking would inevitably increase the risk of corruption and the potential for an explosion in expenditures compared to current levels. There are also concerns regarding which legislators benefit most in mba admission essay buy byu a system with openly-incorporated earmarks. As Sen. McCain explained on May 7, 2014, regarding those making the case for a return to earmarks, “The problem with all their arguments is: the dissertations, more powerful you are, the good human, more likely it is you get the earmark in. Therefore, it is a corrupt system.” Earmarks create a few winners (appropriators, special interests, and tu delft lobbyists) and a great many losers (taxpayers). They contribute to the deficit directly, by tacking on extra funding, and indirectly, by attracting votes to costly legislation that might not otherwise pass.

Earmarks corrupt democracy by eclipsing more important matters in the minds of legislators and voters. The 25th installment of CAGW’s expose of pork-barrel spending includes $9 million for the aquatic plant control program; $5.9 million for the East-West Center, an earmark championed by Senate Appropriations Committee member Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii); and $5 million for ap english essay, Save America’s Treasures grants, which in the past has supported the restoration and operation of theatres, museums, and opera houses. The projects in tu delft the 2017 Congressional Pig Book Summary symbolize the most blatant examples of pork. As in previous years, all items in the Congressional Pig Book meet at least one of CAGW’s seven criteria, but most satisfy at least two: Requested by only one chamber of Congress; Not specifically authorized; Not competitively awarded; Not requested by good human rights the President; Greatly exceeds the tu delft, President’s budget request or the previous year’s funding; Not the subject of congressional hearings; or Serves only abroad essays, a local or special interest. Members of Congress have long used the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and tu delft Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act to feed at the trough, and that trend continued this year. The number of human earmarks increased by 50 percent, from three in tu delft FY 2016 to six in FY 2017, and the cost increased by 47.3 percent, from $23.9 million in FY 2016 to $35.2 million in FY 2017. $10,000,000 for high energy cost grants within the ap english rubric, Rural Utilities Service (RUS).

The RUS grew out of the remnants of the Department of Agriculture’s Rural Electrification Administration (REA) of the 1930s. The REA’s mission was to promote electrification to farmers and residents in communities where the cost of providing electricity was considered to dissertations, be too expensive for to kill essay, local utilities. By 1981, 98.7 percent electrification and 95 percent telephone service coverage was achieved. Rather than declaring victory and shutting down the REA, the agency was transformed into the RUS, and expanded into other areas. RUS high energy cost grants are intended to assist communities whose energy costs exceed 275 percent of the national average by funding the construction, installation, and repair of energy distribution facilities.

This may sound like a bright idea, but the RUS Electric Loan program is intended to achieve the same objective. Former President Obama’s FY 2013 version of Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings proposed the tu delft, elimination of the high energy cost program, noting that low-interest electric loans are available through the ap english grading rubric, RUS to residents of the areas served by the high energy cost program, which include Alaska, Hawaii, several communities in dissertations certain other states, and essay judaism U.S. territories. Since FY 2002, members of Congress have added seven earmarks for high energy cost grants totaling $123.5 million. $6,000,000 for the Delta Regional Authority (DRA), which also received a $9,064,000 earmark in the Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, for a combined total of $15,064,000, or $2 million more than in dissertations FY 2016. The amount earmarked nearly doubled the DRA’s budget request of $15.9 million for FY 2017. Established in 2000, the DRA is intended to provide economic development assistance to support the creation of jobs and improve local conditions for the 10 million people who reside in mba admission essay buy byu 252 counties and parishes throughout the Mississippi Delta states of Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. According to dissertations tu delft, the Republican Study Committee’s FY 2016 budget, funding for the DRA should be terminated because such regional commissions are duplicative of other federal programs and support mostly local projects. Support for cutting DRA funds is bipartisan, as former President Obama’s FY 2017 version of Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings recommended reducing the agency’s budget by $3 million annually. Essay? President Trump’s FY 2018 Major Savings and tu delft Reforms recommended eliminating the DRA, the Appalachian Regional Commission, the Denali Commission, and the Northern Border Regional Commission, saving $156 million. Since FY 2003, the DRA has received 10 earmarks totaling $45.9 million. The Department of Defense (DOD) has received the most earmarks at the highest cost to discrimination, taxpayers in each year since FY 1994, a trend that continued in tu delft FY 2017.

The number of to kill a mockingbird earmarks in the bill rose by 59.7 percent, from 67 in FY 2016 to 107 in FY 2017. The cost of these earmarks expanded correspondingly, increasing by 57.6 percent, from $3.3 billion in FY 2016 to $5.2 billion in FY 2017. This total constitutes 76.5 percent of the $6.8 billion in earmarks contained in the 12 appropriations bills for FY 2017. $1,279,200,000 for 31 earmarks for dissertations tu delft, health and a mockingbird discrimination disease research under the Defense Health Program, which is an tu delft 11.2 percent increase in cost over the 28 earmarks worth $1,150,800,000 in FY 2016. Former Sen. Tom Coburn’s (R-Okla.) November 2012 report, “The Department of Everything,” pointed out acap resume, that the DOD disease earmarks added by Congress mean that “fewer resources are available for DOD to dissertations, address those specific health challenges facing members of the armed forces for which no other agencies are focused.” According to acap resume, the report, in 2010 the Pentagon withheld more than $45 million for overhead related to earmarks, which means those funds were unavailable for tu delft, national security needs or medical research specifically affecting those serving in the military.

A March 14, 2012, Washington Post article stated that DOD Comptroller Robert Hale proposed decreasing the Pentagon health budget in part by eliminating “one-time congressional adds,” which he said totaled $603.6 million in FY 2012 for the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program. Since FY 1996, members of Congress have added 671 earmarks for acap resume, the Defense Health Program, costing taxpayers $10.5 billion. $1,020,800,000 for tu delft, four earmarks funding two planes intended to be replaced by the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF): $979 million for 12 additional F/A-18 E/F Hornets for the Navy; $24.8 million for F-16 mission training center simulators; $12 million for a missile warning system for the F-16; and $5 million for anti-jamming GPS for the F-16. The Air Force declared its variant of the JSF to be combat ready in August 2016, 15 years after Lockheed Martin won the contract. However, a report released in the same month by former DOD Operational Test and Evaluation Director Michael Gilmore found that, “achieving full combat capability with the Joint Strike Fighter is at substantial risk” of acap resume not occurring prior to the end of development. Dissertations Tu Delft? The report described the JSF as “… not on a path toward success but instead on a path toward failing to deliver.” In the interim, those aircraft the contrast, JSF is meant to replace are aging rapidly, leaving a readiness gap. During a February 7, 2017 House Armed Services Committee hearing, Vice Chief of Naval Operations Admiral William Moran claimed that the number of grounded F/A-18s is “double where we should be.” As of February 2017, 62 percent of the planes were non-operational, and 53 percent of the Navy's total air fleet is grounded. Beyond the litany of tu delft cost overruns and delays, doubts exist as to whether the JSF will be an improvement.

Many members of Congress, including Rep. Martha McSally (R-Ariz.), who served 26 years in the Air Force and retired as a colonel in 2010, have questioned whether the to kill, F-35 will exceed the performance of the (far cheaper) A-10 in close-air support of troops on the ground. Dissertations Tu Delft? In addition, a January 2015 simulation which pitted the JSF against the F-16 found the F-35 to be at a disadvantage in air-to-air combat, according to a leaked test pilot’s report. $500,000,000 for two additional JSF aircraft for both the Navy and the Marine Corps. The acquisition misadventures of the acap resume, JSF program have been well-documented. In development for nearly 16 years and six years behind schedule, the program is approximately $170 billion over budget and has encountered an dissertations abundance of acap resume persistent issues. Dissertations? An April 2015 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report noted that the lifetime operation and maintenance costs of the most expensive weapon system in history will total approximately $1 trillion. Many of the problems with the F-35 program can be traced back to the decision to operate program development and procurement simultaneously. This meant that whenever problems were identified, contractors needed to go back and essays make changes to aircraft that were already in production. Speaking at the Aspen Security Forum on July 24, 2015, Air Force Secretary Deborah Lee James stated, “The biggest lesson I have learned from the dissertations, F-35 is never again should we be flying an aircraft while we’re building it.” And Under Secretary of ap english Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and dissertations Logistics Frank Kendall referred to the purchase of the F-35 as “acquisition malpractice” in February 2014.

Remarkably, other DOD brass do not appear overly concerned. To Kill? On December 19, 2016, Lieutenant General Christopher Bogdan, who heads the F-35 Program Office, claimed “This program is not out of control.” For this stark example of institutional bias, CAGW named Lt. Gen. Bogdan Porker of the Month for January 2017. Rather than asking pressing questions as to whether the JSF remains worthy of further commitment, members of dissertations tu delft Congress provided an earmark for a mockingbird discrimination, four additional aircraft.

Since FY 2001, members of Congress have added 13 earmarks for the JSF program, costing $2.4 billion. $150,000,000 for two earmarks for the National Guard Counter-Drug Program. Formerly earmarked to individual states and congressional districts, the program, which allows for the use of military personnel in domestic drug enforcement operations, is now funded in one bundle as a work-around to the earmark moratorium. The Drug Enforcement Administration, with a budget of $2.1 billion, is already responsible for these activities. Dissertations Tu Delft? Since FY 2001, there have been 68 earmarks costing taxpayers $642.1 million for the National Guard Counter-Drug Program. Members of Congress who have inserted earmarks for this program in the past include longtime pork advocates such as Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), House Appropriations Committee member Harold Rogers (R-Ky.), former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), and the late Sens.

Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii) and good Ted Stevens (R-Alaska). $30,000,000 for the Starbase Youth Program, or $5 million more than the tu delft, amount earmarked in each of the good human rights, past three years. Starbase teaches science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) to at-risk youth in multiple locations at or near military bases around the country. Since FY 2001, 10 earmarks costing taxpayers $124 million have been added for tu delft, Starbase, including an earmark worth $1.9 million in FY 2010 added by Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) and Rep. Keith Ellison (D-Minn.). A March 2012 GAO annual report on program duplication, overlap, and fragmentation found that $3 billion was spent in FY 2010 across 13 agencies for compare contrast christianity, 209 STEM programs, 83 percent of which overlapped with at least one other program. Former President Obama proposed the tu delft, consolidation or elimination of 31 STEM programs in FY 2015, and a further 20 STEM programs in good thesis human FY 2016.

$15,000,000 for alternative energy research within the Combat Vehicle and Automotive Technology program. Since FY 2004, Congress has used the Defense Appropriations bill as a vehicle to insert 27 earmarks worth $289.9 million for this purpose, despite the fact that the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act supplies billions of dollars for alternative energy research every year. During a March 13, 2012, Senate Armed Services Committee hearing, then-Ranking Member John McCain (R-Ariz.) asserted that the tu delft, Navy’s efforts to develop biofuels could turn into another “Solyndra situation,” citing the solar panel manufacturer that received a $535 million loan guarantee through the Department of Energy before filing for bankruptcy in September 2011. According to Sen. To Kill Discrimination Essay? McCain, the Navy spent in excess of $400 per gallon for dissertations tu delft, approximately 20,000 gallons of algae-based biofuel. In a February 2011 hearing, House Armed Services Committee member Randy Forbes (R-Va.) fired a shot across the ap english grading, Navy’s bow, telling Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, “You’re not the secretary of Energy.

You’re the secretary of the Navy.” The Energy and Water Development and tu delft Related Agencies Appropriations Act is more flooded with pork than it was in FY 2016. Thesis Human? The number of earmarks increased by 9.1 percent, from 22 in tu delft FY 2016 to 24 in FY 2017, while the cost surged by 40.6 percent, from $704.7 million in FY 2016 to $991 million in FY 2017. $671,540,000 for 14 earmarks for the Army Corps of essay Engineers, a 22 percent increase in cost from the $549.6 million in FY 2016. President Trump’s FY 2018 Major Savings and Reforms recommended reducing the Corps of Engineers’ budget by $976 million.

Legislators have long treated the Army Corps of Engineers as a prime repository of pork, and it is among the most heavily earmarked areas of the federal budget. Dissertations? Since FY 1996, members of Congress have added 6,916 earmarks for the Corps, costing taxpayers $12.8 billion. Apparently, that is acap resume, not enough for members of Congress like House Appropriations Committee member Tom Rooney (R-Fla.). On May 4, 2017, he introduced H. Res. Dissertations? 313, which “updates” the definition of a “congressional earmark” to permit “vetted” projects for the Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation.

While Rep. Rooney claimed in his May 4 press release that this would be good for the country, his true motivation was to good rights, obtain the dissertations tu delft, ability to ap english rubric, increase funding for two projects in his congressional district. Dissertations? He stated he did not want a complete repeal of the earmark moratorium, but the pathology of pork is so pervasive that any change in the earmark definition would never be limited to a particular type of spending. For this hypocrisy, CAGW named Rep. Rooney Porker of the Month for May 2017. $32,000,000 for the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), a 37.3 percent decrease from the $51 million in essay buy byu FY 2016.

ARC was created by Congress in 1965 to “bring the 13 Appalachian states into the mainstream of the American economy.” The commission represents a partnership of dissertations federal, state, and local governments and covers all of mba admission buy byu West Virginia along with portions of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. ARC provides funding for tu delft, several hundred highway and development projects throughout the Appalachian region. The commission is duplicative of essay grading rubric dozens of other programs that exist at the federal, state, and local levels, and unfairly focuses on a region of the country that is no more deserving than other impoverished areas. Since FY 1995, the ARC has received nine earmarks totaling $253.5 million for projects in tu delft Alabama, Kentucky, and West Virginia. $9,064,000 for the Delta Regional Authority, which also received an earmark costing $6 million in buy byu the Agriculture Appropriations Act, for a combined total of $15,064,000. $9,000,000 for the aquatic plant control program, an increase of 12.5 percent from the $8 million earmarked in dissertations tu delft FY 2016. Since 1994, there have been 23 earmarks worth a total of $47.1 million for contrast essay judaism, aquatic plant control projects, including three by dissertations Sen. To Kill? Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) and one each by Sens. Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) and Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.).

The FY 2017 version of the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act contained two earmarks, double the amount in FY 2016. The cost of these earmarks increased by 3.5 percent, from $56.6 million in FY 2016 to $58.6 million in FY 2017. $57,590,000 for the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas program (HIDTA) at the Office of National Drug Control Policy, an increase of 1.8 percent from the $56.6 million earmarked in FY 2016. Originally intended for tu delft, Southern border states, members of contrast Congress have used earmarks to expand HIDTA to non-border states. Since FY 1997, 31 earmarks costing taxpayers $327.4 million have been provided for HIDTA programs; 16 of the earmarks were directed to programs in 10 states, only two of which, Arizona and New Mexico, are on the Southern border. Tu Delft? The other eight states that received HIDTA earmarks were Alabama, Hawaii, Iowa, Louisiana, Missouri, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Wisconsin. Former President Obama’s FY 2017 version of Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings recommended trimming the HIDTA program by $54 million, or 21.6 percent, from the $250 million spent in FY 2016.

The earmark canceled out that proposed reduction. While the to kill discrimination essay, number of earmarks in the FY 2017 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Appropriations Act remained steady at seven, the cost of the dissertations tu delft, earmarks decreased by 57 percent, from $329.1 million in FY 2016 to $141.6 million in mba admission essay FY 2017. This sharp reduction can be explained by the absence of tu delft earmarks for the Port Security Grant Program, which received $100 million in FY 2016, and the Offshore Patrol Cutter, which received a $70.5 million earmark. Members of Congress should be congratulated for reducing the cost of grading rubric earmarks in the DHS bill, bucking the tu delft, wider trend in FY 2017. $65,000,000 for the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium (NDPC), which strives to increase the preparedness of first responders to the threats of terrorism. The $65 million earmarked in FY 2017 is a mockingbird, a 16.1 percent increase over the $56 million in FY 2016. Tu Delft? Since FY 2005, the NDPC has received seven earmarks worth $480.6 million, including a $10.1 million earmark in FY 2010 by Senate appropriator Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and former Sen. Jeff Bingaman (D-N.M.). $45,515,000 for the National Predisaster Mitigation Fund (NPMF). Following a one-year absence, the NPMF has returned, with a large increase. The $45.5 million earmarked in FY 2017 represents an 82 percent increase over the $25 million in FY 2015.

Former President Obama’s FY 2017 Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings recommended reducing the NPMF by $46 million, nearly matching the amount earmarked by members of Congress. Since FY 2008, there have been 207 NPMF earmarks requested by more than 100 members of Congress, costing taxpayers $196.1 million. The number of contrast christianity earmarks in dissertations the FY 2017 Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act increased by 166.7 percent, from three in FY 2016 to eight in FY 2017. The cost of the earmarks increased by 33.8 percent, from mba admission essay, $29.9 million in FY 2016 to $40 million in FY 2016. $10,374,000 for the Heritage Partnership Program (HPP), which supports the 49 National Heritage Areas (NHAs) created by Congress. Dissertations Tu Delft? Operated through the mba admission buy byu, National Park Service (NPS), the HPP has received 51 earmarks costing $76.5 million since FY 2001, including funding for tu delft, projects such as park improvements, sports complexes, health centers, water quality monitoring, bike paths, sustainable agriculture, and agricultural tourism. Each of former President Obama’s budgets from compare essay judaism, FYs 2011-2017 slashed funding for NHAs, including the dissertations, FY 2017 version of Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings, which recommended trimming the budget by 55 percent, from $20 million to $9 million.

President Trump’s FY 2018 Major Savings and Reforms proposed an even bigger cut to $1 million, noting that there is no “systematic process for designating Heritage Partnership Areas or determining their effectiveness,” and that funding for the HPP diverted resources from core NPS responsibilities. Unfortunately, members of Congress have continuously ignored these proposed budget reductions, earmarking funding for the HPP in every year since FY 2011. $5,000,000 for the Save America’s Treasures (SAT) grants program, which helps preserve historic locations across the country. The earmark is the first for contrast christianity judaism, the program since FY 2010. Since FY 2006, there have been 265 SAT earmarks costing taxpayers $55.5 million. The SAT program exemplifies how any “exceptions” to the earmark moratorium, such as those proposed by Rep. Tom Rooney (R-Fla.) for the Army Corps of dissertations tu delft Engineers and the Bureau of essay Reclamation, will never be limited.

Between FYs 2008-10, when transparency rules required each earmark to contain the name of the legislator who requested it and the recipient’s name, city, and state, members of Congress went whole hog for SAT earmarks. In FY 2008, 78 members of Congress added 70 earmarks costing $13.6 million. In FY 2009, 58 members of Congress added 55 earmarks costing $10 million. And in dissertations tu delft FY 2010, 72 members of Congress added 52 earmarks costing $10.2 million. During those three years, there were 21 earmarks for theaters costing $4.5 million; 10 earmarks for museums costing $2.4 million; and seven earmarks for opera houses costing $1.5 million. One of those earmarks, worth $150,000, was obtained by Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.) in FY 2010 for the Sterling Opera House in Derby, Connecticut; $110,000 of that amount had to be returned to the federal government after it was improperly used by the city. SAT earmarks contributed to the downfall of former House Appropriations Committee member Alan Mollohan (D-W.Va.). In FY 2010, he added $150,000 for restoration of the Cottrill Opera House through the acap resume, Vandalia Heritage Foundation, which was operated by tu delft a former aide, Laura Kurtz Kuhn.

This was one of several earmarks that led to compare contrast judaism, Rep. Mollohan being accused of potential ethics violations, a key issue in his primary election loss in May 2010. While the earmarks in FYs 2008-2010 were transparent, there is no indication where the FY 2017 earmark is dissertations, going. As a result, taxpayers will be unaware should a member of a mockingbird essay Congress direct the SAT money in FY 2017 to a friend, or anyone else. Former President Obama called for the elimination of the dissertations tu delft, SAT program in the FY 2011 version of compare Cuts, Consolidations, and Savings, to allow the NPS to “… focus resources on managing national parks and other activities that most closely align with its core mission,” since the grants have “not demonstrated how they contribute to nationwide historic preservation goals.” On top of tu delft these problems with the du study, SAT program, many facilities could have simply charged more money or found other ways to match the amount of the earmarks. A prime example is the $147,660 earmarked by Rep. Peter King (R-N.Y.) in FY 2008 for the plush de Seversky Center Mansion in dissertations Old Westbury, New York, which “brings together Gatsby-era opulence, modern convenience, and highly personalized service” for corporate events and weddings. Wedding-spot.com calls the facility “one of the premier event and compare essay christianity judaism wedding venues in the New York area” and cites the average wedding cost “at between $73,015 and $86,737 for a ceremony reception for 150 guests.” In other words, two weddings could have replaced the earmark. Another such facility is the Roberson Center in Binghamton, N.Y., located in the district of former House appropriator Maurice Hinchey (D-N.Y.), which received a $100,000 earmark in FY 2006.

The center raised $50,000 for its 12th annual Wine and Food Fest in 2017, and charges $215 per week for summer camp, which means just 23 more attendees per week for the 10 weeks of camp would equal the tu delft, remaining $50,000 of the earmark. Members of essays Congress should Save America’s Taxpayers by eliminating this earmark. VII. Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education (Labor/HHS) For the tu delft, second consecutive year, the FY 2017 Labor/HHS Appropriations Act experienced a significant drop in earmarks. The number of projects in the bill decreased by 55.6 percent, from nine in FY 2016 to four in FY 2017, while the du study abroad, cost was reduced by 77.8 percent, from $252.6 million in FY 2016 to $56.2 million in FY 2017. This total represents a 90 percent decline in cost from the $562.5 million earmarked in FY 2015. $17,409,000 for Rural Hospital Flexibility Grants (Flex) through the dissertations, Department of Health and Human Services, a 13 percent increase from the $15.4 million earmarked in FY 2016. Essay Rubric? Flex grants were created to “improve access to hospitals and other health services for families that live in rural communities.” The last six Obama administration budgets recommended slashing funding for the Flex program, including by $16 million in FY 2017. In each instance, legislators restored a similar amount of funding via an earmark.

Since FY 2006, Flex grants have received six earmarks totaling $141.7 million. VIII. Tu Delft? State and Foreign Operations. The number of earmarks in the FY 2017 State and Foreign Operations Appropriations Act dropped by 20 percent, from five in good thesis FY 2016 to tu delft, four in FY 2017. The cost of the earmarks decreased by 4.1 percent, from $232.4 million in FY 2016 to $222.8 million in FY 2017. $66,500,000 for good thesis human, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), a private, nonprofit foundation that aims to help grow and tu delft strengthen democratic institutions around the world. Since FY 1997, NED has received seven earmarks worth a total of $279.2 million. $5,900,000 for the East-West Center in Hawaii.

Intended to promote better relations with Pacific and Asian nations, the center was established by acap resume Congress in 1960 with no congressional hearings and over the State Department’s opposition. Dissertations Tu Delft? For years, the State Department tried to eliminate the center by not requesting funding in the department’s annual budget requests. After Sen. Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii) passed away in 2013, Senate Appropriations Committee member Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) took over to kill a mockingbird discrimination essay as the tu delft, center’s champion. In a May 1, 2017, press release, Sen. Schatz claimed credit for securing funding at a level $5.9 million above the good thesis human rights, administration’s request. The East-West Center is similar to the North-South Center, which stopped receiving federal funding in 2001. An April 3, 2009, Congressional Research Service report stated, “Congress has not funded the North-South Center since FY 2001, noting that it should be funded by the private sector.” Following that logic, the East-West Center should be funded by the private sector as well. It probably would be, except the center is located in tu delft the state of a Senate appropriator. Since FY 1997, the East-West Center has received 14 earmarks totaling $138.2 million. $5,000,000 for grading rubric, the Asia Foundation, which is tu delft, “committed to improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia.” Since FY 1997, members of Congress have directed 11 earmarks totaling $64.6 million to the Asia Foundation.

The Asia Foundation has a $100 million annual budget, which means the earmark represents 5 percent of its income. The organization had 500 donors between October 1, 2015, and September 30, 2016, composed of to kill a mockingbird discrimination 80 corporations and dissertations organizations, 37 government agencies, and 383 individuals. Clearly, it is capable of raising another $5 million to du study abroad essays, replace the earmark. Dissertations Tu Delft? Just like the North-South Center did in 2001 and the East-West Center should do now, the Asia Foundation should rely solely on private sources of funding and the earmarks should come to an end. IX.

Transportation Housing and Urban Development (THUD) The number of earmarks in the FY 2017 THUD and Related Agencies Appropriations Act decreased by 50 percent, from two in FY 2016 to one in FY 2017. Contrast Christianity Judaism? The cost dropped by 72.7 percent, from $8.8 million in FY 2016 to dissertations tu delft, $2.4 million in FY 2017. $2,387,000 for advanced materials and structural safety within the Airport and Airways Trust Fund (AATF), through which the Federal Aviation Administration finances infrastructure improvements for airports. According to good human rights, a November 21, 2016 Cato Institute report, the dissertations, AATF has the indirect effect of preventing competition among airlines at to kill discrimination essay airports. Because the AATF allows for only limited funding for maintenance and improvements, airports are limited in the number of gates they can build.

As a result, airport managers ration gate access through long-term contracts with established companies, creating a barrier to entry for potential competitors. In contrast, according to a 2016 Airport Council International report, market-based reforms in dissertations European airports have led to “significant volumes of investment in necessary infrastructure, higher service quality levels, and a commercial acumen which allows airport operators to diversify revenue streams and minimize the costs that users have to pay.” Because privatized European airports are not forced to compete with inefficient government-subsidized airport ownership, healthy competition thrives and ap english essay consumers pay lower prices. This report was written by Sean Kennedy, Director of Research, and Curtis Kalin, Director of Communications. It was edited by Thomas A. Schatz, President. CAGW Names Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen September 2017 Porker of the Month.

Rep. Frelinghuysen is tu delft, CAGW's September Porker of the acap resume, Month for earmarking $900 million for dissertations tu delft, a massive transportation boondoggle.